Shanghai Greenland Shenhua F.C.

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Shanghai Greenland Shenhua
Shànghǎi Lǜdì Shēnhuā
上海绿地申花
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua logo.png
Full name Shanghai Greenland Shenhua Football Club 上海绿地申花足球俱乐部
Nickname(s) "The Flower of Shanghai" "申花"
Founded November 1951; 65 years ago (November 1951) (Semi-professional)
December 1993 (Professional)
Ground Hongkou Football Stadium,
Shanghai, China
Ground Capacity 33,060
Owner Greenland Group
Chairman Wu Xiaohui
Head coach Gus Poyet
League Chinese Super League
2016 Super League, 4th
Website Club home page
Current season

Shanghai Greenland Shenhua Football Club (simplified Chinese: 上海绿地申花足球俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 上海綠地申花足球俱樂部; pinyin: Shànghǎi Lǜdì Shēnhuā Zúqiú Jùlèbù), is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The term shen hua literally translates as "the Flower of Shanghai" in English – shen is one of the alternative names of Shanghai and hua means flower in Chinese. The team is based in Kangqiao, Shanghai and their home stadium is the Hongkou Football Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 33,060. Their current majority shareholder is Chinese developer Greenland Group who officially took over the operation of the club when they bought the 28.5% share from previous majority shareholder Zhu Jun on 31 January 2014.[1]

The club's predecessor was called Shanghai F.C. and they predominantly played in the top tier, where they won several domestic league and cup titles. On 10 December 1993 the club was reorganised to become a completely professional football club so they could play in the 1994 Chinese Jia-A League season making them one of the founding members of the first fully professional top tier league in China. Since then, they have won the 1995 league title and 1998 Chinese FA Cup.[2]

According to Forbes, Shenhua are the 6th most valuable football team in China, with a team value of $106 million, and an estimated revenue of $29 million in 2015.[3]

History[edit]

Early club[edit]

Shanghai Shenhua's predecessor was originally called East China, a team name used as far back as 1910 for the football in the multi-sport event Chinese National Games.[4] The local Shanghai government sports body decided to use this name for their new club founded on 1 November 1951 to take part in China's first fully nationalized national football league tournament where they finished second in the league that year.[5] The football league gradually expanded and the team were allowed to name themselves after their own province of Shanghai in 1957. Soon afterwards by 1961, Shanghai started to establish themselves as a major football team within China when they won their first league title.[6] This was then quickly followed by their second league title in 1962, however in 1966 because of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, football in China was halted and Shanghai were unable to play. When football returned in China, Shanghai were able to return to the top tier, however they were unable to regain any of the dominance that they had previously shown and were even relegated in 1980.[7] Though they were able to be quickly promoted in the following season, they spent many years without actually winning any titles until Wang Houjun lead them to win the Chinese FA Cup in 1991, which was their first trophy in 29 years.[8]

Professionalism[edit]

Throughout the 1990s, the Chinese Football Association were demanding more professionalism from their football teams and while many were semi-professional, Shanghai would be one of the first when they gathered sponsorship from Yu Zhifei and the local company named Shenhua on 10 December 1993, founding Shanghai Shenhua.[8] This then saw Shanghai hire their first professional manager in Xu Genbao, who was the previous China national team manager in 1994. The move would quickly see Shanghai win the second professional football league title by the end of the 1995 league season.[9] When Xu left, Shanghai attempted to bring in several foreign coaches to add more experience to the team, however few achieved any success despite being close on several occasions, except for Muricy Ramalho's brief spell when the club won the 1998 Chinese FA Cup. By the end of 2001, the Shenhua group ended their sponsorship of the club and were replaced with SVA and the Shanghai Media & Entertainment Group. The club changed its name to Shanghai Shenhua SVA SMEG Football Club. The team however remained unique as it still retains "Shenhua" in its name, whereas many other teams drop the name of their former sponsors completely. On the pitch, the club would take over Shanghai Cable 02, a youth football team set up by Xu Genbao while also bringing in a new manager in Wu Jingui, who built a new squad predominantly using many from the Shanghai Cable squad and despite struggling in his debut season, he was able to win the league title in 2003.[10] Critics would dispute the legitimacy of the title win after it was discovered in 2011 that the referee Lu Jun was bribed by the head of the CFA's referee arrangements, Zhang Jianqiang, to be biased towards Shenhua in a vital match against Shanghai International in a game that Shenhua won 4–1.[11] Lu Jun and Zhang Jianqiang were both officially charged with match-fixing, and it was also discovered that the Shenhua's general manager Lou Shifang also paid Zhang Jianqiang the same amount as Lu Jun. Despite this indiscretion, however, the club was spared any disciplinary action.[12] The reason provided by the CFA for the leniency was that they would be punishing the individuals who put the game in disrepute and not the club; because Lou Shifang was Shenhua's offending participant and had left the club several years before the allegations were confirmed, it would have been harsh to punish the club retrospectively.[13] On 18 February 2013 The CFA would decide to change its mind on Shenhua and retrospectively decided to punish the club by revoking its 2003 league title, fining the club with 1 million Yuan and giving a 6-point deduction at the beginning of the 2013 Chinese Super League season after it was discovered that they also fixed another game against Shaanxi Guoli en route to winning the 2003 league title.[14][15]

Zhu Jun era[edit]

In 2007, the owner of inner-city rival of Shanghai United, Zhu Jun and his company The9 Limited bought a majority share of Shanghai Shenhua and began to merge Shanghai United into Shanghai Shenhua. His first act was to replace the previously successful existing head coach Wu Jingui with Shanghai United's Osvaldo Giménez.[16] The appointment was to prove highly disruptive and Wu Jingui was quickly brought back as the head coach after only a few months, but was sacked on 9 September 2008. Jia Xiuquan took over his position on the same day.[17] This was followed by the club adding to their backroom staff when on 1 January 2009 Shenhua made Chinese football history by becoming the first Chinese team to hire a foreign CEO and a technical director when on 1 January 2009, the club hired former manager Osvaldo Gimenez as their chief executive officer.[18] One day later, former PSV Eindhoven technical director Stan Valckx joined Shenhua in the same position.[19]

After a disappointing 2011 season in the Chinese Super League, Zhu Jun decided to bring in a marquee player, so on 12 December 2011 it was confirmed that Chelsea striker Nicolas Anelka will be arriving in Shanghai in January 2012, while six days later it was announced that his compatriot Jean Tigana would be the head coach from the 2012 season. Tigana was fired after a poor string of results and was replaced by former Argentina national team coach Sergio Batista to lead the team. After a successful season playing for Chelsea and winning the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League, Ivorian striker Didier Drogba signed a two-and-a-half-year deal with Shenhua.[20] This was soon followed by the signing of Colombian international footballer Giovanni Moreno from Argentinian club Racing Club. These signings were intended to boost the clubs title challenge and see Zhu Jun's investment within the club reach 150 million Yuan, which he believed gave him a controlling stake of 70 per cent as promised by the other share-holders. When the other share-holders decided not to agree upon this arrangement Zhu Jun decided to pull his funding of the club, which resulted in the team finishing in a disappointing ninth and both Anelka and Drogba leaving the club.[21] The relationship between Zhu Jun and the other share-holders became even more fractious at the beginning of the 2013 league season when the Chinese FA issued the club with a six-point deduction for match-fixing ten years prior and a fine of one million Yuan. This would lead to a share-holder dispute between the other shareholders SVA, Shanghai Media Group, Shanghai Electric Group and Huangpu SASAC on who should pay for this fine, which saw a gap in the club finances that saw Rolando Schiavi, Patricio Toranzo and Giovanni Moreno refuse to play the 31 March 2013 league game against Liaoning Whowin because of unpaid wages.[22]

Greenland[edit]

The Zhu Jun era ended on 31 January 2014 when the club was purchased by Greenland Holding Group Company Limited.[1] On 6 February 2014, Greenland Holding Group Company Limited announced that the club's official name would be changed to "Shanghai Greenland FC, Shanghai Greenland Shenhua team" and it was hoped that by retaining Shenhua within the official team name it would appease the fans by reflecting on the club's heritage.[23][24] This did not work and when subsequent badge alterations, which eliminated Shenhua from the teams logo it drew significant criticism by many of the club's supporters who publicly voiced their dissatisfaction with this on 9 March 2014 during the league game against Shanghai Shenxin as they saw belittling Shenhua from the club's name as a besmirch on the teams heritage and history.[25] On 18 July 2014 the club bowed down to pressure from the club's supporters when they officially released a new team badge, which brought Shenhua back into the team logo and subsequently changed the club's name to "Shanghai Greenland Shenhua Football Club".[26]

On 3 February 2015, three days after the Australian national football team won the AFC Asian Cup, Tim Cahill announced he had been signed by the Shenhua, moving from the New York Red Bulls[27] Despite only signing a One Year Contract Extension in November 2015, Tim Cahill announced on his Instagram on 16 February 2016 that his contract had been terminated by incoming coach, Gregorio Manzano.[28] No reason was given for his termination beyond "...I'm not part of the new coach Manzano's plans for the 2016 season..."[29]

Rivalries[edit]

Shenhua's fiercest and oldest rivalry is against Beijing Guoan and is often referred to as the China Derby.[30] The rivalry with Beijing is viewed as a manifestation of the rivalry that exist between the cities on which is the most important towards the country, as one is the center of government while the other is the Financial centre of modern commerce within China.[31] With each club being able to claim to having an extensive history spanning successful periods, direct competition for silverware, however rarely coincided until the 1997 league season. With Shenhua having won the 1995 league title and Beijing having won the 1996 Chinese FA Cup both teams looked as if they had the pedigree to win silverware that season and on 20 July 1997 in a vital league game, Beijing thrashed Shenhua 9–1 at the Workers Stadium in Beijing.[32] It would be Beijing's largest victory and Shenhua's greatest defeat ever recorded. Soon after that event both teams would meet again in the 1997 FA Cup final, which saw Beijing win the cup.[33]

When professionalism was established in 1994 within the Chinese leagues it opened the door for more than one team within each city. This eventually paved the way for the first ever Chinese top-flight city derby, which took place in 2002 when Shanghai Shenhua lost 2–0 to Shanghai Zhongyuan (later renamed Inter) in front of a sold out Hongkou Football Stadium. Known as the Shanghai derby it would be the start of an intense but short rivalry between the two clubs, which reached its peak on the final day of the 2003 league season with both teams able to win the league title.[34] Shenhua won their game while Inter surprisingly lost theirs to relegation fighting club Tianjin Kangshifu. This saw critics dispute the title win and it was eventually discovered that both teams had players and officials match-fix games throughout the campaign.[15] Shenhua would retrospectively lose their title while the Inter owners decided it was financially unviable to remain in Shanghai and relocated their team to Xi'an, which effectively ended the rivalry.[35]

With Inter Shanghai leaving the city Shenhua experienced another one of these Shanghai derbies when Shanghai United were promoted in the 2006 league season. The rivalry between the two teams never reached the same intensity as what was experienced against Inter because United had only recently relocated to the city and were building their fan base.[34] Any development of a rivalry was ultimately cut short when Zhu Jun took over both teams and merged them together with Shenhua keeping their name. In 2012 Shanghai Shenxin moved to the city revitalizing the derby, however it was the promotion of Shanghai SIPG in 2013 that caught to fans imagination because they were formed by Xu Genbao who had previously managed Shenhua.[34] The club's geographical location has also opened them up to rivalries with neighbouring club's Hangzhou Greentown and Jiangsu Suning where they contest in a fixture called the Yangtze Delta Derby.[36]

Current squad[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of 2 March 2017 [37]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2 China DF Xiong Fei
3 China DF Li Jianbin
4 South Korea DF Kim Kee-hee
5 China MF Wang Shouting
6 China DF Li Peng
7 China FW Mao Jianqing
8 China MF Zhang Lu
10 Colombia MF Giovanni Moreno (Captain)
11 China FW Lü Zheng
13 Colombia MF Fredy Guarín
15 China FW Zhu Jianrong
16 China DF Li Yunqiu
17 Nigeria FW Obafemi Martins
20 China MF Wang Yun (Vice-captain)
21 China GK Shen Jun
No. Position Player
22 China GK Qiu Shengjiong
23 China DF Bai Jiajun
25 China DF Wang Lin
27 China GK Li Shuai
28 China MF Cao Yunding
29 China MF Xu Junmin
30 China DF Tao Jin
31 China MF Wang Wei
32 Argentina FW Carlos Tevez
34 China DF Bi Jinhao
35 China MF Lü Pin
36 China MF Liu Ruofan
37 China MF Sun Shilin
38 China MF Chen Tao
39 China MF Cong Zhen

Reserve squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
26 China MF Qin Sheng
41 China DF Cheng Rui
42 China DF Xu Wu
43 China DF Huang Linhao
44 China MF Tan Yang
45 China FW Yan Ge
46 China MF Pan Weihao
47 China FW Xie Jinzheng
48 China DF Liao Zhilüe
49 China MF Chen Qiyuan
50 China GK Yu Qixuan
51 Hong Kong DF Brian Fok
52 China MF Zhang Yuhao
No. Position Player
53 China DF Cui Qi
54 China DF Zhang Jiangyi
55 China GK Jiang Yutao
56 China MF Chen Xiaomao
57 China DF Sun Kai
China DF Zhang Shu
China DF Cao Dong
China DF Su Qi
China MF Xiao Bang
China MF Xu Guanbin
China FW Lan Wensen
China FW Xiao Yandong

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Zambia DF Stoppila Sunzu (at Arsenal Tula)
China DF Zheng Kaimu (at Shijiazhuang Ever Bright)
China DF Xu Yougang (at Qingdao Huanghai)
China DF Leng Shiao (at Guizhou Zhicheng)
China DF Li Xiaoming (at Shenzhen)
China DF Gong Jinshuai (at Shanghai Sunfun)
China DF Cao Chuanyu (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China DF Deng Biao (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China MF Xu Jun (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China MF Zhan Yilin (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China MF Wang Fei (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
No. Position Player
China MF Yan Xinyu (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China MF Liu Jiawei (at La Roda)
China MF Deng Zhuoxiang (at Qingdao Huanghai)
Paraguay MF Óscar Romero (at Deportivo Alavés)
Brazil FW Paulo Henrique (at Sport Recife)
Senegal FW Demba Ba (at Beşiktaş J.K.)
China FW Wu Changqi (at Shanghai Sunfun)
China FW Gao Shipeng (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China FW Zhou Jiahao (at Shanghai JuJu Sports)
China FW Gao Di (at Jiangsu Suning)

Coaching staff[edit]

As of February 2017 [38]
Position Staff
Manager Uruguay Gus Poyet
Team leader China Mao Yijun
Assistant coaches Argentina Mauricio Taricco
China Tang Tian
China Yin Xifu
Goalkeeping coach England Andy Beasley
Fitness coach Greece Panagiotis Voulgaris
Technical analyst England Charlie Oatway
Head of press China Ma Yue
Interpreters China Wang Kan
China Zhang Chuan
China Cao Yi
China Jin Hexuan
First team kit men China Zhang Zhiyong
China Cui Xianzhe
Club doctors China Wang Fujin
China Nie Lianjun
China Wei Ming
Spain Rodrigues Bella Pedro Jesus
Physiotherapists Spain Carlos Lozano Romero
Spain Barragan Gamero Salvador
Technical director China Wu Jingui[39]
Director of youth academy China Fan Zhiyi[40]

Managerial history[edit]

Managers who have coached the club and team since Shanghai Shenhua became a professional club back in 1993.[41][42]

Honours[edit]

All-time honours list including semi-professional Shanghai period.[43][44]

Domestic[edit]

League titles
Winners (3): 1961, 1962, 1995, 2003[15]
Winners (3): 1956, 1991, 1998
Winners (3): 1995, 1998, 2001

International[edit]

Winners (1): 2007

Results[edit]

All-time League Rankings

Year Div Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos. FA Cup Super Cup League Cup AFC Other Att./G Stadium
1951 1 7 6 0 1 23 6 17 12 RU
1953 1 5 3 0 2 12 3 9 41 3
1954 1 4 1 2 1 8 6 2 4 3
1955 1 12 4 4 4 20 19 1 111 6
1956 1 6 4 1 1 14 6 8 111 RU W
1957 1 20 6 4 10 20 26 −6 36 8 NH Jiangwan Sports Center
1958 1 21 7 5 9 16 27 −11 40 7 NH
1960 1 12 7 1 4 18 12 6 52 3 R2
1961 1 13 8 4 1 35 9 26 132 W NH
1962 1 18 14 2 2 46 14 32 152 W NH
1963 1 8 6 1 1 21 5 16 13 11 NH
1964 1 22 16 3 3 42 15 27 35 RU NH
1965 1 11 5 1 5 14 14 0 11 NH
1973 1 24 14 3 7 40 33 7 192 RU NH
1976 1 8 5 3 0 14 2 12 13 21 NH
1977 1 17 6 6 5 25 17 8 32 12 NH
1978 1 30 9 11 10 35 34 1 29 10 NH
1979 1 30 10 9 11 29 30 −1 29 9 NH
1980 1 29 7 12 10 23 21 2 26 13 NH
1981 2 30 23  – 7 46 RU NH
1982 1 30 19  – 11 41 21 20 38 4 NH
1983 1 14 8  – 6 24 18 6 16 33 NH
1984 1 30 18  – 12 35 26 9 36 4 3
1985 1 15 8  – 7 10 17 6 3 DNQ
1986 1 14 8 3 3 14 5 9 19 5 Group DNQ
1987 1 14 6 2 6 20 17 3 20 3 NH DNQ
1988 1 25 12 4 9 45 29 16 43 6 NH DNQ
1989 1 14 7 2 5 17 13 4 25 3 NH DNQ
1990 1 14 6 4 4 15 16 −1 26 4 Group DNQ
1991 1 14 6 4 4 21 20 1 16 RU W DNQ
1992 1 14 6 2 6 18 15 3 14 5 R1 DNQ
1993 1 12 2 3/1 5 22 10 12 10 7 NH DNQ Dongguan Stadium
1994 1 22 10 6 6 36 36 0 26 3 NH DNQ 20,909 Hongkou Stadium
1995 1 22 14 4 4 39 16 23 46 W RU W DNE 27,909
1996 1 22 10 9 3 38 18 20 39 RU QF DNQ R2 26,727
1997 1 22 11 7 4 36 22 14 40 RU RU DNQ DNQ 19,636
1998 1 26 11 12 3 43 23 20 45 RU W W DNQ FECC 4 39,713 Shanghai Stadium
1999 1 26 9 11 6 26 25 1 38 5 SF DNQ DNQ CWC R2 17,462 Hongkou Football Stadium
2000 1 26 14 8 4 37 24 13 50 RU R2 DNQ DNQ 18,462
2001 1 26 15 3 8 39 28 11 48 RU R1 W DNQ 18,000
2002 1 28 9 5 14 37 41 −4 32 12 R2 DNQ Group 12,464
2003 1 28 17 4 7 56 33 23 55 W4 QF RU DNQ 22,214
2004 1 22 4 10 8 28 37 −9 22 10 SF NH SF Group A3CC 3 13,636
2005 1 26 15 8 3 41 23 18 53 RU QF NH SF DNQ 12,462
2006 1 28 14 10 4 37 19 18 52 RU QF NH NH QF 12,786
2007 1 28 12 10 6 35 29 6 46 4 NH NH NH Group A3CC W 11,393 Yuanshen Sports Centre Stadium
2008 1 30 17 10 3 58 29 29 61 RU NH NH NH DNQ 11,510 Hongkou Football Stadium
2009 1 30 12 9 9 39 29 10 45 5 NH NH NH Group 12,627
2010 1 30 14 6 10 44 41 3 48 3 NH NH NH DNQ 12,963
2011 1 30 11 4 15 31 41 −10 37 11 SF NH NH Group 9,828
2012 1 30 8 14 8 39 34 5 38 9 R4 DNQ NH DNQ 14,761
2013 1 30 11 11 8 36 36 0 385 8 R3 DNQ NH DNQ 12,739
2014 1 30 8 11 11 33 45 -12 35 9 SF DNQ NH DNQ 15,417
2015 1 30 12 6 12 42 44 −2 42 6 RU DNQ NH DNQ 19,506
2016 1 30 12 12 6 46 31 15 48 4 SF DNQ NH DNQ 22,690
  • No league games in 1959, 1966–72, 1975; Shanghai did not compete for position because they were hosts in 1965; 1974 only played in group stage before touring Africa.
  • ^1 : In the group stage. ^2 : In final group stage. ^3 : In the southern league. ^4 : Title revoked due to match-fixing ^5 : Deducted 6 points.

Key

International results[edit]

As of 22 February 2017

Season Competition Round Opposition Score
1996–97[47] Asian Club Championship First round Hong Kong Instant-Dict FC 7–1 (H), 1–2 (A)
Second round South Korea Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma 0-0 (H), 1-0 (A)
1998[48] Far East Club Championship Group B Russia Rotor Volgograd 3–4 (N)
South Korea Pusan Daewoo Royals 0-1 (N)
Third place match Japan Júbilo Iwata 0-2 (N)
1999–2000[49] Asian Cup Winners' Cup Second round Japan Shimizu S-Pulse 0–0 (H), 2–0 (A)
2002–03[50] AFC Champions League Qualifying Round 2 Indonesia Petrokimia Putra 3–1 (A), 5-1 (H)
Qualifying Round 3 Singapore Geylang United FC 3–0 (H), 1-2 (A)
Group A South Korea Daejeon Citizen 1–2 (N)
Japan Kashima Antlers 4-3 (N)
Thailand BEC Tero Sasana 1-2 (N)
2004[51] A3 Champions Cup Table China Shanghai International 1–1 (N)
Japan Yokohama F. Marinos 0-2 (N)
South Korea Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 1-1 (N)
2004[52] AFC Champions League Group E Thailand BEC Tero 4–1 (A), 1-0 (H)
South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 0-1 (H), 0-1 (A)
Japan Jubilo Iwata 2-1 (A), 3-2 (H)
2006[53] AFC Champions League Group G Vietnam Đồng Tâm Long An 3–1 (H), 2-4 (A)
Quarter finals South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 1-0 (H), 4-2 (A)
2007[54] AFC Champions League Group E Australia Sydney FC 1–2 (H), 0-0 (A)
Indonesia Persik Kediri 1-0 (A), 6-0 (H)
Japan Urawa Red Diamonds 1-0 (A), 0-0 (H)
2007[55] A3 Champions Cup Table South Korea Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 3–0 (N)
China Shandong Luneng Taishan 1-2 (N)
Japan Urawa Red Diamonds 3-1 (N)
2009[56] AFC Champions League Group G Singapore Singapore Armed Forces FC 4–1 (H), 1-1 (A)
Japan Kashima Antlers 0-2 (A), 1-1 (H)
South Korea Suwon Bluewings 2-1 (H), 2-1 (A)
2011[57] AFC Champions League Group H Japan Kashima Antlers 0–0 (H), 2-0 (A)
South Korea Suwon Samsung Bluewings 4-0 (A), 0-3 (H)
Australia Sydney FC 1-1 (A), 2-3 (H)
2017 AFC Champions League Play-off round Australia Brisbane Roar FC 0–2 (H)

On neutral venue Shanghai Shenhua score is counted first.

Key
  • (H) = Home
  • (A) = Away
  • (N) = Neutral

Professional club records[edit]

References[edit]

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