Shandon, Cork

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Shandon

Seandún
City district
Houses in the Shandon area
Houses in the Shandon area
Shandon is located in Ireland
Shandon
Shandon
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 51°54′11″N 8°28′41″W / 51.9031°N 8.4781°W / 51.9031; -8.4781Coordinates: 51°54′11″N 8°28′41″W / 51.9031°N 8.4781°W / 51.9031; -8.4781
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CityCork
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
The clock tower of St Anne's church containing the Bells of Shandon

Shandon (Irish: An Seandún meaning "the old fort") is a district on the north-side of Cork city. Shandon lies north of the River Lee and North Gate Bridge, the northernmost point of the medieval city. Several landmarks of Cork's north-side are located in the area, including the bell tower of the Church of St Anne, the Cathedral of St Mary and St Anne and Firkin Crane Arts Centre. Shandon is referred to in the song "The Bells of Shandon", which was written by Francis Sylvester Mahony under the pen name of "Father Prout".[1] Shandon Street is a principal street in the area, and was originally called Mallow Lane.[2][3]

History[edit]

Shandon was one of a number of settlements in and around ancient Cork, and takes its name from an old fort (sean dún) in the area.[4] A medieval church dedicated to St. Mary was built close to the site of the fort, and referred to in 12th century texts as 'St. Mary of the Mountain'.[4] A later castle, built on or close to the site of the more ancient fort, became the official residence of the President of Munster from the 16th century.[4] This castle (Shandon Castle) and the original church of St. Mary (St. Mary of the Mountain) were both destroyed during the Siege of Cork in the late 17th century.[2]

The eponymous Shandon Street, originally known as Mallow Lane,[2][3] was established by the Anglo-Normans as a way to give access to North Gate drawbridge.[citation needed]

Events[edit]

Shandon Street Festival is an annual event which takes place during the summer.[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2016 census, the Shandon area (including Shandon A and Shandon B electoral divisions) included 3144 residents. Of these, 50% were Catholic, 16% were other religions, 26% had no religion, and 8% had not stated a religion.[7][8]

Landmarks[edit]

Religious buildings in the area include the Cathedral of St Mary and St Anne (a Catholic cathedral known locally as the "North Cathedral"),[9] the Church of St Anne (a Church of Ireland church known as "St Anne's, Shandon"), and Saint Mary's Dominican Church (a Catholic church on Popes Quay).[10]

Other landmarks in the area include the Firkin Crane (a theatre and dance venue), Cork Butter Museum, the Shandon Craft Centre, and Skiddy's Almshouse.[11]

Church and steeple of St. Anne's Shandon

People associated with Shandon[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shandon Bells & Tower - St Anne's Church - History". shandonbells.ie. 22 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Shandon Street – Cork Past & Present". www.corkpastandpresent.ie. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Cork Heritage – Northside Narratives: Shandon Street Heritage Trail". corkheritage.ie. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "History of Shandon". Corkpastandpresent.ie. Cork City Libraries. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Shandon Street Festival". ShandonStreetFestival.com. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  6. ^ "CorkCityCentre.ie - Shandon". Corkcitycentre.ie. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  7. ^ Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Electoral Division Shandon B
  8. ^ Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Electoral Division Shandon A
  9. ^ "Cathedral of St. Mary & St. Anne - Cathedral Parish, Cork, Ireland". corkcathedral.ie. Retrieved 22 June 2017. The Catholic Cathedral of St. Mary & St. Anne, known locally as the North Cathedral
  10. ^ "Dominicans, Popes Quay, Cork - St. Mary's Church". dominicanscork.ie. 22 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Historic buildings in the Shandon area". Cork Past & Present. Cork City Library. Retrieved 24 June 2017.