Shanghai Science and Technology Museum

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Shanghai Science and Technology Museum
上海科技馆
Shanghai - Shanghai Science and Technology Museum Exterior Photo.jpg
A view of the exterior of the museum.
Established18 December 2001[1]
Location2000 Century Avenue, Pudong, Shanghai, People's Republic of China[2]
Public transit accessSSTM Station on Line 2 of the Shanghai Metro[2]
Websitewww.sstm.org.cn (in Chinese)
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum Plaza Surrounding.jpg
Chinese上海科技

Shanghai Science and Technology Museum is a large museum in Pudong, Shanghai, close to Century Park, the largest park within the inner districts of the city.[3] It is one of China's most-visited museums.

History[edit]

Russian & US presidents Vladimir Putin and George W. Bush at the 2001 APEC meeting
Shanghainese students at the SSTM during Barack Obama's visit

Century Square was built in 1995,[4] and the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum was planned for its western side as a key project for popularizing science in the Yangtze Delta region.[5] As part of the Huamu Civic Center, it was also intended to help drive Pudong's continued development away from Lujiazui and other neighborhoods along the banks of the Huangpu River.[6] The museum completed its conference and meeting halls in time to host the APEC Leaders' Meeting on 20 & 21 October 2001,[7] receiving Chinese paramount leader Jiang Zemin, Russian president Vladimir Putin, and US president George W. Bush.

The Science and Technology Museum completed its first phase of construction and opened its exhibits to the general public on 18 December 2001.[5] Its initial themes were the harmony of nature, mankind, and technology (Chinese: 自然··科技, Zìrán, Rén, Kējì) and its first five exhibition halls were devoted to "Heaven and Earth", "Life", "Wisdom", "Creativity", and "the Future".[8]

The second phase of the project opened in May 2005, at which time it was the first science and technology museum authenticated to meet ISO 9000/14000 quality and environmental standards.[5] Between its opening and 2010, it attracted 19.5 million visitors.[5] The children's area and Light of Wisdom exhibition were renovated from January to May 2010,[9] ahead of the Shanghai World Expo held that year. Initially named a AAAA-rated tourist attraction by the CNTA,[5] the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum has since been upgraded to AAAAA status.[10] US president Barack Obama held a town hall meeting with Shanghainese students at the Science and Technology Museum on 16 November 2009 during his state visit.

Administration[edit]

The SSTM is not a purely public institution, but a foundation under public administration funded by private businesses in Shanghai. These include the Pudong Development Bank, the Shanghai Science and Technology Investment Corporation, Beijing Zhijin Venture Capital, and Top Group.[11] The foundation also administers other scientific museums in Shanghai, such as the Shanghai Natural History Museum and the upcoming Shanghai Planetarium.

Architecture[edit]

The original design of the museum was managed by Shanghai-based Creative Star Digital, who planned it to accommodate 2–3 million visitors per year.[citation needed] It cost 3.75 billion RMB[1] ($180 million)[12] with an investment of 1,755 billion RMB.[citation needed][clarification needed] The museum building is an ascending spiral rising from one to five floors,[12] intended to symbolize scientific and technological progress.[5] The enormous glass sphere at its center denotes the rise of life out of water.[5] Its grounds cover an area of 6.8 hectares (17 acres),[5][12] with a floor space of 98,000 square meters (1,050,000 sq ft).[5] 65,500 square meters (705,000 sq ft) of this is used for the exhibition space.[citation needed] The museum's HVAC was digitized and advanced enough for its time that it was once considered for a separate exhibit of its own.[7]

As part of Pudong's Huamu Civic Center, the museum building helps anchor the southern end of the district's principal thoroughfare Century Avenue,[6] facing onto the 250,000-square-meter (2,700,000 sq ft) Century Square, with its underground shopping area and subway station.[4] Century Park lies nearby and, together, the complex has helped rebrand the district and encourage luxury housing developments in the surrounding area.[6]

Exhibitions[edit]

A pianist in the "World of Robots" exhibition.
Part of the "Home on Earth" exhibition.
Part of the "Information Era" exhibition.

The museum is dedicated to the popularization of science,[5] with an intended theme of the harmony[8] of "Nature, Mankind, and Technology".[5] Like the overall building design, the original exhibits were designed by Creative Star Digital.[citation needed]

It has 14 main permanent exhibitions and 4 science-themed cinemas.[10] The exhibitions are:

  1. Spectrum of Life: A natural exhibit which imitates the scenery of Yunnan Province and displays its diversity of creatures.[13]
  2. Earth Exploration
  3. Cradle of Design[citation needed] or Designers[5][10] where visitors can use CAD/CAM to design and build small things[12]
  4. Children's Rainbow Land[a]
  5. Light of Wisdom
  6. Home on Earth
  7. Information Era
  8. World of Robots
  9. Light of Exploration is an exhibit which showcases human scientific achievements of the 20th century.[14]
  10. Human and Health
  11. Space Navigation
  12. World of Animals[b]
  13. Spiders Exhibition[b]

The Chinese Ancient Science and Technology Gallery[5] showcases ancient Chinese inventions and works. The Explorers' Gallery[10] features Chinese and foreign explorers. The Academicians' Gallery features contemporary scientists from China,[5] particularly Shanghai.[1]

There was previously also an "Audio-Visual Discovery Paradise",[5] s small-scale hydroelectric power station, a 700 square meters (7,500 sq ft) rain forest, an aviary, an aquarium, and an earthquake center including a motive platform with video allowing visitors to experience simulated tremors.[12] The exhibitions are intended to "represent cutting-edge scientific development" using "innovative and unique exhibition methods"[5] but many have not been updated since their installation. This behavior is common in China, where museums often subcontract all their exhibits' designs to private firms without any longterm arrangement to maintain or update them.[15]

There are also two temporary exhibition halls.

The museum opened with 2 IMAX cinemas.[12] With the later addition of another two, the cineplex is the largest dedicated to science education in Asia, with 10,000 showtimes each year.[10] They are:[1]

  1. IMAX 3D Theater[c]
  2. IMAX Dome Theater
  3. IWERKS Theater
  4. Space Theater

Hours of Operation[edit]

The museum is open from 09:00 to 17:15. It is closed on Mondays (except holidays).[2]

Transportation[edit]

A view north towards Century Avenue, showing the subway station entrances on either side of the plaza in front of the SSTM

The Shanghai Science and Technology Museum Station is a stop on Line 2 of the Shanghai Metro. Pudian Rd. Station on Line 4 is also within walking distance. The site also has a bus stop served by several routes, including Routes 794 and 640.[2]

Popular media[edit]

The promotional video for the Shanghai World Expo in 2010 shot several scenes on location in and around the Science and Technology Museum. Its futuristic appearance has made it a common setting for Chinese media.

There are many scenes filmed at the museum in the Chinese movie Kung Fu Dunk, starring Jay Chou. The Indian movie Chandni Chowk to China also filmed some scenes at the SSTM.

The museum was the pit stop for leg 10 of the TV series The Amazing Race 16.[16]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Originally, "Technoland",[12] "Children's Science Park", [5] or "Children's Science Land".[10]
  2. ^ a b Originally called the "Animal Hall" and considered a "special exhibition"[5] but now permanent.
  3. ^ Formerly, the "Large-Format Theater".[5]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Introduction
  2. ^ a b c d 上海科技馆参观资讯 (in Chinese)
  3. ^ 世纪公园-上海旅游景点 Archived 2011-11-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in Chinese) "Century Park is the largest natural park setting within the Inner Ring Road in Shanghai."
  4. ^ a b Zhu (2013).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Enc. Shang. (2010).
  6. ^ a b c Sha & al. (2014).
  7. ^ a b Tom (2002), p. 38.
  8. ^ a b Tom (2002), p. 37.
  9. ^ SFLS (2014).
  10. ^ a b c d e f Pudong (2017).
  11. ^ Varutti (2014), p. 46.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Tom (2002), p. 36.
  13. ^ Spectrum of Life
  14. ^ Light of Exploration
  15. ^ Varutti (2014), p. 47.
  16. ^ The Amazing Race in Shanghai

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Shanghai Science & Technology Museum", The Encyclopedia of Shanghai, Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, 2010, p. 332.
  • "Attractions: Shanghai Science & Technology Museum", Official site, Shanghai Pudong New Area Government, 19 July 2017.
  • "An Unforgettable and Joyful Visit to Shanghai Science & Technology Museum", Official site, Suzhou: Suzhou Foreign Language School, 2014.
  • Sha Yongjie; et al. (2014), "Case Study 09: Civic Centre Complex: Huamu Civic Centre Area", Shanghai Urbanism at the Medium Scale, Heidelberg: Springer Geography, pp. 57–9.
  • Tom, Steve (Oct 2002), "Shanghai Technology Museum" (PDF), ASHRAE Journal: BACnet Today, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, pp. 36–8.
  • Varutti, Maria (2014), Museums in China: The Politics of Representation after Mao, Woodbridge: Boydell Press.
  • Zhu Jialei (17 September 2013), "Shanghai Science and Technology Museum", Global Times, Beijing: People's Daily.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°13′13″N 121°32′16″E / 31.22028°N 121.53778°E / 31.22028; 121.53778