Shami Chakrabarti

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The Baroness Chakrabarti
CBE
Shami Chakrabarti at Humber Mouth -28June2007.jpg
At Humber Mouth on 28 June 2007
Born Sharmishta Chakrabarti
(1969-06-16) 16 June 1969 (age 47)
Kenton, London, England
Alma mater London School of Economics
Occupation Politician
Barrister
Title Chancellor of Essex University (Honorary and ceremonial post)
Political party Labour (2016–)[1]

Sharmishta "Shami" Chakrabarti, Baroness Chakrabarti CBE (born 16 June 1969) is a member of the British House of Lords and a British Labour Party politician, and also a barrister, and also the former Director of the organisation Liberty from September 2003 to March 2016.

Chakrabarti was born in Harrow, London, and studied Law at the London School of Economics. After graduating, she was called to the Bar and then worked as an employed in-house legal counsel for the Home Office.

When she was the Director of Liberty, she campaigned against "excessive" anti-terror legislation. In this role she frequently contributed to BBC Radio 4 and various newspapers, and was described in The Times as "probably the most effective public affairs lobbyist of the past 20 years". In September 2014, she was appointed as Chancellor of the University of Essex.

Chakrabarti was one of the panel members of the Leveson Inquiry into press standards throughout 2011 and 2012. In April 2016 she was invited by Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn to chair an inquiry into anti-semitism in the Labour Party, and she presented its findings in June. In August 2016 she was nominated by Corbyn to receive a life peerage in the Prime Minister's Resignation Honours.

Early life[edit]

Chakrabarti was born to Bengali parents in the suburb of Kenton in the London Borough of Harrow. Her father, a bookkeeper, has been cited by Chakrabarti as an influence on her gaining an interest in civil liberties. She attended Bentley Wood High School, a girls' comprehensive school, then Harrow Weald Sixth Form College.[3]

She studied Law at the London School of Economics, at one point acting as a research assistant to Leonard Leigh who wrote a paper on the British approach to terrorism and extradition; the paper was published in early 1997.[4] After graduating with a Bachelor of Laws, Chakrabarti was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple in 1994.[5] In 1996, she started working as a barrister for the Home Office.

On 10 September 2001, she joined the human rights organisation Liberty.[6]

Liberty[edit]

After working as in-house counsel, Chakrabarti was appointed director of Liberty in 2003. As director, she campaigned against what the pressure group sees as the "excessive" anti-terrorist measures that followed the 11 September 2001 attacks in the United States, such as the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 (ATCSA). The organisation is a prominent opponent of recent counter-terrorism legislation.[7]

Chakrabarti is a frequently invited contributor to BBC Radio 4 and various newspapers on the topic of human rights and civil liberties. The Observer wrote that she puts in "seemingly endless appearances on Question Time and the rolling news bulletins".[8] She was also described by David Aaronovitch in The Times as "probably the most effective public affairs lobbyist of the past 20 years".[9]

In December 2005, the BBC Radio 4 Today programme ran a poll of listeners to establish "who runs Britain." After many hours of debate, Today placed Chakrabarti on the shortlist of ten people "who may run Britain."[10]

She was shortlisted in the Channel 4 Political Awards 2006 for the "Most Inspiring Political Figure" award. It was voted for by the public and she came second to Jamie Oliver, above Tony Blair, David Cameron, George Galloway and Bob Geldof.[11]

Chakrabarti left Liberty on 31 March 2016. Martha Spurrier was announced as her successor to the post of director.[12]

Andy Burnham controversy[edit]

In June 2008, Andy Burnham, the British Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, made insinuations in an interview in Progress magazine at Shadow Home Secretary David Davis's resignation over the 42-day detention for terror suspects. Davis, a Conservative MP, was said by Burnham to have had "late-night, hand-wringing, heart-melting phone calls with Shami Chakrabarti." Chakrabarti received an apology from Burnham for his "innuendo and attempted character assassination".[13][14][15]

Damian Green[edit]

At King's College London January 2016

On 18 April 2009, it was reported in The Times and The Daily Telegraph, that policemen who raided the parliamentary office of the Conservative frontbencher Damian Green and arrested him as part of an inquiry into the leaking of Home Office documents, had searched through e-mails and computer documents going back a number of years, using Chakrabarti's name as one of the keywords. The Times reported her as saying that she believed the actions of Scotland Yard's anti-terror squad "raises very serious questions about just how politicised, even McCarthyite, this operation was."[16][17]

London School of Economics[edit]

When the London School of Economics accepted a £1.5 million donation from Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, Chakrabarti was on the governing board of the institution. Chakrabarti stated that she did not "attend the 2009 Council meeting which approved a donation to the school from Saif Gaddafi's Foundation" and that she "only subsequently raised concerns about links with Mr Gaddafi, given his father's appalling regime." She went on to state that she did not think "the decision in question resulted from anything other than a naive assessment, made in good faith, of the democratic reforming ambitions of the dictator's son."[18]

Howard Davies, LSE Director at the time, resigned over the issue, citing "personal error of judgement."[19] Chakrabarti was accused of hypocrisy by the Student Rights project of the Henry Jackson Society [20] as being "the director of a human rights group while legitimizing murderous regimes" as a governor of the LSE and they called for her (and others) to resign from the LSE.[21] Anthony Glees, director of Buckingham University's Centre for Security and Intelligence Studies, also said Chakrabarti should resign.[22] On 9 December 2011, Chakrabarti wrote to the Metropolitan Police asking them to investigate the legality of the donations.[23] Chakrabarti admitted to feeling "bucketfuls" of embarrassment and shame about the affair and in April 2013 her spokesman confirmed that she had severed all ties with the LSE.[24]

Leveson Inquiry[edit]

In July 2011, Chakrabarti was announced as one of the panel members of the Leveson Inquiry, a judicial inquiry into phone hacking in the UK. Chakrabarti described her invitation onto the Inquiry as 'a daunting privilege' and said it reflected Liberty's 'belief in an appropriate balance between personal privacy and media freedom and above all in the Rule of law'.[25]

On behalf of Liberty, Chakrabarti welcomed the principal recommendation of a more robust and independent press self-regulator, but said Liberty would be unable to support the Report's last-resort alternative of compulsory statutory regulation.[26]

She was one of two panel members to waive their right to claim fees or expenses for the duration of the inquiry.[27]

Labour Party antisemitism inquiry[edit]

Main article: Chakrabarti Inquiry

Following her appointment in April 2016 as chair of an inquiry into antisemitism in the Labour Party, Chakrabarti announced that she joined the party, and has expressed confidence that this will not compromise her independence.[28][29] Following this, Chakrabarti criticised the Conservative Party for not conducting their own enquiry into Islamophobia, following allegations from Baroness Warsi about Islamophobia in the London's 2016 mayoral election against Sadiq Khan.[30] The Chakrabarti Inquiry was published in June 2016 and concluded that Labour was "not overrun by anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, or other forms of racism," despite an "occasionally toxic atmosphere".[31]

Jeremy Corbyn announced her as the only Labour appointment to the House of Lords in August 2016, which some Labour MPs said undermined the credibility of the antisemitism inquiry she led.[32] The Community Security Trust, which monitors antisemitism in Britain, said the move was "a shameless kick in the teeth for all who put hope in her now wholly compromised inquiry into Labour antisemitism". Marie van der Syl, vice-president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, called it a "whitewash for peerages scandal." When asked about the appointment, a spokesman for Corbyn said that Chakrabarti was "an ideal appointment to the Lords".[33]

International relations[edit]

Chakrabarti has been a member of at least two groups which exist to promote Anglo-American political and military co-operation. She is an alumna of the British-American Project,[34][35] and has been a governor of the Ditchley Foundation.[8][36]

Awards and honours[edit]

In September 2014, she was appointed as Chancellor of the University of Essex.[37] Chakrabarti is also Visiting Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, Honorary Fellow of Mansfield College, Oxford, and a Master of the Bench of Middle Temple. She has served as Chancellor of Oxford Brookes University, a governor of the British Film Institute, and was a member of the Council and Court of Governors of the London School of Economics until April 2013.[24] She was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2007 Queen's Birthday Honours.[38]

She received honorary doctorates from the School of Law at the University of Southampton in 2010[39] and the University of Glamorgan[40] and Middlesex University in 2011.[41] In 2014 she was made an Honorary Professor of Law at the University of Manchester[42]

She was one of eight Olympic Flag carriers at the London 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony (the announcer incorrectly described her as "the founder of Liberty").[43] She was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the United Kingdom in 2013 by Woman's Hour on BBC Radio 4,[44] and in 2014 she was included in The Sunday Times' "100 Makers of the 21st Century" list.[45][46]

On 6 September 2016, she was created a life peer as Baroness Chakrabarti, of Kennington in the London Borough of Lambeth.[47]

On Liberty[edit]

On Liberty, Chakrabarti's first book, was published by Allen Lane in 2014.[48]In November 2015, the settlement was announced of a High Court libel case brought by Martin Hemming, formerly the Legal Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, concerning false allegations made by Chakrabarti. The publishers apologised for the"hurt and distress caused" by the allegations, confirmed they were "without foundation", and agreed to pay Hemming damages and legal costs.[49][50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anti-Semitism inquiry leader Shami Chakrabarti joins Labour". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Shami Chakrabarti". Desert Island Discs. 2 Nov 2008. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  3. ^ Vallely, Paul (21 June 2008). "Shami Chakrabarti: Heart of the matter – Profiles, People – The Independent". The Independent. London. 
  4. ^ Leonard Leigh, "Terrorism and extradition: a British perspective" in "Terrorism and International Law", Routledge, 1997, pp. 166–184.
  5. ^ "Calls to the Bar", The Independent, 14 October 1994.
  6. ^ "Desert Island Discs featuring Shami Chakrabarti". Desert Island Discs. 2 November 2008. BBC. Radio 4. 
  7. ^ Chakrabarti, Shami (20 May 2007). "So much freedom lost and on my watch". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Doward, Jamie (22 June 2008). "Profile: Shami Chakrabarti, the undaunted freedom fighter". The Guardian. London. 
  9. ^ Aaronovitch, David (26 February 2008). "Ignore the paranoid fantasists". The Times online. Retrieved 5 August 2016.  (subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries)
  10. ^ "Who runs Britain". Today Programme. BBC Radio 4. 2005. Retrieved May 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  11. ^ Channel 4 Political Awards 2007.Channel4.com. Retrieved on 30 November 2008
  12. ^ Owen Bowcott. "Liberty names barrister Martha Spurrier as new director". the Guardian. 
  13. ^ Patrick Wintour "Chakrabarti threatens to sue over Minister's jibe", The Guardian, 20 June 2008
  14. ^ James Chapman "I may sue over David Davis slur, civil rights chief warns Minister", Daily Mail, 19 June 2008
  15. ^ Robert Winnett "Andy Burnham writes letter of apology to Shami Chakrabarti for David Davis comments", Daily Telegraph, 21 June 2008
  16. ^ Sylvester, Rachel; Thomson, Alice (18 April 2009). "Shami Chakrabarti was target in police search". The Times. London. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  17. ^ Edwards, Richard; Prince, Rosa; Wardrop, Murray (18 April 2009). "Damian Green raid: police search emails for Liberty head". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 21 April 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  18. ^ "Liberty's Director and the LSE", Liberty website, 11 March 2011
  19. ^ Vasagar, Jeevan; Syal, Rajeev (4 March 2011). "Howard Davies insists Gaddafi gifts did not undermine LSE's independence". The Guardian. London. 
  20. ^ Aked, Hilary. "Ironically Named 'Student Rights' Group Exposed by Actual Students". Huffington Post. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  21. ^ John Paul "LSE head resigns over Libya link", Jerusalem Post, 6 March 2011
  22. ^ Anna Davis, Peter Dominiczak and Joshua Neicho "LSE chief: It was not a mistake for us to train Libyan officials", Evening Standard, 4 March 2011
  23. ^ "Yard is called in over LSE's £1.5m from Gadaffi son", Sunday Times, 11 December 2011
  24. ^ a b "Shami Chakrabarti disowns the LSE". Telegraph.co.uk. 16 April 2013. 
  25. ^ "Phone hacking: David Cameron names inquiry panel". Telegraph.co.uk. 20 July 2011. 
  26. ^ "Liberty responds to Leveson Report". liberty-human-rights.org.uk. 
  27. ^ "Leveson Inquiry cost £1.9m in first six months". pressgazette.co.uk. 
  28. ^ "Anti-Semitism inquiry leader Shami Chakrabarti joins Labour". BBC News. 16 May 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  29. ^ Dysch, Marcus (16 May 2016). "Head of inquiry into Labour antisemitism Shami Chakrabarti reveals she has joined the party". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  30. ^ Waugh, Paul (16 May 2016). "Chakrabarti Hits Out At Tory 'Islamophobia'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  31. ^ "Shami Chakrabarti declines to deny offer of peerage by Labour". Guardian. 20 July 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  32. ^ "Corbyn's offer of peerage to Shami Chakrabarti causes Labour tensions". 
  33. ^ "Anger as Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn hands Shami Chakrabarti a peerage". 
  34. ^ "This Year". British-American Project. 2007. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Shami Chakrabati of Liberty (and BAP member) will chair a session of BAP members involved in faith 
  35. ^ Yasmin Alibhai-Brown (17 March 2008). "This unhealthy strain of left-wing McCarthyism". The Independent. London. 
  36. ^ "The Governors". Ditchley Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 September 2006. 
  37. ^ "Essex: Civil rights expert Shami Chakrabarti new Chancellor of Essex University". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  38. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 58358. p. 7. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2008.
  39. ^ "UK to honour Shami Chakrabarti with honorary degree". The Times of India. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  40. ^ Freedom to think. "Watch Shami Chakrabati accept her honorary doctorate". University of Glamorgan, UK. 
  41. ^ "Shami Chakrabarti presented with honorary doctorate". Middlesex University, London. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  42. ^ "Human rights campaigner joins University". University of Manchester. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  43. ^ "Shami". Spectator Blogs. 
  44. ^ "BBC Radio 4 – Woman's Hour – The Power List 2013". BBC. 
  45. ^ "Britain's movers and shakers – The Sunday Times". thesundaytimes.co.uk. 
  46. ^ "PAUL STUART / THOMAS HEATHERWICK / THE SUNDAY TIMES MAGAZINE". twentytwentyagency.com. 
  47. ^ The London Gazette: no. 61701. p. 19332. 12 September 2016.
  48. ^ "Liberty". liberty-human-rights.org.uk. 
  49. ^ "Publisher pays out over Army abuse claims by rights activist". Daily Telegraph. 4 November 2015. 
  50. ^ "Former chief MoD legal adviser receives apology from Penguin Books". Solicitors Journal. 9 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
John Wadham
Director of Liberty
2003–2016
Succeeded by
Martha Spurrier
Academic offices
Preceded by
Jon Snow
Chancellor of Oxford Brookes University
2008–2015
Succeeded by
Katherine Grainger
Preceded by
Lord Phillips of Sudbury
Chancellor of the University of Essex
2014–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent