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Shallop is a name used for several types of boats and small ships (French chaloupe) used for coastal navigation from the seventeenth century. Originally smaller boats based on the chalupa, the watercraft named this ranged from small boats a little larger than a banks dory to gunboats. The shallops used by English explorers were about 30 feet (9.1 m) long and equipped with oars and a mast with one or two sails. These larger English shallops could take over a dozen people and usually had a shallow draft of about 2 feet (0.6 m). The larger vessels of this design could carry a substantial load and be armed with cannon.
Captain John Smith used shallops to explore Chesapeake Bay in the Summer of 1608. The boats were sawed in half[dubious ]} and stowed aboard the Susan Constant, being reassembled when the colonists arrived in North America.
- "The Shallop". Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail. National Park Service. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
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