Shamshad Akhtar

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Shamshad Akhtar
Shamshad Akhtar - World Economic Forum on the Middle East 2010.jpg
Executive Secretary of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Assumed office
10 December 2013
Preceded by Noeleen Heyzer
Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development at the Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan
In office
December 2, 2006 – January 1, 2009
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Vice President of World Bank for Middle East and North Africa
In office
July 6, 2009 – January 1, 2009
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Personal details
Born Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
Alma mater Harvard University
University of the West of Scotland
University of Sussex
Quaid-i-Azam University

Shamshad Akhtar Detho PhD (Urdu: ڈاکٹر شمشاد اختر) is a Pakistani development economist, diplomat and intellectual who serves as the Under-Secretary General of the United Nations as the head of UNESCAP.[1] Prior to that, she served as the 14th Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, the first woman to assume this position. She also served as an senior adviser to Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon and the vice-President at the World Bank.[2][3][4][5]

Early life[edit]

Akhtar was born in Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan.[6] She is a Sindhi and hails from the village of Haji Nathar Detho in Naushahro Feroze District.[7] Akhtar had her earlier education at Karachi and Islamabad and graduated from the University of Punjab with a B. A. in 1974 followed by a M.A in economics from Quaid-e-Azam University in 1975.

She moved to the United Kingdom as a Commonwealth Scholarship to study development economics at the University of Sussex, receiving another M.A in 1977. She moved to the University of the West of Scotland (then-University of Paisley) where she was awarded a PhD in 1980.[8]

Career[edit]

Akhter, on far left, chairing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Akhtar started her career in 1980 with the Planning Commission in Islamabad but moved few months later to work with the World Bank’s Resident Mission in Pakistan as a country economist. She left in 1986 for a year-long sabbatical to attend John F. Kennedy School of Government at the Harvard University as a postdoctoral researcher under the Fulbright Program.[9]

In 1990, she moved to Manila to work as a senior economist for the Asian Development Bank and in 1996 and 1998 worked as Senior Financial Sector Specialist with the bank. In July 1996, she was promoted to Director and in June 2002 was put in-charge of ASEAN region.

In 2005, she moved back to Pakistan to serve as the 14th Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, a position she retained until January 2009.[10] On October 23rd, 2007, Akhtar has been conferred Best Central Bank Governor for Asia 2007 by the Euromoney Institutional Investor.[11] On November 11, 2008, Akhtar was named amongst the top ten women leaders in Asia by the The Wall Street Journal.[12]

In 2009, she re-joined the Asian Development Bank as a senior advisor to Haruhiko Kuroda. She moved to Washington, D.C. to World Bank and served as the Vice President Middle East and North Africa. During this period she spearheaded the bank’s response to the Arab Spring and the Arab regional integration strategy and its implementation.[13] In September 2011, she moved to the United Nations to served as the Assistant Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs and Senior Adviser on Economic Development and Finance to the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.[14] In December 2013, she was appointed as the 10th Executive Secretary of UNESCAP in Bangkok.[15][16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography of Executive Secretary Shamshad Akhtar | United Nations ESCAP". www.unescap.org. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  2. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Shamshad Akhtar of Pakistan Executive Secretary of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific". Press release. United Nations. 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Shamshad Akhtar of Pakistan Executive Secretary of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  4. ^ Ban Ki-moon okayed Dr Shamshad Akhtar for UN post
  5. ^ "Former SBP governor appointed Executive Secretary UNESCAP - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2013-12-10. Retrieved 2017-01-14. 
  6. ^ http://www.profilepk.com/Shamshad-Akhtar_282.html
  7. ^ "Shamshad visits native village for first time". The News. 27 November 2008. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Office of the Vice President
  9. ^ "Dr Shamshad named first SBP woman governor". DAWN.COM. 2005-12-04. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  10. ^ "State Bank of Pakistan". www.sbp.org.pk. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  11. ^ "Dr Akhtar declared best central bank governor for Asia". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  12. ^ "Dr Akhtar among top ten women in Asia". DAWN.COM. 2008-11-11. Retrieved 2017-01-14. 
  13. ^ "Ban Ki-moon okayed Dr Shamshad Akhtar for UN post". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2017-01-14. 
  14. ^ Akhtar, Shamshad (2010-10-25). "Shamshad Akhtar". World Bank Blogs. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  15. ^ Biography of Executive Secretary Shamshad Akhtar
  16. ^ Shamshad Akhtar-Vice President, Middle East and North Africa Region
  17. ^ "Executive Secretary Shamshad Akhtar | United Nations ESCAP". www.unescap.org. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Ishrat Husain
Governor of State Bank of Pakistan Succeeded by
Syed Salim Raza