Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)

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"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)"
A blue vinyl record of the single appears
Single by Four Tops
from the album On Top
B-side "Just As Long As You Need Me"
Released February 1966
Format 7"
Genre Gospel rock
Length 2:41
Label Motown
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
  • Brian Holland
  • Lamont Dozier
  • Eddie Holland
Four Tops singles chronology
"Something About You"
(1965)
"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)"
(1966)
"Loving You Is Sweeter Than Ever"
(1966)

"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" is a song recorded by the American quartet Four Tops for their third studio album, On Top (1966). It was released in February 1966 as a 7" vinyl single through Motown records. It was written and produced by Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier, and Eddie Holland. The song was a new song recorded for the album, which included tracks crossing over into multiple genres. A gospel rock track, its lyrics detail a relationship that has ended. It has since been regarded as one of Four Tops' most successful singles ever. It charted moderately well in both the United States and Canada, and became the group's fifth consecutive entry to chart within the top five of the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Four Tops has performed "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" on various occasions throughout their careers and have included it on several greatest hits albums, including on The Four Tops Greatest Hits (1967) and The Ultimate Collection (1997).

American musicians Barbra Streisand and Carol Lloyd also recorded covers of "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" and released them commercially in 1975 and 1979, respectively. Streisand turned it into a disco song and included it on her seventeenth studio album, Lazy Afternoon (1975). Following the success of the song in a New York City club, Columbia Records decided to release the single which would later become a moderate success on two Billboard dance charts in that same year. Critically, it was highlighted on Lazy Afternoon as a standout track. Lloyd's version was recorded for her debut record Score in 1979; it received heavy airplay by disc jockeys and was positively received by Billboard critics.

Background and release[edit]

"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" was released as the lead single from the group's third studio album, On Top (1966), in February 1966.[1] The album was a combination of "current hits" and "crossover material" to attract a larger audience for Four Tops.[2] The song was written and produced by Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier, and Eddie Holland, who had collaborated with Four Tops on various occasions in the past.[2] It is written in the key of C major with the quartet's vocals ranging from G4 to D6. Set in a gospel rock tempo, lead single Levi Stubbs begins stating, "All through this long and sleepless night / I hear my neighbors talking"; after losing the love of someone else, he claims that these people are "Saying that, out of my life, into another's arms / You'll soon be walking," before entering the chorus.[3] The American female group the Andantes provide background vocals for the track.[4]

Motown released "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" as a 7" vinyl single in February 1966.[1] The standard edition commercial single features the B-side track "Just As Long As You Need Me". A promotional early version of the 7" single also exists, with both the stereo and mono versions of the song.[5]

Reception[edit]

"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" was favorably received by music critics. John Bush from AllMusic, in his album review of On Top, called the track one of "their biggest and best hits of all time".[2] According to Bill Dahl, author of Motown: The Golden Years, 1966 was a successful year for Four Tops due to the success of "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" and their others singles "Loving You Is Sweeter Than Ever" and "Reach Out I'll Be There".[6] At the time, the single was extremely popular in Boston, where it reached #37 on the "Top Sellers in Top Markets" chart in the aforementioned city.[7]

In the United States, it entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 86 on February 19, 1966.[8] After climbing the chart in that country for several weeks, it reached its peak position at number 18 on March 26; overall, it spent nine consecutive weeks in the ranks of the Billboard Hot 100.[9] It also entered the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart (then called the Black Singles chart) in the United States, where it peaked at number 5 and became the group's fifth consecutive top ten entry.[10] On Canada's official singles chart, compiled by RPM, the single debuted at number 66 for the week ending March 21, 1966.[11] The following week on March 28, the single peaked at number 52.[12]

Later usage[edit]

Four Tops has included "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" on several of their greatest hits albums and compilation albums over the years. It was placed on their first compilation, The Four Tops Greatest Hits, in 1967, followed by The Four Tops Story 1964-72 (1973), Anthology (1974), Greatest Hits (1988), The Ultimate Collection (1997), and The Definitive Collection (2008).[13] The group would also use the name of the track to title another album, called Shake Me, Wake Me: 25 Greatest Hits 1964-1973 in 1998.[14]

Additionally, the group has performed the song during various occasions throughout the years.[15] More recently, they reunited on March 3, 2017 and performed various singles from their catalog at an event at the Warner Theatre in Torrington, Connecticut. Titled IMPACT 2017, both the Temptations and Four Tops sang during the annual live dance, opera, and gala, with the Four Tops performing "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" as the finale.[16]

Track listings[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1966) Peak
position
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[12] 52
US Billboard Hot 100[10] 18
US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)[10] 5

Barbra Streisand version[edit]

"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)"
A red-orange vinyl record of the single appears
Single by Barbra Streisand
from the album Lazy Afternoon
B-side "Widescreen"
Released November 12, 1975 (1975-11-12)
Format
Recorded April 1975
Genre
Length 2:55
Label Columbia
Writer(s)
  • Brian Holland
  • Lamont Dozier
  • Eddie Holland
Producer(s) Jeffrey Lesser
Barbra Streisand singles chronology
"My Father's Song"
(1975)
"Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)"
(1975)
"Evergreen"
(1976)

Background and recording[edit]

American vocalist Barbra Streisand recorded her own version of "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" for her seventeenth studio album, Lazy Afternoon (1975) in April 1975.[17] However, Streisand and producer Jeffrey Lesser gave the song a "disco treatment".[18] Nicky Siano, a disc jockey, began playing the track at The Gallery nightclub in New York City in the fall of 1975, before it was even released as a single from the album. In a handwritten letter by Streisand for Siano, she wrote that the hype generated from playing her cover at the club prompted Columbia Records to release "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" as another single from Lazy Afternoon.[19][20]

In a 1979 Billboard article titled "Everyone's Jumping on Disco Bandwagon", written by columnist Paul Grein, he speculated that singers accustomed to the pop genre were beginning to "releas[e] disco records" and listed Streisand, Andy Williams, and Ethel Merman as a few examples. Following the release of the singer's disco-influenced "The Main Event/Fight" single in 1979, Grein listed both "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" and "Love Breakdown" as Streisand's previous attempts to create dance music.[21]

Streisand released the single in 7" and 12" vinyl formats on November 12, 1975.[22] The United States and Canada version features B-side track "Widescreen", which also appears on Lazy Afternoon.[23] The special edition "Columbia Disco Series" release was sent to dance clubs and features a stereo and mono version of "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)".[24] A promotional release also took place that offered the short and long versions of the track,[25] while the United Kingdom version (which was released on February 20, 1976) is similar to the United States/Canada one but contains the longer cut of the single instead of the album version.[26][27]

Reception[edit]

Critics liked Streisand's version of the track. Christopher Nickens and Karen Swenson, authors of The Films of Barbra Streisand, listed both "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" and "Moanin' Low" from Lazy Afternoon as two of the best songs from Streisand's entire career.[28] Writer Will Hermes was also positive towards it, calling it a "surprisingly soulful cover".[19] Derek Winnert, who wrote a biography on the singer in 1996, claimed that because of songs like "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" and album track "By the Way", the parent album was able to be appealing and thus a popular record.[29] The author of True Colours: A Spectrum of Filipino Gay and Lesbian Online Writings, Nelz Agustin, felt that Streisand's cover "brings back memories" of the days of his youth.[30] The success of "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" allowed it to enter two of the dance charts compiled by Billboard: it peaked at number 14 on the Dance Club Songs chart and number 10 on the now-defunct Disco Singles chart.[31]

Track listings and formats[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1975) Peak
position
US Dance Club Songs (Billboard)[31] 14
US Disco Singles (Billboard)[31] 10

Carol Lloyd version[edit]

"Shake Me, Wake Me"
A red-white vinyl record of the single appears
Single by Carol Lloyd
from the album Score
B-side "Sundown to Sunrise"
Released December 1979 (1979-12)
Format 7"
Genre
Length 2:58
Label
Writer(s)
  • Brian Holland
  • Lamont Dozier
  • Eddie Holland
Producer(s)
  • Michael Forte
  • Bruce Weeden
Carol Lloyd singles chronology
"Score"
(1979)
"Shake Me, Wake Me"
(1979)
"Come See About Me"
(1982)

Background[edit]

American singer Carol Lloyd also covered "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" (although she removed the "(When It's Over)" part from the title) and released it in December 1979. It served as the second and final single from her debut studio album, Score (1979); both Casablanca Records and Earmarc Records handled the 7" commercial releases. It was previously used as the B-side for her debut single, "Score", in September 1979.[32] On Billboard's Top Single Picks for the week of December 22, 1979, the editors listed Lloyd's version as a recommended track under the soul music category.[33] In a review from the same publication, editor Barry Lederer called it the "one exceptional cut" on Score. Classifying it as a disco recording, he also found Lloyd's extended version of "Shake Me, Wake Me" to "make th[e] already popular Streisand classic ever better".[34] The standard edition version, released exclusively in the United States, contained the single and B-side track "Sundown to Sunrise" while the promotional DJ single featured the stereo and mono versions of "Shake Me, Wake Me".[35][36]

Track listings[edit]

United States 7" single[35]
  • A1 "Shake Me, Wake Me" – 2:58
  • B1 "Sundown to Sunrise" – 2:59
Promotional 7" single[36]
  • A1 "Shake Me, Wake Me (Stereo)" – 2:58
  • B1 "Shake Me, Wake Me (Mono)" – 2:58

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" / "Just As Long As You Need Me" (Liner notes). Four Tops. Motown. 1966. MOTOWN 1090. 
  2. ^ a b c Bush, John. "The Four Tops – On Top". AllMusic. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  3. ^ Holland, Edward; Dozier, Lamont; Holland, Brian (1966). "The Four Tops 'Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)' Digital Sheet Music". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  4. ^ Vintage Vinyl News staff (February 2015). "Passings: Marlene Judy Barrow-Tate of Motown Backup Group the Andantes". Vintage Vinyl News. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" / "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" (Liner notes). Four Tops (Promotional ed.). Motown. 1966. MOTOWN 1090. 
  6. ^ Dahl 2011, p. 49
  7. ^ Billboard staff (March 5, 1966). "Top Sellers in Top Markets: March 5, 1966". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 78 (10): 14. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  8. ^ "The Hot 100 – The Week Of February 19, 1966". Billboard. February 19, 1966. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  9. ^ "The Hot 100 – The Week Of March 26, 1966". Billboard. March 26, 1966. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c "Four Tops – Chart history". Billboard Hot 100 for Four Tops. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5712". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5709." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  13. ^ "The Four Tops – Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over): Appears On". AllMusic. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  14. ^ "The Four Tops – Shake Me Wake Me (1964-1973)". AllMusic. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  15. ^ Osborn, Dave (April 3, 2015). "Review: Four Tops dazzle, Temptations fizzle at Naples show". Naples Daily News. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  16. ^ The Register Citizen staff (March 1, 2017). "Torrington: Warner Theatre presents live music, dance, opera and theater, plus classes and annual benefit gala". The Register Citizen. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  17. ^ Lazy Afternoon (Liner notes). Barbra Streisand. Columbia. 1975. CK 33815. 
  18. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Barbra Streisand – Lazy Afternoon". AllMusic. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  19. ^ a b Hermes 2012, p. 154
  20. ^ Lawrence 2004, p. 202
  21. ^ Grein, Paul (April 14, 1979). "Everyone's Jumping on Disco Bandwagon". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 91 (15): 4, 6. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  22. ^ Moulton, Tom (November 15, 1975). "Club Dialog". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 87 (46): 40. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 18, 2016. 
  23. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" / "Widescreen" (Liner notes). Barbra Streisand. Columbia. 1975. 3-10272. 
  24. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" / "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" (Liner notes). Barbra Streisand (Columbia Disco Series ed.). Columbia. 1975. AS 217. 
  25. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" / "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" (Liner notes). Barbra Streisand (Promotional ed.). Columbia. 1975. 3-10272. 
  26. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" / "Widescreen" (Liner notes). Barbra Streisand. CBS. 1976. CBS 4027. 
  27. ^ Aletti 2009, p. 148
  28. ^ Nickens & Swenson 2000, p. 24
  29. ^ Winnert 1996, p. 1999
  30. ^ Agustin 2008, p. 43
  31. ^ a b c "Barbra Streisand: Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  32. ^ "Score" / "Shake Me, Wake Me" (Liner notes). Carol Lloyd (Promotional ed.). Casablanca, Earmarc. 1979. EM 21002 DJ. 
  33. ^ Billboard staff (December 22, 1979). "Billboard's Top Single Picks: For Week Ending 12/22/79". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 91 (51): 76. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  34. ^ Lederer, Barry (December 8, 1979). "Disco Mix". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 91 (49): 56. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  35. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me" / "Sundown to Sunrise" (Liner notes). Carol Lloyd. Casablanca, Earmarc. 1979. EM 5504. 
  36. ^ a b "Shake Me, Wake Me" / "Shake Me, Wake Me" (Liner notes). Carol Lloyd (Promotional ed.). Casablanca, Earmarc. 1979. EM 5504 DJ. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Agustin, Nelz (2008). True Colours: A Spectrum of Filipino Gay and Lesbian Online Writings. Helios Press. ISBN 0978321251. 
  • Aletti, Vince (2009). The Disco Files 1973-78 (illustrated ed.). DJhistory.com Publishing. ISBN 0956189601. 
  • Dahl, Bill (February 28, 2011). Motown: The Golden Years: More Than 100 Rare Photographs. Krause Publications. ISBN 1440227837. 
  • Hermes, Will (September 4, 2012). Love Goes to Buildings on Fire: Five Years in New York That Changed Music Forever (illustrated, reprinted ed.). Macmillan. ISBN 0374533547. 
  • Lawrence, Tim (January 12, 2004). Love Saves the Day: A History of American Dance Music Culture, 1970-1979. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822385112. 
  • Nickens, Christopher; Swenson, Karen (2000). The Films of Barbra Streisand (illustrated ed.). Citadel Press. ISBN 0-8065-1954-1. 
  • Winnert, Derek (1996). Barbra Streisand: Quote Unquote (illustrated ed.). The Book Company. ISBN 0752516035. 

External links[edit]