Shaki District

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Shaki
Şəki
Rayon
Looking north from the Sheki Rayon
Looking north from the Sheki Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Shaki Rayon (in red)
Map of Azerbaijan showing Shaki Rayon (in red)
Country Azerbaijan
Established 8 August 1930
Capital Sheki
Government
 • Chief Executive Elxan Zabir oğlu Usubov (New Azerbaijan Party)
Area
 • Total 2,430 km2 (940 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 184,172
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Postal code 5500
Telephone code 0117
Website sheki-ih.gov.az

Shaki or Şeki (Azerbaijani: Şəki rayonu) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. Its administrative capital is Sheki.

History[edit]

Sheki is one of the oldest cities in Azerbaijan. In medieval sources, its name is called Shaki, Shaki, Shakki, and etc. The city of Sheki was called Nuxa for a long time.The city of Sheki was called "Nuxa" for a long time. One of the oldest authors, Ptolemy, noted that there was a settlement called "Niga" among Albanian cities.[2]

Historical monuments[edit]

There are Palace of Shaki Khans dating back to the XVIII century, Tower fortress, minaret of Gileyli mosque, Lower Caravanserai belonging to the XVIII-XIX centuries, Upper Caravanserai, Aghvanlar baths dating back to the 19th century in the city. "Gavur" fortress belonging to VI century, Gudula fortress of the Middle Ages, Aghcagala Mosque in Aydinbulag village, Kish temple belonging to the medival era near the Kish village, and "Gələrsən görərsən" fortress (in English "See if you come") dating back to the 15th century are preserved in the district.

Demographics[edit]

The population of the Shaki District in early 2015 was 181,000 (90,300 men and 90,700 women), an increase since 2009, when it was 170,700. Shaki has 65 settlements, with the majority of residents living in the cities (66,900) and a minority in villages (32,600).[1]

The official languages are Azerbaijani.

Economy[edit]

Shaki is part of the Shaki-Zaqatala economic region. The Shaki region, one of the largest agricultural and industrial districts of the Republic, has a total area of 2.43 thousand km2 and a population of 184,172. At present 29 industrial enterprises operate in the region, of which 21 are small enterprises.

Population[edit]

Ethnic group 1999[3] 2009[4]
Number % Number %
Total 157 353 100.00 170 733 100.00
Azerbaijanis 148 862 94.60 163 092 95.52
Lezgins 7 469 4.75 7 152 4.19
Russians 231 0.15 121 0.07
Turkish people 45 0.03 26 0.02
Kurds 47 0.03 26 0.02
Avars 15 0.01 14 0.01
Tatars 61 0.04 10 0.01
Ukrainians 128 0.08 6 0.00
Georgians 13 0.01 ... ...
Armenians 7 0.00 ... ...
Others 475 0.30 286 0.17

Notable persons[edit]

Mirza Fatali Akhundov - writer, public figure

Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh - poet

Molla Cümə - poet

Ahmadiyya Jabrayilov - World War II participant, partisan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°06′N 47°00′E / 41.100°N 47.000°E / 41.100; 47.000