Sharad Anantrao Joshi
|Sharad Anantrao Joshi|
3 September 1935|
|Died||12 December 2015(aged 80)|
|Occupation||Politician, Writer, Bureaucrat|
|Known for||Shetkari Sanghatana
Sharad Anantrao Joshi (3 September 1935 – 12 December 2015) was an Indian politician who founded the Swatantra Bharat Paksh party and Shetkari Sanghatana (farmers' Organisation), He was also a Member of the Parliament of India representing Maharashtra in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament during the period 5 July 2004 till 4 July 2010. On 9 January 2010 he was the sole MP in Rajya Sabha to vote against the bill providing 33% reservation for women in Indian parliament and assemblies.
Sharad Anantrao Joshi was a member of Advisory Board of the World Agricultural Forum (WAF), the foremost global agricultural platform that initiates dialogue between those who can impact agriculture. He is also founder of Shetkari Sanghatana, an organisation for farmers. Shetakari Sanghatana is a non-political union of Farmers formed with the aim to "Freedom of access to markets and to Technology".
Early life, education and Career
Sharad Joshi was born on 3 September 1935 at Satara, in the state of Maharashtra, India. He is a son of Anant Narayan (1905–70) and Indirabai Joshi (1910–92). He obtained a master's degree in Commerce from Sydenham College, Mumbai, in 1957 and, Diploma in Informatics from Lausanne in 1974. During his career he obtained many awards including Award C.E. Randle Gold Medal for Banking (1955), and Cursetjee Dady Prize for work on Computation of Irrigation Benefits. He worked as a Lecturer in Economics and Statistics, University of Poona, 1957–58. Later he worked for I.P.S Indian Postal Service (Class I) 1958–68; His international career included a long stint as Chief of Informatics Service at International Bureau, UPU, Bern, Switzerland, 1968–77. He served as a United Nations officer before founding Shetakari Sanghatana.
He was a founder of Shetkari Sanghatana, farmers' Organisation in Maharashtra. He has led number of mass agitations on agricultural issues in India. Most of them in the state of Maharashtra on issues of prices offered to Farmers. He was also founder Leader of ' Kisan Coordination Committee (KCC)' composed of sister organisations from 14 states – Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala; led a number of agitations in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana etc. for remunerative prices of onions, sugar cane, tobacco, milk, paddy, cotton, against hike in electricity tariffs, for liquidation of rural debts and against State dumping in domestic markets.
Joshi was an economic liberal who demanded reduction of state control in agriculture sector. He supported WTO argued that Indian farming could be profitable if farmers had access to a free market. He was credited with coining the term Bharat vs India to highlight the neglect of rural farmers by urban elites.
In his will, he left most of his property to the Shetkari Trust, which is entrusted to take his work forward. He has also been a columnist for the dailies 'The Times of India', ' Business India', 'Lokmat' etc., and has also authored books on agricultural issues.
Shetkari Mahila Aghadi (SMA)
Sharad Joshi is also a Founder of the largest organisation of rural women Shetkari Mahila Aghadi (SMA) celebrated for its work for women's property rights notably for the Lakshmi Mukti programme that has conferred land titles on lakhs of rural housewives.
Special Economic Zones for farm
Sharad Joshi advocated SEZs in areas of India's comparative advantage, notably organic farming, aromatic and medicinal plants, manufacture of hybrid seeds and horticulture. Joshi also voiced on the need to establish credible certifying agencies for organic farm products and also suggested exclusive Zones for growing variety of onions popular in the Western countries and also the domestic market could be insulated from the international markets, and shortages could be averted even while earning foreign exchange.
Socialism and Indian Constitution
In December 2005 Sharad Joshi tabled private member legislation in the Rajya Sabha, demanding deletion of the word socialism from the Representation of the People Act of the Constitution of India.
A partial list of his writings and works includes:
- Organisation of Peasants: Thought and Practice
- Bharat Speaks Out (1982)
- Bharat Eyeview (1986)
- The Women's Question (1986),
- Answering Before God (1994)
- AngarMala (अंगारमळा)
- Anwayarth (अन्वयार्थ) Part 1 and 2
- Arth To Sangato Punha (अर्थ तो सांगतो पुन्हा)
- Khulya Vyavasthekade - Khulya Manane (खुल्या व्यवस्थेकडे - खुल्या मनाने)
- Chandawadchi Shidori - Striyancha Prashn (चांदवडची शिदोरी - स्त्रियांचा प्रश्न)
- Jag Badalnari Pustake (जग बदलणारी पुस्तके)
- Poshindyachi Lokshahi (पोशिंद्याची लोकशाही)
- Prachalit Arthavyvasthevar Nava Prakash (प्रचलित अर्थव्यवस्थेवर नवा प्रकाश)
- Baliche Rajya Yenar Aahe (बळीचे राज्य येणार आहे)
- Bharatasthi (भारतासाठी)
- Mazya Shetkari Bhavanno Aani Maybahininno (माझ्या शेतकरी भावांनो आणि मायबहिणींनो)
- Rashtriya Krushineetee (राष्ट्रीय कृषिनीती)
- Shetkari Sanghatana : Vichar Aani Karyapaddhatee (शेतकरी संघटना : विचार आणि कार्यपद्धती)
- Shetkaryacha Raaja Shivaji Aani Itar Lekh (शेतकर्याचा राजा शिवाजी आणि इतर लेख)
- Swatantrya Ka Nasle? (स्वातंत्र्य का नासले?)
- Samasyayen Bharat Ki (समस्याए भारत की)
- Swatantrata Kyon Naakam Hui (स्वतंत्रता क्यों नाकाम हो गई?)
- "Economist, agriculturist and farmer leader Sharad Joshi, was the lone member of Rajya Sabha who voted against the woman's reservation bill on March 9. He explains his reservations against the bill.§". New Delhi: Rediff news. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- Tewari, Ruhi; Santosh K. Joy (9 March 2010). "Upper House voted for the legislation by 186 votes to a single dissent vote by Sharad Anantrao Joshi, an MP representing the Swatantra Bharat Paksh.". New Delhi: livemint.com. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Women quota bill will prove fatal to democracy". Daily Times. New Delhi. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "World Agricultural Forum (WAF)". World Agricultural Forum (WAF). Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "Fields to polyhouses: Joshi urges farmers to adopt modern techniques". Pune: Indian Express News Service. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Farmers' leader Sharad Anantrao Joshi passes away". dna. 12 December 2015.
- HAZARIKA, SANJOY (23 August 1989). "Agitation by Farmers Is Challenging Gandhi". The New York Times. AMBETHAN, India. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Indian farmers, a peaceful though long-exploited community, are angry". Boston Globe. 15 January 1981. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- BHOSALE, JAYASHREE (8 December 2009). "Farmers worried over climate disturbances". The Economic Times. Pune. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- JAGANNATHAN, PRABHA (7 July 2009). "Union Budget 2009–'10: Not enough to propel farm growth to 4%". The Economic Times. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- Kishwar, Madhu (31 May 2000). "Sabotage in the guise of support?". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Son of the soil". Frontline. 8 January 2016.
- Press Information Bureau. (11 February 2005). "SEZ Act to give big boost to FDI and Employment". New Delhi: Ministry of Commerce & Industry India. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- Tom Brass. New farmers' movements in India , Length 290pages, Routledge, 1995, ISBN 0-7146-4609-1, ISBN 978-0-7146-4609-1.