Shamsur Rahman Faruqi

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Shamsur Rahman Faruqi
شمس الرحمٰن فاروقی
Shamsur Rahman Farooqi.jpg
Born Shamsur Rahman Faruqi
(1935-01-15) 15 January 1935 (age 82)
Nationality Indian
Occupation poet, critic

Shamsur Rahman Faruqi (Urdu: شمس الرحمٰن فاروقی‎) (born 15 January 1935) is an Indian poet and one of the leading Urdu critics and theorists. He has formulated fresh models of literary appreciation.[1] He absorbed western principles of literary criticism and subsequently applied them to Urdu literature, but only after adapting them to address literary aesthetics native to Arabic, Persian, and Urdu [2]

Early life[edit]

He was born on 15 January 1935 in India. He received his Master of Arts (MA) degree in English from Allahabad University in 1955.[1]


He began writing in 1960. Initially he worked for the Indian postal service (1960-1968), and then as a chief postmaster-general and member of the Postal Services Board, New Delhi until 1994. He was also editor of his literary magazine Shabkhoon and part-time professor at the South Asia Regional Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania.[1]

An expert in classical prosody and ‘ilm-e bayan (the science of poetic discourse), he has contributed to modern literary discourse with a profundity rarely seen in contemporary Urdu critics.[1] His most recent books, The Mirror of Beauty (translated into English from the Urdu Kai Chaand The Sar-e-Aasmaan in 2006), and The Sun That Rose From The Earth (Penguin India, 2014), have been highly critically acclaimed. [3] He is the recipient of numerous honors and awards. Most recently he was awarded the prestigious Saraswati Samman for his work She`r-e Shor-Angez, a four-volume study of the eighteenth-century poet Mir Taqi Mir.[1]

Anjum Hasan in The Caravan on 'The Mirror of Beauty': Rajni George in Open Magazine, profile of Shamsur Rahman Faruqi: Mayank Austen Soofi's interview with Shamsur Rahman Faruqi in Mint:


Dastangoi is a 16th-century Urdu oral storytelling art form.[4] The art form was revived in 2005[5] and has been performed in India, Pakistan, and the United States.[6] The art form reached its zenith in the Indian sub-continent in the 19th century and is said to have died with the demise of Mir Baqar Ali in 1928.[5] Shamsur Rahman Faruqi and his nephew, writer and director Mahmood Farooqui have played significant roles in its revival in the 21st century.[7]


He was awarded the Saraswati Samman, a prestigious literary award in India in 1996.[1] The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of Padma Shri in 2009.[8]


  • Sher, Ghair Sher, Aur Nasr, (1973)[1]
  • The Secret Mirror, (in English, 1981)[1]
  • Ghalib Afsaney Ki Himayat Mein, (1989)[1]
  • Sher Shore Angez (in 3 volumes, 1991–93)[1]
  • Mir Taqi Mir 1722-1810 (Collected works with commentary and explanation)[1]
  • Urdu Ka Ibtedai Zamana (2001)[1]
  • Ganj-i-Sokhta (poetry)[1]
  • Sawar Aur Doosray Afsanay (2001)[1]
    • The Sun That Rose from the Earth, Penguin Books India, 2014, 600 p. (short stories)
  • Kai Chand Thay Sar-e-Asmaan (2006)[9]
    • The Mirror of Beauty, Penguin Books India, 2013, 984 p. (novel)
  • Jadeediyat Kal Aur Aaj (2007)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Shamsur Rehman Faruqi - The master critic". Columbia.Edu (source=Daily Dawn-11 July 2004). Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  2. ^ "A Conversation with Shamsur Rahman Faruqi by Prem Kumar Nazar" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Walk Back In Time: Experience life in Nizamuddin Basti, the traditional way". The Indian Express. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Ahmed, Shoaib (6 December 2012). "Indian storytellers bring Dastangoi to Alhamra". Dawn. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Sayeed, Vikram Ahmed (14 January 2011). "Return of dastangoi". Frontline. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Husain, Intizar (2011-12-25). "COLUMN: Dastan and dastangoi for the modern audience". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  8. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  9. ^

External links[edit]