Shanghai Metro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shanghai Metro
Shanghai Metro Full Logo.svg
20180526 上海地铁01A06型列车下行接近外环路站.jpg
A Line 1 train entering Waihuanlu
Overview
OwnerShanghai Municipal Government
LocaleShanghai and Kunshan, Jiangsu
Transit typeUrban rail transit in China Rapid transit
Number of lines18[note 1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11   12  13  15  16  17  18  Pujiang 
Number of stations467[note 2]
Daily ridership10.63 million (2019 avg.)[1]
13.29 million (record)[2]
Annual ridership3.880 billion (2019)[1]
Websitewww.shmetro.com
Operation
Began operation28 May 1993; 28 years ago (1993-05-28)
Operator(s)
Number of vehicles7,000+ revenue railcars[3]
Technical
System length743 km (461.7 mi)[4][note 3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification
System map

Shanghai Metro Network en.png

Shanghai Metro
Simplified Chinese上海轨道交通
Traditional Chinese上海軌道交通
Literal meaningShanghai Rail Transit
Commonly abbreviated as
Simplified Chinese上海地铁
Traditional Chinese上海地鐵
Literal meaningShanghai Subway

The Shanghai Metro (Chinese: 上海地铁) is a rapid transit system in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban transit services to 14 of its 16 municipal districts[note 4] and to Huaqiao Town, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Opening in 1993 with full-scale construction extending back to 1986, the Shanghai Metro is the third-oldest rapid transit system in mainland China, after the Beijing Subway and the Tianjin Metro. It has seen substantial growth, significantly during the years leading up to the Expo 2010, and is still expanding quickly, with its most recent expansions having opened in January 2021. It is the biggest component of the Shanghai metropolitan rail transit network, together with the Shanghai maglev train, the Zhangjiang Tram, the Songjiang Tram, and the commuter rail Jinshan railway operated by China Railway Shanghai Group. The metro system is also integrated with other forms of public transport in Shanghai. A Shanghai Metro Museum is located near Ziteng Road station on line  10 branch .

The Shanghai Metro system is the world's biggest metro system by route length, totaling 743 kilometres (462 mi).[5][note 3] It is also the second biggest by the number of stations with 381 stations on 18 lines.[note 1][note 2] It ranks second in the world by annual ridership with 3.88 billion rides delivered in 2019.[1] The daily ridership record was set at 13.29 million on March 8, 2019.[2] Over 10 million people use the system on an average workday.[6]

On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan in Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to provide cross-provincial service and the second intercity metro after the Guangfo Metro. Further plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro system of Suzhou are under active review,[7] with Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Metro Line S1 connecting Shanghai Metro Line 11 and Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Metro Line 3 under construction and projected to be completed by 2023.[8] Ambitious expansion plans call for 25 lines with over 1,000 km (620 mi) of length by 2025.[9] By then, every location in the central area of Shanghai will be within 600 m (2,000 ft) of a subway station.[10]

History[edit]

Evolution of the Shanghai Metro

Timeline of line openings[edit]

  • May 28, 1993 – Southern section of Line  1  (Shanghai South Railway StationXujiahui) enters operation (4.37 km or 2.72 mi, 4 stations).[11][12]
  • April 10, 1995 – Two segments on Line  1  enter operation (Jinjiang ParkShanghai South Railway Station (1.63 km or 1.01 mi, 1 station) and Jinjiang ParkShanghai Railway Station) (9.71 km or 6.03 mi, 8 stations), extending Line  1  at both ends (11.34 km or 7.05 mi, 9 stations). Line  1  operates between Xujiahui and Shanghai Railway Station, including the initial section, which opened 1993.[11][12] Total length: 15.71 km or 9.76 mi, 13 stations.
  • December 28, 1996 – Southern extension to Line  1  (XinzhuangJinjiang Park) enters operation (4.40 km or 2.73 mi, 3 stations).[13][14] Total length: 20.11 km or 12.50 mi, 16 stations.
  • September 20, 1999 – Line  2  (Zhongshan ParkLongyang Road) enters operation (15.49 km or 9.63 mi, 12 stations).[15][16][11] Total length: 35.60 km or 22.12 mi, 28 stations.
  • December 27, 2000 – An extension and a new line enters operation (24.10 km or 14.98 mi, 20 stations):[17][11]
  • November 25, 2003 – Line  5  (XinzhuangMinhang Development Zone) enters operation (16.55 km or 10.28 mi, 11 stations).[18] Total length: 79.25 km or 49.24 mi, 59 stations.
  • December 28, 2004 – Northern extension to Line  1  (Shanghai Railway StationGongfu Xincun) enters operation (12.42 km or 7.72 mi, 9 stations).[19] Total length: 91.67 km or 56.96 mi, 68 stations.
  • December 31, 2005 – Line  4  enters operation (26.59 km or 16.52 mi, 22 stations), except the section between Lancun Road and Damuqiao Road that was delayed due to a construction accident.[20] Total length: 118.26 km or 73.48 mi, 90 stations.
  • December 18, 2006 – Northern extension to Line  3  (Jiangwan TownNorth Jiangyang Road) enters operation (15.69 km or 9.75 mi, 10 stations).[21][11] Total length: 133.95 km or 83.23 mi, 100 stations.
  • December 30, 2006 – Western extension to Line  2  (Songhong RoadZhongshan Park) enters operation (5.94 km or 3.69 mi, 4 stations).[11][21] Total length: 139.89 km or 86.92 mi, 104 stations.
  • December 29, 2007 – Two extensions and three new lines or sections enter operation on the same day (93.49 km or 58.09 mi, 66 stations):[22]
  • December 28, 2008 – Line  9  is extended from Guilin Road to Yishan Road, connecting with the rest of the metro network (1.68 km or 1.04 mi, 1 station).[24] Total length: 235.06 km or 146.06 mi, 171 stations.
  • July 5, 2009 – Southern extension to Line  8  (Yaohua RoadShendu Highway) enters operation, except Oriental Sports Center station (14.66 km or 9.11 mi, 8 stations).[25] Total length: 249.72 km or 155.17 mi, 179 stations.
  • December 5, 2009 – Line  7  (Shanghai UniversityHuamu Road) enters operation, except Houtan station (31.66 km or 19.67 mi, 26 stations).[25][26] Total length: 281.38 km or 174.84 mi, 205 stations.
  • December 31, 2009 – An extension and a new line enters operation (41.63 km or 25.87 mi, 25 stations):[25]
  • February 24, 2010 – Short section of eastern extension of Line  2  (Longyang RoadGuanglan Road) enters operation (3.59 km or 2.23 mi, 2 stations). Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park station is rebuilt underground.[27] Total length: 326.60 km or 202.94 mi, 232 stations.
  • March 16, 2010 – Second western extension to Line  2  (East XujingSonghong Road) enters operation, except Hongqiao Railway Station station (8.33 km or 5.18 mi, 2 stations), connecting Hongqiao Airport to the metro system.[11][27] Total length: 334.93 km or 208.12 mi, 234 stations.
  • March 29, 2010 – Branch line of Line  11  (Jiading XinchengAnting) enters operation, except East Changji Road station (12.51 km or 7.77 mi, 3 stations).[citation needed] Total length: 347.44 km or 215.89 mi, 237 stations.
  • April 7, 2010 - Middle Yanggao Road opens on line  9  (2.43 km or 1.51 mi, 1 station). Total length: 349.87 km or 217.40 mi, 238 stations.
  • April 8, 2010 – Eastern extension to Line  2  (Guanglan RoadPudong International Airport) enters operation (23.69 km or 14.72 mi, 8 stations), connecting the two airports.[27][28] Total length: 373.56 km or 232.12 mi, 246 stations.
  • April 10, 2010 – Line  10  (XinjiangwanchengHangzhong Road) enters operation (29.44 km or 18.29 mi, 27 stations).[27] Shanghai Metro becomes the longest metro system in the world after 15 years of breakneck growth.[29] Total length: 403.00 km or 250.41 mi, 273 stations.
  • April 20, 2010 – A temporary line and an infill station enters operation (4 km or 2.5 mi, 4 stations):[30][31]
    • Expo section of Line  13  (Madang RoadShibo Avenue) enters temporary operation (4 km or 2.5 mi, 3 stations);
    • Houtan station on Line  7  opens (1 station).
      Total length: 407.00 km or 252.90 mi, 277 stations.
  • July 1, 2010 – with the opening of Hongqiao railway station, its metro station of the same name on Line  2  enters operation (1 station).[citation needed] Total length: 407.00 km or 252.90 mi, 278 stations.
  • November 2, 2010 – With the end of the Shanghai Expo, the Expo section of Line  13  suspends service, to be reopened when the rest of the line is completed (−4 km or −2.5 mi, -3 stations). Total length:403.00 km or 250.41 mi, 275 stations.
  • November 30, 2010 – Branch section of Line  10  (Longxi RoadHongqiao Railway Station) enters operation (5.48 km or 3.41 mi, 4 stations), connecting the two terminals of Hongqiao Airport.[27] Total length: 408.48 km or 253.82 mi, 279 stations.
  • December 28, 2010 – The northern extension to Line  7  (Shanghai UniversityMeilan Lake) enters operation, except Panguang Road, Liuhang and Qihua Road station (11.47 km or 7.13 mi, 3 stations).[27] Total length: 420.22 km or 261.11 mi, 282 stations.
  • April 12, 2011 – Oriental Sports Center station opens[32][33] adding an infill station on Line  8  and extending Line  6  extends (1.54 km or 0.96 mi, 1 station).
    Allowing the Shanghai Metro to reach 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 284 stations.
  • April 26, 2011 – Line  11  East Changji Road station opens (1 station).[32] Total length: 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 285 stations.
  • June 30, 2011 – Panguang Road and Liuhang Stations on Line  7  open (2 stations).[32] Total length: 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 287 stations.
  • September 28, 2012 – China Art Museum station on Line  8  opens (1 station). Total length: 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 288 stations.
  • December 30, 2012 – An extension and a new line enters operation (14.26 km or 8.86 mi, 8 stations):
  • June 15, 2013 – South Qilianshan Road station on Line  13  opens (1 station). Total length: 436.02 km or 270.93 mi, 297 stations.
  • August 31, 2013 – The second phase of Line  11  (Jiangsu RoadLuoshan Road) enters operation, except Yanyu Road (21.73 km or 13.50 mi, 12 stations).[35] Total length: 463.43 km or 287.96 mi, 309 stations.
  • October 16, 2013 – The branch extension of Line  11  (AntingHuaqiao) enters operation (5.68 km or 3.53 mi, 3 stations). Shanghai Metro is extended into Jiangsu province,[36] and becomes the first inter-provincial Chinese rapid transit system and second intercity system. Total length: 469.11 km or 291.49 mi, 312 stations.
  • December 29, 2013 – An extension and a new line enters operation (68.47 km or 42.55 mi, 26 stations):[37]
    • The eastern section of Line  12  (Tiantong RoadJinhai Road) enters operation (17.71 km or 11.00 mi, 15 stations);
    • Line  16  (Luoshan RoadDishui Lake) enters operation (50.76 km or 31.54 mi, 11 stations).
      Shanghai’s subway network retook the title of longest in the world.[38] Total length: 537.58 km or 334.04 mi, 338 stations.
  • May 10, 2014 – Line  12  extension to Qufu Road station (1.04 km or 0.65 mi, 1 station).[39] Total length: 538.62 km or 334.68 mi, 339 stations.
  • July 22, 2014 – Qihua Road station on Line  7  opens (1 station). Total length: 538.62 km or 334.68 mi, 340 stations.
  • November 1, 2014 – Daduhe Road station on Line  13  opens (1 station). Total length: 538.62 km or 334.68 mi, 341 stations.
  • December 28, 2014 – Two extensions enter operation (10.18 km or 6.33 mi, 5 stations):[40]
  • December 19, 2015 – Three extensions enter operation (34.62 km or 21.51 mi, 27 stations):[41]
  • April 26, 2016 – Disney Resort station on Line  11  enters operation (5.08 km or 3.16 mi, 1 station).[42] Total length: 588.50 km or 365.68 mi, 374 stations.
  • December 30, 2017 – An extension and a new line enters operation (48.82 km or 30.34 mi, 22 stations):[43]
  • March 31, 2018 – Pujiang line (Shendu HighwayHuizhen Road) enters operation (6.60 km or 4.10 mi, 6 stations).[44] Total length: 643.92 km or 400.11 mi, 402 stations.
  • December 30, 2018 – Two extensions enters operation (32.42 km or 20.14 mi, 20 stations):[45]
  • August 25, 2020 – Chenxiang Highway station on Line  11  opens (1 station).[46] Total length: 676.34 km or 420.26 mi, 423 stations.
  • December 26, 2020 – An extension and a new line enters operation (25.07 km or 15.58 mi, 14 stations):[5]
    • Extension to Line  10  (Guofan RoadJilong Road) (10.02 km or 6.23 mi, 6 stations);
    • Line  18  (YuqiaoHangtou) opens (15.05 km or 9.35 mi, 8 stations).
      Total length: 701.41 km or 435.84 mi, 437 stations.
  • January 23, 2021 – Line  15  enters operation, except Guilin Road station (41.22 km or 25.61 mi, 29 stations).[4] Shanghai retook the title of longest metro system in the world. Total length: 742.63 km or 461.45 mi, 466 stations.
  • June 27, 2021 – Guilin Road station on Line  15  opens (1 station), making the station an interchange station with Line  9 .[47] Total length: 742.63 km or 461.45 mi, 467 stations.

Historical system length and number of stations[edit]


Historical ridership[edit]

Peak passenger numbers over time (thousands)[a]
25 Sep 2015[48] 1 Jan 2016[49] 1 April 2016[b] 3 March 2017[50] 10 March 2017 17 March 2017[51] 28 April 2017 9 March 2018[c][52] 14 March 2018[53] 8 March 2019[d][54]
Total ridership 10,343 10,830 11,299 11,559 11,681 11,792 11,867 12,231 12,306 13,294
Transfers 4,340 4,435 4,886 5,240 5,240
Line  1  1,370 1,410 1,420 1,370 1,410 1,430 1,410 1,410 1,507*
Line  2  1,770 1,750 1,770 1,770 1,830 1,850 1,820 1,860 1,903
Line  3  610 600 640 610 630 640 610 610 621
Line  4  940 890 950 940 950 950 950 960 976*
Line  5  160 170 180 170 170 170 160 160 221*
Line  6  440 450* 470 490 500* 490 480 480 520*
Line  7  850 800 890 920* 920 900 950 960* 958
Line  8  1,080 1,080 1,080 1,110 1,120* 1,120 1,160* 1,150 1,221*
Line  9  940 970* 970 1,010* 1,020* 1,020 1,150* 1,150* 1,228*
Line  10  860 860 880 910 940 960 990* 1,000* 1,067*
Line  11  740 800* 860 920* 940* 960 960 950 1,012*
Line  12  220 540* 620 700 710 710 740 740 826*
Line  13  200 340 370 450* 450* 430 490* 500* 710*
Line  14 
Line  15 
Line  16  160 180 190 210 220 230 230 230 254
Line  17  120 120 175*
Line  18 
 Pujiang  36*

Lines[edit]

See Shanghai Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway for future commuter rail services .

There are currently 18 lines in operation, with Lines and services are denoted numerically as well as by characteristic colors, which are used as a visual aid for better distinction on station signage and on the exterior of trains, in the form of a colored block or belt.

Most tracks in the Shanghai Metro system are served by a single service; thus "Line X" usually refers both to the physical line and its service. The only exception is the segment shared by Lines 3 and 4, between Hongqiao Road station and Baoshan Road station, where both services use the same tracks and platforms.

To scale map of current Shanghai Metro network:
  • Shanghai Metro Linemap.svg
Current Shanghai Metro Shanghai metro network map:
  • Shanghai metro network map 2021.jpg
Shanghai Metro lines in operation
Line Termini
(District)
Service patterns Comm-
ence-
ment
Newest
exten-
sion
Length
km
Interchange stations[e]
Operator
01 1  Fujin Road
(Baoshan)
Xinzhuang
(Minhang)
Fujin RoadXinzhuang
Partial: Shanghai Railway StationXinzhuang[55]
1993
[11][12]
2007
[23]
36.4 28 Shanghai Metro 2  3  4  5  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  15 
Other:  Jinshan China Railway SHH China RailwaySNH
Shanghai Metro logo.svg

Shanghai Metro Operation Companies (No. 1–4)
02 2  East Xujing
(Qingpu)
Pudong International Airport
(Pudong)
East XujingPudong International Airport
Partial: Songhong RoadGuanglan Road
1999 2010 63.8 30 Shanghai Metro 1  3  4  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  15  16  17 
Other:  Maglev  ZJ Zhangjiang TramChina Railway AOH Shanghai Pudong International Airport PVG Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport SHA
03 3  North Jiangyang Road
(Baoshan)
Shanghai South Railway Station
(Xuhui)
North Jiangyang RoadShanghai South Railway Station
Partial: South Changjiang RoadShanghai South Railway Station[56]
2000 2006 40.3 29 Shanghai Metro 1  2  4  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  15 
Other:  Jinshan China Railway SHH China RailwaySNH
04 4 
Loop line
Yishan Road
(Xuhui)
Loop line; certain trains terminate at Yishan Road.[57] 2005 2007 33.7 26 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13 
05 5  Xinzhuang
(Minhang)
Minhang Development Zone
(Minhang)
XinzhuangFengxian Xincheng
Branch: XinzhuangMinhang Development Zone
2003 2018 32.7 19 Shanghai Metro 1 
Other:  Jinshan 
Fengxian Xincheng
(Fengxian)
06 6  Gangcheng Road
(Pudong)
Oriental Sports Center
(Pudong)
Gangcheng RoadOriental Sports Center
Partial: Jufeng RoadGaoqing Road[58]
2007 2011 32.3 28 Shanghai Metro 2  4  7  8  9  10  11  12  13 
07 7  Meilan Lake
(Baoshan)
Huamu Road
(Pudong)
Meilan LakeHuamu Road
Rush Hour: Meilan LakeMiddle Longhua Road
Shangda RoadMiddle Longhua Road
Partial: Qihua RoadHuamu Road[59]
2009 2010 44.2 33 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  8  9  12  13  15  16 
Other:  Maglev 
08 8  Shiguang Road
(Yangpu)
Shendu Highway
(Minhang)
Shiguang RoadShendu Highway
Partial: Middle Yanji RoadOriental Sports Center[60]
2007 2009 37.4 30 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  7  9  10  11  12  13  Pujiang 
09 9  Songjiang South Railway Station
(Songjiang)
Caolu
(Pudong)
Songjiang South Railway StationCaolu
Partial: SheshanMiddle Yanggao Road
2007 2017 65.6 35 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  7  8  11  12  13  15 
Other:  T1 Songjiang Tram T2 Songjiang Tram Songjiang South railway station IMHSongjiang railway station SAH
10 10  Jilong Road
(Pudong)
Hongqiao Railway Station
(Minhang)
Jilong RoadHongqiao Railway Station
Jiangwan StadiumHongqiao Railway Station
XinjiangwanchengHangzhong Road
2010 2020 45 37 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  8  11  12  13  17 
Other: China Railway AOH Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport SHA
Hangzhong Road
(Minhang)
11 11  North Jiading
(Jiading)
Disney Resort
(Pudong)
HuaqiaoDisney Resort
North JiadingDisney Resort[61]
Rush Hour: NanxiangSanlin
2009 2016 82.4 39 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  8  9  10  12  13  15  16  18 
Other: China Railway SXH
Huaqiao
(Kunshan, Jiangsu)
12 12  Qixin Road
(Minhang)
Jinhai Road
(Pudong)
Qixin RoadJinhai Road
Partial: Hongmei RoadJufeng Road[62]
2013 2015 40.4 32 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  7  8  9  10  11  13  15 
13 13  Zhangjiang Road
(Pudong)
Jinyun Road
(Jiading)
Jinyun RoadZhangjiang Road
Partial: Jinyun RoadHuapeng Road[63]
2012 2018 38.8 31 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  4  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  15  16 
15 15  Gucun Park
(Baoshan)
Zizhu Hi-tech Park
(Minhang)
Gucun ParkZizhu Hi-tech Park
Partial: Gulang RoadWest Huajing
2021 42.3 30 Shanghai Metro 1  2  3  7  9  11  12  13 
Other:  Jinshan China RailwaySNH China Railway SXH
16 16  Longyang Road
(Pudong)
Dishui Lake
(Pudong)
Longyang RoadDishui Lake
Local service stopping all stations;
Express service stopping only at Longyang Road and Dishui Lake;
Rapid service stopping at Longyang Road, Luoshan Road, Xinchang, Huinan, Lingang Avenue and Dishui Lake.[64]
2013 2014 59 13 Shanghai Metro 2  7  11  13 
Other:  Maglev 
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg

Shanghai Maglev Transportation Company
17 17  Hongqiao Railway Station
(Minhang)
Oriental Land
(Qingpu)
Hongqiao Railway StationOriental Land
Partial: Hongqiao Railway StationDianshanhu Avenue
2017 35.3 13 Shanghai Metro 2  10 
Other: China Railway AOH
Shanghai Metro logo.svg

Shanghai Metro Operation No. 2 Company
18 18  Yuqiao
(Pudong)
Hangtou
(Pudong)
YuqiaoHangtou 2020 14.5 8 Shanghai Metro 11 
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg

Shanghai Maglev Transportation Company
 Pujiang  Shendu Highway
(Minhang)
Huizhen Road
(Minhang)
Shendu HighwayHuizhen Road 2018 6.7 6 Shanghai Metro 8 
Shanghai Keolis.svg

Shanghai Keolis
Total 743
[4][note 1]
467
[note 2]
68

Services[edit]

Partial service patterns[edit]

Partial service patterns exist on Lines 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15 and 17.[55][65][56][58][59][60][66][61][62] Partial services serve only a (usually busier) sub-segment of the entire physical line.

Up to April 19, 2019 when 8-car train started serving the whole Line 2 in a regular schedule,.[67] the east section of Line 2 was served b ya 4-car fleet. Line 2 had a piecewise service pattern during morning peak hours whereby the suburban segment between Guanglan Road station and Pudong International Airport station is partially served by a 4-car fleet in addition to the regular 8-car fleet serving the whole line. Already since 28 December 2018, during off-peak times, an 8-car fleet from East Xujing or Songhong Road station may terminate at Pudong International Airport station, but most trains still terminate at Guanglan Road station or Tangzhen (only during peak hours).

Line 11, one of the three branch lines of the metro system, operates a different partial service pattern. Trains travelling to and from the branch line terminate at Huaqiao Station and Sanlin respectively. Hence, a passenger who wants to travel from the terminus of the branch to the eastern terminus of the line, at Disney Resort must change trains.[61]

Express services[edit]

Line 16, unlike the rest of the system, is built with passing loops and operates a rush-hour express service. The service was postponed on January 30, 2014, due to lack of available trains, but resumed on March 21, 2016.[68][69][70]

Headways[edit]

During peak hours headways differ between 1 minutes and 50 seconds on Line 9 and 6 minutes on Line 18. Lines in the inner ring have headways under two and a half minutes during peak hours. Outside the inner ring, outside peak hours and in the weekend headways take longer. In the evening (after approximately 20:00-21:00) headways are longer.

Operating hours[edit]

The operating hours for most Shanghai metro stations starts between 5:00 to 6:00 in the morning and ends between 22:30 to 23:00 CST. In February 2017 (Shanghai Metro) announced that by April 1, 2017, the operating hours of Line 1, 2, and 7, 8, 9, and 10 will be extended by an hour after the regular last train on each Friday, Saturday and last working days before Chinese Public Holidays. This will be extended to Lines 3, 4, 6, 11, 12 and 13 by July 1, 2017. By the end of 2018, all the stations in the city center will extend their operating hours after midnight. Also, there will be two trains taking passengers from Hongqiao Railway Station after normal operation time and only stop at several stations, which always happens on the last day of a vacation, e.g. Labor Day, National Day, etc.[71]

Stations[edit]

Security[edit]

Station security[edit]

Baggage scanner at Shanghai metro station

Riders are subject to searches of their persons and belongings at all stations by security inspectors using metal detectors, X-Ray machines. Items banned from public transportation such as "guns, ammunition, knives, explosives, flammable and radioactive materials, and toxic chemicals" are subject to confiscation.[72]

Stations are equipped with closed-circuit television. Police do for example use it to arrest pickpockets caught on CCTV.[73]

Smoking is strictly prohibited in the metro premises, Bicycles (including folding bike), pets (include cats, dogs etc.) are not allowed in the station. The use skateboards, roller skates and other equipment is not allowed in station and carriage.[74]

Since 1 April 2020 there is a national ban on "Uncivilized Behavior" on China's Subways, which also includes conduct rules cracking down on bad subway etiquette, such as stepping on seats, lying down on a bench or floor and playing music or videos out loud. It also bans eating and drinking on subway cars nationwide, with exceptions for infants and people with certain medical conditions.

Platform screen doors[edit]

Almost all stations, except most of the elevated sections and sections of Line 2 from Songhong Road to Longyang Road, have platform screen doors with sliding acrylic glass at the platform edge. The train stops with its doors lined-up with the sliding doors on the platform edge and open when the train doors open, and are closed at other times. These screens are also being retrofitted on existing lines, starting with Line 1 whose core stations had doors by the end of 2006. On part of Line 2 and most of the elevated sections, the platform has sliding safety doors that reach only halfway up from the ground called Automatic platform gates. Line 5 is the exception, where they have not yet installed platform screen doors.

Platform screen door fatal incident[edit]

On 5 July 2010 at the Zhongshan Park station a woman died after trying to crowd into a subway train as the doors were closing. With her wrist trapped in the train doors, she was dragged between the train and the platform screen doors when the train started moving.[75]

On 26 April 2021 at Longyang Road station on Line 2 a man committed suicide by climbing over the closed automatic platform gate and jumping on the tracks.[76]

Passenger information systems[edit]

Plasma screens on the platforms show passengers when the next two trains are coming, along with advertisements and public service announcements. The subway cars contain LCD screens showing advertisements and on some lines, the next stop, while above-ground trains have LED screens showing the next stop. The LED screens are being phased in on Line 1 and are also included in lines 7 and 9, two underground lines. There are recorded messages stating the next stop in Mandarin, English, and (on lines 16 an 17 only) Shanghainese,[77][78] but the messages stating nearby attractions or shops for a given station (a form of paid advertising) are in Mandarin only. The metro operating company is resistant to expanding use of Shanghainese for announcing stops, on the basis that, on most lines, the majority of passengers can understand either Mandarin or English.[79]

Station signs are in Simplified Chinese and English. The Metro authority is testing a new systematic numbering system for stations on Line 10.[80]

Announcements[edit]

All trains in the Shanghai Metro display destinations in Simplified Chinese and English, and make announcements in Standard Mandarin, English, and (on lines 16 and 17 only) Shanghainese in order to indicate next stations, directions, and partial/full-length service patterns.[77]

Station facilities[edit]

There is cellular phone network coverage in stations and generally during the ride. In 2020 all stations were provided coverage of the 5G network.[81] Free WiFi is provided.[82] To use it, connect to the network 花生地铁WiFi and (iPhone) type in your phone number, get a text message with the verification code or (Android) download the app in the browser, put your phone number, click the button to receive your code.

There are toilets for passengers in more than 90% metro stations in Shanghai. Passengers could use these toilets free of charge.[83]

Shanghai’s subway system is wheelchair accessible, with elevators at all stations. However, elevators can be difficult to locate at the street level.[84]

Transfer stations[edit]

There are two types of transfer stations: physical transfer stations and transit-card only ones. In a physical transfer station, passengers can transfer between subway lines without exiting a fare zone. In a transit-card only transfer station, however, passengers have to exit and re-enter fare zones as they transfer from one subway line to another as there is no direct pathway between them within the paid fare area. Since June 1, 2008, in order to receive a discounted fare, passengers must use a Shanghai public transport card (SPTC). Passengers must exit a station and re-enter another within 30 minutes using the same Shanghai public transport card. Those using single-ride tickets cannot use virtual transfers and must purchase a new ticket. The current virtual interchanges are:[f]

Of note there are two different stations both known as Pudian Road on Line 4 and 6, but these two stations are not connected and direct interchange is not possible.

Transport hubs[edit]

The busiest station in Shanghai Metro system is People's Square (Lines 1, 2 and 8). As the interchange station for three lines, it is extremely crowded during peak hours. It remains busy during the rest of the day as it is located near major shopping and tourist destinations such as East Nanjing Road, a pedestrian street, as well as the Shanghai Museum, People's Park, the Shanghai Grand Theatre and Yan'an Park on People's Square. It has the second largest number of exits (totalling 17) in the stations of the metro system.

Xujiahui (Lines 1, 9 and 11) is located in the major Xujiahui commercial center of Shanghai. Six large shopping malls and eight large office towers are each within a three-minute walk of one of the station's exits, numbering a total of 18 since the addition of the four in the Line 9 part of the station that opened in December 2009. This is the largest number of exits of all the stations on the system. This station is also widely used as a pedestrian tunnel across the wide roads.

Lujiazui (Line 2) is the major station in Pudong area. It is situated in the heart of Lujiazui financial district, the financial center of Shanghai. The city's iconic landmarks, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai Tower and Shanghai World Financial Centre are all within walking distance of the station. In contrast to Xujiahui and People's Square, Lujiazui is not particularly busy during off-peak hours or on weekends as it is located in financial district of Shanghai. Line 14, expected to open in 2020, will pass Lujiazui and provide transfer as well.

Shanghai Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 4) is a major transportation hub in Shanghai, containing the railway station, two subway lines and the stop for many city bus lines as well as interprovincial buses. These bus lines will soon be housed in a brand-new bus station. The line 1 platform is in the South square while platforms for line 3/4 are in the North square. These two platforms are technically separate stations, so interchange is only possible between lines 3/4. A transfer to the line 1 platform requires a SPTC or a new ticket.

Shanghai South Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 15) is a transport station for line 1, line 3, and line 15; and the maintenance base of line 1 is also located at Shanghai South Railway Station.

Zhongshan Park (Lines 2, 3 and 4) is a heavily trafficked station due to the large shopping malls and hotel immediately above it.

Century Avenue (Lines 2, 4, 6 and 9) is the largest interchange station in the Shanghai Metro system, and the first station in mainland China to offer an interchange between four metro or subway lines.[85]

Pudong International Airport (Line 2) is the eastern terminus of Line 2. It serves the airport of the same name in Shanghai. The station also provides a transfer with the Shanghai maglev train to Longyang Road.

Hongqiao Railway Station (Lines 2, 10 and 17), Hongqiao Airport Terminal 1 (Line 10) and Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 (Lines 2 and 10) are metro stations located in the Hongqiao transportation hub, composed of the Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Both Hongqiao Airport stations are directly linked with the airport, offering many domestic and limited international flights, and the Hongqiao Railway metro station is directly linked with the train station. The airport and railway stations themselves offer a zero-distance transfer.

Ticket system[edit]

Dabaishu station

Like many other metro systems in the world (Shanghai Metro) uses a distance-based fare system. The system uses a "one-ticket network", which means that interchanging is possible between all interchange stations, given that the transfer staying within the Shanghai Metro system, without the purchase of another ticket where available, excluding some stations where transferring to another line at said station requires leaving the Fare Zone (i.e. the area extending from the platform to the entry/exit gates) which mandates a Single-Journey Ticket be used before entering that of another line, requiring the purchase of another Single-Journey Ticket (Shanghai Public Transport Cards are exempt as they are not consumed upon exit). The Shanghai Public Transport Card, which allows access to most public transport in Shanghai under one card, is another form of payment. The system supports Alipay, WeChat Pay and Union Pay, three of the most commonly used mobile payment methods in China.[86]

Periodic pass[edit]

A pass for unlimited travel within the metro system for either 24 or 72 hours is offered. This pass is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.[87]

  • A one-day pass priced at 18 yuan. This pass was introduced on 24 April 2010 for the Expo 2010 held in Shanghai.
  • A three-day pass priced at 45 yuan. This pass was available since 8 March 2012.

Distance-based fare[edit]

  • The base fare is 3 yuan (RMB) for journeys under 6 km, then 1 yuan for each additional 10 km. As of December 2017, the highest fare is 15 yuan (travel between Oriental Land to Dishui Lake, the farthest distance at present).
¥3
0 ~ 3 km
¥4
6 ~ 16 km
¥5
16 ~ 26 km
¥6
26 ~ 36 km
¥7
36 ~ 46 km
¥8
46 ~ 56 km
¥9
56 ~ 66 km
¥10
66 ~ 76 km
¥11
76 ~ 86 km
¥12
86 ~ 96 km
¥13
96 ~ 106 km
¥14
106 ~ 116 km
  • Shortest route calculated as multiple route available between any entry-exit stations.
  • Travel time limit is 4 hour. Additional lowest single journey fare (3 yuan) is required if time limit is exceeded.
  • For journeys exclusively from Xinzhuang Station to People's Square Station, the fare is 4 yuan, though the distance between People's Square Station and Xinzhuang Station is about 17.8 km (11.1 mi).

Single-Journey Ticket[edit]

Shanghai Metro Shanghai metro ticketing machine map

Single-Journey tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines, and at some stations, at a ticket window. Single-ride tickets are embedded with RFID contactless chips. When entering the system riders tap the ticket against a scanner above the turnstile, and when they exit they insert the ticket into a slot where it is stored and recycled. This ticket does not facilitate transfers at a virtual interchange station. Passengers would have to purchase a new ticket when reentering the fare gate.

Shanghai Public Transportation Card[edit]

In addition to a Single-Ride ticket, the fare can be paid using a Shanghai public transport card (Jiaotong Yikatong), which is similar to the Octopus card of Hong Kong's MTR. This RFID-embedded card can be purchased at selected banks, convenience stores and metro stations with a 20-yuan deposit. This card can be loaded at ticket booths, Service Centers at the metro stations as well as many small convenience stores and banks throughout the city. The Shanghai Public Transportation Card can also be used to pay for other forms of transportation, such as taxi or bus.

Discounts for SPTC holderss[edit]
  • Users of the Shanghai public transport card get a 10% discount for the rest of the calendar month after paying 70 yuan in taking metro, e.g. a passenger has paid 67 Yuan on metro tickets through SPTC this calendar month, and next time he will only pay 2.7 yuan for his next 3-yuan ticket in this calendar month. The discount is applied only for journeys after the payment; it is not retroactively applied to previous journeys.
  • Users of the Shanghai public transport card as part of the "Air-conditioned Bus Transfer Discount" get a 1 yuan discount when transferring to the metro within 90 minutes. (The 10% monthly discount may be applied after the transfer discount) This discount also applies for a bus to Metro and bus to bus transfers and can accumulate over multiple transfers. For example, to get from Zhenbei Rd/Meichuan Rd to Xiuyan Rd/Hunan Rd would normally cost 8 yuan each way (947 buses to line 4 to 451 bus) but only costs 6 RMB with the card (947 buses discounted transfer to line 4, discounted transfer to 451 bus). Depending on the time spent at the destination the discount will be applied at the start of the return trip as well, making the cost of a round-trip 11 yuan instead of the 16 yuan that would normally be charged without the card.

Mobile payments[edit]

Passengers can also pay their Shanghai Metro fares using a mobile phone app, Daduhui (Metro Metropolis in English) since January 2018. The app requires one to scan a QR code when entering the fare gate at the origin station and again when exiting at the destination station. The fare is then deducted. [88]

Previous fare schemes[edit]

  • Before 15 September 2005 the shortest rides had a fare of 2 yuan. This was increased by 1 yuan in order to relieve the overcrowded metro network (with a daily ridership of 1.3 million people in 2004). Rides longer than 28km had their prices either remained the same or dropped by 1 or 2 yuan. These price changes were meant to encourage more people to take the bus, particularly during rush hour as about 30% of rush-hour passengers and 38% of the total passengers use the subways for short trips. However, the metro fare increase seems to have had little effect. In November 2005 a discount scheme of 10% after 70 yuan was introduced to benefit long distance passengers.[89] Since 2005, despite the rise in income and living standards, the price has remained the same.
  • Until 26 December 2020 there was for journeys exclusively on the 1st Phase of Line 5 (Xinzhuang – Minhang Development Zone) a reduced fare is 2 yuan for journeys under 6 km and all other journeys on the line were 3 yuan (though the total length of this section is a bit longer than 16 km). This was not applied once passengers interchange to other lines, e.g. fare for passengers from Xinzhuang to Chunshen Road was 2 Yuan, while fare for passengers from Waihuanlu to Chunshen Road was 3 Yuan.

Infrastructure[edit]

Gauge[edit]

Standard gauge is used throughout the network, allowing new train equipment to be transported over the Chinese rail network which uses the same gauge.

Power supply[edit]

In contrast to many other metro systems in the world, the Shanghai Metro uses overhead wires for the power supply, except for Line 16, Line 17 and Pujiang Line which use third rail.

On Line 2, Siemens Transportation Systems equipped the line with an overhead contact line (cantilever material: galvanized steel) and 7 DC traction power supply substations.[90]

Rolling stock[edit]

Inside a Line 2 train.

There are currently over 7000 revenue railcars in the Shanghai metro system. The train fleet reached 1000 cars in 2007, 2000 cars in 2012, and 3000 cars in 2016.[91] The 4000th car was delivered on December 17, 2016, the 5000th car was delivered on July 20, 2018.[92] The 7000th car was delivered on December 25, 2020.[93]

Number of revenue railcars in the Shanghai Metro Shanghai metro system
Year 2007 2012 2016 17 Dec 2016 20 July 2018 28 May 2020 25 Dec 2020
Number of railcars 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000
Average daily ridership (million) 2.23 6.219 9.292 9.292 10.164 7.746 7.746
Average no. of daily ridership per railcar 2,230 3,110 3,097 2,323 2,033 1,291 1,107

Train sets used in the system include:

Train sets to be used in the future include:

  • 49 CRRC Nanjing Puzhen Ltd. eight car sets – Line 14[107]

Most lines currently use 6 car sets, with the exceptions being:

  • The Minhang Developing Zone branch of Line 5, Line 6 and Pujiang Line, which uses 4 car sets. [97]
  • Most trains on Line 8 use 7 car sets.[97]
  • Line 1 and Line 2 use 8 car sets.

Signalling and telecommunication[edit]

In the beginning lines lines were built in an era where moving block systems were expensive and China had no experience with them. Therefore, lines 1-5 had fixed block systems with headways were at least 2.5 minutes. Lines 1, 2, and 5 have updated there system to equip with CBTC. All Shanghai Metro lines -except line 3/4 currently undergoing an upgrade- are equipped with CBTC systems capable of headways as low as 90 seconds.[108]

Level of automation Shanghai Metro Lines
GoA2 (Grade-of-Automation 2)[g]  1   2   3   4   6   7   8   9   11   12   13   16   Maglev 
GoA3 (Grade-of-Automation 3)[h]  5   17  Shanghai Pudong Airport APM
GoA4 (Grade-of-Automation 4)[i]  10   14   15   18   Pujiang 

Lines 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 use THALES SelTrac and lines 10, 12, 13, 16 use ALSTOM Urbalis.

Train accidents[edit]

  • December 22, 2009—at about 5:50 am, an electrical fault in the tunnel between South Shaanxi Road station and People's Square station caused a few trains to stall. While the track was under repair, a low-speed collision occurred between two trains on Line 1, trapping scores of passengers underground for up to two hours and affecting millions of early commuters. Nobody was injured, but the front of the train was badly damaged. Service resumed at around 12:15 pm.[109][110]
  • September 27, 2011—at 2:51 pm, two trains on Line 10 collided between Yuyuan Garden station and Laoximen station, injuring 284–300 people. Initial investigations found that train operators violated regulations while operating the trains manually after a loss of power on the line caused its signal system to fail. No deaths were reported.[111]

Renewable energy[edit]

Rooftop solar at metro depot at Longyang Road station generating 4 million kwh in 2020

Shanghai metro started building solar plants since 2013 and the process has been accelerated since 2019, with plans to build rooftop solar plants with a total electricity generation capacity of 30 to 50 megawatts between 2021 and 2025. In 2021 it had 10 existing rooftop solar plants.[112]

Future expansion[edit]

The Shanghai Metro system is one of the fastest-growing metro systems in the world. As of 2019, Shanghai has more than 120 km (75 mi) of metro under construction.[113][114] By the end of 2021, the network will comprise 19 lines (Lines 1–18 and Pujiang Line) spanning 804 kilometres (500 mi).[115] In addition, a line is under construction in Suzhou to connect the Shanghai Metro with the Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Rail Transit in neighbouring Jiangsu province in 2023.[7]

Planned Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro network without Shanghai Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway lines:
  • Shanghai Metro Planning.svg
Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro planned lines 2018-2023:
  • Shanghai Metro 2018-2023 construction planning.jpg
Shanghai Metro lines under construction/approved/planned
Planned opening date Route Name Terminals Length (km) Stations Status Notes
2021 14 Fengbang Guiqiao Road 38.5 31 Under construction [116][115]
18 1st phase remaining section South Changjiang Road Yuqiao 21.8 18
2024 2 3rd phase western extension East Xujing Panxiang Road 1.7 1
17 Western extension Oriental Land Xicen 6.6 1
2025 13 Western extension Jinyun Road Zhuguang Road 9.8 5
18 2nd phase Dakang Road South Changjiang Road 8.1 6 [117]
 Chongming  1st phase Jinji Road Changxing Island 22.4 5
2026 21 1st phase Dongjing Road Liuchen Road 28 18 Approved
23 1st phase Shanghai Stadium Minhang Development Zone 28.6 22
Before 2030  Chongming  2nd phase Changxing Island Yu'an 20.4 3
1 Western extension Xinzhuang Humin Road 1.2 1 [118][119]
12 Western extension Qixin Road Dongjing 15.6 4
15 Southern extension Zizhu Hi-tech Park Wangyuan Road 11
19 Shanghai North Railway Station Xingmei Road 44.5 32
20 1st phase Jinchang Road Gongqing Forest Park 19.8 16
2 Southern extension Pudong International Airport Pudong Airport Terminal 3 4 1 Planned [120]
5 Southern extension Reserved Fengxian Xincheng Pingzhuang Highway 3.5 1 [121]
9 Extension 3rd phase eastern section Caolu Caolu Railway Station 3 1
21 2nd phase Liuchen Road Pudong Airport Terminal 3 14.0 4 Further Planning
Further Planning 20 2nd phase Gongqing Forest Park Zhouhai Road
21 3rd phase Dongjing Road Wusong Cruise Terminal
22 Nanxiang Ferry Terminal
23 2nd phase Minhang Development Zone Chedun
24 Yangheng West Zhoupu 38
25 Yishan Road Jiwang 21
26 2nd Loop Line 42 30
27 28

Network Map[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c This figure excludes the Maglev line and Jinshan railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  2. ^ a b c 458 is the number of stations if interchanges on different lines are counted separately, with the exception of the 9 stations shared by Lines 3 and 4 on the same track. There are 371 unique stations (if interchanges on different lines are counted only once); MTA New York City Subway is the system with the most unique stations, namely 424 stations. The stations on the Maglev line and Jinshan railway are not included.
  3. ^ a b This figure excludes the Maglev line and Jinshan railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system. If the Maglev line is included, the length of the network is 772 km (479.7 mi).
  4. ^ as of December 2018, only Jinshan and Chongming districts are not served.
  1. ^ A "*" indicates single line record high
  2. ^ Thomb Sweeping Day
  3. ^ Women's Day leisure shopping
  4. ^ Women's Day leisure shopping
  5. ^ Shanghai Metro indicates interchange within the Shanghai Metro network, ``Other`` indicates interchange with other public transport mode.
  6. ^ In some cases, virtual interchanges in place during a period of construction were superseded by physical interchanges at the completion of the construction. For example, Hongkou Football Stadium station was previously a virtual interchange between Line 3 and Line 8. Another previously virtual interchange was South Shaanxi Road station between Line 1 and Line 10; after the opening of an extension of line 12 to the station in December 2015 transfers among all three lines became a physical interchange.
  7. ^ In a Grade-of-Automation 2 (GoA2) system, trains run automatically from station to station but a driver is in the cab, with responsibility for door closing, obstacle detection on the track in front of the train and handling of emergency situations. As in a GoA3 system, the GoA2 train cannot operate safely without the staff member on board.
  8. ^ In a Grade-of-Automation 3 (GoA3) system, trains run automatically from station to station but a staff member is always in the train, with responsibility for handling of emergency situations. In a GoA3 system, the train cannot operate safely without the staff member on board.
  9. ^ In a Grade-of-Automation 4 (GoA4) system, trains are capable of operating automatically at all times, including door closing, obstacle detection and emergency situations. On-board staff may be provided for other purposes, e.g. customer service, but are not required for safe operation. Controls are often provided to drive the train manually in the event of a computer failure.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c WeChat@地铁客流及运输研究阿牛 (2020-02-15). 全来了!2019年中国城市地铁客运量总结. 中国城市轨道交通协会.
  2. ^ a b "Metro breaks records" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro 163 Official. 2019-03-09. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
  3. ^ Chen, Huizhi (26 December 2020). "Shanghai adds 7,000th train to Metro fleet". shine.cn. Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c 1月23日起上海地铁15号线开通初期运营 [Shanghai Metro Line 15 to open on 23 January]. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). 21 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  5. ^ a b Shanghai Metro (2020-12-26). "Phase 2 of Line 10 and Phase 1 (South Section) of Line 18 opens on December 26" 10号线二期、18号线一期南段12月26日起开通试运营. Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. (in Chinese).
  6. ^ 上海地铁工作日客流超千万成为新常态 (in Chinese). Ifeng. 2016-03-09. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  7. ^ a b 无锡苏州也将轨交通沪? 目前有规划但尚无时间表. Eastday (in Chinese). 18 October 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  8. ^ 上海至苏州第二条跨省地铁完成选址,两地直达只需1小时_中原网. www.zynews.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
  9. ^ 上海未来10年9条轨交新线公示 全线站点解密 ——凤凰房产上海. sh.house.ifeng.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  10. ^ 天天快报. kuaibao.qq.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h 20年迈向世界:珍贵老照片展示上海地铁发展. Eastday (in Chinese). 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  12. ^ a b c (二)市政基础设施建设. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  13. ^ (二)市政基础设施建设. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  14. ^ (十四)闵行区. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2015-08-29. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  15. ^ (二)市政基础设施建设. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  16. ^ (九)市政设施管理. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  17. ^ (五)市内交通管理. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  18. ^ (五)市内交通管理. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  19. ^ (三)市政基础设施. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-08-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  20. ^ (三)市政基础设施. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  21. ^ a b (三)市政基础设施. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-08-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  22. ^ 上海5条地铁线初定12月28日通车 (in Chinese). Sh.eastday.com. 2007-11-28. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  23. ^ a b c d e f (六)市内交通. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  24. ^ (六)市内交通. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  25. ^ a b c (三)市政基础设施. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  26. ^ 上海轨道交通南北向骨干线路通车 (in Chinese). Xinhua News. 2009-12-05. Archived from the original on 2012-04-24. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
  27. ^ a b c d e f (三) 市政基础设施. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  28. ^ 2号线明起通至浦东国际机场 [From tomorrow, Line 2 will reach Pudong International Airport]. 163.com news. 7 April 2010. Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  29. ^ 上海地铁总长 全球第一 (in Chinese). Zaobao.com. 2010-03-23. Archived from the original on 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  30. ^ 轨道交通世博会试运营首日经受考验 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2010-04-21. Archived from the original on 2010-04-24. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  31. ^ 直击上海世博会试运行首日:水陆路冷热不均-搜狐新闻. news.sohu.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  32. ^ a b c (四)城市交通. shtong.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2014-08-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  33. ^ 济阳路地铁站改东方体育中心站_新闻_新民网. news.xinmin.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  34. ^ a b 13号线一期西段12月30日起载客试运营. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). 2012-12-28. Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Shanghai Metro. Retrieved on December 30, 2012.
  35. ^ 11号线二期8月31日起通车试运营 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2013-08-29. Archived from the original on 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  36. ^ 11号线"北上"江苏花桥段明试运营 沪苏交通卡均可使用. Eastday (in Chinese). 2013-10-16. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
  37. ^ 上海地铁·新闻中心·12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营 [Lines 12 and 16 begin trial passenger operations on 29 December] (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. Archived from the original on 2014-11-25. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
  38. ^ Lines 12, 16 to start operations tomorrow
  39. ^ 12号线曲阜路站5月10日起开站迎客 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2014-05-05. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
  40. ^ 13、16号线12月28日新增5站试运营 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2014-12-25. Archived from the original on 2014-12-26. Retrieved 2014-12-26.
  41. ^ 上海地铁. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
  42. ^ 上海地铁 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-08-14.
  43. ^ "Soft Operation of Line 17 (Hongqiao Railway Station – Oriental Land), Phase 3 Project of Line 9 (Mid Yanggao Road – Caolu) on Dec. 30, 2017". Shanghai Metro. 30 December 2017. Archived from the original on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
  44. ^ Shanghai Metro (2018-03-27). 浦江线 3月31日起通车试运营. Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-03-31. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  45. ^ 5号线南延伸和13号线二、三期12月30日起试运营 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 28 December 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  46. ^ Shanghai Metro (2020-08-24). "Line 11 Chenxiang Highway station opens on August 25" 11号线陈翔公路站8月25日起开通试运营. Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  47. ^ 6月27日起15号线桂林路站开通初期运营、17号线末班车常态化延时运营30分钟 [Guilin Road Station of Line 15 initial opens on June 27th, with service end of Line 17 normalized delays for 30 minutes.]. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). 25 June 2021. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  48. ^ http://sh.eastday.com/m/20150927/u1a9046444.html
  49. ^ 新年前日上海地铁运送1083万人次创纪录 加班车功劳大
  50. ^ 1155.9万人次!昨日上海地铁全网客流再创新高
  51. ^ Metro breaks records
  52. ^ 1223.1万人次!上海地铁全网客流昨天再创新高
  53. ^ https://www.jfdaily.com/news/detail?id=82956
  54. ^ < 1329.4万人次3月8日上海地铁客流创历史新高
  55. ^ a b 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  56. ^ a b 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  57. ^ 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  58. ^ a b 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com. Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  59. ^ a b "Line 7: Timetable of the First and Last Train". service.shmetro.com. Archived from the original on 2018-02-04. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  60. ^ a b 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  61. ^ a b c 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  62. ^ a b 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  63. ^ 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  64. ^ 本周五起16号线所有大站车均停靠临港大道站 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-11-20. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  65. ^ "Line 2: Timetable of the First and Last Train". service.shmetro.com. Archived from the original on 2018-02-11. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  66. ^ 上海地铁. service.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  67. ^ "昨天!地铁2号线部分8节编组直达川沙了,但是..." Sohu. 29 December 2018. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  68. ^ 12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营. Shanghai Metro. Archived from the original on 2014-11-25. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
  69. ^ 上海地铁. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  70. ^ 16号线首末班车时刻表 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 27 December 2014. Archived from the original on 21 May 2017.
  71. ^ 2018年底上海中心城区地铁运营全"过 零点". shanghai.xinmin.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2017-02-28. Retrieved 2017-03-13.
  72. ^ Shanghai metro: security check
  73. ^ PHOTOS: Shanghai Metro Pickpockets Caught on CCTV. That's Shanghai, 5 June 2017.
  74. ^ Shanghai Metro: Shanghai Rail Transit Safety Management Measures. 2013-11-25
  75. ^ "Woman killed in subway accident in Shanghai". China Daily. 2010-07-06. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
  76. ^ "Man killed after jumping into Metro tracks". Shine. 2021-04-26. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  77. ^ a b "16号线开通乘客爆棚 采用3节编组首次用沪语报站 _新浪上". sh.sina.com.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  78. ^ "Shanghai Metro to make announcements in Shanghainese". Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  79. ^ 上海地铁副总裁指若地铁增加沪语报站是听觉污染. 羊城网 (in Chinese). 2014-09-06. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  80. ^ "Shanghai Daily". Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  81. ^ Shanghai's 5G services coming to Metro stations Shine 22 May 2020.
  82. ^ Ruijie https://www.ruijienetworks.com/about/news/57863 Free World-class Wi-Fi of Shanghai Metro], 2016-09-30.
  83. ^ Shanghai Metro: FAQ Service
  84. ^ Wheelchair travel. China Wheelchair Accessible Travel Guide Shanghai Public Transportation.
  85. ^ 上海世纪大道站成国内首个4线换乘站. Tencent (QQ) Expo 2010 (in Chinese). Oriental Morning Post. 2009-12-22. Archived from the original on 2018-07-22. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  86. ^ Shanghai Metro: from nothing to world leader
  87. ^ Signs at the Service points seen on 4–5 July 2010 at the Xujiahui (near Exit 8) and Shanghai West Railway Station.
  88. ^ "Shanghai Metro to Accept Mobile-App Payments". 17 Jan 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  89. ^ Shanghai Metro Rises Fares to Get More Bus Riders
  90. ^ "Metro-System Line 2, Shanghai, China". Archived from the original on 2009-06-28. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
  91. ^ Shanghai receives 5000th metro car
  92. ^ "Shanghai receives 5000th metro car – International Railway Journal". 20 July 2018. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  93. ^ https://www.shine.cn/news/metro/2012252178/
  94. ^ 上海地铁一号线延伸线列车. 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  95. ^ 上海地铁二号线西延线列车. 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  96. ^ 上海地铁6号线车辆. 中车长春轨道客车有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  97. ^ a b c 上海地铁8号线车辆. 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  98. ^ 上海明珠线地铁列车. 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  99. ^ 上海市明珠二期轨道交通车辆 (in Chinese). 2013-11-24. Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  100. ^ 上海市轨道交通十一号线北段车辆. 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 (in Chinese). 2013-11-24. Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  101. ^ 上海十号线地铁列车. 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  102. ^ 上海地铁十三号线列车. 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  103. ^ 上海市轨道交通十六号线车辆. 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 (in Chinese). 2017-01-06. Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  104. ^ 16号线首列新车进入动态调试. 上海市浦东新区人民政府 (in Chinese). 2020-02-27. Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  105. ^ 钟, 晖 (2020-02-26). 昨晚16号线新车正式进入动车调试阶段,预计3月底首列新车完成调试!. 周到上海-新闻晨报官方网站 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  106. ^ "Bombardier's INNOVIA APM 300 Automated People Mover System Starts Passenger Service in Shanghai". Bombardier. 2018-04-03. Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  107. ^ "First of 49 Bombardier MITRAC propulsion-equipped metro trains for Shanghai Metro's Line 14 rolled off the assembly line". Bombardier. Retrieved 2020-03-20.
  108. ^ 沪部分轨交线明年采用信号系统升级版 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  109. ^ "Subway snag hits thousands". Chinadaily.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2012-10-21. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  110. ^ 上海地铁发生列车侧面碰撞事故 目前无乘客受伤 (in Chinese). Chinanews.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  111. ^ "Signal maker: Not to blame for Shanghai rail crash". AP.
  112. ^ Shanghai metro group to increase solar energy capabilities Shanghai Daily, 23-02-2021.
  113. ^ 上海地铁运营里程世界第一. news.sina.com.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2017-04-09. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  114. ^ "Shanghai Metro sees record passenger numbers in March". gbtimes.com. Archived from the original on 2017-04-08. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  115. ^ a b 上海新一轮轨道交通建设全面展开 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2014-12-29. Archived from the original on 2015-01-06. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
  116. ^ 上海5项交通建设项目集中开工 (in Chinese). 2019-12-25.
  117. ^ "上海市轨道交通18号线(长江南路站—大康路站)选线专项规划调整(草案公示)" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-23.
  118. ^ 上海市城市轨道交通第三期建设规划 (PDF). www.ndrc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  119. ^ 上海市轨道交通近期建设规划(2017-2025)出炉 规划有9条线路 (in Chinese). Shanghai Municipal Government website. 19 April 2016. Archived from the original on 24 August 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  120. ^ 上海市城市轨道交通近期建设规划调整方案通过批准. 中华人民共和国国家发展和改革委员会 (in Chinese). 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  121. ^ 上海市城市总体规划 (2017–2035年)图集 (PDF). 上海市人民政府 (in Chinese). January 2018. Retrieved 2020-03-23.

External links[edit]