|Died||9 April 2009 (aged 83)|
|Occupation||Film director, Film producer, Founder "Shakti Films" (1957)|
Shakti Samanta (13 January 1926 – 9 April 2009) was an Indian film director and producer, who founded Shakti Films in 1957, which is most known for films such as Howrah Bridge, China Town, Kashmir Ki Kali, An Evening in Paris, Aradhana, Kati Patang, and Amar Prem.
He received Filmfare Awards for Best Film for Aradhana (1969), Anuraag (1973) and Amanush, which was also made in Bengali, a language in which he made six films, including an Indo-Bangladesh joint production in 1984.
Early life and education
He was born in the village of Bokra (post office: Raina), in the district of Purba Bardhaman, in the Bengal Presidency of British India. He received his education at Dehradun, staying with his uncle. He graduated in 1944 from Calcutta University.
After completing his education he wanted to become an actor in the Hindi film industry at Bombay, so moved closer to the city. He took a school teacher's job in Dapoli, about 200 kilometres from Mumbai. He eventually joined the film industry in 1948 as an assistant director starting with Satish Nigam in Raj Kapoor starrer Sunhere Din, subsequently he worked with directors like Gyan Mukherjee, and Phani Majumdar at Bombay Talkies, in Tamasha, Baadbaan and Dhobi Doctor.
Eventually he got his break as an independent director when Samanta directed his first feature film, Bahu in 1954, starring Karan Dewan, Usha Kiron, Shashikala and Pran and after the success for his next few films, Inspector (1956), Sheroo (1956), Detective (1957) and Hill Station (1957), he started his own production company, Shakti Films, in 1957, and the first release of his independent banner was the murder-mystery Howrah Bridge, with Ashok Kumar and Madhubala as the lead, with its crooning number 'Aaiye Meherbaan' with music by O. P. Nayyar, sung by Asha Bhosle in a notable Geeta Dutt style, and picturised on Madhubala became a rage, and the film a breakthrough hit; this was a turning point. With Insaan Jaag Utha (1959) starring Sunil Dutt and Madhubala, he wanted to shift to making films on social themes, but when it was unsuccessful, he shifted back to making entertainers for another decade, for returning to social themes, with Aradhana (1969).
In all, Samanta directed 43 feature films, including 37 Hindi, and 6 Bengali films. His best known films include Howrah Bridge, China Town, Kashmir Ki Kali, Sawan Ki Ghata and An Evening in Paris. He is credited for starting the trend of making double version films in Hindi and Bengali with Amanush in 1974, and also made the first co-produced film between India and Bangladesh in 1984.
Samanta was among the directors who worked with Shammi Kapoor in the late 1950s and up to the mid '60s, then with Sharmila Tagore, Rajesh Khanna, creating a number of classics such as Aradhana, Kati Patang, Anurodh and Amar Prem. However, his movies with Amitabh Bachchan were not major hits.
On some of his films, his brother and wife were producers. He also produced some of the films that his son, Ashim Samanta, directed. In 1985, Shakti Films established 'Aradhana Sound Service', a digital audio post-production facility which works both for Bollywood as well as Hollywood films.
Samanta died of cardiac arrest at his suburban Santa Cruz residence at approximately 5pm on 9 April 2009, while undergoing physiotherapy. He was recovering from a stroke he had suffered two months ago.
Awards and recognition
Samanta received Filmfare Awards for "Best Film" for Aradhana, Anuraag and Amanush. He has also received several Lifetime Achievement awards, including the Zee Cine Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2002 and several other awards from Zee and other Indian organisations. Some of his films have been shown at international festivals in Berlin, Tashkent, Moscow, Cairo and Beirut.
Samanta was President of the Indian Motion Pictures Producers Association for 5 years, Chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) for 7 years and was Chairman of the Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata for 2 years.
- Bahu (1955)
- Inspector (1956)
- Hill Station (1957)
- Sheroo (1957)
- Howrah Bridge (1958)
- Detective (1958)
- Insan Jaag Utha (1959)
- Jaali Note (1960)
- Singapore (1960)
- Isi Ka Naam Duniya Hai (1962)
- Naughty Boy (1962)
- China Town (1962)
- Ek Raaz (1963)
- Kashmir Ki Kali (1964)
- Sawan Ki Ghata (1966)
- An Evening in Paris (1967)
- Aradhana (1969)
- Kati Patang (1970)
- Pagla Kahin Ka (1970)
- Jaane-Anjaane (1971)
- Amar Prem (1971)
- Anuraag (1972)
- Charitraheen (1974)
- Ajanabee (1974)
- Amanush (1975)
- Mehbooba (1976)
- Anurodh (1977)
- Anand Ashram (1977)
- The Great Gambler (1979)
- Khwab (1980)
- Barsaat Ki Ek Raat (1981)
- Ayaash (1982)
- Awaaz (1984)
- Alag Alag (1985)
- Aar Paar (1985)
- Anyay Abichar (1985)
- Andha Bichar (1990)
- Dushman (1990)
- Geetanjali (1993)
- Devdas (2002)
- "Reinventing itself". Screen. 12 December 2008. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- Golden banner Archived 29 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine Rajiv Vijayakar. Screen, 11 July 2008.
- Five decades of Shakti Films Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Screen, 12 December 2008.
- Turning the pages of film history The Hindu, Friday, 1 September 2000.
- "Bollywood will miss wizard of entertainment Shakti Samanta". The HIndu. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- Shakti Samanta – Films as director: 43 Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Great Gambler Archived 15 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine Screen.
- Veteran film-maker S Samanta passes away The Times of India Friday, 10 April 2009.
- PNC to remake 3 classics in animated form Business Standard Reporter / Mumbai 17 August 2007.
- Awards Internet Movie Database.
- Shakti Samanta elected IMPPA president Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Indian Express, Wednesday, 30 September 1998.
- Shakti Samanta – Filmography Upperstall.com.