Shakir Hassan Al Said
Born in Samawa, Al Said lived, worked and died in Bagdad. He received in 1948 a degree in social science from the Higher Institute of Teachers in Baghdad and in 1954 a diploma in painting from the Institute of Fine Arts in Baghdad where he was taught by Jawad Saleem. He continued his studies at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris until 1959, where he was taught by Raymond Legueult. During his stay in Paris, he discovered Western modern art in galleries and Sumerian art at the Louvre. After his return to Baghdad in 1959, Al Said studied the work of Yahya ibn Mahmud al-Wasiti, sufism and Mansur Al-Hallaj. He gradually abandoned figurative expressions and centered his compositions on Arabic calligraphy.
He co-founded in 1951 with Jawad Saleem Jama'et Baghdad lil Fann al-Hadith (Baghdad Modern Art Group), one of the most unusual arts movements in the Middle East in the post–World War II, that aimed to achieve an artistic approach both modern and embracing of tradition. This specific approach was called Istilham al-turath (Seeking inspiration from tradition), considered as "the basic point of departure, to achieve through modern styles, a cultural vision". He headed the group after the death of Saleem in 1961.
His work is collected by major museums, such as Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art in Doha, the Guggenheim in New York, and Sharjah Art Museum.
- Mikdadi, Salwa. "West Asia: Between Tradition and Modernity". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Shabout, Nada (May 2008). "Shakir Hassan Al Said: A Journey towards the One-dimension". Nafas. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Khatibi, Abdelkebir (2001). L'art contemporain arabe: prolégomènes (in French). Al Manar. p. 23. ISBN 978-2-913896-11-6.
- "Shaker Hassan Al Said". Kinda Foundation. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Bahrani, Zainab; Shabout, Nada M. (2009). Modernism and Iraq. Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University in the City of New York. p. 97.
- "Shaker Hassan Al Said". Darat al Funum. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Bloom, Jonathan; Blair, Sheila (2009). The Grove encyclopedia of Islamic art and architecture. Oxford University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-19-530991-1.
- Wilson-Goldie, Kaelen (March 21, 2005). "Paying tribute to an Iraqi master before his legacy disappears". Daily Star. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Ghareeb, Edmund; Dougherty, Beth (2004). Historical dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-8108-4330-1.
- Secor, Beth (January 13, 2009). "'Iraqi Artists in Exile' Showcase Their Haunting Works". Houston Press. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Dakhlia, Jocelyne; Depaule, Jean-Charles (2006). Créations artistiques contemporaines en pays d'islam: des arts en tensions. Kimé. p. 286. ISBN 978-2-84174-402-2.
- Shabout, Nada M. (2007). Dafatir. University of North Texas School of Visual Arts. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-889886-08-4.
- Shakir Hassan Al Said timeline
- Some works by Shakir Hassan Al Said (in Arabic)
- More works by Shakir Hassan Al Said
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