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A Sham is a fraud or hoax. It may may also refer to:

Arabic use[edit]

  • Al-Sham, endonym of the region bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea, usually known as the Levant or the region of Syria: Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, Jordan, Cyprus and the Turkish Hatay Province
    • Bilad al-Sham the Caliphate province of the same region
    • ash-Shām, or Sham (الشام), another name for Damascus, one of the largest cities in the region
    • Jund al-Sham, militant group based in Afghanistan, meaning "Army of Syria"
  • Sham el-Nessim, Egyptian holiday marking the beginning of spring
  • Sham, or Alsahm, the Arabic name for the star Alpha Sagittae

English use[edit]

  • S.H.A.M., Australian rap group, famous for their hit, Romulus and Remus
  • Sham 69, English punk band
  • Sam the Sham, stage name of U.S. rock singer Domingo “Sam” Samudio
  • Sham, a name for the cover of a pillow
  • Sham-operated group, a control group in laboratory experiments involving surgical procedures
  • Sham election, another name for a Show election
  • Sham marriage, a marriage entered into with intent to deceive
  • Sham surgery, surgery omitting the therapeutic component
  • Sham peer review, a fraudulent or malicious form of peer review
  • Sham (film), a lost 1921 silent film based on a Broadway play starring Ethel Clayton

Chinese use[edit]

Other uses[edit]

See also[edit]