Shani Shingnapur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shani Shingnapur
Village
Shingnapur.jpg
Shani Shingnapur is located in Maharashtra
Shani Shingnapur
Shani Shingnapur
Shani Shingnapur is located in India
Shani Shingnapur
Shani Shingnapur
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°24′00″N 74°49′00″E / 19.4000°N 74.8167°E / 19.4000; 74.8167Coordinates: 19°24′00″N 74°49′00″E / 19.4000°N 74.8167°E / 19.4000; 74.8167
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Ahmadnagar
Talukas Newasa
Area
 • Total 82.36 km2 (31.80 sq mi)
Elevation 499 m (1,637 ft)
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 414105
Telephone code 02427
Distance from Ahmednagar 35 kilometres (22 mi)
Distance from Aurangabad 84 kilometres (52 mi)
Distance from Shirdi 60 kilometres (37 mi)

Maharashtra Govt. gazetteer Website

Falling grain

Shani Shingnapur[1] or Shani Shinganapur or Shani[2] or Shingnapur[3] or Sonai(Marathi: सोनाई) is a village in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated in Nevasa taluka in Ahmednagar district, the village is known for its popular temple of Shani, the Hindu god associated with the planet (graha) Saturn. Shingnapur is 35 km from Ahmednagar city.

Shingnapur is also famous for the fact that no house in the village has doors, only door frames. Despite this, officially no theft was reported in the village[4] although there were reports of theft in 2010 and 2011.[5]

The temple is believed to be a "jagrut devasthan" (lit. "alive temple"), meaning that a deity still resides in the temple icon. Villagers believe that god Shani punishes anyone attempting theft.[4] The deity here is "Swayambhu" (Sanskrit: self-evolved deity) that is self emerged from earth in form of black, imposing stone. Though no one knows the exact period, it is believed that the Swayambhu Shanaishwara statue was found by shepherds of the then local hamlet. It is believed to be in existence at least since the start of Kali yuga.

The village has a post office and a high school known as Shri Shanishwar Vidya Mandir besides the primary schools run by the Zilla Parishad. The chief source of water supply in the village is wells.[4]

Historical importance[edit]

Shrine of Shani Shingnapur

The story of the swayambhu statue handed down from generations through word of mouth, goes something like this: When the Shepherd touched the stone with a pointed rod, the stone started bleeding. The shepherds were astounded. Soon the whole village gathered around to watch the miracle. On that night Lord Shanaishwara appeared in the dream of the most devoted and pious of the shepherds.

He told the shepherd that he is "Shanaishwara". He also told that the unique looking black stone is his swayambhu form. The shepherd prayed and asked the lord whether he should construct a temple for him. To this, Lord Shani Mahatma said there is no need for a roof as the whole sky is his roof and he preferred to be under open sky. He asked the shephered to do daily pooja and 'Tailabhisheka' every Saturday without fail. He also promised the whole hamlet will have no fear of dacoits or burglars or thieves.

So, Lord Shanaishwara can be seen even today, in the open yard without any roof above. To this day, there are no doors for any houses, shops, temples.[6] It is to be seen to believe that even post office has no door, not to speak of locks. Due to the fear of Lord Shani, none of the structures, be it dwelling houses, huts, shops, etc. situated within one kilometer radius of this Lord Shani temple have neither doors nor locks.[7] No thievery or burglary was reported until 2010 when first theft was reported and again another one was reported in 2011. Some who have tried to steal have died vomiting blood within minutes of their act and before they could cross the boundary.[citation needed] Many others are said have received varied punishments such as long sickness, mental imbalance etc.[citation needed]

This Shani Shingnapur is visited daily by thousands of devotees praying for Lord Shaneswara's favour. The place is busiest on Saturdays. Shani Thrayodashi is considered to be a favorite day for the lord. Similarly Saturday falling on 'Amavasya'(new moon day in Sanskrit and many other Indian languages) is considered to be a favourite day for the Lord Shanaishwara and on that days devotees seeking his blessings throng this temple in thousands.

Shrine of Shani[edit]

The shrine for Shani consists of a five and a half feet high black rock installed on an open-air platform, which symbolizes the god Shani. A Trishula (trident) is placed along the side of the image and a Nandi (bull) image is on the south side. In front are the small images of Shiva and Hanuman.[4]

Generally, the temple has 30–45,000 visitors a day, which swells to around three lakh (i.e. three hundred thousand) on amavasya (the no moon day), believed to be the most auspicious day to appease Shani.[1] The village holds a fair in honour of the deity on this day. A bigger festival is held on new moon days that fall on Saturdays. Devotees bathe Lord Shani's image with water and oil and offer flowers, and udid to him. A palanquin procession of Shani is held on the day of the fair.[4] Other festivals include the birthday of Shani, Shani Jayanti.[1]

The shrine gained popularity with the decade-old film Surya Putra Shanidev made by the film producer Gulshan Kumar.[1]

Entry to women[edit]

Entrance Gateway of Shani Shingnapur

According to a 400-year tradition, women are restricted from entering the inner sanctum. On 26 January 2016, a group of over 500 women, led by activist Trupti Desai, marched to the temple under the group "Bhumata Ranragani Brigade", demanding entry into the Inner sanctum. They were stopped by the police.[8]

In a landmark judgement on 30 March 2016, the Bombay High Court asked Maharashtra government to ensure that women are not denied entry to any temple.[9] On 8 April 2016, the Shani Shingnapur trust finally allowed the women devotees to enter the sanctum.[10]


UCO Bank[edit]

In January 2011, the United Commercial (UCO) Bank opened a 'lockless' branch in the village, the first of its kind in the country, taking note of the near-zero crime rate in the region. The local police were reported to be unhappy over this development and that it amounted to a breach of conditions, because the Central government of India has made it mandatory for all banks to have high security.The bank has doors,but they will always remain open. However, it was reported by the local legislator and the bank officials that adequate precautions were being taken for the safety of lockers and important documents. [11]

Exceptional cases of theft[edit]

In 2010, cash and items worth Rs. 35000/- were stolen from a vehicle,[12][13] then in 2011 when Rs. 50000/-, gold rings, mobile phone, etc. was stolen from the home of a retired official of the Shree Shanaishwar Devasthan Trust [14] and then again in January 2012 gold ornaments were stolen from within the temple. Still villagers never keep their valuables under lock and key.

Bull carting[edit]

Sugar cane juice extraction by bull carting, on way to Shani Shingnapur

The way to Shingnapur village is covered with sugarcane fields and local people use bull to extract juice from the sugarcane, instead of machines and this type of juice extraction centres are known as Rasavanthy.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sanger, Vasundhara (2008-06-03). "TOI". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  2. ^ ''Students' Britannica India'' By Dale Hoiberg, Indu Ramchandani. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  3. ^ "Census – India". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Maharashtra Govt. gazetteer Website". Maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  5. ^ Jain, Swati (31 May 2016). "The Village With No Locks or Doors". BBC. Retrieved 13 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "No front doors in village of Shani Shingnapur". The Times of India. 6 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Village with no locks and doors". BBC.com. 31 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Women marching to Shani temple stopped
  9. ^ "Shani Shingnapur row: Allow women entry to temples, says Bombay HC". The Indian Express. 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  10. ^ "Shani Shingnapur temple allows women inside inner sanctum". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  11. ^ "God as guard: Bank opens ‘lockless’ branch". Times of India. January 17, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2010. 
  12. ^ "It has happened! theft reported at Shani Shingnapur". Dainik Bhaskar. 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  13. ^ "Theft in Shani-Shingnapur village". Sakaal Times. 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  14. ^ "It is closing time in holy Shingnapur". Pune Mirror. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  15. ^ "A village with  no doors, no thefts". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 

External links[edit]