People's Government of Shanwei Municipality
Location of Shanwei in Guangdong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||5,271 km2 (2,035 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefixes||粤N|
|Coastline(excluding islands)||302 km (188 mi)|
"Shanwei", as written in Chinese
|Cantonese Jyutping||Saan3 mei5|
|Literal meaning||Tail or end of the fishing sandbar|
Shànwěi (Chinese: 汕尾), or Swabue, is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Jieyang to the east, Meizhou and Heyuan to the north, Huizhou to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south. It lies approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Shenzhen and the locals speak the Haifeng dialect.
Shanwei City was established in 1988.
|Map||Name||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population
||Cheng District||城区||Chéng Qū||460,000||421||1,093|
|Haifeng County||海丰县||Hǎifēng Xiàn||760,000||1,750||434|
|Luhe County||陆河县||Lùhé Xiàn||280,000||986||284|
Geography and climate
Shanwei has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild to warm winters, and long, hot, humid summers. Winter begins sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier; there are 10.3 days with 50 mm (1.97 in) or more rainfall. Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 14.8 °C (58.6 °F) in January to 28.1 °C (82.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 22.22 °C (72.0 °F). The annual rainfall is around 1,950 mm (77 in), about two-thirds of which occurs from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 26% in March to 57% in October, the city receives 1,925 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Shanwei (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.0
|Average low °C (°F)||11.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||29.0
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||6.1||9.2||11.3||12.5||14.8||17.7||16.6||16.0||11.2||5.3||4.1||4.2||129.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||73||78||81||83||85||86||85||84||79||73||69||69||78.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||145.9||101.8||94.7||104.5||135.6||166.3||228.6||201.4||191.4||204.9||180.1||170.0||1,925.2|
|Percent possible sunshine||43||32||26||28||33||41||55||51||52||57||55||51||43|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
According to a December 2011 report, officials from Shenzhen considered Shanwei as one of the major destinations to which air-polluting industries should be relocated from Shenzhen. According to the mayor of Shenzhen, some 4000 Shenzhen factories should be moved to an industrial park in Shanwei.
On the night of December 6, 2005, armed policemen were sent to the village of Dongzhou, located near the coast of Jieshi Bay some 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of central Shanwei, to suppress appeals by residents protesting the lack of compensation for having land confiscated by the government. Several residents were shot dead: the Chinese government claimed that three people were killed, and residents claimed that the number was between 20 and 33, with up to 40 more missing. Other media have reported armed police were sent in after the villagers attacked unarmed police.
In 2011, a conflict between the residents of the Wukan village (in Shanwei's Lufeng county-level city, on the Jieshi Bay some 30 km (19 mi) east of Shanwei city center) attracted world media's attention.
Generally used is Shanweihua which is similar to Chaozhou dialect and Hoklo, belonging to the Min Nan division of Min Chinese. Haifeng, Lufeng and the urban area have basically the same accent. Most parts of Luhe District of Lufeng city use Hakka Chinese belonging to the Xinhui subdialect of the Yuetai dialect. As Shanwei is adjacent to the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong, together with the impact of television programs from Hong Kong and population movements within Guangdong province, many local residents, especially the younger generation, have communication skills in Cantonese.
- "Beijing, Shenzhen to Close Polluting Plants by 2016, Xinhua, 2011-11-27". Bjreview.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- French, Howard W. (December 17, 2005). "Chinese Pressing to Keep Village Silent on Clash - International Herald Tribune". Nytimes.com.
- "Protest Planned over Land Dispute in China". NPR. 2005-12-16. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shanwei.|
- Official website (in Simplified Chinese)