Shakhriyar Mamedyarov

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Shakhriyar Mamedyarov
Mamedyarov, Shamkir 2016.JPG
Mamedyarov at the closing ceremony of the 2016 Shamkir Chess tournament
Full name Şəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov
Country Azerbaijan
Born (1985-04-12) 12 April 1985 (age 32)
Sumgait, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Title Grandmaster (2002)
FIDE rating 2800 (June 2017)
Peak rating 2800 (June 2017)
Peak ranking No. 4 (January 2007)

Shakhriyar Hamid oglu Mammadyarov (Azerbaijani: Şəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov; born 12 April 1985), also known as Shah and Shak, is an Azerbaijani chess Grandmaster.

Mamedyarov is a two-time World Junior Champion, 2013 World Rapid Chess Champion, gold-medalist at the 2012 Chess Olympiad on the third board and European Team Championships in 2009 and 2013. He is also a two time winner of Tal Memorial (2010 and 2014) and Shamkir Chess tournament (2016 and 2017). Mamedyarov played in the FIDE Candidates Tournament twice, in 2011 and 2014.


Shakhriyar Mamedyarov was born on April 12, 1985 in Sumgait, Azerbaijan.

In 2003 he won the World Junior Chess Championship. He repeated his victory in 2005 (thus becoming the only two-time champion), achieving a 2953 performance rating after eight rounds.[1] This gained him an invitation to the Essent Tournament 2006 in Hoogeveen, and by winning this one and the 2007 edition, Mamedyarov achieved world fame.[2]

In 2005 Mamedyarov competed at the European Club Cup and had the second highest performance rating (2913) among all of the participants (Vassily Ivanchuk had the highest).

Mamedyarov attained joint first place at the Aeroflot Open in Moscow in February 2006, with a score of 6½/9. In October 2006, he won the closed Essent Chess Tournament in Hoogeveen with 4½/6, beating Judit Polgár on Sonneborn-Berger.[3]

At the Chess World Cup 2007 Mamedyarov reached the third round where he was knocked out by Ivan Cheparinov.

In 2010, he tied for first place with Vladimir Kramnik and Gata Kamsky at the President's Cup in Baku,[4] followed by joint first in the Tal Memorial.[5]

In May 2011, Mamedyarov was the tournament organisers' nominee, qualifying him for the Candidates tournament for the World Chess Championship 2012,[6] where he lost to Boris Gelfand in the quarterfinal.[7]

In June 2013, Mamedyarov won the World Rapid Chess Championship, scoring 11½/15.[8]

In November 2014, he won the Tal Memorial for the second time.

In June 2016, Mamedyarov won the 3rd Shamkir Chess Tournament, the Vugar Gashimov Memorial. He defeated both top seeds Fabiano Caruana and Anish Giri in the last two rounds, which put him in a tiebreak situation with Caruana. He defeated Caruana in the tiebreak, thus giving him tournament victory.

In April 2017, Mamedyarov won the Vugar Gashimov Memorial for the second year in a row with a score of 5.5/9.[9]

On 15 May 2017 Mamedyarov reached a live FIDE rating of 2801.1, the highest in Azerbaijan chess history.

Playing style[edit]

Mamedyarov has an aggressive style of play.[10][11] He is known for experimenting with unusual openings, such as the Alekhine Defence and the Budapest Gambit.[2]

Team competitions[edit]

Mamedyarov with the Azerbaijani chess team that won the European Team Chess Championship in 2007

He played for Azerbaijan at the Chess Olympiads of 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014.[12] In 2009 and 2013, he won the team gold medal for Azerbaijan at the European Team Chess Championship, having won the bronze medal in 2007 and silver in 2011.[13][14]


Mamedyarov caused controversy during the Aeroflot Open tournament that took place in Moscow between 17 and 26 February 2009. After losing to lower rated Igor Kurnosov in 21 moves, he voiced suspicions of cheating behaviour on the part of his Russian opponent, citing Kurnosov's wanderings outside the playing hall after each move, the refusal to agree to a draw on move 14, and the unusually strong moves played by a 2600+ GM. The arbiters were unable to discover any evidence implicating Kurnosov and Mamedyarov withdrew from the tournament in protest.[15][16]

At the 2012 European Individual Championship in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, he was involved in two controversial incidents. In round 8, he was forfeited against the Georgian IM Shota Azaladze for arriving less than 2 minutes late (10 seconds late, according to Mamedyarov).[17] In the next round, he agreed a draw on move 19 against the Spanish IM Alvar Alonso Rossell. The tournament rules forbade draws by agreement before move 40, so the arbiters ruled the game a double loss by forfeit. Another Azeri GM, Eltaj Safarli, and his opponent, Tal Baron, were also double defaulted for an early draw. Both Azeri GMs withdrew from the tournament in protest.[18]

Personal life[edit]

His personal trainer is his father, who is a former boxer. Mamedyarov has two sisters, Zeinab Mamedyarova and Turkan Mamedyarova, who are Woman Grandmasters.[19]In 2012 he got married.[20]

Notable tournament victories[edit]

Notable games[edit]


  1. ^ Borg, Geoffrey (2005-11-18). "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov leads with 2953 performance". ChessBase. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  2. ^ a b "FIDE Grand Prix Series: Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar". FIDE. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Essent 2006 Mamedyarov, Judit Polgar are the winners". 2006-10-29. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Kramnik wins President's Cup Baku on tiebreak". ChessBase. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Мамедъяров разделил первое - третье место на мемориале Таля". Retrieved 14 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Dates for Candidates Matches 2011". FIDE. 2010-11-23. Retrieved 11 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Гельфанд стал первым полуфиналистом шахматного турнира в Казани". Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  8. ^ Doggers, Peter (8 June 2013). "Mamedyarov is the new World Rapid Champion". ChessVibes. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "London FIDE Grand Prix – Round 2". Chessdom. 2012-09-22. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  11. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov - Profile of Famous Chess Player Shakhriyar Mamedyarov". 1985-04-12. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  12. ^ Wojciech Bartelski. "OlimpBase Men's Chess Olympiads Shakhriyar Mamedyarov". Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  13. ^ Вугар Гашимов принес золото сборной Азербайджана (in Russian)
  14. ^ Сборная Азербайджана стала чемпионом Европы по шахматам (in Russian)
  15. ^ "Chess News - Top seed Mamedyarov withdraws from Aeroflot Open". Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  16. ^ "Chess News - Aeroflot scandal – the accused responds". 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  17. ^ "European Championship: Mamedyarov defaulted 'for ten second delay'". 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  18. ^ "European Championship: Mamedyarov defaulted again, quits tournament". 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  19. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov's official web-site". Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  20. ^ "Şahmatçı Şəhriyar Məmmədyarov evləndi | Xəbərçi - Son Xəbərlər Xəbər". (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  21. ^ "Шахрияр Мамедъяров вновь стал победителем турнира памяти Вугара Гашимова". Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  22. ^ Мамедъяров выиграл Мемориал Таля (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov is the winner of Beijing FIDE Grand Prix". Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  24. ^ Мамедъяров выиграл турнир в Женеве (ОБНОВЛЕНО). (in Russian). Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Tal Memorial Aronian and Karjakin win the title". 2010-11-14. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  26. ^ Crowther, Mark (2010-05-03). "The Week in Chess: President's Cup Baku 2010". Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  27. ^ "Achievements of Shah". Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  28. ^ "Mamedyarov and Kasparov win in Corsica". 2008-11-03. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  29. ^ "Essent Kroongroep 2006". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  30. ^ "Chess Classic Kasimdzhanov wins the Ordix Open". 2006-08-22. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  31. ^ "Aeroflot Open 2006 A1". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  32. ^ "Reykjavik Open 2006". 2006-03-20. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  33. ^ Crowther, Mark (2006-05-15). "TWIC 601: President’s Cup". London Chess Center. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  34. ^ "Mamedyarov wins Dubai, Carlsen his GM title". ChessBase. 2004-04-29. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  35. ^ "World Junior Champ. Boys". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  36. ^ "World Junior Championship: Mamedyarov Earns the Title". 2003-07-03. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sergey Karjakin
World Rapid Chess Champion
Succeeded by
Magnus Carlsen