Shahr-e Kord

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shahrekord)
Jump to: navigation, search
For the administrative subdivision, see Shahr-e Kord County.
Shahr-e Kord
شهركرد
Ancient names: Dezh Gord, Deh Kord
city
شهرکرد.png
Nickname(s): The city of kindness, Bam e Iran (Roof of Iran)
Shahr-e Kord is located in Iran
Shahr-e Kord
Shahr-e Kord
Shahr-e Kord in Iran
Coordinates: 32°19′32″N 50°51′52″E / 32.32556°N 50.86444°E / 32.32556; 50.86444Coordinates: 32°19′32″N 50°51′52″E / 32.32556°N 50.86444°E / 32.32556; 50.86444
Country  Iran
Province Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
County Shahr-e Kord
Bakhsh Central
Elevation 2,070 m (6,790 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 148,464
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Shahr-e Kord (Persian: شهركرد‎‎, also Romanized as Shahr-e Kord and Shahr Kord[1]) is the capital city of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran. It is the largest city in the province, and is 90 km away from Iran's third largest city, Isfahan. At the time of the 2006 census, Shahr-e Kord had a population of about 148,464 and the Shahr-e Kord metropolitan area had a population of 380,312.[2]
Shahr-e Kord is famous for its natural beauty, cold winters, waterfalls and rivers. Shahr-e Kord is the Iran’s highest capital city at 2,070 m (6,790 ft) above the sea level. This led to be known as “Roof of Iran”. Shahr-e Kord is about 100 km (62 mi) from Iran's third largest city of Isfahan and 521 km (324 mi) from Tehran.

Its weather is dry, cold in winter and mild in summer. The town has a ski resort (Bardeh) located about 35 km (22 mi) away and several natural lagoons and small lakes for outdoor relaxation.

Name[edit]

City view From Park Mellat, Sharekord

In antiquity, before the Islamic occupation of Persia, it had been called "Dezh Gord" (دژگرد). The word Dezh (دژ) means fortress and the word Gord (گرد) means "Hero". After the Muslim conquest of Persia and the supremacy of the Arabic language, its name was changed to "Deh Kord" Persian: دهكرد‎‎, because the arabic alphabet lacks the letters “zh” (ژ) and “g” (گ).[3] The name of the city was changed from "Deh Kord" to "Shahr-e-Kord" in 1935. There are some other cities such as Chamgordan, Boroujerd and Dezful which were called Chamgord, Borougord and Dezhpol, respectively, before the Muslim conquest of Persia. The name of the city, in Kurdish and Persian, means the "city of Kurds".

People[edit]

Currently, people living in Shahr-e Kord are of three major backgrounds: Bakhtiari, Qashqai and indigenous Persian speakers of Shahr-e Kord; however, the people of Shahr-e Kord speak Persian as a lingua franca. Shahr-e Kord is assumed to be first developed by nomadic farmers because it encompasses vast meadows and several springs. Deh Kord was gradually founded by the immigrants from Isfahan, its suburbs, and the villages around Shahr-e Kord, most of whom started to run businesses such as agriculture, horticulture, hat making, felt making, oil and wool trading, and other industries.

Geography[edit]

Shahr-e Kord is located about 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Isfahan and 512 km (318 mi) of Tehran. It is topographically situated in the north of the Zagros Mountains. Being located 2,070 m (6,790 ft) above the sea level, Shahr-e Kord is the most elevated among the centers of the provinces of Iran, known as the Roof of Iran.

Climate[edit]

Shahr-e Kord enjoys a cold semi-arid climate (BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification) with hot summer days, mild summer nights, cool winter days and cold winter nights. The annual average temperature in Shahr-e Kord is about 5.11 °C but the minimum and maximum absolute temperatures recorded in Shahr-e Kord during the last 30 years have been -32 °C and 42 °C,[citation needed] respectively. December is the coldest month and July is the hottest month. Although the humidity level is moderate or high in winter, the amount of rainfall is close to zero in planting seasons, except for April and May.

Climate data for Shahr-e Kord
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
13.0
(55.4)
18.5
(65.3)
24.9
(76.8)
31.6
(88.9)
34.3
(93.7)
33.6
(92.5)
30.0
(86)
23.1
(73.6)
15.3
(59.5)
8.5
(47.3)
20.4
(68.7)
Average low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.1
(39.4)
7.6
(45.7)
10.6
(51.1)
14.5
(58.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
3.6
(38.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60.9
(2.398)
50.3
(1.98)
56.9
(2.24)
42.8
(1.685)
14.6
(0.575)
0.7
(0.028)
1.8
(0.071)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
8.7
(0.343)
32.8
(1.291)
59.9
(2.358)
329.9
(12.989)
Average precipitation days 8.5 7.4 8.5 7.3 4.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.0 2.6 5.3 7.2 52.7
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

Business and Industry[edit]

Education[edit]

Azad University of Sharekord with 7,400 students
Shahrekord University with 5,713 students

There are three universities in the city of Sharekord, the most popular being Shahrekord University(SKU) with 5,713 students. The other universities are Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences (SKUMS) with 1,690 students and Islamic Azad University of Shahr-e Kord Branch(IAUSHK) with 7,400 students.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shahr-e Kord can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3084174" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ http://www.tebyan-chb.ir/Tebyan/ostan/about-ostan/ostan.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13900612000453

External links[edit]