|Nationality|| Hungary (1995–2022)|
|Born||20 November 1995|
|Height||1.81 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Country|| Hungary (2013–2022) |
|Sport||Short track speed skating|
|Club||Ferencvárosi Torna Club (2019-2022)|
Tianjin Winter and Water Sports Management Center (2022-)
|Coached by||Zhang Jing (speed skater)|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||500 m: 39.732 (2019)|
1,000 m: 1:22.490 (2023)
1,500 m: 2:09.213 (2022)
3,000 m: 4:46.110 (2019)
|Shaolin Sándor Liu|
Shaolin Sándor Liu (Chinese: 劉少林; pinyin: Liú Shàolín; Mandarin pronunciation: [ljǒʊ ʂâʊ lǐn]; born 20 November 1995) is a Chinese-Hungarian Olympic champion short track speed skater. He has won one gold and one bronze as part of the Hungarian team in short track speed skating relays at the 2018 and 2022 Winter Olympics. He has chosen to change nationality that may allow him to compete for China in 2024.
Born and raised in Hungary to a Chinese father and a Hungarian mother, Liu started the sport in 2006. Before taking up skating, Liu and his brother Shaoang swam for two years, but they frequently got colds as a result. After looking for different sports to compete in, they took up short track speed skating.
In 2006, the World Championships were held in Hungary. Their father assisted the Chinese team during their stay, helping with their stay and guiding them around. After the Chinese team suggested his two sons should go train in China due to their half-Chinese ethnicity, Liu's father agreed to take the boys to China, where they trained for one and a half years. After returning from China, they began to win various minor European competitions. In 2012, Zhang Jing came from China to coach Liu and his brother.
Liu represented Hungary at the 2014 Winter Olympics. He has won multiple medals at the World Junior Short Track Speed Skating Championships, and placed third overall at the 2016 World Short Track Speed Skating Championships.
In November 2022, Liu and his brother requested consent from the Hungarian National Skating Federation to allow them to change nationality, a request which was granted a month later in December, but they would need to sit out for 12 months with the change in nationality.
Liu's younger brother Shaoang Liu is also a short track speed skater. He was second in the 1500 m, third in the 500 m, and fifth overall at the 2016 World Short Track Speed Skating Championships.[non-primary source needed] Though born to a Chinese father from Tianjin, Liu speaks Chinese with a noticeable Northeastern accent due to his year and a half spent in the Northeastern region of China. He was in a relationship with fellow speed skater Elise Christie from 2015 to 2018.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Sándor Liu". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 4 December 2016.
Full name: Shaolin "Sándor" Liu
- "Short Track Speed Skating | Athlete Profile: Shaolin Sandor LIU – Pyeongchang 2018 Olympic Winter Games". Pyeongchang2018.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
- Duran, Andres. "Featured interview: Liu Brothers (HUN) – ISU". isu.org. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
- Mia Castagnone (15 February 2022). "Winter Olympics: Hungary's Liu brothers Shaolin and Shaoang strengthen bonds with China after success on Beijing ice". South China Morning Post.
- "Sandor LIU SHAOLIN". Sochi2014.com. Organizing Committee of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- "Rp gyorskori: Liu Shaolin megnyerte a junior-vb-t" [Rp quick time: Shaolin Liu won the junior World Championships]. nemzetisport.hu (in Hungarian). 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Men's overall results
- "Christie's boyfriend wins gold". BBC Sport.
- "Winter Olympics 2022 - Hungary's Shaolin Liu disqualified as Ren Ziwei takes dramatic 1000m gold". Eurosport. 7 February 2022.
- "Shaolin Sándor Liu Pledges to Return Stronger Than Ever for 2026 Olympics". Hungary Today. 18 February 2022.
- "Hungary history-making short track speed skating brothers seek new country". NBC Sports. 9 November 2022.
- "Hungarian skating federation agrees to Liu brothers' change of country". Xinhua. 20 December 2022.
- Liu Shaolin (28 January 2016). "93 days since Together". Retrieved 14 November 2016 – via Twitter.
- Falkingham, Katie (16 November 2018). "Elise Christie: Speed skater considered quitting after Winter Olympics". BBC News.
- Rutlzer, Peter (14 February 2018). "Winter Olympics: The couples spending Valentine's Day in PyeongChang". i.
Media related to Shaolin Sándor Liu at Wikimedia Commons