Shapingba District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shapingba)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shapingba
沙坪坝区
District
The skyline of Shapingba.
The skyline of Shapingba.
Shapingba District in Chongqing
Shapingba District in Chongqing
Country China
Region Chongqing
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://spb.cq.cqedu.net/

Shapingba (simplified Chinese: 沙坪坝; traditional Chinese: 沙坪壩; pinyin: Shāpíngbà) is a district of Chongqing, People's Republic of China, it was formerly known as Shaci District (沙磁区) during the Sino-Japanese War. It is one of the most important parts of Chongqing, which covered around 396 square kilometers, 13 subdistricts, and 11 towns. Shapingba is one of the most densely populated areas in Chongqing, with a population of around one million.

Location and Geography[edit]

the Sanxia Square in Shapingba.
A night view of Shapingba's Sanxia Square.

Shapingba is one of Chongqing's main districts. Its border on Jiulongpo (south), Bishan (west) and Beibei (north), and the district itself is on the west bank of Jialing River.

History[edit]

Before Shapingba District became a part of Chongqing, it belonged to Baxian(Now Banan District). In the early 1930s, Shapingba District belonged to Baxian First District, the government located at the Ciqikou (Longyin Town), the ancient section of town. During the period of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Chiang Kai-shek’s government had moved to Chongqing, a great number of schools, factories and medical institutions settled in Shapingba. From then on Shapingba turned a place full of talent. On February 6, 1938, the Chongqing University, the Sichuan College of Education, the Chongqing Nankai Middle School, the Chongqing Electrical Steel Works and several institutions which settled at Shapingba from Beijing, Shanghai or Nanjing such as the National Central University, the China Radio International, and the Academia Sinica, also the business and the financial together set the Chongqing Shaci Cultural District.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[1]
Xiaolongkan Subdistrict 小龙坎街道 Xiǎolóngkǎn Jiēdào 35,167
Shapingba Subdistrict 沙坪坝街道 Shāpíngbà Jiēdào 73,290
Yubei Road Subdistrict 渝碚路街道 Yúbèilù Jiēdào 100,012
Ciqikou Subdistrict 磁器口街道 Cíqìkǒu Jiēdào 18,963
Tongjiaqiao Subdistrict 童家桥街道 Tóngjiāqiáo Jiēdào 47,873
Shijingpo Subdistrict 石井坡街道 Ahíjǐngpō Jiēdào 33,184
Zhanjiaxi Subdistrict 詹家溪街道 Zhānjiāxī Jiēdào 31,683
Jingkou Subdistrict 井口街道 Jǐngkǒu Jiēdào 25,679
Geyaoshan Subdistrict 歌乐山街道 Gēyàoshān Jiēdào 10,950
Shandong Subdistrict 山洞街道 Shāndòng Jiēdào 3,075
Xinqiao Subdistrict 新桥街道 Zīnqiáo Jiēdào 52,762
Tianxingqiao Subdistrict 天星桥街道 Tiānxīngqiáo Jiēdào 77,470
Tuwan Subdistrict 土湾街道 Tǔwān Jiēdào 45,144
Tanjiagang Subdistrict 覃家岗街道 Tánjiāgǎng Jiēdào 79,544
Chenjiaqiao Subdistrict 陈家桥街道 Chénjiāqiáo Jiēdào 54,828
Huxi Subdistrict 虎溪街道 Hǔxī Jiēdào 54,079
Xiyong Subdistrict 西永街道 Xīyǒng Jiēdào 26,140
Lianfang Subdistrict 联芳街道 Liánfāng Jiēdào 24,778
Jingkou Town 井口镇 Jǐngkǒu Zhèn 27,404
Geyaoshan Town 歌乐山镇 Gēyàoshān Zhèn 41,674
Qingmuguan Town 青木关镇 Qīngmùguān Zhèn 30,469
Fenghuang Town 凤凰镇 Fènghuáng Zhèn 19,902
Huilongba Town 回龙坝镇 Huílóngbà Zhèn 26,582
Zengjia Town 曾家镇 Zēngjiā Zhèn 23,947
Tuzhu Town 土主镇 Tǔzhǔ Zhèn 18,303
Zhongliang Town 中梁镇 Zhōngliáng Zhèn 17,111

Education[edit]

Shapingba District is famous for its educational and technical environments. It is also known as the cultural center of Chongqing. There are 7 colleges and universities included Chongqing University and Southwest University of Political Science and Law, over 60 research institutes, as well as 173 primary and secondary school. in addition, Chongqing College City has been under way since 2003.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

High Schools[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Shapingba and the Jialing river.

Metro[edit]

Shapingba is currently served by one metro lines operated by Chongqing Rail Transit:

Industry[edit]

The industry of Shapingba mainly consists of motorcycle and car manufacture, electrical equipment, biologic-chemical industry and tertiary occupation. The state owned corporations include Jialing Group, Southwest Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd and Chongqing Pesticide Chemical Group, while private owned corporations include Chongqing HuiLi Ltd [1], Lifan Group, Yuan Group and Huayang Group.

Tourism[edit]

Shapingba has a number of tourist attractions, monuments of Anti-Japanese War and Red Crag spirit. The Geleshan several hundred years old town of Ciqikou and Lin's Garden are the most famous places among Shapingba's attractions. Sanxia Guangchang, the center of Shapingba was completed on November 8, 2003, served the citizens with its shopping, entertainment and leisure functions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.