Shanghai Greenland Shenhua F.C.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shanghai Shenhua)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua
Shànghǎi Lǜdì Shēnhuā
上海绿地申花
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua logo.png
Full name Shanghai Greenland Shenhua Football Club 上海绿地申花足球俱乐部
Nickname(s) "The Blue Devils" "蓝魔"
Founded November 1951; 63 years ago (November 1951) (Semi-professional)
December 1993 (Professional)
Ground Hongkou Football Stadium,
Shanghai, China
Ground Capacity 33,060
Owner Greenland Group
Head coach Francis Gillot
League Chinese Super League
2014 Super League, 9th
Website Club home page
Current season

Shanghai Greenland Shenhua Football Club (simplified Chinese: 上海绿地申花足球俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 上海綠地申花足球俱樂部; pinyin: Shànghǎi Lǜdì Shēnhuā Zúqiú Jùlèbù), is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The term shen hua literally translates as "the Flower of Shanghai" in English - shen is one of the alternative names of Shanghai and hua means flower in Chinese. The team is based in Kangqiao, Shanghai and their home stadium is the Hongkou Football Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 33,060. Their current majority shareholder is Chinese developer the Greenland Group who officially took over the operation of the club when they bought the 28.5% share from previous majority shareholder Zhu Jun on 31 January 2014.[1]

The club's predecessor was called Shanghai F.C. and they predominantly played in the top tier, where they won several domestic league and cup titles. On 10 December 1993 the club was reorganised to become a completely professional football club so they could play in the 1994 Chinese Jia-A League season making them one of the founding members of the first fully professional top tier league in China. Since then, they have won the 1995 league title and 1998 Chinese FA Cup.

History[edit]

Early club[edit]

Shanghai Shenhua's predecessor was originally called East China, a team name used as far back as 1910 for the football in the multi-sport event Chinese National Games.[2] The local Shanghai government sports body decided to use this name for their new club founded on 1 November 1951 to take part in China's first fully nationalized national football league tournament where they finished second in the league that year.[3] The football league gradually expanded and the team were allowed to name themselves after their own province of Shanghai in 1957. Soon afterwards by 1961, Shanghai started to establish themselves as a major football team within China when they won their first league title.[4] This was then quickly followed by their second league title in 1962, however in 1966 because of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, football in China was halted and Shanghai were unable to play. When football returned in China, Shanghai were able to return to the top tier, however they were unable to regain any of the dominance that they had previously shown and were even relegated in 1980.[5] Though they were able to be quickly promoted in the following season, they spent many years without actually winning any titles until Wang Houjun lead them to win the Chinese FA Cup in 1991, which was their first trophy in 29 years.[6]

Professionalism[edit]

Throughout the 1990s, the Chinese Football Association were demanding more professionalism from their football teams and while many were semi-professional, Shanghai would be one of the first when they gathered sponsorship from Yu Zhifei and the local company named Shenhua on 10 December 1993, founding Shanghai Shenhua.[6] This then saw Shanghai hire their first professional manager in Xu Genbao, who was the previous Chinese national team manager in 1994. The move would quickly see Shanghai win the second professional football league title by the end of the 1995 league season.[7] When he left, Shanghai attempted to bring in several foreign coaches to add more experience to the team, however few achieved any success despite being close on several occasions, except for Muricy Ramalho's brief spell when the club won the 1998 Chinese FA Cup. By the end of 2001, the Shenhua group ended their sponsorship of the club and were replaced with SVA and the Shanghai Media & Entertainment Group. The club changed its name to Shanghai Shenhua SVA SMEG Football Club. The team however remained unique as it still retains "Shenhua" in its name, whereas many other teams drop the name of their former sponsors completely. On the pitch, the club would take over Shanghai Cable 02, a youth football team set up by Xu Genbao while also bringing in a new manager in Wu Jingui, who built a new squad predominantly using many from the Shanghai Cable squad and despite struggling in his debut season, he was able to win the league title in 2003.[8] Critics would dispute the legitimacy of the title win after it was discovered in 2011 that the referee Lu Jun was bribed by the head of the CFA's referee arrangements, Zhang Jianqiang, to be biased towards Shenhua in a vital match against Shanghai International in a game that Shenhua won 4–1.[9] Lu Jun and Zhang Jianqiang were both officially charged with match-fixing, and it was also discovered that the Shenhua's general manager Lou Shifang also paid Zhang Jianqiang the same amount as Lu Jun. Despite this indiscretion, however, the club was spared any disciplinary action.[10] The reason provided by the CFA for the leniency was that they would be punishing the individuals who put the game in disrepute and not the club; because Lou Shifang was Shenhua's offending participant and had left the club several years before the allegations were confirmed, it would have been harsh to punish the club retrospectively.[11] On 18 February 2013 The CFA would decide to change its mind on Shenhua and retrospectively decided to punish the club by revoking its 2003 league title, fining the club with 1 million Yuan and giving a 6 point deduction at the beginning of the 2013 Chinese Super League season after it was discovered that they also fixed another game against Shaanxi Guoli en route to winning the 2003 league title.[12][13]

Zhu Jun era[edit]

In 2007, the owner of inner-city rival of Shanghai United, Zhu Jun and his company The9 Limited bought a majority share of Shanghai Shenhua and began to merge Shanghai United into Shanghai Shenhua. His first act was to replace the previously successful existing head coach Wu Jingui with Shanghai United's Osvaldo Giménez.[14] The appointment was to prove highly disruptive and Wu Jingui was quickly brought back as the head coach after only a few months, but was sacked on 9 September 2008. Jia Xiuquan took over his position on the same day.[15] This was followed by the club adding to their backroom staff when in 1 January 2009 Shenhua made Chinese football history by becoming the first Chinese team to hire a foreign CEO and a technical director when on 1 January 2009, the club hired former manager Osvaldo Gimenez as their chief executive officer.[16] One day later, former PSV Eindhoven technical director Stan Valckx joined Shenhua in the same position.[17]

After a disappointing 2011 season in the Chinese Super League, Zhu Jun decided to bring in a marquee player, so on 12 December 2011 it was confirmed that Chelsea striker Nicolas Anelka will be arriving in Shanghai in January 2012, while six days later it was announced that his compatriot Jean Tigana would be the head coach from the 2012 season. Tigana was fired after a poor string of results and was replaced by former Argentinian national team coach Sergio Batista to lead the team. After a successful season playing for Chelsea and winning the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League, Ivorian striker Didier Drogba signed a two-and-a-half-year deal with Shenhua.[18] This was soon followed by the signing of Colombian international footballer Giovanni Moreno from Argentinian club Racing Club. These signings were intended to boost the clubs title challenge and see Zhu Jun's investment within the club reach 150 million Yuan, which he believed gave him a controlling stake of 70 per cent as promised by the other share-holders. When the other share-holders decided not to agree upon this arrangement Zhu Jun decided to pull his funding of the club, which resulted in the team finishing in a disappointing ninth and both Anelka and Drogba leaving the club.[19] The relationship between Zhu Jun and the other share-holders became even more fractious at the beginning of the 2013 league season when the Chinese FA issued the club with a six point deduction for match-fixing ten years prior and a fine of one million Yuan. This would lead to a share-holder dispute between the other shareholders SVA, Shanghai Media Group, Shanghai Electric Group and Huangpu SASAC on who should pay for this fine, which saw a gap in the club finances that saw Rolando Schiavi, Patricio Toranzo and Giovanni Moreno refuse to play the 31 March 2013 league game against Liaoning Whowin because of unpaid wages.[20]

Greenland[edit]

The Zhu Jun era ended on 31 January 2014 when the club was purchased by Greenland Holding Group Company Limited.[1] On 6 February 2014, Greenland Holding Group Company Limited announced that the club's name was changed into "Shanghai Greenland FC, Shanghai Greenland Shenhua team" and by retaining Shenhua within the official name it was intended to appease the fans by reflecting on the club's heritage.[21][22] The name and subsequent badge alterations, which eliminated Shenhua from the teams logo was criticized by many of the club's supporters who publicly voiced their dissatisfaction with this on 9 March 2014 during the league game against Shanghai Shenxin as they saw belittling Shenhua from the club's name as a besmirch on the teams heritage and history.[23] On 18 July 2014 the club bowed down to pressure from the clubs supporters when they officially released a new team badge, which brought Shenhua back into the team logo and subsequently changed the clubs name to "Shanghai Greenland Shenhua football club".[24]

On 3 February 2015, three days after the Australian national football team won the AFC Asian Cup, Tim Cahill announced he had been signed by the Shenhua, moving from the New York Red Bulls[25]

Rivalries[edit]

Shenhua's fiercest and oldest rivalry is against Beijing Guoan F.C. and is often referred to as the China Derby.[26] The rivalry with Beijing is viewed as a manifestation of the rivalry that exist between the cities on which is the most import towards the country, as one is the center of government while the other is the Financial centre of modern commerce within China.[27] With each club being able to claim to having an extensive history spanning successful periods, direct competition for silverware, however rarely coincided until the 1997 league season. With Shenhua having won the 1995 league title and Beijing having won the 1996 Chinese FA Cup both teams looked as if they had the pedigree to win silverware that season and on 20 July 1997 in a vital league game, Beijing thrashed Shenhua 9-1 at the Workers Stadium in Beijing.[28] It would be Beijing's largest victory and Shenhua's greatest defeat ever recorded. Soon after that event both teams would meet again in the 1997 FA Cup final, which saw Beijing win the cup.[29]

When professionalism was established in 1994 within the Chinese leagues it opened the door for more than one team within each city. This eventually paved the way for the first ever Chinese top-flight city derby, which took place in 2002 when Shanghai Shenhua lost 2-0 to Shanghai Zhongyuan (later renamed Inter) in front of a sold out Hongkou Football Stadium. Known as the Shanghai derby it would be the start of an intense but short rivalry between the two clubs, which reached its peak on the final day of the 2003 league season with both teams able to win the league title.[30] Shenhua won their game while Inter surprisingly lost theirs to relegation fighting club Tianjin Kangshifu. This saw critics dispute the title win and it was eventually discovered that both teams had players and officials match-fix games throughout the campaign.[13] Shenhua would retrospectively lose their title while the Inter owners decided it was financially unviable to remain in Shanghai and relocated their team to Xi'an, which effectively ended the rivalry.

With Inter Shanghai leaving the city Shenhua experienced another one of these Shanghai derbies when Shanghai United were promoted in the 2006 league season. The rivalry between the two teams never reached the same intensity as what was experienced against Inter because United had only recently relocated to the city and were building their fan base.[30] Any development of a rivalry was ultimately cut short when Zhu Jun took over both teams and merged them together with Shenhua keeping their name. In 2012 Shanghai Shenxin F.C. moved to the city revitalizing the derby, however it was the promotion of Shanghai SIPG F.C. in 2013 that caught to fans imagination because they were formed by Xu Genbao who had previously managed Shenhua.[30]

Current squad[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of 2 July 2015 [31]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 China GK Geng Xiaofeng
2 China DF Xiong Fei
3 China DF Li Jianbin
4 Greece DF Avraam Papadopoulos
5 China MF Wang Shouting
6 China DF Li Wenbo
8 China MF Zhang Lu
9 Senegal FW Demba Ba
10 Colombia MF Giovanni Moreno (Captain)
11 China FW Lü Zheng
14 Mali MF Mohamed Sissoko
15 China MF Zhan Yilin
17 Australia MF Tim Cahill
18 China FW Gao Di
19 China DF Zheng Kaimu
No. Position Player
20 China MF Wang Yun
21 China MF Jiang Kun
22 China GK Qiu Shengjiong
23 China DF Bai Jiajun
24 China MF Deng Zhuoxiang
28 China MF Cao Yunding
29 China MF Fan Lingjiang
30 China DF Tao Jin
31 China FW Xu Junmin
33 China MF Xu Jun
34 China GK Shen Jun
55 China DF Li Xiaoming
56 China DF Xu Yougang
57 China DF Cao Chuanyu
58 China MF Chen Tao

Reserve squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
25 China MF Su Shun
27 China MF Liu Jiawei
32 China FW Wu Changqi
35 China GK Bai Shuo
36 China MF Xiao Bang
37 China MF Han Yi
38 China MF Zhang Yuhao
39 China DF Zhang Zongzheng
40 China FW Xu Qi
41 China DF Liang Wei
42 China MF Zhang Jiawei
43 China MF Xie Fuquan
No. Position Player
44 China MF Bo Xiaobo
45 China MF Yan Ge
46 China MF Li Lianxiang
47 China MF Liao Zhilüe
48 China MF Xiong Zhenfeng
49 China MF Zhang Zhongyuan
50 China GK Dong Guangxiang
51 China FW Gao Shipeng
52 China DF Luo Xi
53 China MF Yang Chen
54 Hong Kong DF Brian Fok

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
12 Brazil FW Paulo Henrique (at Liaoning Whowin until 31 December 2015)
13 Zambia DF Stoppila Sunzu (at Lille OSC until 30 June 2016)
16 China MF Wang Fei (at Nei Mongol Zhongyou until 31 December 2015)
Argentina FW Lucas Viatri (at Banfield until 31 December 2015)

Coaching staff[edit]

Position Staff
Manager France Francis Gillot
Assistant coach France René Lobello
France Alain Bénédet
Goalkeeping coach Spain Joan Mesquida Garcia
Fitness coach France Cédric Blomme
Team leader China Mao Yijun
Head Doctor Spain Juan José Jiménez Barroca

Managerial history[edit]

Managers who have coached the club and team since Shanghai Shenhua became a professional club back in 1993.[32][33]

Results[edit]

All-time League Rankings

Year Div Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos. FA Cup Super Cup League Cup AFC Other Att./G Stadium
1951 1 7 6 0 1 23 6 17 12 RU - - - -
1953 1 5 3 0 2 12 3 9 41 3 - - - -
1954 1 4 1 2 1 8 6 2 4 3 - - - -
1955 1 12 4 4 4 20 19 1 111 6 - - - -
1956 1 6 4 1 1 14 6 8 111 RU W - - -
1957 1 20 6 4 10 20 26 -6 36 8 NH - - - Jiangwan Sports Center
1958 1 21 7 5 9 16 27 -11 40 7 NH - - -
1960 1 12 7 1 4 18 12 6 52 3 R2 - - -
1961 1 13 8 4 1 35 9 26 132 W NH - - -
1962 1 18 14 2 2 46 14 32 152 W NH - - -
1963 1 8 6 1 1 21 5 16 13 11 NH - - -
1964 1 22 16 3 3 42 15 27 35 RU NH - - -
1965 1 11 5 1 5 14 14 0 11 - NH - - -
1973 1 24 14 3 7 40 33 7 192 RU NH - - -
1976 1 8 5 3 0 14 2 12 13 21 NH - - -
1977 1 17 6 6 5 25 17 8 32 12 NH - - -
1978 1 30 9 11 10 35 34 1 29 10 NH - - -
1979 1 30 10 9 11 29 30 -1 29 9 NH - - -
1980 1 29 7 12 10 23 21 2 26 13 NH - - -
1981 2 30 23 - 7 46 RU NH - - -
1982 1 30 19 - 11 41 21 20 38 4 NH - - -
1983 1 14 8 - 6 24 18 6 16 33 NH - - -
1984 1 30 18 - 12 35 26 9 36 4 3 - - -
1985 1 15 8 - 7 10 17 6 3 - - DNQ
1986 1 14 8 3 3 14 5 9 19 5 Group - - DNQ
1987 1 14 6 2 6 20 17 3 20 3 NH - - DNQ
1988 1 25 12 4 9 45 29 16 43 6 NH - - DNQ
1989 1 14 7 2 5 17 13 4 25 3 NH - - DNQ
1990 1 14 6 4 4 15 16 -1 26 4 Group - - DNQ
1991 1 14 6 4 4 21 20 1 16 RU W - - DNQ
1992 1 14 6 2 6 18 15 3 14 5 R1 - - DNQ
1993 1 12 2 3/1 5 22 10 12 10 7 NH - - DNQ Dongguan Stadium
1994 1 22 10 6 6 36 36 0 26 3 NH - - DNQ 20,909 Hongkou Football Stadium
1995 1 22 14 4 4 39 16 23 46 W RU W - DNE 27,909
1996 1 22 10 9 3 38 18 20 39 RU QF DNQ - R2 26,727
1997 1 22 11 7 4 36 22 14 40 RU RU DNQ - DNQ 19,636
1998 1 26 11 12 3 43 23 20 45 RU W W - DNQ FECC 4 39,713 Shanghai Stadium
1999 1 26 9 11 6 26 25 1 38 5 SF DNQ - DNQ CWC R2 17,462 Hongkou Football Stadium
2000 1 26 14 8 4 37 24 13 50 RU R2 DNQ - DNQ 18,462
2001 1 26 15 3 8 39 28 11 48 RU R1 W - DNQ 18,000
2002 1 28 9 5 14 37 41 -4 32 12 R2 DNQ - Group 12,464
2003 1 28 17 4 7 56 33 23 55 W4 QF RU - DNQ 22,214
2004 1 22 4 10 8 28 37 -9 22 10 SF NH SF Group A3CC 3 13,636
2005 1 26 15 8 3 41 23 18 53 RU QF NH SF DNQ 12,462
2006 1 28 14 10 4 37 19 18 52 RU QF NH NH QF 12,786
2007 1 28 12 10 6 35 29 6 46 4 NH NH NH Group A3CC W 11,393 Yuanshen Sports Centre Stadium
2008 1 30 17 10 3 58 29 29 61 RU NH NH NH DNQ 11,510 Hongkou Football Stadium
2009 1 30 12 9 9 39 29 10 45 5 NH NH NH Group 12,627
2010 1 30 14 6 10 44 41 3 48 3 NH NH NH DNQ 12,963
2011 1 30 11 4 15 31 41 -10 37 11 SF NH NH Group 9,828
2012 1 30 8 14 8 39 34 5 38 9 R4 DNQ NH DNQ 14,761
2013 1 30 11 11 8 36 36 0 385 8 R3 DNQ NH DNQ 12,739
2014 1 30 8 11 11 33 45 12 35 9 SF DNQ NH DNQ 15,417
  • No league games in 1959, 1966–72, 1975; Shanghai did not compete for position because they were hosts in 1965; 1974 only played in group stage before touring Africa.
  • ^1 : In the group stage. ^2 : In final group stage. ^3 : In the southern league. ^4 : Title revoked due to match-fixing ^5 : Deducted 6 points.

Key

Professional club records[edit]

Club honours[edit]

Since the club became a professional unit on 10 December 1993

Domestic[edit]

League titles
Winners (1): 1995, 2003
Winners (1): 1998
Winners (3): 1995, 1998, 2001

International[edit]

Winners (1): 2007

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "绿地宣布接手申花 朱骏时代宣告终结". sports.163.com. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "China 1910". rsssf.com. 22 Oct 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "China League Tables 1951". rsssf.com. 18 April 2004. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  4. ^ "China League Tables 1961". rsssf.com. 22 October 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  5. ^ "China League Tables 1980". rsssf.com. 22 October 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  6. ^ a b 上海申花 (in Chinese). Data.sports.163.com. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "China League Tables 1995". rsssf.com. 22 October 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  8. ^ "China League Tables 2003". rsssf.com. 18 April 2004. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  9. ^ "Details of referee investigation released to public". Chinadaily.com.cn. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Zhang Jianqiang". Crienglish.com. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  11. ^ 足坛反赌涉案队或明年降级 足协:倾向取消当年成绩 (in Chinese). Sports.sina.com.cn. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Breaking News: Shenhua and Tianjin face 6 point deduction; Xu Hong barred from football for 5 years". wildeastfootball.net. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  13. ^ a b "China Strips Shenhua of 2003 League Title, Bans 33 People for Life". english.cri.cn. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  14. ^ "Gimenez to coach newly combined Shanghai Shenhua". Chinaview.cn. 17 February 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Interview: Shanghai Shenhua Boss Wu Jingui". Soccerphile.blogspot.com. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  16. ^ "亚冠潜在对手出炉 吉梅内斯将出席抽签仪式". Shenhua fc. 4 January 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  17. ^ "Er is bij PSV niets schimmigs gebeurd". de Volkskrant. 3 January 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  18. ^ "Didier Drogba signs for Chinese club Shanghai Shenhua". bbc.co.uk. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  19. ^ "What's behind the wilting of Shanghai's 'flower'?". scmp.com. 4 January 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  20. ^ "Shenhua overcome pre-game absurdity to fight back against Liaoning". wildeastfootball.net. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "上海绿地俱乐部宣布成立 球队队名已保留"申花"". Netease. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "Shanghai Shenhua fans protest Greenland name change". wildeastfootball.net. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  23. ^ "申花球迷高喊还我申花 大巴打满"抵制绿地"". sports.sina.com. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  24. ^ "绿地申花新版队徽正式出炉". sports.163.com. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  25. ^ The Daily Telegraph (3 February 2015). "Tim Cahill announces his playing future after leaving New York Red Bulls". Fox Sports. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  26. ^ "Shanghai Shenhua – Beijing Guoan: 18 years of loathing". wildeastfootball.net. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  27. ^ "A tale of China's two great cities". latimes.com. 2010-10-04. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  28. ^ "京沪16年交战史:国安三年不胜 申花主场占绝对优势". sports.sina.com.cn. 2010-05-18. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  29. ^ "China 1997 - FA Cup". rsssf.com. 1999-12-06. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  30. ^ a b c "A brief history of: The Shanghai Derby". wildeastfootball.net. 2013-04-27. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  31. ^ 2015年上海绿地申花足球俱乐部中超联赛名单
  32. ^ "Shanghai Greenland » Manager history". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  33. ^ "Shanghai Greenland". footballzz.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  34. ^ "China League History". rsssf.com. 22 Oct 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "上海申花". sodasoccer.com. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  36. ^ "Shanghai Shenhua 7-1 Bayi Army". Sportstats.com. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  37. ^ "Beijing Guoan 20 Years, 20 Moments #1: 9-1, 9-1, 9-1". Wildeastfootball.net. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 

External links[edit]