Shankar Nag

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Shankar Nag
Shankar-Nag-pic.jpg
Born Shankar Nagarakatte
(1954-11-09)9 November 1954
Mallapura, Honnavara, Uttara Kannada, Karnataka State, India
Died 30 September 1990(1990-09-30) (aged 35)
Near Anagodu, Davanagere, India
Occupation Actor, director, producer, screenwriter, television anchor
Years active 1977–1990
Spouse(s)
Arundathi Rao (m. 1980)
Children 1
Family Anant Nag (brother)

Shankar Nagarakatte (9 November 1954 – 30 September 1990) was an Indian actor, screenwriter, director, and producer known for his work in Kannada cinema and television.[1][2] He directed and acted in the teleserial, Malgudi Days, based on celebrated novelist R. K. Narayan's short stories.

Shankar Nag received the inaugural IFFI Best Actor Award (Male): Silver Peacock Award" at the 7th International Film Festival of India for his work in the film Ondanondu Kaladalli.[3] He co-wrote 22 June 1897, an Indian national award-winning Marathi film. He is the younger brother of actor Anant Nag.[4][5]

Early career[edit]

Shankar Nagarkatte was born on 9 November 1954 in Mallapura, Honnavara. His parents were Anandi and Sadanand Nagarkatte. Born into a Konkani-speaking family, his family settled in Shirali, a village near Bhatkal in Uttara Kannada of Karnataka State. He had an elder sister, Shyamala, and an elder brother, actor Ananth Nag. After completing formal education, Shankar moved to Mumbai. In Mumbai, he was attracted to Marathi theatre and immersed himself in theatrical activities. Incidentally, he met his future wife, Arundhathi during a drama rehearsal. He was his mother's favourite son.

Nag then shifted base to Karnataka. His elder brother Anant had already established himself as an actor and urged Shankar to act in films. He was offered a role of a mercenary by Girish Karnad in the epic film Ondanondu Kaladalli (1978). He played Gandugali, a mercenary who earns a position in a rival army after he rescues a few wounded soldiers. He wishes to get even with his rival brother, whom he considers his enemy. He directed films like Minchina Ota (a rare example of a heist movie in Kannada), Janma Janmada Anubandha and Geetha (both of which had music by South Indian maestro Ilayaraja).[6]

Later days[edit]

Commercial film producers took notice of Shankar Nag and he began acting in typical masala movies. Seetaramu was Shankar Nag's first commercial movie. Shankar was an unconventional hero with an unshaven face, distinct swagger, dark eyes and had a rough voice. Although he had never undergone any martial arts training, he earned the sobriquet of Karate King. His popular films include Auto Raja, Geeta, S.P. Sangliana, and Minchina Ota. He had also identified himself with the Janata Party in 1980s.

Directorial debut[edit]

Shankar began his directorial with Minchina Ota. This won him seven state awards, including the best film. And then came a series of films directed by him. Janma Janmada Anubandha, Geetha, Accident (which won many state and national awards), Ondu Muttina Kathe (with Rajkumar in the lead – loosely based on John Steinbeck's novel The Pearl), Nodi Swamy Navirodu Hige(which has music by the legendary composer G.K. Venkatesh) , Lalach and Hosa Theerpu (remake of Dushman – his only directorial remake).His film accident has treated as a landmark and revolutionary in the Indian Cinema.

Malgudi Days[edit]

Shankar did not limit his efforts to cinema. He was equally immersed in theatre and television. Malgudi Days is the best example of Shankar's oeuvre on television. Prior to globalisation, Doordarshan was the only broadcaster in India. In addition to programme production, Doordarshan used to invite private producers to produce television serials. Shankar accepted the offer and directed Malgudi Days, based on the collection of short stories by R.K.Narayan in 1987, under the banner of Padam Rag Films. Well known actors Vishnuvardhan and Anant Nag appeared in the serial. Master Manjunath, who played the role of impish Swami, became a household name. The music, accompanied by the nasal twang "Tananaa tana na naa" on YouTube[7] was composed by L. Vaidyanathan.[8] The teleserial was shot in Agumbe, Shimoga district, Karnataka. Shankar went to direct another teleserial, titled Swami in the same year. Malgudi Days has been rated as one of the finest serials ever to be made in the history of Indian television.[9][10]

He anchored the Parichaya program on DD1-Kannada, in its starting days.[citation needed] Shankar retained an interest in theatre. His brother Anant Nag and he founded SANKET, an amateur theatre group, which still produces plays. His first ever directorial effort in Kannada was Anju Mallige by Girish Karnad. He continued with productions like Barrister, Sandhya Chhaya. Sometime here he was joined by T N Narasimhan who wrote and co-directed Nodi Swamy Navirodu Hige which had, apart from himself, his wife Arundhati Nag and Ramesh Bhat in the cast.

Death[edit]

Shankar Nag died in a car crash at Anagodu village on the outskirts of Davanagere town on 30 September 1990, during the shooting of his film Jokumaraswamy.[11] His wife and daughter, who were in the car with him, were injured but survived the accident.[12] His last film as an actor, Sundarakanda, was released a few days after his death.

For Sundarakanda, Shankar Nag's voice dubbing was fulfilled by Murali, critically acclaimed dubbing artist in the film industry and the second brother of popular actress Sudha Rani.

Nigooda Rahasya, one of his last films also had his brother and the one of the most successful and respected actors Anant Nag complete the voice dubbing for Shankar.

Legacy[edit]

Nag is considered one of the most influential, talented, exciting, dedicated and experimental artists in Indian cinema. The quick mindedness with no-nonsense thoughts were his strongest characteristics.

Many of his stories are still talked about among his fan base which include his visions for development, eradicating poverty, working unitedly for a better society, etc.

His films Autoraja, Moogana Sedu, Muniyana Madari, Karmika Kallanalla, Nodi Swamy Navirodu Hige, Indina Bharatha, Accident, Parameshi Prema Prasanga, Lorry Driver, etc. were a reflection of his affection towards the working class of the society. Not only did he show it through films, but also had a "big picture" which he was to bring it to the forefront at some point of time in his future life, which unfortunately ended soon.

It is also a well known fact that among the celebrity stars of the 1980s, two of the actors were famous for driving the tricky Agumbe ghats with only fingers fiercely and enjoying it. One among them was Shankar, the other actor being rebel star Ambareesh, both having terrific interest in cars.[citation needed]

Ranga Shankara, a brain child of Shankar is one of the leading theatres for stage plays and an important place for the people of Karnataka as this is one of Shankar's dreams that people take it with their love for plays. The committee has Arundathi Nag, Girish Karnad, among others and it is an important stage for not only national plays and event but also for hosting international plays in more than 10 languages.

It is because of his film Autoraja that his pictures are found on the auto rickshaws of Karnataka even 25 years after his death. This is a record for having the maximum number of autorickshaws having his picture in one form or the other which is a slight edge over all the other actors of Kannada film industry.[citation needed] He is a symbol of assurance of hope towards social improvement and a friendly gesture towards each other in the state.

There was a project initiated in the 2000s to bring him back to the big screen with an animated movie. The director planned to use his character to send out meaningful and positive messages to the society. Due to unknown reasons, the project was shelved. It was titled Pravadi.[13] [14]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Credited as Role Notes
Actor Director Producer Writer
1978 Sarvasakshi Yes Marathi film
Ondanondu Kaladalli Yes Gandugali Silver Peacock for the Best Actor Award (Male)[15]
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Kannada
1979 22 June 1897 Yes Marathi film
National Film Award for Best Film on National Integration
Seetharamu Yes Ramu
Preethi Madu Thamashe Nodu Yes Ravi
Madhu Chandra Yes
1980 Minchina Ota Yes Yes Yes Yes Katte Karnataka State Film Award for Second Best Film
Karnataka State Film Award for Best Screenplay
Auto Raja Yes Raja
Moogana Sedu Yes Nagaraja
Haddina Kannu Yes
Ondu Hennu Aaru Kannu Yes
Aarada Gaaya Yes Mohan
Rusthum Jodi Yes Ramu
Janma Janmada Anubandha Yes Yes Yes Yes Shiva Achari
1981 Thayiya Madilalli Yes
Kula Puthra Yes
Hanabalavo Janabalavo Yes
Geetha Yes Yes Yes Yes Sanju
Devara Aata Yes
Bhaari Bharjari Bete Yes
Muniyana Madari Yes Muniya
Jeevakke Jeeva Yes
1982 Archana Yes
Benki Chendu Yes
Karmika Kallanalla Yes
Nyaya Ellide Yes
Dharma Daari Tappithu Yes
1983 Lalach Yes Hindi film
Nyaya Gedditu Yes
Hosa Theerpu Yes Yes
Chandi Chamundi Yes
Keralida Hennu Yes
Swargadalli Maduve Yes
Aakrosha Yes
Nodi Swamy Navirodu Hige Yes Yes Yes Mysore Matha Karnataka State Film Award for Third Best Film
1984 Nagabekamma Nagabeku Yes
Raktha Thilaka Yes
Gandu Bherunda Yes Nayar
Thaliya Bhagya Yes
Benki Birugali Yes
Kalinga Sarpa Yes
Indina Bharatha Yes
Bedaru Bombe Yes
Shapatha Yes
Pavitra Prema Yes
Accident Yes Yes Ravi National Film Award for Best Film on Social Issues
Karnataka State Film Award for Best Film
Aasha Kirana Yes Kiran
Makkaliralavva Mane Thumba Yes Yes
Apoorva Sangama Yes
1985 Thayi Kanasu Yes
Parameshi Prema Prasanga Yes Yes Guest appearance
Manava Danava Yes
Kiladi Aliya Yes
Vajra Mushti Yes
Kari Naga Yes
1986 Thayiye Nanna Devaru Yes
Naa Ninna Preethisuve Yes
The Watchman Yes English film
National Award for Best Feature Film in a language other than those specified in the VIII Schedule to the Constitution[16]
Agni Parikshe Yes
Rasthe Raja Yes Raja
Samsarada Guttu Yes
1987 Thayi Yes
Ee Bandha Anubandha Yes
Huli Hebbuli Yes
Digvijaya Yes
Lorry Driver Yes
Anthima Ghatta Yes
Ondu Muttina Kathe Yes Yes
1988 Shakthi Yes
Sangliyana Yes Sangliyana
Dharmathma Yes
Mithileya Seetheyaru Yes Guest appearance
1989 Tarka Yes Akshay
Mahayuddha Yes
Anthintha Gandu Nanalla Yes
C.B.I. Shankar Yes Shankar
Idu Saadhya Yes Director Guest appearance
Raja Simha Yes
Jayabheri Yes
Narasimha Yes Narasimha
1990 S. P. Sangliyana Part 2 Yes Sangliyana
Ramarajyadalli Rakshasaru Yes
Maheshwara Yes Mahesh
Trinetra Yes
Aavesha Yes
Hosa Jeevana Yes
Halliya Surasuraru Yes
Bhale Chathura Yes
Aata Bombata Yes
Nigooda Rahasya Yes
1991 Nakkala Rajakumari Yes
Punda Prachanda Yes
Sundara Kanda Yes
Nagini Yes
1993 Prana Snehitha Yes Ram

Television[edit]

Year Title Language Notes
1987 Malgudi Days Hindi TV series
1987 Swami Hindi TV series

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A cyber memorial for Shankar Nag - Times of India". 
  2. ^ "Celebrating Shankar Nag as Auto Raja - Times of India". 
  3. ^ RAY, BIBEKANANDA (5 April 2017). "Conscience of The Race". Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ "This one's for Shankar Nag - Times of India". 
  5. ^ Anand Chandrashekar (7 November 2009). "Shankar Nag Last Interview - Part 2" – via YouTube. 
  6. ^ Nag, Anant (2001). 'Nanna tamma Shankara' (My brother Shankara). Bangalore: Total Kannada. ISBN 9788192226903. 
  7. ^ L, Vaidyanathan. "Signature tune – Malgudi days". Retrieved 16 January 2014 – via YouTube. 
  8. ^ "Music director L. Vaidyanathan dead". The Hindu. 20 May 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Shanker Nag's 'Malgudi Days' is back on television". IBN Live. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Malgudi days : Reviews". IMDb. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Shankar Nag accident: Family to get Rs 26.8 lakk". The Times of India. TNimes News Network. 30 January 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Ready for an encore". 28 September 2003. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.knowitonce.com/entertainment/pravadi-kannada-shankar-nag-movie-review.html
  14. ^ Tv9 Filmy Funda Pravadi Shankar Nag Comes Alive Shankar Nag S Animation Filmy Pravadhi – Free MP3, Lyrics, Albums & Video. Mp3loot.ninja. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  15. ^ Ray, Bibekananda (2017). Conscience of The Race. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. ISBN 9788123026619. Retrieved 23 March 2018. 
  16. ^ "34th National Film Festival, 1987" (PDF). International Film Festival of India. iffi.nic.in. p. 66. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2014. 

External links[edit]