Sham Shui Po District
|This article needs additional or better citations for verification. (August 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Sham Shui Po
|Sham Shui Po District|
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
|• District Council chairman||Ambrose Cheung BBS, MH, JP (Independent)|
|• District Officer||Benjamin MOK Kwan-yu|
|• Total||9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||40,000/km2 (100,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Hong Kong Time (UTC+8)|
|Website||Sham Shui Po District Council|
|Sham Shui Po District|
|Cantonese Yale||Sāmséuibóu kēui|
Sham Shui Po District (Chinese: 深水埗區; Cantonese Yale: Sāmséuibóu kēui) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 365,540 and the lowest median household income of all districts. Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.
Sham Shui Po District administers:
- Cheung Sha Wan 長沙灣 – Between Tonkin Street and Kom Tsun Street/Butterfly Valley Road.
- Kowloon Tong 九龍塘 – West of the route of East Rail Line, north of Boundary Street and east of Tai Hang Tung Road, where Yau Yat Tsuen 又一村 and Tai Hang Tung Estate are situated.
- Lai Chi Kok 荔枝角 – West of Kom Tsun Street/Butterfly Valley Road to east of Lai King, Kwai Chung.
- Sham Shui Po 深水埗 – Between Tonkin Street and Boundary Street
- Shek Kip Mei 石硤尾 – East of Tai Po Road, North of Boundary Street,west of Tai Hang Tung Road, where Eastern part of Kowloon Tsai (Nam Shan Estate)is situated.
- So Uk 蘇屋 – Between Po on Road and Ching Cheung Road/Tai Po Road.
- Stonecutter's Island 昂船洲 – Excluding the reclaimed lands for Container Terminal 8 which is located in north of Hing Wah Street West and Ngong Shuen Chau Viaduct.
Demographics and housing
Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in the 1950s and 1960s. It is poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly people over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high.
Partly because of the large presence of the low-income group in Sham Shui Po, the area has bred many pro-grassroots politicians.
Sham Shui Po is the stronghold of Tam's political party, the Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood. Of the 26 District Councillors in Sham Shui Po, nine belong to his group, including party chief Frederick Fung Kin-kee. Fung was returned to the Legislative Council of Hong Kong in 2000 by direct election in the geographical constituency of Kowloon West, in which Sham Shui Po is the biggest area.
However, Hong Kong's largest pro-government and pro-Beijing party, the Democratic Alliance for Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB), has gained a foothold in Sham Shui Po too. In 2000, Tsang Yok-sing, the then chairman of DAB and member of the Executive Council, Hong Kong SAR chief executive Tung Chee-hwa's inner cabinet, won a seat in the Legislative Council representing the Kowloon West constituency, which includes Sham Shui Po.
The Democrats have been less successful at canvassing grass-roots support. Pro-Beijing politicians have won favour in Sham Shui Po by organising such things as free banquets and tours to southern China.
There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:
- Kwun Tong Line: Shek Kip Mei
- Tsuen Wan Line: Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok, Mei Foo.
- Tung Chung Line: Nam Cheong.
- West Rail Line: Mei Foo, Nam Cheong.
There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.
- KMB:2, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F, 6, 6A, 6C, 6D, 6F, 12, 12A, 13P, 18, 30, 30X, 31B, 32, 33A, 35A, 36A, 36B, 37, 38, 38A, 40, 40P, 41, 42, 42A, 42C, 43C, 44, 45, 46, 46X, 52X, 58X, 59X, 60X, 61X, 62X, 63X, 66X, 67X, 68X, 69X, 72, 81, 86, 86A, 86C, 87B, 98C, 98S, 203C, 212, 230X, 234X, 238X, 242X, 258D, 259C, 259D, 265B, 268C, 269C, 286C, 296C
- NWFB:701, 701S, 702, 702A, 702S, 796C, 970, 970X, 971
- Citybus:A21, E21, E21A, E22, E22A, E22P, E22S, E22X, N21, N21A, N26, N29
- Cross Harbour Tunnel:102, 102P, 102R, 104, 112, 117, 118, 118P, 171, 171A, 171P, 904, 905, 914, 914P, 914X, N118, N122, N171
- "2011 Population Census: Summary Results" (in English and Chinese). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- Basic Tables for District Council Districts: Hong Kong 2006 By-Census
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sham Shui Po District.|
||Kwai Tsing District||Sha Tin District|
|Kowloon City District|
|Central and Western District, Yau Tsim Mong District||Wan Chai District|