Shapley 1

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Shapley 1/Sp 1
Fine Ring Nebula.jpg
Fine Ring Nebula — captured here by the ESO Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera mounted on the New Technology Telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile.[1] Credit ESO.
Observation data: epoch
Right ascension 15h 51m 42.75s
Declination −51° 31′ 30.5″
Distance ~4900 ly[2] ly
Apparent magnitude (V) 12.6
Apparent dimensions (V) 1.1'
Constellation Norma
Notable features Central star is a white dwarf with a magnitude of 14.
Designations PLN 329+2.1
See also: Lists of nebulae

Shapley 1 (Sp 1 or PLN 329+2.1)[3] is an annular planetary nebula in the constellation of Norma with a magnitude of +12.6.[4] As viewed from Earth, it is peculiar in that it seems to be a non-bipolar, torus-shaped planetary nebula. However, it is thought that this is due to the viewpoint of looking directly down on a binary system whose orbit is perpendicular to Earth.[2]

Discovered in 1936 by Harlow Shapley,[3][4] it is approximately 4900 light years from Earth, and is around 8700 years old.[2] At the center of the nebula is a magnitude 14 white dwarf star. It has an angular diameter of 1.1 arc minutes,[5] which makes it about one-third (.32) of a light year across.


  1. ^ "Smoke Signals in Space". Picture of the Week. ESO. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Jones, D.; Mitchell, D. L.; Lloyd, M.; Pollacco, D.; O'Brien, T. J.; Meaburn, J.; Vaytet, N. M. H. (2012). "The morphology and kinematics of the Fine Ring Nebula, planetary nebula Sp 1, and the shaping influence of its binary central star". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 420 (3): 2271–79. arXiv:1111.2860Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.420.2271J. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.20192.x. 
  3. ^ a b "Shapley1". Astrosurf. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  4. ^ a b Darling, David. "Shapley 1". David Darling Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  5. ^ "Shapley 1". David Darling. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 

Coordinates: Sky map 15h 51m 42.75s, −51° 31′ 30.5″