Shangla District

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Shangla District
  • شنګله
  • ضلع شانگلہ
Shangla (11).JPG
PkBesham1.jpg
Top: Shangla Top
Bottom: Road near Besham
Location of Shangla district in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location of Shangla district in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
DivisionMalakand
HeadquartersAlpuri
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerN/A
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total1,586 km2 (612 sq mi)
Population
 • Total759,609
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
District Council28 seats
Number of Tehsils5

Shangla District (Pashto: شانګله ولسوالۍ, Urdu: ضلع شانگلہ) is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The district headquarters are located at Alpuri,[2] while the largest city and commercial center is Besham.[citation needed] The district was established in 1995, having previously been a subdivision of Swat District.[3] The total area of the district is 1,586 square kilometres.[3] Shangla comprises three subdivisions, Alpuri, Puran and Besham tehsils.

Shangla has the lowest Human Development Index in the province and second lowest in the country.[4][5]

Location[edit]

The district is bounded in the north by Kohistan District, in the east by Battagram District and Torghar District , in the west by Swat District and in the south by Buner District.[3]

History[edit]

There are relics of the ancient Greek period at Pirsar, Chakesar and Daut. it is believed that Alexander the Great camped at Pirsar for a few days. There are also relics of the Hindu Shahi in Olandar-Ajmair.[6][better source needed]

Geography[edit]

Shangla district consists of small valleys, and is situated between the hillocks and surrounded by high mountains full of forests comprising Pindrow Fir, Morinda Spruce, Blue Pine (Kail), Chir Pine and Deodar Cedar trees. The average elevation of the district is 2000 to 3000 meters above sea level.[3] The highest point (3,440 m) is near Kuz Ganrshal in the north of the district.[3]

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 759,609, of which 386,082 were males and 373,508 females. The entire population was rural. The literacy rate was 33.13% - the male literacy rate was 51.67% while the female literacy rate was 14.50%. 230 people in the district were from religious minorities. Pashto was the predominant language, spoken by 96.76% of the population. [1]

The district was hit by the 2015 Hindu Kush earthquake in which more than 18 people killed.[7]

the main tribe of Shangla is Yousufzai that contribute more than half of the district population, the dense and well populated area of Shangla is Alpuri tehsil(gwarband) that contribute more than 253000+ of district population, shangla is one of the unique district of Pakistan that contain more than 80% of forest land, The youngest noble prizer malala Yousufzai was also born in Shangla (shahpur village)[citation needed]

National and provincial assembly[edit]

This district is represented by one elected MNA (Member of National Assembly) in Pakistan National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-31.[8]

Since 2002: NA-10 (Shangla)[edit]

Election Member Party
2002 Engr Amir Muqam MMA
2008 Engr Amir Muqam PML
2013 Dr Ibadullah Khan PML (N)
2018 Dr Ibadullah Khan PML (N)

Provincial Assembly[edit]

Member of Provincial Assembly Party Affiliation Constituency Year
Shaukat Ali Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-23 Shangla-I 2018
Faisal Zeb Awami National Party PK-24 Shangla-II 2018

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ PCO 1998, p. 8.
  3. ^ a b c d e PCO 1998, p. 1.
  4. ^ Deprivation profile of regions By Syed Shahid Husain DAWN September 23, 2002 Monday. Retrieved 21 June 2004
  5. ^ Ranking of Districts by Human Development Index 2003 Archived 2008-10-10 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 10 July 2005
  6. ^ Shangla – Government of Pakistan tourism site
  7. ^ "Earthquake death toll rises to 363 in Pakistan - SAMAA".
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-10. Retrieved 2015-11-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1998 District Census report of Shangla. Census publication. Vol. 106. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.