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|Owner||Shanghai Municipal Government|
|Locale||Shanghai and Kunshan, Jiangsu|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||18[note 1]|
|Number of stations||467[note 2]|
|Daily ridership||10.63 million (2019 avg.)|
13.29 million (record)
|Annual ridership||3.880 billion (2019)|
|Began operation||28 May 1993|
|Number of vehicles||7,000+ revenue railcars|
|System length||743 km (461.7 mi)[note 3]|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Rail Transit|
|Commonly abbreviated as|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Subway|
The Shanghai Metro (Chinese: 上海地铁) is a rapid transit system in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban transit services to 14 of its 16 municipal districts[note 4] and to Huaqiao Town, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Opening in 1993 with full-scale construction extending back to 1986, the Shanghai Metro is the third-oldest rapid transit system in mainland China, after the Beijing Subway and the Tianjin Metro. It has seen substantial growth, significantly during the years leading up to the Expo 2010, and is still expanding quickly, with its most recent expansions having opened in January 2021. It is the biggest component of the Shanghai metropolitan rail transit network, together with the Shanghai maglev train, the Zhangjiang Tram, the Songjiang Tram, and the commuter rail Jinshan railway operated by China Railway Shanghai Group. The metro system is also integrated with other forms of public transport in Shanghai. A Shanghai Metro Museum is located near Ziteng Road station on line .
The Shanghai Metro system is the world's biggest metro system by route length, totaling 743 kilometres (462 mi).[note 3] It is also the second biggest by the number of stations with 381 stations on 18 lines.[note 1][note 2] It ranks second in the world by annual ridership with 3.88 billion rides delivered in 2019. The daily ridership record was set at 13.29 million on March 8, 2019. Over 10 million people use the system on an average workday.
On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan in Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to provide cross-provincial service and the second intercity metro after the Guangfo Metro. Further plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro system of Suzhou are under active review, with Suzhou Metro Line S1 connecting Shanghai Metro Line 11 and Suzhou Metro Line 3 under construction and projected to be completed by 2023. Ambitious expansion plans call for 25 lines with over 1,000 km (620 mi) of length by 2025. By then, every location in the central area of Shanghai will be within 600 m (2,000 ft) of a subway station.
Timeline of line openings
- May 28, 1993 – Southern section of Line Shanghai South Railway Station – Xujiahui) enters operation (4.37 km or 2.72 mi, 4 stations). (
- April 10, 1995 – Two segments on Line Jinjiang Park – Shanghai South Railway Station (1.63 km or 1.01 mi, 1 station) and Jinjiang Park – Shanghai Railway Station) (9.71 km or 6.03 mi, 8 stations), extending Line at both ends (11.34 km or 7.05 mi, 9 stations). Line operates between Xujiahui and Shanghai Railway Station, including the initial section, which opened 1993. Total length: 15.71 km or 9.76 mi, 13 stations. enter operation (
- December 28, 1996 – Southern extension to Line Xinzhuang – Jinjiang Park) enters operation (4.40 km or 2.73 mi, 3 stations). Total length: 20.11 km or 12.50 mi, 16 stations. (
- September 20, 1999 – Line Zhongshan Park – Longyang Road) enters operation (15.49 km or 9.63 mi, 12 stations). Total length: 35.60 km or 22.12 mi, 28 stations. (
- December 27, 2000 – An extension and a new line enters operation (24.10 km or 14.98 mi, 20 stations):
- November 25, 2003 – Line Xinzhuang – Minhang Development Zone) enters operation (16.55 km or 10.28 mi, 11 stations). Total length: 79.25 km or 49.24 mi, 59 stations. (
- December 28, 2004 – Northern extension to Line Shanghai Railway Station – Gongfu Xincun) enters operation (12.42 km or 7.72 mi, 9 stations). Total length: 91.67 km or 56.96 mi, 68 stations. (
- December 31, 2005 – Line Lancun Road and Damuqiao Road that was delayed due to a construction accident. Total length: 118.26 km or 73.48 mi, 90 stations. enters operation (26.59 km or 16.52 mi, 22 stations), except the section between
- December 18, 2006 – Northern extension to Line Jiangwan Town – North Jiangyang Road) enters operation (15.69 km or 9.75 mi, 10 stations). Total length: 133.95 km or 83.23 mi, 100 stations. (
- December 30, 2006 – Western extension to Line Songhong Road – Zhongshan Park) enters operation (5.94 km or 3.69 mi, 4 stations). Total length: 139.89 km or 86.92 mi, 104 stations. (
- December 29, 2007 – Two extensions and three new lines or sections enter operation on the same day (93.49 km or 58.09 mi, 66 stations):
- Second northern extension to Line Gongfu Xincun – Fujin Road) enters operations (4.23 km or 2.63 mi, 3 stations); (
- Delayed section of Line Lancun Road – Damuqiao Road), completing the loop, enters operations (7.22 km or 4.49 mi, 4 stations); (
- Line Gangcheng Road – South Lingyan Road) enters operation (31.00 km or 19.26 mi, 27 stations); (
- Line Shiguang Road – Yaohua Road) enters operation, except China Art Museum station (22.07 km or 13.71 mi, 20 stations); (
- Line Songjiang Xincheng – Guilin Road) enters operations (28.97 km or 18.00 mi, 12 stations).
Total length: 233.38 km or 145.02 mi, 170 stations. (
- December 28, 2008 – Line Guilin Road to Yishan Road, connecting with the rest of the metro network (1.68 km or 1.04 mi, 1 station). Total length: 235.06 km or 146.06 mi, 171 stations. is extended from
- July 5, 2009 – Southern extension to Line Yaohua Road – Shendu Highway) enters operation, except Oriental Sports Center station (14.66 km or 9.11 mi, 8 stations). Total length: 249.72 km or 155.17 mi, 179 stations. (
- December 5, 2009 – Line Shanghai University – Huamu Road) enters operation, except Houtan station (31.66 km or 19.67 mi, 26 stations). Total length: 281.38 km or 174.84 mi, 205 stations. (
- December 31, 2009 – An extension and a new line enters operation (41.63 km or 25.87 mi, 25 stations):
- The downtown section of Line Yishan Road – Century Avenue) enters operations (11.47 km or 7.13 mi, 9 stations); (
- First section of Line Jiangsu Road – North Jiading) enters operations, except Chenxiang Highway station (30.16 km or 18.74 mi, 16 stations).
Total length: 323.01 km or 200.71 mi, 230 stations. (
- February 24, 2010 – Short section of eastern extension of Line Longyang Road – Guanglan Road) enters operation (3.59 km or 2.23 mi, 2 stations). Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park station is rebuilt underground. Total length: 326.60 km or 202.94 mi, 232 stations. (
- March 16, 2010 – Second western extension to Line East Xujing – Songhong Road) enters operation, except Hongqiao Railway Station station (8.33 km or 5.18 mi, 2 stations), connecting Hongqiao Airport to the metro system. Total length: 334.93 km or 208.12 mi, 234 stations. (
- March 29, 2010 – Branch line of Line Jiading Xincheng – Anting) enters operation, except East Changji Road station (12.51 km or 7.77 mi, 3 stations). Total length: 347.44 km or 215.89 mi, 237 stations. (
- April 7, 2010 - Middle Yanggao Road opens on line (2.43 km or 1.51 mi, 1 station). Total length: 349.87 km or 217.40 mi, 238 stations.
- April 8, 2010 – Eastern extension to Line Guanglan Road – Pudong International Airport) enters operation (23.69 km or 14.72 mi, 8 stations), connecting the two airports. Total length: 373.56 km or 232.12 mi, 246 stations. (
- April 10, 2010 – Line Xinjiangwancheng – Hangzhong Road) enters operation (29.44 km or 18.29 mi, 27 stations). Shanghai Metro becomes the longest metro system in the world after 15 years of breakneck growth. Total length: 403.00 km or 250.41 mi, 273 stations. (
- April 20, 2010 – A temporary line and an infill station enters operation (4 km or 2.5 mi, 4 stations):
- July 1, 2010 – with the opening of Hongqiao railway station, its metro station of the same name on Line enters operation (1 station). Total length: 407.00 km or 252.90 mi, 278 stations.
- November 2, 2010 – With the end of the Shanghai Expo, the Expo section of Line suspends service, to be reopened when the rest of the line is completed (−4 km or −2.5 mi, -3 stations). Total length:403.00 km or 250.41 mi, 275 stations.
- November 30, 2010 – Branch section of Line Longxi Road – Hongqiao Railway Station) enters operation (5.48 km or 3.41 mi, 4 stations), connecting the two terminals of Hongqiao Airport. Total length: 408.48 km or 253.82 mi, 279 stations. (
- December 28, 2010 – The northern extension to Line Shanghai University – Meilan Lake) enters operation, except Panguang Road, Liuhang and Qihua Road station (11.47 km or 7.13 mi, 3 stations). Total length: 420.22 km or 261.11 mi, 282 stations. (
- April 12, 2011 – Oriental Sports Center station opens adding an infill station on Line and extending Line extends (1.54 km or 0.96 mi, 1 station).
Allowing the Shanghai Metro to reach 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 284 stations.
- April 26, 2011 – Line East Changji Road station opens (1 station). Total length: 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 285 stations.
- June 30, 2011 – Panguang Road and Liuhang Stations on Line open (2 stations). Total length: 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 287 stations.
- September 28, 2012 – China Art Museum station on Line opens (1 station). Total length: 421.76 km or 262.07 mi, 288 stations.
- December 30, 2012 – An extension and a new line enters operation (14.26 km or 8.86 mi, 8 stations):
- The southern extension of Line Songjiang South Railway Station – Songjiang Xincheng) enters operation (5.15 km or 3.20 mi, 3 stations); (
- The first phase of Line Jinyun Road – Jinshajiang Road) enters operation, except South Qilianshan Road station and Daduhe Road station (9.11 km or 5.66 mi, 5 stations). Total length: 436.02 km or 270.93 mi, 296 stations. (
- June 15, 2013 – South Qilianshan Road station on Line opens (1 station). Total length: 436.02 km or 270.93 mi, 297 stations.
- August 31, 2013 – The second phase of Line Jiangsu Road – Luoshan Road) enters operation, except Yanyu Road (21.73 km or 13.50 mi, 12 stations). Total length: 463.43 km or 287.96 mi, 309 stations. (
- October 16, 2013 – The branch extension of Line Anting – Huaqiao) enters operation (5.68 km or 3.53 mi, 3 stations). Shanghai Metro is extended into Jiangsu province, and becomes the first inter-provincial Chinese rapid transit system and second intercity system. Total length: 469.11 km or 291.49 mi, 312 stations. (
- December 29, 2013 – An extension and a new line enters operation (68.47 km or 42.55 mi, 26 stations):
- The eastern section of Line Tiantong Road – Jinhai Road) enters operation (17.71 km or 11.00 mi, 15 stations); (
- Line Luoshan Road – Dishui Lake) enters operation (50.76 km or 31.54 mi, 11 stations).
Shanghai’s subway network retook the title of longest in the world. Total length: 537.58 km or 334.04 mi, 338 stations. (
- May 10, 2014 – Line Qufu Road station (1.04 km or 0.65 mi, 1 station). Total length: 538.62 km or 334.68 mi, 339 stations. extension to
- July 22, 2014 – Qihua Road station on Line opens (1 station). Total length: 538.62 km or 334.68 mi, 340 stations.
- November 1, 2014 – Daduhe Road station on Line opens (1 station). Total length: 538.62 km or 334.68 mi, 341 stations.
- December 28, 2014 – Two extensions enter operation (10.18 km or 6.33 mi, 5 stations):
- December 19, 2015 – Three extensions enter operation (34.62 km or 21.51 mi, 27 stations):
- Extension to Line Luoshan Road – Kangxin Highway) enters operation (4.11 km or 2.55 mi, 2 stations); (
- Extension to Line Qufu Road – Qixin Road) enters operation (20.74 km or 12.89 mi, 16 stations); (
- Extension to Line Changshou Road – Shibo Avenue) enters operation (9.78 km or 6.08 mi, 9 stations).
Total length: 583.42 km or 362.52 mi, 373 stations. (
- April 26, 2016 – Disney Resort station on Line enters operation (5.08 km or 3.16 mi, 1 station). Total length: 588.50 km or 365.68 mi, 374 stations.
- December 30, 2017 – An extension and a new line enters operation (48.82 km or 30.34 mi, 22 stations):
- March 31, 2018 – Pujiang line (Shendu Highway – Huizhen Road) enters operation (6.60 km or 4.10 mi, 6 stations). Total length: 643.92 km or 400.11 mi, 402 stations.
- December 30, 2018 – Two extensions enters operation (32.42 km or 20.14 mi, 20 stations):
- August 25, 2020 – Chenxiang Highway station on Line opens (1 station). Total length: 676.34 km or 420.26 mi, 423 stations.
- December 26, 2020 – An extension and a new line enters operation (25.07 km or 15.58 mi, 14 stations):
- January 23, 2021 – Line Guilin Road station (41.22 km or 25.61 mi, 29 stations). Shanghai retook the title of longest metro system in the world. Total length: 742.63 km or 461.45 mi, 466 stations. enters operation, except
- June 27, 2021 – Guilin Road station on Line opens (1 station), making the station an interchange station with Line . Total length: 742.63 km or 461.45 mi, 467 stations.
Historical system length and number of stations
|Source: see Timeline of line openings above. Note: 2021 includes opening of line 14 (38.18km) and remaining section of phase I of Line 18 (21.45km) to be opened before the end of the year. Current system length is 742.63km.|
|Source: see Timeline of line openings above. Note: 2021 includes opening of line 14 (31 stations) and remaining section of phase I of Line 18 (18 stations) to be opened before the end of the year. Current number of station is 467|
|Source: Data 2005-2019 and Data 2020|
|Source: Data 2005-2019 and Data 2020|
|Peak passenger numbers over time (thousands)[a]|
|25 Sep 2015||1 Jan 2016||1 April 2016[b]||3 March 2017||10 March 2017||17 March 2017||28 April 2017||9 March 2018[c]||14 March 2018||8 March 2019[d]|
- See Shanghai Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway for future commuter rail services .
There are currently 18 lines in operation, with Lines and services are denoted numerically as well as by characteristic colors, which are used as a visual aid for better distinction on station signage and on the exterior of trains, in the form of a colored block or belt.
Most tracks in the Shanghai Metro system are served by a single service; thus "Line X" usually refers both to the physical line and its service. The only exception is the segment shared by Lines 3 and 4, between Hongqiao Road station and Baoshan Road station, where both services use the same tracks and platforms.
Partial service patterns
Partial service patterns exist on Lines 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15 and 17. Partial services serve only a (usually busier) sub-segment of the entire physical line.
Up to April 19, 2019 when 8-car train started serving the whole Line 2 in a regular schedule,. the east section of Line 2 was served b ya 4-car fleet. Line 2 had a piecewise service pattern during morning peak hours whereby the suburban segment between Guanglan Road station and Pudong International Airport station is partially served by a 4-car fleet in addition to the regular 8-car fleet serving the whole line. Already since 28 December 2018, during off-peak times, an 8-car fleet from East Xujing or Songhong Road station may terminate at Pudong International Airport station, but most trains still terminate at Guanglan Road station or Tangzhen (only during peak hours).
Line 11, one of the three branch lines of the metro system, operates a different partial service pattern. Trains travelling to and from the branch line terminate at Huaqiao Station and Sanlin respectively. Hence, a passenger who wants to travel from the terminus of the branch to the eastern terminus of the line, at Disney Resort must change trains.
Line 16, unlike the rest of the system, is built with passing loops and operates a rush-hour express service. The service was postponed on January 30, 2014, due to lack of available trains, but resumed on March 21, 2016.
During peak hours headways differ between 1 minutes and 50 seconds on Line 9 and 6 minutes on Line 18. Lines in the inner ring have headways under two and a half minutes during peak hours. Outside the inner ring, outside peak hours and in the weekend headways take longer. In the evening (after approximately 20:00-21:00) headways are longer.
The operating hours for most Shanghai metro stations starts between 5:00 to 6:00 in the morning and ends between 22:30 to 23:00 CST. In February 2017 (Shanghai Metro) announced that by April 1, 2017, the operating hours of Line 1, 2, and 7, 8, 9, and 10 will be extended by an hour after the regular last train on each Friday, Saturday and last working days before Chinese Public Holidays. This will be extended to Lines 3, 4, 6, 11, 12 and 13 by July 1, 2017. By the end of 2018, all the stations in the city center will extend their operating hours after midnight. Also, there will be two trains taking passengers from Hongqiao Railway Station after normal operation time and only stop at several stations, which always happens on the last day of a vacation, e.g. Labor Day, National Day, etc.
Riders are subject to searches of their persons and belongings at all stations by security inspectors using metal detectors, X-Ray machines. Items banned from public transportation such as "guns, ammunition, knives, explosives, flammable and radioactive materials, and toxic chemicals" are subject to confiscation.
Stations are equipped with closed-circuit television. Police do for example use it to arrest pickpockets caught on CCTV.
Smoking is strictly prohibited in the metro premises, Bicycles (including folding bike), pets (include cats, dogs etc.) are not allowed in the station. The use skateboards, roller skates and other equipment is not allowed in station and carriage.
Since 1 April 2020 there is a national ban on "Uncivilized Behavior" on China's Subways, which also includes conduct rules cracking down on bad subway etiquette, such as stepping on seats, lying down on a bench or floor and playing music or videos out loud. It also bans eating and drinking on subway cars nationwide, with exceptions for infants and people with certain medical conditions.
Platform screen doors
Almost all stations, except most of the elevated sections and sections of Line 2 from Songhong Road to Longyang Road, have platform screen doors with sliding acrylic glass at the platform edge. The train stops with its doors lined-up with the sliding doors on the platform edge and open when the train doors open, and are closed at other times. These screens are also being retrofitted on existing lines, starting with Line 1 whose core stations had doors by the end of 2006. On part of Line 2 and most of the elevated sections, the platform has sliding safety doors that reach only halfway up from the ground called Automatic platform gates. Line 5 is the exception, where they have not yet installed platform screen doors.
Platform screen door fatal incident
On 5 July 2010 at the Zhongshan Park station a woman died after trying to crowd into a subway train as the doors were closing. With her wrist trapped in the train doors, she was dragged between the train and the platform screen doors when the train started moving.
Passenger information systems
Plasma screens on the platforms show passengers when the next two trains are coming, along with advertisements and public service announcements. The subway cars contain LCD screens showing advertisements and on some lines, the next stop, while above-ground trains have LED screens showing the next stop. The LED screens are being phased in on Line 1 and are also included in lines 7 and 9, two underground lines. There are recorded messages stating the next stop in Mandarin, English, and (on lines 16 an 17 only) Shanghainese, but the messages stating nearby attractions or shops for a given station (a form of paid advertising) are in Mandarin only. The metro operating company is resistant to expanding use of Shanghainese for announcing stops, on the basis that, on most lines, the majority of passengers can understand either Mandarin or English.
All trains in the Shanghai Metro display destinations in Simplified Chinese and English, and make announcements in Standard Mandarin, English, and (on lines 16 and 17 only) Shanghainese in order to indicate next stations, directions, and partial/full-length service patterns.
There is cellular phone network coverage in stations and generally during the ride. In 2020 all stations were provided coverage of the 5G network. Free WiFi is provided. To use it, connect to the network 花生地铁WiFi and (iPhone) type in your phone number, get a text message with the verification code or (Android) download the app in the browser, put your phone number, click the button to receive your code.
There are toilets for passengers in more than 90% metro stations in Shanghai. Passengers could use these toilets free of charge.
Shanghai’s subway system is wheelchair accessible, with elevators at all stations. However, elevators can be difficult to locate at the street level.
There are two types of transfer stations: physical transfer stations and transit-card only ones. In a physical transfer station, passengers can transfer between subway lines without exiting a fare zone. In a transit-card only transfer station, however, passengers have to exit and re-enter fare zones as they transfer from one subway line to another as there is no direct pathway between them within the paid fare area. Since June 1, 2008, in order to receive a discounted fare, passengers must use a Shanghai public transport card (SPTC). Passengers must exit a station and re-enter another within 30 minutes using the same Shanghai public transport card. Those using single-ride tickets cannot use virtual transfers and must purchase a new ticket. The current virtual interchanges are:[f]
- Changqing Road is a virtual interchange station between Line 7 and Line 13.
- Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 is a virtual interchange station between Line 2 and Line 10. However, Line 2 trains bound for Pudong International Airport and Line 10 trains bound for Xinjiangwancheng share an island platform. The middle island platform of the station opened in 30 December 2017, so that passengers may transfer from downtown Line 2 and Line 10 trains by walking through the middle island platform.
- Shanghai Railway Station is a virtual interchange station between Line 1 and Line 3 / Line 4, but Line 3 and Line 4 share the same platforms and the transfer between Lines 3 and 4 can be made by simply waiting for the next train to arrive at the platform.
- West Nanjing Road is a virtual interchange station among Line 2, Line 12 and Line 13.
- Loushanguan Road is a virtual interchange station between Line 2 and Line 15. An underground passage is currently under construction.
Of note there are two different stations both known as Pudian Road on Line 4 and 6, but these two stations are not connected and direct interchange is not possible.
The busiest station in Shanghai Metro system is People's Square (Lines 1, 2 and 8). As the interchange station for three lines, it is extremely crowded during peak hours. It remains busy during the rest of the day as it is located near major shopping and tourist destinations such as East Nanjing Road, a pedestrian street, as well as the Shanghai Museum, People's Park, the Shanghai Grand Theatre and Yan'an Park on People's Square. It has the second largest number of exits (totalling 17) in the stations of the metro system.
Xujiahui (Lines 1, 9 and 11) is located in the major Xujiahui commercial center of Shanghai. Six large shopping malls and eight large office towers are each within a three-minute walk of one of the station's exits, numbering a total of 18 since the addition of the four in the Line 9 part of the station that opened in December 2009. This is the largest number of exits of all the stations on the system. This station is also widely used as a pedestrian tunnel across the wide roads.
Lujiazui (Line 2) is the major station in Pudong area. It is situated in the heart of Lujiazui financial district, the financial center of Shanghai. The city's iconic landmarks, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai Tower and Shanghai World Financial Centre are all within walking distance of the station. In contrast to Xujiahui and People's Square, Lujiazui is not particularly busy during off-peak hours or on weekends as it is located in financial district of Shanghai. Line 14, expected to open in 2020, will pass Lujiazui and provide transfer as well.
Shanghai Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 4) is a major transportation hub in Shanghai, containing the railway station, two subway lines and the stop for many city bus lines as well as interprovincial buses. These bus lines will soon be housed in a brand-new bus station. The line 1 platform is in the South square while platforms for line 3/4 are in the North square. These two platforms are technically separate stations, so interchange is only possible between lines 3/4. A transfer to the line 1 platform requires a SPTC or a new ticket.
Century Avenue (Lines 2, 4, 6 and 9) is the largest interchange station in the Shanghai Metro system, and the first station in mainland China to offer an interchange between four metro or subway lines.
Pudong International Airport (Line 2) is the eastern terminus of Line 2. It serves the airport of the same name in Shanghai. The station also provides a transfer with the Shanghai maglev train to Longyang Road.
Hongqiao Railway Station (Lines 2, 10 and 17), Hongqiao Airport Terminal 1 (Line 10) and Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 (Lines 2 and 10) are metro stations located in the Hongqiao transportation hub, composed of the Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Both Hongqiao Airport stations are directly linked with the airport, offering many domestic and limited international flights, and the Hongqiao Railway metro station is directly linked with the train station. The airport and railway stations themselves offer a zero-distance transfer.
Like many other metro systems in the world (Shanghai Metro) uses a distance-based fare system. The system uses a "one-ticket network", which means that interchanging is possible between all interchange stations, given that the transfer staying within the Shanghai Metro system, without the purchase of another ticket where available, excluding some stations where transferring to another line at said station requires leaving the Fare Zone (i.e. the area extending from the platform to the entry/exit gates) which mandates a Single-Journey Ticket be used before entering that of another line, requiring the purchase of another Single-Journey Ticket (Shanghai Public Transport Cards are exempt as they are not consumed upon exit). The Shanghai Public Transport Card, which allows access to most public transport in Shanghai under one card, is another form of payment. The system supports Alipay, WeChat Pay and Union Pay, three of the most commonly used mobile payment methods in China.
A pass for unlimited travel within the metro system for either 24 or 72 hours is offered. This pass is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.
- A one-day pass priced at 18 yuan. This pass was introduced on 24 April 2010 for the Expo 2010 held in Shanghai.
- A three-day pass priced at 45 yuan. This pass was available since 8 March 2012.
- The base fare is 3 yuan (RMB) for journeys under 6 km, then 1 yuan for each additional 10 km. As of December 2017, the highest fare is 15 yuan (travel between Oriental Land to Dishui Lake, the farthest distance at present).
0 ~ 3 km
6 ~ 16 km
16 ~ 26 km
26 ~ 36 km
36 ~ 46 km
46 ~ 56 km
56 ~ 66 km
66 ~ 76 km
76 ~ 86 km
86 ~ 96 km
96 ~ 106 km
106 ~ 116 km
- Shortest route calculated as multiple route available between any entry-exit stations.
- Travel time limit is 4 hour. Additional lowest single journey fare (3 yuan) is required if time limit is exceeded.
- For journeys exclusively from Xinzhuang Station to People's Square Station, the fare is 4 yuan, though the distance between People's Square Station and Xinzhuang Station is about 17.8 km (11.1 mi).
Single-Journey tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines, and at some stations, at a ticket window. Single-ride tickets are embedded with RFID contactless chips. When entering the system riders tap the ticket against a scanner above the turnstile, and when they exit they insert the ticket into a slot where it is stored and recycled. This ticket does not facilitate transfers at a virtual interchange station. Passengers would have to purchase a new ticket when reentering the fare gate.
Shanghai Public Transportation Card
In addition to a Single-Ride ticket, the fare can be paid using a Shanghai public transport card (Jiaotong Yikatong), which is similar to the Octopus card of Hong Kong's MTR. This RFID-embedded card can be purchased at selected banks, convenience stores and metro stations with a 20-yuan deposit. This card can be loaded at ticket booths, Service Centers at the metro stations as well as many small convenience stores and banks throughout the city. The Shanghai Public Transportation Card can also be used to pay for other forms of transportation, such as taxi or bus.
Discounts for SPTC holderss
- Users of the Shanghai public transport card get a 10% discount for the rest of the calendar month after paying 70 yuan in taking metro, e.g. a passenger has paid 67 Yuan on metro tickets through SPTC this calendar month, and next time he will only pay 2.7 yuan for his next 3-yuan ticket in this calendar month. The discount is applied only for journeys after the payment; it is not retroactively applied to previous journeys.
- Users of the Shanghai public transport card as part of the "Air-conditioned Bus Transfer Discount" get a 1 yuan discount when transferring to the metro within 90 minutes. (The 10% monthly discount may be applied after the transfer discount) This discount also applies for a bus to Metro and bus to bus transfers and can accumulate over multiple transfers. For example, to get from Zhenbei Rd/Meichuan Rd to Xiuyan Rd/Hunan Rd would normally cost 8 yuan each way (947 buses to line 4 to 451 bus) but only costs 6 RMB with the card (947 buses discounted transfer to line 4, discounted transfer to 451 bus). Depending on the time spent at the destination the discount will be applied at the start of the return trip as well, making the cost of a round-trip 11 yuan instead of the 16 yuan that would normally be charged without the card.
Passengers can also pay their Shanghai Metro fares using a mobile phone app, Daduhui (Metro Metropolis in English) since January 2018. The app requires one to scan a QR code when entering the fare gate at the origin station and again when exiting at the destination station. The fare is then deducted. 
Previous fare schemes
- Before 15 September 2005 the shortest rides had a fare of 2 yuan. This was increased by 1 yuan in order to relieve the overcrowded metro network (with a daily ridership of 1.3 million people in 2004). Rides longer than 28km had their prices either remained the same or dropped by 1 or 2 yuan. These price changes were meant to encourage more people to take the bus, particularly during rush hour as about 30% of rush-hour passengers and 38% of the total passengers use the subways for short trips. However, the metro fare increase seems to have had little effect. In November 2005 a discount scheme of 10% after 70 yuan was introduced to benefit long distance passengers. Since 2005, despite the rise in income and living standards, the price has remained the same.
- Until 26 December 2020 there was for journeys exclusively on the 1st Phase of Line 5 (Xinzhuang – Minhang Development Zone) a reduced fare is 2 yuan for journeys under 6 km and all other journeys on the line were 3 yuan (though the total length of this section is a bit longer than 16 km). This was not applied once passengers interchange to other lines, e.g. fare for passengers from Xinzhuang to Chunshen Road was 2 Yuan, while fare for passengers from Waihuanlu to Chunshen Road was 3 Yuan.
Standard gauge is used throughout the network, allowing new train equipment to be transported over the Chinese rail network which uses the same gauge.
On Line 2, Siemens Transportation Systems equipped the line with an overhead contact line (cantilever material: galvanized steel) and 7 DC traction power supply substations.
There are currently over 7000 revenue railcars in the Shanghai metro system. The train fleet reached 1000 cars in 2007, 2000 cars in 2012, and 3000 cars in 2016. The 4000th car was delivered on December 17, 2016, the 5000th car was delivered on July 20, 2018. The 7000th car was delivered on December 25, 2020.
Train sets used in the system include:
- 134 Bombardier Movia 456 six car sets (09A01, 09A02, 07A01 and 12A01) – Lines 9, 7 and 12
- 53 Alstom Metropolis eight car sets (Coded as 01A05) – Line 1, (Coded as 02A02) – Line 2
- 17 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (05C01) – Line 5 (Branch)
- 21 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (06C01) – Line 6
- 28 Alstom Metropolis six car sets (08C01) – Line 8
- 29 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. four car sets (AC14) – Line 6
- 38 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. seven car sets (AC15) – Line 8
- 28 Alstom Metropolis six car sets (03A01) – Line 3
- 94 Siemens & CSR Zhuzhou six car sets (AC05, AC16) – Line 4 and 11
- 41 Shanghai Electric-Alstom/Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. six car sets – Line 10
- 33 Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works six car sets – Line 13
- 46 Siemens & CSR Zhuzhou three car sets – Two sets are coupled to form a six car train – Line 16
- 26 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (03A02 and 04A02) – Lines 3 and 4
- 17 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (09A03) – Line 9
- 16 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (11A02, 11A03) – Line 11
- APM 300 four car sets – Pujiang line
- 33 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (05C02) – Line 5 (Main)
- 28 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (17A01) – Line 17
- 17 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (09A03) – Line 9
- 54 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (15A01) – Line 15
- 50 CSR Zhuzhou six car sets (18A01)- Line 18
Train sets to be used in the future include:
- 49 CRRC Nanjing Puzhen Ltd. eight car sets – Line 14
Most lines currently use 6 car sets, with the exceptions being:
- The Minhang Developing Zone branch of Line 5, Line 6 and Pujiang Line, which uses 4 car sets. 
- Most trains on Line 8 use 7 car sets.
- Line 1 and Line 2 use 8 car sets.
Signalling and telecommunication
In the beginning lines lines were built in an era where moving block systems were expensive and China had no experience with them. Therefore, lines 1-5 had fixed block systems with headways were at least 2.5 minutes. Lines 1, 2, and 5 have updated there system to equip with CBTC. All Shanghai Metro lines -except line 3/4 currently undergoing an upgrade- are equipped with CBTC systems capable of headways as low as 90 seconds.
|Level of automation||Lines|
|GoA2 (Grade-of-Automation 2)[g]|
|GoA3 (Grade-of-Automation 3)[h]||Shanghai Pudong Airport APM|
|GoA4 (Grade-of-Automation 4)[i]|
Lines 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 use THALES SelTrac and lines 10, 12, 13, 16 use ALSTOM Urbalis.
- December 22, 2009—at about 5:50 am, an electrical fault in the tunnel between South Shaanxi Road station and People's Square station caused a few trains to stall. While the track was under repair, a low-speed collision occurred between two trains on Line 1, trapping scores of passengers underground for up to two hours and affecting millions of early commuters. Nobody was injured, but the front of the train was badly damaged. Service resumed at around 12:15 pm.
- September 27, 2011—at 2:51 pm, two trains on Line 10 collided between Yuyuan Garden station and Laoximen station, injuring 284–300 people. Initial investigations found that train operators violated regulations while operating the trains manually after a loss of power on the line caused its signal system to fail. No deaths were reported.
Shanghai metro started building solar plants since 2013 and the process has been accelerated since 2019, with plans to build rooftop solar plants with a total electricity generation capacity of 30 to 50 megawatts between 2021 and 2025. In 2021 it had 10 existing rooftop solar plants.
The Shanghai Metro system is one of the fastest-growing metro systems in the world. As of 2019, Shanghai has more than 120 km (75 mi) of metro under construction. By the end of 2021, the network will comprise 19 lines (Lines 1–18 and Pujiang Line) spanning 804 kilometres (500 mi). In addition, a line is under construction in Suzhou to connect the Shanghai Metro with the Suzhou Rail Transit in neighbouring Jiangsu province in 2023.
|lines under construction/approved/planned|
|Planned opening date||Route||Name||Terminals||Length (km)||Stations||Status||Notes|
|2021||Fengbang||Guiqiao Road||38.5||31||Under construction|||
|1st phase remaining section||South Changjiang Road||Yuqiao||21.8||18|
|2024||3rd phase western extension||East Xujing||Panxiang Road||1.7||1|
|Western extension||Oriental Land||Xicen||6.6||1|
|2025||Western extension||Jinyun Road||Zhuguang Road||9.8||5|
|2nd phase||Dakang Road||South Changjiang Road||8.1||6|||
|1st phase||Jinji Road||Changxing Island||22.4||5|
|2026||1st phase||Dongjing Road||Liuchen Road||28||18||Approved|
|1st phase||Shanghai Stadium||Minhang Development Zone||28.6||22|
|Before 2030||2nd phase||Changxing Island||Yu'an||20.4||3|
|Western extension||Xinzhuang||Humin Road||1.2||1|||
|Western extension||Qixin Road||Dongjing||15.6||4|
|Southern extension||Zizhu Hi-tech Park||Wangyuan Road||11|
|Shanghai North Railway Station||Xingmei Road||44.5||32|
|1st phase||Jinchang Road||Gongqing Forest Park||19.8||16|
|Southern extension||Pudong International Airport||Pudong Airport Terminal 3||4||1||Planned|||
|Southern extension Reserved||Fengxian Xincheng||Pingzhuang Highway||3.5||1|||
|Extension 3rd phase eastern section||Caolu||Caolu Railway Station||3||1|
|2nd phase||Liuchen Road||Pudong Airport Terminal 3||14.0||4||Further Planning|
|Further Planning||2nd phase||Gongqing Forest Park||Zhouhai Road|
|3rd phase||Dongjing Road||Wusong Cruise Terminal|
|2nd phase||Minhang Development Zone||Chedun|
|2nd Loop Line||42||30|
- This figure excludes the Maglev line and Jinshan railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
- 458 is the number of stations if interchanges on different lines are counted separately, with the exception of the 9 stations shared by Lines 3 and 4 on the same track. There are 371 unique stations (if interchanges on different lines are counted only once); MTA New York City Subway is the system with the most unique stations, namely 424 stations. The stations on the Maglev line and Jinshan railway are not included.
- This figure excludes the Maglev line and Jinshan railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system. If the Maglev line is included, the length of the network is 772 km (479.7 mi).
- as of December 2018[update], only Jinshan and Chongming districts are not served.
- A "*" indicates single line record high
- Thomb Sweeping Day
- Women's Day leisure shopping
- Women's Day leisure shopping
- indicates interchange within the Shanghai Metro network, ``Other`` indicates interchange with other public transport mode.
- In some cases, virtual interchanges in place during a period of construction were superseded by physical interchanges at the completion of the construction. For example, Hongkou Football Stadium station was previously a virtual interchange between Line 3 and Line 8. Another previously virtual interchange was South Shaanxi Road station between Line 1 and Line 10; after the opening of an extension of line 12 to the station in December 2015 transfers among all three lines became a physical interchange.
- In a Grade-of-Automation 2 (GoA2) system, trains run automatically from station to station but a driver is in the cab, with responsibility for door closing, obstacle detection on the track in front of the train and handling of emergency situations. As in a GoA3 system, the GoA2 train cannot operate safely without the staff member on board.
- In a Grade-of-Automation 3 (GoA3) system, trains run automatically from station to station but a staff member is always in the train, with responsibility for handling of emergency situations. In a GoA3 system, the train cannot operate safely without the staff member on board.
- In a Grade-of-Automation 4 (GoA4) system, trains are capable of operating automatically at all times, including door closing, obstacle detection and emergency situations. On-board staff may be provided for other purposes, e.g. customer service, but are not required for safe operation. Controls are often provided to drive the train manually in the event of a computer failure.
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