Shaobing (shāo bǐng), also written shao bing or sao bing, [1 ] [2 ] [3 ] [4 ] [5 ] [6 ] [7 ] [8 ] [9 ] [10 ] [11 ] is a type of baked, unleavened, layered [12 ] flatbread bread in Chinese cuisine. Shaobing can be made with or without stuffing, and with or without sesame on top. Shaobing contains a variety of stuffings that can be grouped into two main flavors: savory or sweet. Some common stuffings include red bean paste, black sesame paste, stir-fried mung beans with egg and tofu, braised beef, smoked meat, or beef or pork with spices. [13 ] [14 ]
Shaobing is not very well known in southern China, unlike other northern dishes like
mantou, baozi, and youtiao. Some unique varieties of shaobing can be completely unheard of in the south. Different types of shaobing are often associated with certain cities and towns.
Shaobing is a common breakfast item. Filled shaobing are usually eaten with soy milk and tea, while unfilled ones are usually eaten with
steamed eggs or a breakfast meat dish. In the Mandarin cuisine tradition, shaobing are served with hot pot ( huǒguō) in winter or soy milk.
Miscellaneous [ edit ]
Chinese legends claim that the roasted flatbread Shaobing (shao-ping) was brought back from the
Xiyu (the Western Regions, known as Central Asia) by the Han dynasty General Ban Chao, and that it was originally known as Hubing 胡餅 (barbarian pastry). The shao-ping is believed to be descended from the Hu-ping (Hubing). Shao-ping is believed to be related to the [15 ] Persian and Central Asian Nan bread and the near eastern pita bread. [16 ] [17 ] Foreign westerners made and sold sesame cakes in China during the [18 ] Tang dynasty. [19 ]
Liu Bowen was one of the most famous scholars of the Ming dynasty. He presented a cryptic lyrical song titled " Shaobing Song" (燒餅歌) to the Zhu Yuanzhang emperor. The song supposedly predicted the future of China. [20 ] [21 ] [22 ]
Image gallery [ edit ]
Taiwanese sesame paste shaobing:
References [ edit ]
^ "Sao Bing". FoodMayhem. 2008-04-01 . Retrieved . 2013-05-14
^ "Hua Juan and Sao Bing". Baking With Em&M. 2011-03-24 . Retrieved . 2013-05-15
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^ Fu Pei-Mei (2010). Pei-Mei's Chinese Cookbook 1. Translated by Paul Eng. Contributor Martha Dahlen. askmar publishing. ISBN 1-935842-04-8 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Fu Pei Mei (2010). Pei-Mei's Chinese Cookbook 2. askmar publishing. ISBN 1-935842-05-6 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Shurtleff, William; Aoyagi, Akiko (2009). . Soyinfo Center. p. 329. History of Miso, Soybean Jiang (China), Jang (Korea) and Tauco (Indonesia) (200 BC-2009) ISBN 1-928914-22-5 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Kraig, Bruce, ed. (2013). . ABC-CLIO. p. 92. Street Food Around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture ISBN 1-59884-955-7 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Church, Marguerite Chien (2002). . Infinity Publishing. p. 127. Adopted, the Chinese Way ISBN 0-7414-1224-1 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Huang, H. T. (2000). Fermentations and Food Science 6. Cambridge University Press. p. 474. ISBN 0-521-65270-7 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Anderson, E. N. (1988). (illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Yale University Press. p. 143, 144, 218. The Food of China ISBN 0-300-04739-8 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Simoons, Frederick J. (1990). . CRC Press. p. 89. Food in China: A Cultural and Historical Inquiry ISBN 0-8493-8804-X . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ . W.Y. Tsao. 1995. p. 66 Free China Review, Volume 45, Issues 7-12 . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Schafer, Edward H. (1963). (illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). University of California Press. p. 29 The Golden Peaches of Samarkand: A Study of Tʻang Exoticsz . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
^ Windridge, Charles.  (2003) Tong Sing The Chinese Book of Wisdom. Kyle Cathie Limited. ISBN 0-7607-4535-8. pg 124-125.
^ Ji, Liu.  (2004) 燒餅歌與推背圖. Bai Shan Shu Fang Publishing Company. ISBN 986-7769-00-7.
^ HK geocities. " HK geocities." 燒餅歌. Retrieved on 2008-09-19.