|Title||King of Assyria|
|Children||King Adad-nirari III|
|Parent(s)||King Shalmaneser III|
Shamshi-Adad was a son and successor of King Shalmaneser III, the husband of Queen Shammuramat (by some identified with the mythical Semiramis), and the father of Adad-nirari III, who succeeded him as king.
The first years of Shamshi-Adad's reign saw a serious struggle for the succession of the aged Shalmaneser.
The revolt was led by Shamshi-Adad's brother Assur-danin-pal, and had broken out already by 826 BC. The rebellious brother, according to Shamshi-Adad's own inscriptions, succeeded in bringing to his side 27 important cities, including Nineveh. The rebellion lasted until 820 BC, weakening the Assyrian empire and its ruler; this weakness continued to reverberate in the kingdom until the reforms of Tiglath-Pileser III.
|King of Assyria
- Reilly, Jim (2000) "Contestants for Syrian Domination" in "Chapter 3: Assyrian & Hittite Synchronisms" The Genealogy of Ashakhet;
- Empires and Exploitation: The Neo-Assyrian Empire, P Bedford, WA Perth, 2001
- Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
- Georges Roux: Ancient Iraq, Penguin Books, London 1992, ISBN 0-14-012523-X, p. 302.