6 September 1937 |
Calcutta (now Kolkata)
|Years of service||1957 - 1997|
|Commands held||Army Training Command (ARTRAC)
|Battles/wars||Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Bangladesh Liberation War|
General Roychowdhury was born in the city of Calcutta, West Bengal, India into a Bengali family on 6 September 1937. He received his schooling at St. Xavier's Collegiate School in Kolkata and later at Allen Memorial School and St. George's College in Mussoorie. He then became a cadet in the Joint Services Wing of the Indian Armed Forces in 1953.
General Shankar Roychowdhury was commissioned into the 20 Lancers of the Indian Army Armoured Corps on 9 June 1957, after graduating from the Indian Military Academy. He took part in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 in the Chamb-Jaurian sector, and in Jessore and Khulna during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. He commanded the 20 Lancers from 1974 to 1976, an Independent Armoured Brigade from December 1980 to July 1983, and an Armoured Division from May 1988 to May 1990. He subsequently commanded the 16 Corps in Jammu and Kashmir from 1991 to 1992.
He is a graduate of the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy, Defence Services Staff College, Army War College; National Defence College and also a Doctorate D. Lift. (Honoris CAVSA). He held several staff and instructional appointments, including that of Director General Combat Vehicles dealing with the Arjun tank.
He was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal for distinguished service to the Indian Army and the nation. He took over as GOC-in-C, Army Training Command (ARTRAC) in August 1992. He assumed charge of the Indian Army as the 18th Chief of Army Staff on 22 November 1994, upon the untimely death of his predecessor, General B.C. Joshi. He retired from the Indian Army on 30 September 1997, after 40 years of military service.
After retirement from the Army, General Roychowdhury became a member of the Rajya Sabha, where he highlighted defence related issues. Since 21 January 2008, he has been a Director of Indian Metal & Ferro Alloys Ltd. His autobiography titled Officially at Peace was published by Penguin Books in 2002.
Honours and decorations
- "Executive Profile of Shankar Roychowdhury (Retd.)". Business Week. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "General Shankar Roy Chowdhury". Indian Army. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "General Shankar Roychowdhury". Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Shankar Roy Chowdhury appointed new chief of army staff". India Today. 15 December 1995. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- Abidi, S. Sartaj Alam; Sharma, Satinder (2007-01-01). Services Chiefs of India. Northern Book Centre. pp. 82–. ISBN 9788172111625. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Roychowdhury, Shankar (2002). Officially at peace. New Delhi: Viking. ISBN 0670885851.
- Maoists are also our fellow Indians: General Shankar Roychowdhury, IBN Live, 29 May 2013.
- Ex Indian Army chief talks about Indo-Bangla ties, Hindustan Times, 16 March 2013.
- Former Army chief Shankar Roychowdhury backs General VK Singh in age row, The Economic Times, 22 January 2012.
Bipin Chandra Joshi
|Chief of Army Staff
Ved Prakash Malik