Shanghai Hongqiao railway station

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Shanghai Hongqiao
上海虹桥
China Railway High-speed
Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station north side.JPG
LocationShenhong Road, Minhang District, Shanghai
China
Coordinates31°11′46.7″N 121°18′58.1″E / 31.196306°N 121.316139°E / 31.196306; 121.316139Coordinates: 31°11′46.7″N 121°18′58.1″E / 31.196306°N 121.316139°E / 31.196306; 121.316139
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms30 (14 island platforms, 2 side platforms)
Connections
Other information
Station code66100 (TMIS code)
AOH (telegram code)
SHQ (Pinyin code)
History
Opened1 July 2010 (2010-07-01)
Services
Preceding station   ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext.svg China Railway High-speed   Following station
TerminusShanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway
towards Nanjing
Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed RailwayTerminus
TerminusShanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway
towards Hangzhou
Location
AOH/SHQ is located in Shanghai
AOH/SHQ
AOH/SHQ
Location in Shanghai
Waiting hall
Platform
Platforms
Exit Hall

Shanghai Hongqiao (simplified Chinese: 上海虹桥站; traditional Chinese: 上海虹橋站; pinyin: Shànghǎi Hóngqiáo Zhàn; Shanghainese: Zånhae œnjiohzaen) is one of the three major railway stations in Shanghai, China, the others being Shanghai railway station and Shanghai South railway station.[1] With a total area of 1.3 million square meters, it is the largest railway station in Asia.[2]

Shanghai Hongqiao railway station, located in Minhang District of Shanghai, is a major part of the Hongqiao Comprehensive Transportation Hub (“the Hongqiao hub”). The station is next to Terminal 2 of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and lines 2, 10, and 17 of Shanghai Metro.

Overview[edit]

The construction of the railway station began on July 20, 2008 with a total investment of more than CNY 15 billion ($2.3 billion). It was opened on July 1, 2010, simultaneously with the opening of the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway line. The railway station takes a total area of about 1.3 million square meters and has 16 platforms, most of which are high-speed-rail configuration.[3] The main building of the train station measures 420 meters in length, 200 meters in width, and 70 meters high (counting both underground and overground floors). 80,000 tons of steel was used to construct the train station, twice the amount of steel used to build the Beijing National Stadium (Bird nest). The train station waiting hall area is more than 10,000 square meters (107,639 square ft), and is capable of handling 10,000 passengers at the same time. The station serves 210,000 rail passengers per day.[4]

Station service[edit]

The station primarily serves as the Shanghai terminus of several high-speed rail lines, including the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway, the Shanghai–Hangzhou high-speed railway (the first section of the future Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway), and the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway. As of 2015, all trains departing from Shanghai Hongqiao belong to the G and D classes (interprovincial high-speed services).[5]

Transportation[edit]

Local traffic[edit]

Hongqiao Railway Station of the Shanghai Metro is served by Lines 2, 10, and 17. It is also accessible by numerous bus lines and taxi.

Other aspects[edit]

A solar system of 20,000 solar panels, with a total area of 61,000 sq m, installed on the awnings of the station, has been described as "the world's largest stand alone integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) project". With the power output of 6.68 Megawatt, the system can produce 6.3 million kilowatt-hours (kwh) of electricity per year.[6]

Station overview[edit]

The Shanghai Hongqiao railway station covers 4 floors.

Level B1[edit]

Automated ticket machines on Level B1.

Level B1, the underground level, contains the station exit and connections to other forms of transportation.

Arrivals at all 16 train platforms exit to this level. This level provides access to the Shanghai Metro's Hongqiao Railway Station stop, which is the western terminus of the Main Line of Line 10 and is also served by Line 2. The bus stop and taxi stand are also on this level, and there is an air-conditioned passage to Terminal 2 of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, through which it takes about 20 minutes to walk to the airport.

The underground level also provides some fast food, such as KFC, Gongfu, Dongfang Jibai, and shopping, such as Sasa. There are three sets of Automated Ticket Machines and four sets of Ticket Windows.

Level 1[edit]

Level 1 is where all 30 tracks running through the station are located. Most travellers simply transit through here to Level 2, the departure hall. All trains running on the Jinghu High-Speed Railway, Huhang High-Speed Railway, and the Huning Intercity Rail line wait outside of this level. A few vending machines are located near the esclators.

Level 2[edit]

Level 2 contains 3 sets of ticket windows and the massive departure hall. All trains running on the Jinghu High-Speed Railway, Huning Intercity Rail, Huhang high-speed railway lines have their passengers wait in this level. There are also drink vending machines distributed throughout the level.

Level 3[edit]

There are two unconnected parts of Level 3, one above Row A, and the other above Row B. Both offer fast food.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ There is also Shanghai West railway station, but now-a-days it is a fairly minor station, only served by a few Shanghai–Nanjing High-Speed Railway trains. See the Shanghai West Schedule (in Chinese)
  2. ^ Shanghai to have Asia's largest railway station
  3. ^ "上海境内6个火车站分工明确" (in Chinese). 2010-07-01. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
  4. ^ Intermodality of Shanghai Hongqiao Station concepts and practices NextStation. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  5. ^ Shanghai Hongqiao Schedule (in Chinese) Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  6. ^ Qian Yanfeng (2010-07-19). "Huge solar station starts operation in Shanghai". China Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-22.