From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sham may refer to:

Arabic use[edit]

  • Al-Sham, endonym of the region bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea, usually known as the Levant or the region of Syria: Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Cyprus and the Turkish Hatay Province
    • Bilad al-Sham, the Caliphate province of the same region
    • ash-Shām, or Sham (الشام), another name for Damascus, one of the largest cities in the region
    • Jund al-Sham, militant group based in Afghanistan, meaning "Army of Syria"
  • Sham el-Nessim, Egyptian holiday marking the beginning of spring
  • Sham, or Alsahm, the Arabic name for the star Alpha Sagittae

English use[edit]

  • Fraud
  • Hoax
  • Placebo, any drug, surgery, or other treatment with intentional (and usually blinded) lack of efficacy
    • Sham drug as a placebo used in a single- or double-blinded control group of experiments (see treatment and control groups)
    • Sham surgery, surgery omitting the therapeutic component, performed in the single-blinded control group of experiments
  • Name of a person or group of people
    • Sam the Sham (born 1937), stage name of U.S. rock singer Domingo “Sam” Samudio
    • Sham, nickname of Art Shamsky (born 1941), American Major League Baseball outfielder and Israel Baseball League manager
    • Sham 69, English punk band
  • Title of a work of art
    • Sham (film), a lost 1921 silent film based on a Broadway play starring Ethel Clayton
    • Sham (play), a 1920 one-act stage play by Frank G. Tompkins
  • Other uses

Chinese use[edit]

Other uses[edit]

See also[edit]