Shane Gould

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Shane Gould
Shane Gould.jpg
Personal information
Full nameShane Elizabeth Gould
National teamAustralia
Born (1956-11-23) 23 November 1956 (age 63)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Height1.71 m (5 ft 7 in)
Weight59 kg (130 lb)
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesFreestyle, medley

Shane Elizabeth Gould, AM, MBE (born 23 November 1956) is an Australian former competition swimmer who won three gold medals, a silver medal and a bronze at the 1972 Summer Olympics.

In 2018, she won Australian Survivor: Champions vs. Contenders. She was initially on the Champions tribe.[1]

Background[edit]

Gould was born in Sydney, New South Wales, on the first day of competition of the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. She moved to Fiji with her family at the age of 18 months. By the age of six, she was a competent swimmer. She attended primary school at St. Peters Lutheran College, Brisbane, where a sporting house is named after her, and secondary school at Turramurra High School, Sydney where a sporting house is also named after her and fellow Olympian Gail Neall. She was trained by leading coaches Forbes and Ursula Carlile and their assistant Tom Green, and won all her world swimming titles while a teenager, travelling widely.

Gould spent most of the years after ending competitive swimming out of the public eye. She married Neil Innes at 18, became a Christian, and lived on a working farm near Margaret River, southwestern Australia. She farmed, and taught horseriding and surfing, making very few public appearances. She has four children, and now three grandchildren.[2]

Her marriage ended after 22 years, coinciding with a return to public life,[3] and she married Milton Nelms in 2007.[4][5] She now divides her time between Bicheno, Tasmania and Sydney, coaches swimmers, and still swims in Masters competitions.

Gould returned to study in the late 2000s. She studied at the Sydney Film School (2007, Cert IV documentary film, Digital Filmmaking) and was awarded a Master of Environmental Management (2010, with a thesis on the social uses and functions of public swimming pools), and Master of Contemporary Art (2012, with a video piece Loops and Lines). Both degrees are from the University of Tasmania.[2] Gould is also a photographer with works on display with the Art of the Olympians.[6]

Swimming[edit]

At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Gould won three gold medals, setting a world record in each race. She also won a bronze and a silver medal.

She is the only person, male or female, to hold every world freestyle record from 100 metres to 1500 metres and the 200-metre individual medley world record simultaneously, which she did from 12 December 1971 to 1 September 1972. She is the first female swimmer ever to win three Olympic gold medals in world record time, and the first swimmer, male or female, to win Olympic medals in five individual events in a single Olympics. She is also the only Australian to win three individual gold medals at a single Olympics.[7]

At the age of 17, she retired from competitive swimming, citing pressures placed upon her by her success and media profile.

Over two decades later, Gould returned to competitive swimming at Masters level. She set Australian Masters records (40–44 years 100m, 200 m, and 400 m freestyle, and 100 m butterfly) and 45–49 years (50 m butterfly, 100 m and 200 m freestyle). In 2003, she broke the world record for the 45–49 years 200 m individual medley in 2:38.13 (beating the 1961 world record for all ages).[8]

Australian Survivor[edit]

In August 2018, it was revealed that Gould would be participating in Australian Survivor: Champions vs. Contenders and would be a part of the Champions tribe.[9]

In the early portions of the game Gould was seen as a physical weakness to some of her tribemates, receiving votes at three straight tribal councils she attended. Gould was able to find a Hidden Immunity Idol, but was seen by her other tribemates collecting it and decided to play it at the next tribal council to get the target off of her back. Before a crucial tribe swap, Gould found herself in a core alliance with fellow Champion contestants Lydia Lassila, Mat Rogers, Steve Willis, Samuel 'Sam' Hinton, and Sharn Coombes.

Going into the merge, Gould was also able to establish a strong alliance with Brian Lake and Monika Radulovic but would soon flip back to her original alliance. In the first merged tribal council, Gould campaigned to vote out Lassila due to her physical strength and would also assist in voting out Hinton at the next tribal council. When one of her strongest allies, Rogers, was blindsided, she and her alliance was left in the minority and would soon only have Coombes as an ally. At the final six, Gould and Coombes were able to trick Lake, a member of the opposing alliance, using a Hidden Immunity Idol to vote out one of his allies, Fenella McGowan. At the next tribal council, Gould and Coombes were able to persuade Shonee Fairfax into voting out Lake's strongest ally, Radulovic. In the final four, Gould and Coombes' target was Lake, but after he won immunity they voted out Fairfax, making it to the final three. Coombes won the final immunity challenge and voted off Lake, taking Gould to the Final Tribal Council.

At the Final Tribal Council, Gould was praised for overcoming adversity due to her age, showing loyalty all throughout the game, and playing a very good social game but was also seen as a weaker strategic and physical player compared to Coombes.

On 9 October 2018, Gould was crowned the winner of Australian Survivor: Champions vs. Contenders in a 5–4 vote against Coombes. With this win, Gould became the oldest person to ever win any international form of Survivor.

Publications[edit]

  • Gould, S. 1999, updated 2003. Tumble Turns. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780732277673 (autobiography)
  • Gould, S. 2004. Fit for 50+. Ibis Publishing Australia.
  • Gould, S. 2007. Appreciating swimming: beauty and instruction with underwater swimmer photographs. Visual Communication 6: 170–179. doi:10.1177/1470357207077180

Honours and awards[edit]

In 1993, the State Transit Authority named a RiverCat ferry after Gould.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Dawn Fraser
Women's 100 metres freestyle
world record holder (long course)

30 April 1971 – 13 July 1973
Succeeded by
Kornelia Ender
Preceded by
Debbie Meyer
Shirley Babashoff
Women's 200 metres freestyle
world record holder (long course)

1 May 1971 – 4 August 1972
1 September 1972 – 2 August 1974
Succeeded by
Shirley Babashoff
Kornelia Ender
Preceded by
Karen Moras
Women's 400 metres freestyle
world record holder (long course)

30 April 1971 – 22 August 1973
Succeeded by
Keena Rothhammer
Preceded by
Ann Simmons
Women's 800 metres Freestyle
world record holder (long course)

3 December 1971 – 6 August 1972
Succeeded by
Jo Harshbarger
Preceded by
Debbie Meyer
Women's 1500 metres freestyle
world record holder (long course)

12 December 1971 – 25 August 1973
Succeeded by
Jo Harshbarger
Preceded by
Claudia Kolb
Women's 200 metres individual medley
world record holder (long course)

28 August 1972 – 13 April 1973
Succeeded by
Kornelia Ender