|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||1.45 sq mi (3.76 km2)|
|• Land||1.45 sq mi (3.75 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||3,294 ft (1,004 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,776.40/sq mi (685.76/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
Shallowater is a city in Lubbock County, Texas, United States. Shallowater is on U.S. Route 84 and the Burlington Northern Santa Fe line, 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Lubbock. Its population was 2,484 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Lubbock metropolitan statistical area.
As early as 1909 J. C. (Jim) Bowles, whose ranch was adjacent to the site of what is now Shallowater, persuaded Bob Crump, a member of a ranching family, to help form a townsite company and attract a railroad to go through the area. Land was purchased for the townsite on May 18, 1909. A school was built at that time. After Santa Fe railroad officials received a bonus from rancher George W. Littlefield of the Yellow House Ranch, negotiations were finally completed. The originators of the plan, and other interested individuals, formed the Ripley Townsite Company, which was named after a Santa Fe railroad official, and was incorporated on May 22, 1909. The company decided to name the new town Shallowater to attract settlers. On June 26, 1913, a celebration was held to note the founding of the town and completion of the railroad. By the time the town was established, the ranching industry in the area was waning, and many of the large ranches were being divided into smaller lots for farmers. Cotton became an important cash crop. During the 1920s, Shallowater grew rapidly, and the town had a hotel, a lumberyard, and various filling stations, grocery stores, cotton gins, drugstores, barbershops, garages, blacksmith shops, and other businesses. Several churches and schools were also built. A county park with a clubhouse was established, a public well was constructed, and a real depot building was built to replace the boxcar the town had been using for years. From 1920 to 1922, the railroad station was known as Pacita. In 1928, the town had an estimated population of 250. In 1955, Shallowater was incorporated with a mayor-council form of city government, and during the 1960s, the town had five churches, a school, a bank, a library, and a newspaper. The community in 1970 had 30 businesses, including one of the largest hatcheries in the county. The population of Shallowater was 1,001 in 1960 and 1,339 in 1970. In the late 1980s, Shallowater had a post office, 17 businesses, and a population of 2,107. It was a farm marketing center with processing and storing facilities. In 2010, the population was 2,484. 
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||14||0.47%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||20||0.67%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||28||0.94%|
|Hispanic or Latino||752||25.37%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,964 people, 936 households, and 736 families residing in the city.
As of the census of 2000, 2,084 people, 745 households, and 590 families were residing in the city. The population density was 2,272.7 people/sq mi (875.4/km2). The 784 housing units averaged 854.2/sq mi (329.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.99% White, 0.67% African American, 0.86% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 6.42% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 16.20% of the population.
Of the 745 households, 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were not families. About 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80, and the average family size was 3.21.
In the city, the age distribution was 29.8% under 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,750, and for a family was $44,491. Males had a median income of $32,383 versus $21,964 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,752. About 8.6% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
Shallowater is served by the Shallowater Independent School District, and is home to the 2004 boys and girls state-championship basketball teams.
The City of Shallowater is served by five churches: First Baptist Church Shallowater, New Hope Community Church, Shallowater United Methodist Church, St. Philip Catholic Church, and the Twelfth Street Church of Christ. The churches meet once a year for a community Thanksgiving service.
- "Shallowater". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Shallowater city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
- Climate Summary for Shallowater, Texas
- Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hts08 (accessed January 12, 2009).
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
- https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
- "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.