Shakhriyar Mamedyarov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov
Şəhriyar Məmmədyarov 2018 (crop).jpg
Mamedyarov at 2018 Chess Olympiad
Full nameŞəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov
Born (1985-04-12) 12 April 1985 (age 34)
Sumgait, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
TitleGrandmaster (2002)
FIDE rating2770 (February 2020)
Peak rating2820 (September 2018)
RankingNo. 7 (September 2019)
Peak rankingNo. 2 (February 2018)
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov
Medal record
Representing  Azerbaijan
Men's Chess
European Championship
Bronze medal – third place 2007 Crete Team
Gold medal – first place 2009 Novi Sad Team
Silver medal – second place 2011 Porto Carras Team
Gold medal – first place 2013 Warsaw Team
Gold medal – first place 2017 Crete Team

Shakhriyar Mamedyarov (Azerbaijani: Şəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov; born 12 April 1985) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster. As of November 2019, he is ranked as No. 1 in Azerbaijan and No. 5 in the world. His personal best rating of 2820 makes him the sixth-highest-rated player of all time in chess history.

Mamedyarov has competed in the Candidates Tournament in 2011 (eliminated in quarterfinals), in 2014 (placing fourth) and in 2018 (placing second). He is a two-time World Junior Champion (2003 and 2005) and was World Rapid Champion in 2013.

A gold medalist at the 2012 Chess Olympiad on the third board, he is a three-time European Team Champion (2009, 2013, 2017) with Azerbaijan. He is also a two-time winner at Tal Memorial (2010 joint and 2014 Blitz) and Shamkir Chess (2016 and 2017), as well as the winner of 2018 Biel Chess Festival where he beat reigning World Champion Magnus Carlsen.

Personal life[edit]

Shakhriyar's parents are from the Zangilan District of Azerbaijan, which is now occupied by Armenia. In 1980, his family moved to the then-flourishing industrial city of Sumqayit, Azerbaijan, where Shakhriyar was born. His first chess trainer was his father, who is also a former boxer and taught boxing to Shakhriyar for some time. Mamedyarov has two sisters, Zeinab Mamedyarova and Turkan Mamedyarova, who are Woman Grandmasters.[1] Mamedyarov got married in 2012[2], but got divorced for unknown reasons. He remarried in July 2017.[3]

Professional chess career[edit]

In 2003 he won the World Junior Chess Championship.[4] He repeated his victory in 2005, becoming the only two-time champion, achieving a 2953 performance rating after eight rounds,[5] earning an invitation to the Essent Tournament 2006 in Hoogeveen, and after winning this and the 2007 edition, Mamedyarov achieved world fame.[6]

In 2005 Mamedyarov competed at the European Club Cup and had the second-highest performance rating (2913), after Vassily Ivanchuk, of all of the participants.

Mamedyarov attained joint first place at the Aeroflot Open in Moscow in February 2006, with a score of 6½/9.[7] In May he won the combined FiNet/Ordix rapid event.[8] In October 2006, he won the closed Essent Chess Tournament in Hoogeveen with 4½/6, beating Judit Polgár on Sonneborn-Berger tie-breaks.[9]

At the Chess World Cup 2007 Mamedyarov reached the third round where he was knocked out by Ivan Cheparinov.

In 2008 he won the Corsican Circuit rapid knockout.

In 2009 he won the Mainz Ordix Open with 10/11.[10]

In 2010, he tied for first place with Vladimir Kramnik and Gata Kamsky at the President's Cup in Baku,[11] followed by joint first in the Tal Memorial.[12]

In June 2013, Mamedyarov won the World Rapid Chess Championship, scoring 11½/15.[13] The next month he won the Geneva Masters rapid event.[14]

In November 2014, he won the Tal Memorial for the second time.[15]

In June 2016, Mamedyarov won the 3rd Shamkir Chess Tournament, the Vugar Gashimov Memorial. He defeated both top seeds Fabiano Caruana and Anish Giri in the last two rounds, which put him in a tiebreak situation with Caruana. He defeated Caruana in the tiebreak, thus giving him tournament victory.

In April 2017, Mamedyarov won the Vugar Gashimov Memorial for the second year in a row with a score of 5½/9.[16]

In April 2018, he participated in the fifth edition of the Gashimov Memorial, finishing fourth with a score of 4½/9 (+1–1=7).[17]

From 28 May to 7 June 2018, he competed in the sixth edition of Norway Chess, placing seventh with 3½/8 (+0–1=7).[18]

From 22nd July 2018 to 1st August, he competed in the 51st Biel Chess Festival, winning the event by one-and-a-half points ahead of Magnus Carlsen.[19]

World Championship cycles[edit]

In 2011, Mamedyarov was the tournament organisers' nominee, qualifying him for the Candidates tournament for the World Chess Championship 2012,[20] where he lost to Boris Gelfand in the first round.[21]

In the 2014 cycle, he qualified for the Candidates tournament by coming second in the FIDE Grand Prix 2012–13. He finished fourth in the Candidates, with a score of 7/14.

He failed to qualify for the 2016 Candidates. He came sixth in the FIDE Grand Prix 2014–15, and was knocked out in the quarter finals of the Chess World Cup 2015 by eventual winner Sergey Karjakin.

In the 2018 cycle, he qualified for the Candidates Tournament 2018 by winning the FIDE Grand Prix 2017. He finished as a runner-up in Candidates one point behind Caruana, with a score of 8/14.

Team competitions[edit]

He played for Azerbaijan at the Chess Olympiads of 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018.[22] In 2009,2013 and 2017 he won the team gold medal for Azerbaijan at the European Team Chess Championship, having won the bronze medal in 2007 and silver in 2011.[23][24]

Notable tournament victories[edit]

Mamedyarov at the closing ceremony of the 2016 Shamkir Chess tournament.


  1. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov's official web-site". Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  2. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov Got Married (PHOTOS) |". Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  3. ^ "Şəhriyar Məmmədyarov ikinci dəfə evləndi - Toydan eksklüziv FOTO".
  4. ^ "World Junior Championship: Mamedyarov Earns the Title". 2003-07-03. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  5. ^ Borg, Geoffrey (2005-11-18). "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov leads with 2953 performance". ChessBase. Retrieved 2006-12-24.
  6. ^ "FIDE Grand Prix Series: Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar". FIDE. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
  7. ^ "Aeroflot Open 2006 A1". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  8. ^ "Chess Classic: Kasimdzhanov wins the Ordix Open". Chess News. 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  9. ^ "Essent 2006 Mamedyarov, Judit Polgar are the winners". 2006-10-29. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  10. ^ "Chess Classic Mainz 2009 (CCM9) 2009-07-27 - 2009-08-02". Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  11. ^ "Kramnik wins President's Cup Baku on tiebreak". ChessBase. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  12. ^ "Tal Memorial Aronian and Karjakin win the title". 2010-11-14. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  13. ^ Doggers, Peter (8 June 2013). "Mamedyarov is the new World Rapid Champion". ChessVibes. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
  14. ^ Мамедъяров выиграл турнир в Женеве (ОБНОВЛЕНО). (in Russian). Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  15. ^ Мамедъяров выиграл Мемориал Таля (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  16. ^ (hellokostya), Kostya Kavutskiy. "Mamedyarov Repeats; Wins Shamkir 2nd Year In A Row -". Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  17. ^ Staff writer(s) (28 April 2018). "Results: Cross Table". Shamkir Chess.
  18. ^ Doggers, Peter (7 June 2018). "Caruana Wins Norway Chess".
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Dates for Candidates Matches 2011". FIDE. 2010-11-23. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  21. ^ "Гельфанд стал первым полуфиналистом шахматного турнира в Казани". Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
  22. ^ Wojciech Bartelski. "OlimpBase Men's Chess Olympiads Shakhriyar Mamedyarov". Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  23. ^ Вугар Гашимов принес золото сборной Азербайджана (in Russian)
  24. ^ Сборная Азербайджана стала чемпионом Европы по шахматам (in Russian)
  25. ^ Mamedyarov Beats Carlsen, Wins Biel With Round To Spare,, 8/31/2018
  26. ^ The road to the Candidates 2018, Chessbase, 9/13/2017
  27. ^ "Шахрияр Мамедъяров вновь стал победителем турнира памяти Вугара Гашимова". Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  28. ^ Мамедъяров выиграл Мемориал Таля (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  29. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov is the winner of Beijing FIDE Grand Prix". Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  30. ^ Мамедъяров выиграл турнир в Женеве (ОБНОВЛЕНО). (in Russian). Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  31. ^ "Tal Memorial Aronian and Karjakin win the title". 2010-11-14. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  32. ^ Crowther, Mark (2010-05-03). "The Week in Chess: President's Cup Baku 2010". Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  33. ^ "Achievements of Shah". Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  34. ^ "Mamedyarov and Kasparov win in Corsica". 2008-11-03. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  35. ^ "Essent Kroongroep 2006". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  36. ^ "Chess Classic Kasimdzhanov wins the Ordix Open". 2006-08-22. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  37. ^ "Aeroflot Open 2006 A1". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  38. ^ "Reykjavik Open 2006". 2006-03-20. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  39. ^ Crowther, Mark (2006-05-15). "TWIC 601: President's Cup". London Chess Center. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  40. ^ "Mamedyarov wins Dubai, Carlsen his GM title". ChessBase. 2004-04-29. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  41. ^ "World Junior Champ. Boys". FIDE. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  42. ^ "World Junior Championship: Mamedyarov Earns the Title". 2003-07-03. Retrieved 7 November 2010.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sergey Karjakin
World Rapid Chess Champion
Succeeded by
Magnus Carlsen