Sharad Govindrao Pawar
|MP of Rajya Sabha for Maharashtra|
|Assumed office |
3 April 2014
|Chief Minister of Maharashtra|
18 July 1978 – 17 February 1980
|Preceded by||Vasantdada Patil|
|Succeeded by||President's Rule|
26 June 1988 – 25 June 1991
|Preceded by||Shankarrao Chavan|
|Succeeded by||Sudhakarrao Naik|
6 March 1993 – 14 March 1995
|Preceded by||Sudhakarrao Naik|
|Succeeded by||Manohar Joshi|
|Minister of Agriculture|
23 May 2004 – 26 May 2014
|Preceded by||Rajnath Singh|
|Succeeded by||Radha Mohan Singh|
|Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution|
|Preceded by||Sharad Yadav|
|Succeeded by||Ram Vilas Paswan|
|President, Bharat Scouts and Guides|
|Preceded by||Rameshwar Thakur|
|Succeeded by||Rameshwar Thakur|
|President of the International Cricket Council|
|Preceded by||David Morgan|
|Succeeded by||Alan Isaac|
|Member of the Indian Parliament|
|Preceded by||Ajit Pawar|
|Succeeded by||Supriya Sule|
|Born||12 December 1940|
Baramati, Bombay Presidency, British India
|Political party||Nationalist Congress Party (1999–present)|
|Indian National Congress (Before 1999)|
|Children||1 daughter – Supriya Sule|
|Education||B.Com (Bachelor of Commerce)|
|Alma mater||Brihan Maharashtra College of Commerce|
|As of 29 October, 2010|
Sharad Govindrao Pawar (born 12 December 1940), is an Indian politician from Maharashtra with over 50 years of public service.He holds a position of prominence in politics of India as well as the regional politics of Maharashtra.During his long career,Pawar has served as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on three occasions and held the posts of Minister of Defence and Minister of Agriculture in the Government of India.He is president of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), which he founded in 1999, after separating from the Indian National Congress. He leads the NCP delegation in the Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of indian parliament.
Pawar comes from the town of Baramati in the Pune district of Maharashtra. He is the patriarch of a political family that includes his daughter as well his nephew and other members of his extended family.
Outside of politics, Pawar served as the Chairman of the Board of Control for Cricket in India BCCI from 2005 to 2008 and as the president of the International Cricket Council from 2010 to 2012. On 17 June 2015, he was re-elected as president of the Mumbai Cricket Association, a position he held from 2001 to 2010 and in 2012. On 17 December 2016, he stepped down as the President of Mumbai Cricket Association.
- 1 Early life and family
- 2 Political career
- 3 Sports administration
- 4 Educational Institutions
- 5 Controversies
- 5.1 Criminal links
- 5.2 Stamp-paper scam
- 5.3 Wheat imports
- 5.4 Agricultural produce prices
- 5.5 Farmer suicides
- 5.6 Promotion of endosulfan
- 5.7 Land allotment
- 5.8 IPL exemption from tax controversy
- 5.9 Asset declaration
- 5.10 Nira Radia's allegations
- 5.11 Lavasa
- 5.12 Comments on the 2010 Pune bombing
- 5.13 Slapping incident
- 5.14 Turban controversy
- 6 Awards and Honours
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Early life and family
Sharad Pawar is one of eleven children born to Govindrao Pawar, and his wife,Shardabai Pawar.The ancestors of Govindrao had moved to Baramati from the nearby Satara district.Govindrao had a long career in Baramati Farmers' Cooperative (Sahakari Kharedi Vikri Sangh).He also managed a students hostel in the 1940s.In 1950s he was instrumental in setting up cooperative sugar mills in the Baramati region.Shardabai Pawar was also elected on the district local board three times between 1937 and 1952. also looked after the family farm at Katewadi, ten kilometres from Baramati.The Pawars were keen supporters of education for their children.Most of his brothers and sisters were well educated and successful in their respective professions.Unfortunately, Vasantrao, the eldest lawyer brother of Pawar was murdered over a land deal by a man who was suspected to be a hired assassin. Pratap Pawar, Sharad Pawar's younger brother runs the successful Marathi daily newspaper Sakal. Pawar's nephew, Ajit Pawar, is also a politician and served as the Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Pawar is married to Pratibha (née Shinde). They have one daughter, Supriya Sule, who is married to Sadanand Sule. Supriya currently represents the Baramati constituency in the 17th Lok Sabha.
Pawar's first political act was when as a schoolboy,he organized a protest march for Goan Independence in Pravaranagar in 1956.At college he was active in student politics.Although his older lawyer brother belonged to Peasant and worker's party, young Pawar preferred the Congress party and joined Youth Congress in 1958.He rose to become the president of Poona district youth Congress in 1962.By 1964,he was one of the two secretaries of Maharashtra youth congress and in regular contact with big wigs of the party.
Early in his career, Pawar was regarded as a protege of Yashwantrao Chavan, the most influential politician from Maharashtra at that time. At a young age of 27 in 1967, Pawar was nominated as the candidate for the Baramati constituency of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly over more established members by the undivided Congress Party. He won the election and represented the constituency on and off for decades.In 1969 joined the Congress(R) faction of prime minister Indira Gandhi along with his mentor Yashwantrao Chavan. As the MLA of Baramati in the early 1970s, he was instrumental in building percolation tanks during a severe drought in Maharashtra.Like most Congress party politicians from rural western Maharashtra, he was also heavily involved in the politics of the local cooperative sugar mills and other member run cooperatives societies. In early 1970s, the then chief minister Vasantrao Naik had been power for a long time and there was jockeying for succession among different factions of the stare party. At that time, looking to the future leadership of the party, Yashwantrao Chavan persuaded Naik to bring Sharad Pawar into his cabinet as state home affairs minister. Pawar continued as home affairs minister in the 1975-77 government of Shankarrao Chavan, who succeeded Naik as chief minister.
In the 1977 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress party, under Indira Gandhi, lost power to the Janata Alliance. Taking responsibility for the loss of large number of seats in Maharashtra, chief minister Shankarrao Chavan resigned shortly afterwards and was replaced by Vasantdada Patil. Later in the year, the Congress party split, with Pawar's mentor, Yashwantrao Chavan joining one faction, Congress (U), and Indira Gandhi leading her own faction, Congress (I). Pawar himself joined Congress (U). In the state assembly elections held early in 1978, the two Congress parties ran separately but then formed an alliance to keep power under Vasantdada Patil and deny it to Janata Party which emerged as the biggest single party after the election, but without a majority. Pawar served as Minister of Industry and Labour in the Patil government.
In July 1978, Pawar broke away from the Congress (U) party to form a coalition government with the Janata Party. In the process, at the age of 38, he became the youngest Chief Minister of Maharashtra. This Progressive Democratic Front government was dismissed in February 1980, following Indira Gandhi's return to power.
In the 1980 elections Congress (I) won the majority in the state assembly, and A.R. Antulay took over as chief minister. Pawar took over the Presidency of his Indian National Congress (Socialist) (Congress(S)) party in 1983. For the first time, he won the Lok Sabha election from the Baramati parliamentary constituency in 1984. He also won the state assembly election of March 1985 for Baramati and preferred to continue in state politics for a while, resigning from the Lok Sabha. Congress (S), won 54 seats out of 288 in the state assembly, and he became the leader of the opposition of PDF coalition which included the BJP, PWP, and the Janata party.
His returning to Congress (I) in 1987 has been cited as a reason for the rise of the Shiv Sena at that time. Pawar had stated at the time, "the need to save the Congress Culture in Maharashtra", as his reason for returning to Congress. In June 1988, Prime Minister of India and Congress President Rajiv Gandhi decided to induct then Maharashtra Chief Minister Shankarrao Chavan into his Union Cabinet as Finance Minister and Sharad Pawar was chosen to replace Chavan as chief minister. Sharad Pawar had the task of checking the rise of the Shiv Sena in state politics, which was a potential challenge to the dominance of Congress in the state. In the 1989 Lok Sabha elections, Congress won 28 seats out of 48 in Maharashtra. In the state assembly elections of February 1990, the alliance between the Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party posed a stiff challenge to Congress. Congress fell short of an absolute majority in the state assembly, winning 141 seats out of 288. Sharad Pawar was sworn in as chief minister again on 4 March 1990 with the support of 12 independent or unaffiliated members of the legislative assembly (MLAs).
During the course of the 1991 election campaign, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated. There were reports in the media that Pawar's name was being considered for the prime minister's post, along with those of P.V. Narasimha Rao and N.D. Tiwari, in the event of a Congress victory. However the Congress Parliamentary Party (party MPs) elected P.V. Narasimha Rao as their leader, and he was sworn in as prime minister on 21 June 1991. Rao named Pawar as defence minister. On 26 June 1991, Pawar took over that portfolio, and held it until March 1993. After Pawar's successor in Maharashtra, Sudhakarrao Naik, stepped down after the disastrous handling of the Bombay riots, Rao asked Pawar to serve again as chief minister of the state. Pawar was sworn in as chief minister for his fourth term on 6 March 1993. Almost immediately, Mumbai was rocked by a series of bomb blasts, on 12 March 1993. Pawar's response to the blasts attracted controversy. More than a decade later, Pawar admitted that he had "deliberately misled" people following the bombings, by saying that there were "12 and not 11" explosions, and had added the name of a Muslim-dominated locality to show that people from both communities had been affected. He attempted to justify this deception by claiming that it was a move to prevent communal riots, by falsely portraying that both Hindu and Muslim communities in the city had been affected adversely. He also admitted to lying about evidence recovered and misleading people into believing that it pointed to the Tamil Tigers as possible suspects.
In 1993, the Deputy Commissioner of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, G. R. Khairnar made a series of accusations against Pawar for being involved in corruption and protecting criminals. Though Khairnar could not produce any evidence in support of his claims, it inevitably affected Pawar's popularity. Notable social worker Anna Hazare started a fast-unto-death to demand the expulsion of 12 officers of the Maharashtra state forest department who had been accused of corruption. The opposition parties accused Pawar's government of trying to shield the corrupt officers.
The 1994 Gowari stampede occurred at Nagpur, during the winter session of the state assembly, and killed 114 people. Nagpur Police were trying to disperse almost 50,000 Gowari and Vanjari protesters using baton charges but the police created panic and triggered a stampede amongst protesters. Allegations were made that the mishap occurred because welfare minister Madhukarrao Pichad did not meet with the delegation of the Vanjari people in time. Though Pichad, accepting moral responsibility for the mishap, stepped down, this incident was another setback to Sharad Pawar's government.
After 16 years of protest by the Namantar Andolan (Name-change Movement), the state government finally renamed Marathwada University as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University on 14 January 1994, the compromise new name being an expansion of the old name (Namvistar) rather than a complete change of name (Namanatar). As chief minister Mr Sharad Pawar announced few developments in university departments.[clarification needed]
New elections to the Vidhan Sabha were held in 1995. The Shiv Sena-BJP coalition was leading Congress in the polls, and there was widespread rebellion in the Congress party. Shiv Sena-BJP won 138 seats while Congress retained only 80 seats in the state assembly. Sharad Pawar had to step down and Shiv Sena leader Manohar Joshi took over as chief minister on 14 March 1995. Until the Lok Sabha elections of 1996, Sharad Pawar served as the Leader of the Opposition in the state assembly. In the 1996 General elections, Pawar won the Baramati seat in the Lok Sabha and left the state assembly.
Political career since 1997
In June 1997, Sharad Pawar unsuccessfully challenged Sitaram Kesri for the post of President of the Indian National Congress. In the mid-term parliamentary elections of 1998, Pawar not only won his constituency, Baramati, but also led Congress to a win by a large majority[clarification needed] of Maharashtra Lok Sabha constituencies. Congress was aligned with the Republican Party of India (Athvale) and Samajwadi Party for the Lok Sabha elections in Maharashtra. The Congress party won 33 Lok Sabha seats outright, and the allied Republican Party of India won 4 more, for a total of 37 out of 48 in the state. Sharad Pawar served as Leader of Opposition in the 12th Lok Sabha.
Formation of Nationalist Congress Party
In 1999, after the 12th Lok Sabha was dissolved and elections to the 13th Lok Sabha were called, Pawar, P. A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar demanded, in the Congress party working committee (CWC) meeting, that the party needed to propose someone native-born as the prime ministerial candidate and not the Italian-born Sonia Gandhi, who had entered party politics and replaced Kesri as Congress president.The party duly expelled the three, and as a response in June 1999, Pawar and Sangma founded the Nationalist Congress Party. This new party aligned with the Congress party to form a coalition government in Maharashtra after the 1999 state assembly elections to prevent the Shiv Sena-BJP combine from returning to power. Pawar, however, did not return to state politics and Vilasrao Deshmukh of Congress was chosen as chief minister, with Chagan Bhujbal representing the NCP as his deputy.
Cabinet minister in UPA government
After the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, Pawar joined the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as the Minister of Agriculture. He retained his portfolio when the UPA government won the 2009 elections.
In January 2012, Pawar announced that he would not contest the 2014 Lok Sabha election, in order to make way for younger leadership. Also in 2012, Pawar gave up the chairmanship of the Empowered Group of Ministers investigating the 2G spectrum case, days after his appointment by the prime minister, fearing that his association with the decision-making process would drag him into the 2G Spectrum controversy.
- Mumbai Cricket Association
- Maharashtra Wrestling Association
- Maharashtra Kabbadi Association
- Maharashtra Kho Kho Association
- Maharashtra Olympics Association
- Board of Control for Cricket in India President 2005–2008
- International Cricket Council Vice President
- International Cricket Council President
Pawar served as the president of Pune International Marathon Trust, which has hosted Pune International Marathon for last 22 years.
Pawar founded the Vidya pratishthan early in his career in 1972 for serving the educational needs of the rural poor. The organization now runs number schools at all levels and colleges specializing in subjects such as information technology and Biotechnology.in Baramati and many other locations. Pawar is associated with the Hon. Sharad Pawar Public School, under the Shree Gurudatta Education Society; the Sharad Pawar International School, Pune; and the Sharad Pawar Cricket Academy, near Mumbai.
In 1992–93, the then Maharashtra Chief Minister Sudhakarrao Naik made a statement that the state leader of Indian National Congress party and erstwhile-Chief Minister Pawar, had asked him to "go easy on Pappu Kalani", a well known criminal-turned-politician. Shiv Sena chief, Bal Thackeray, later concurred with these allegations. Further, Chief Minister Naik also alleged that it was possible that Kalani and Hitendra Thakur, another criminal-turned-politician from Virar, had been given tickets to contest election for the Maharashtra State Legislature at the behest of Pawar, who also put in a word for Naik with the police when the latter was arrested for his role in post-Demolition of the Babri Masjid riots in Mumbai.
Pawar is also alleged to have close links with the underworld don Dawood Ibrahim through Ibrahim's henchman Lakhan Singh based in the Middle East and close relationship with Shahid Balwa, also a suspect in the 2G spectrum case. These allegations were strengthened by the revelation about the involvement of Vinod Goenka, Balwa's business partner, in a controversial commercial project in Yerwada, Pune, which was being constructed under the same survey number as Pawar's family friend, Atul Chordia, had constructed the Panchshil Tech Park. BJP leader Eknath Khadse alleged that it was Balwa who had applied for environmental clearance for the two projects, a charge that Chordia refuted. Coincidentally, Chordia's Panchshil Pvt. Ltd. has Pawar's daughter, Supriya Sule, and her husband Sadanand as investors. The state government's decision to hand over a 3-acre plot of the Yerwada police station for "re-development" to Balwa was retracted following Balwa's arrest.
Pawar was also named as a beneficiary in a stamp paper scam by a convicted Indian criminal, Abdul Karim Telgi, during a narcoanalysis test, filmed by various Indian news channels, wherein he also mentioned Chhagan Bhujbal.
In 2007, the BJP asked for Pawar's resignation after alleging he was involved in a multi-crore Indian rupee (INR) scam involving wheat imports. In May 2007, a tender floated by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) for procurement of wheat was cancelled when the lowest bid received was for 263 USD/ton. The government subsequently allowed private traders to purchase wheat directly from farmers that year resulting in a paucity of wheat to stock FCI granaries. By July 2007 the shortage at FCI was large enough to require import of wheat at a much higher price of 320–360 USD/ton. Taking advantage of this, traders who had domestically purchased wheat at 900 INR/ton earlier, were now offering the same to FCI at 1,300 INR/ton.
Agricultural produce prices
As the Minister of Agriculture, Pawar was consistently accused of colluding in the extreme hike in prices of agricultural produce:
- Wheat import in 2007 – The Bombay High Court issued notices to Union agriculture minister Sharad Pawar, questioning the decision to import defective red wheat, and asking for a directive to submit details of procurement of the crop from different states and the exact process of importing it.
- Sugar prices in 2009 – Opposition parties, including the BJP and the CPI(M) accused Sharad Pawar of engineering a steep rise in the price of sugar to the advantage of hoarders and importers.
- Wheat, Sugar, Rice, and Bean prices in 2009-2010 – The opposition accused Pawar to be responsible on the issue of spiraling prices.
During his tenure as Minister of Agriculture, there have been farmer suicides in excess of 10,000 per year, totalling over 200,000 since 1997. Sharad Pawar has stated on record that he believes that the rate of farmer suicide in India is a 'normal thing'. However he reaffirms that he is taking the necessary steps to reduce the numbers.
Promotion of endosulfan
Even though the pesticide endosulfan has been banned, India is slow to phase it out. In spite of its known negative health effects, Pawar made a remark that endosulfan is not yet proved dangerous. This remark prompted activist Vandana Shiva to call him a corrupt minister.
On 27 October 2007, the Bombay High Court served notices to institutions headed by Pawar, Ajit Pawar, and Sadanand Sule (Sharad Pawar's son-in-law), along with a corresponding notice served to the Maharashtra Krishna Valley Development Corporation (MKVDC) on why special privileges were given to Pawar and his family. This was done in consideration of Public Interest Litigation No. 148 of 2006, filed by Shamsunder Potare alleging that the said 2002 land allocations in Pune were illegal. The institutions and properties mentioned include:
- Two 141.15-acre (57.12 ha) plots given allotted to Vidya Pratishthan, an educational society headed by Sharad Pawar
- A 2-acre (0.81 ha) plot allotted to Anant Smriti Pratishthan, headed by Ajit Pawar, the Maharashtra state minister for irrigation and Sharad Pawar's nephew
- A 32.12-acre (13.00 ha) plot allotted to Lavasa Corporation, owned by Sule. Sule handed over his share in 2006.[clarification needed]
- A 1-acre (0.40 ha) plot allotted to Shivajinagar Agriculture College
- A 3-acre (1.2 ha) plot allotted to Sharadchandraji Scout and Guide Training Institute.
These allocations were allegedly made by NCP leader and minister Ramraje Naik Nimbalkar who was in charge of MKVDC at the time. Sharad Pawar was served a contempt of court notice on 1 May 2008 in connection with this case for issuing statements to the press even though the matter was subjudice at the time. Also in connection with the case, the respondents were directed not to create third-party interests in the property under dispute and to undertake any developments at their own risk.
IPL exemption from tax controversy
In 2010, in the case of tax exemptions of the Indian Premier League (IPL), Shiv Sena MLA Subhash Desai alleged that the state cabinet decided in January to impose the tax, before the year's IPL season started, but the decision was not implemented because of NCP chief Pawar's association with the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). Bombay High Court on August 2010 said there was "nothing on record" to show that the Union Minister influenced the Maharashtra government's decision to exempt Indian Premier League matches from entertainment tax.
In 2011, Sharad Pawar declared his assets to be worth ₹120 million (equivalent to ₹180 million or US$2.7 million in 2018) as part of a mandatory disclosure, but his critics claimed that his wealth far exceeded the stated amount. In 2010, it was alleged that the Pawar family indirectly held a 16% stake in the City Corporation, which had bid ₹11.76 billion (equivalent to ₹20 billion or US$290 million in 2018) for the Pune franchise of the Indian Premier League (IPL). Pawar and his family denied the allegations, but the bidders board of the IPL contradicted their claims.
Nira Radia's allegations
In 2011, under investigation of the 2G spectrum case Nira Radia told the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) that agriculture minister Pawar may be controlling the controversial DB Realty. According to the reports, she also told the investigative agency that Pawar may have spoken with former telecom minister A. Raja about the allocation of spectrum and licence to Swan Telecom. Radia also said that she had no documentary proof to back up her allegations. Pawar has denied any link with former DB managing director Shahid Balwa who is now in CBI custody.
Sharad Pawar is alleged to have demanded compensation for allowing the planned-city Lavasa to be constructed. When Lavasa Corporation was receiving necessary clearances from the government of Maharashtra, relatives of Pawar had part-ownership of the company developing the project. Pawar's daughter and son-in-law had more than 20% ownership between 2002 and 2004, and they later sold their stakes. A nephew of his was chairman of Maharashtra Krishna Valley Development Corporation (MKVDC) when the MKVDC signed off on lease agreements for Lavasa and allowed it to store water and build dams.
Comments on the 2010 Pune bombing
After the 2010 Pune bombing of German Bakery, Sharad Pawar appeared to take the incident lightly. He said to the reporters, "It is not alright to arrive at a conclusion that the entire Pune city has been targeted. The place where the blast took place is an isolated area", adding "when I was Chief Minister, Mumbai saw 11 simultaneous blasts but everything returned to normal soon."
Pawar was slapped by a youth named Harvinder Singh at the New Delhi Municipal Corporation centre while leaving the premises after attending a literary function on 24 November 2011. The attacker, who previously is said to have assaulted former telecom minister Sukh Ram, was later arrested.
In 2018, Pawar asked party members to felicitate him with the pagadi (turban) of social reformer Mahatma Phule, instead of the usual Puneri Pagadi worn by peshwas (prime ministers) of the Maratha Empire. In response to criticism that he was trying to stir up anti-Brahmin sentiment and appeal to Dalits, Pawar said that he wasn't rejecting any section of society but honoring his idols Phule, Babasaheb Ambedkar, and Shahu Maharaj.
Awards and Honours
Padma Vibhushan (2017) – In 2017, Pawar was honored with the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award, on the recommendation of the Narendra Modi-led BJP government. The timing of the award was questioned by observers and some attributed it to political motivations of the BJP.
- "Detailed Profile: Shri Sharad Chandra Govindrao Pawar". India.gov.in. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Sunita Aron (1 April 2016). "The pawar power play". The Dynasty: Born to Rule. Hay House, Inc. ISBN 978-93-85827-10-5.
- Indian Sharad Pawar becomes new ICC president: BBC
- Kotian, Harish (18 June 2015). "Sharad Pawar re-elected Mumbai Cricket Association president". Rediff.com. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Sharad Pawar steps down as president of Mumbai Cricket Association". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
- Business Standard Political Profiles of Cabals and Kings. Business Standard Books. 2009. p. 75. ISBN 978-81-905735-4-2.
- Shiri Ram Bakshi; Sita Ram Sharma; S. Gajrani (1998). Contemporary Political Leadership in India:Sharad Pawar :The Maratha legacy. APH Publishing. pp. 123–130. ISBN 978-81-7648-007-9.
- Sharad Pawar – A Short BIO by MNS Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Manase.org. Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
- Madhav Godbole (1996). Unfinished Innings: Recollections and Reflections of a Civil Servant. Orient Blackswan. p. 35. ISBN 978-81-250-0883-5.
- Jayant Lele (15 December 1981). Elite Pluralism and Class Rule: Political development in Maharashtra, India. University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division. pp. 176, 235. ISBN 978-1-4875-8657-7.
- Subrahmanyam, K.V., 1980. Workers' Safety of No Account. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.2008-2010.
- Palshikar, S., Birmal, N. and Ghotale, V., Centre for Advanced Studies, Dept. of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune, 2010, CAS Occasional Paper Series: No. 4. page 8 
- MumbaiOctober 28, IndiaToday in; October 29, 2014UPDATED:; Ist, 2014 00:17. "Devendra Fadnavis set to be Maharashtra's 19th CM". India Today. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Second youngest CM's daughter will be youngest resident of Varsha - Times of India ►". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- Palshikar, S., Birmal, N. and Ghotale, V., Centre for Advanced Studies, Dept. of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune, 2010 CAS Occasional Paper Series: No. 4. page 10 
- Palshikar, S., Birmal, N. and Ghotale, V., Centre for Advanced Studies, Dept. of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune, 2010 CAS Occasional Paper Series: No. 4. page 10 
- Sanghvi, Vijay (2006). The Congress, Indira to Sonia Gandhi. Gyan Publishing House. p. 190. ISBN 978-81-7835-340-1.
- Hazarika, Sanjoy (22 May 1991). "ASSASSINATION IN INDIA; Indians Express Anger, Revulsion and Disbelief". New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2009.
- "Gandhi". The Deseret News. 22 May 1991. Retrieved 5 April 2009.
- Crossette, Barbara (24 May 1991). "Assassination in India: Replacing a Dynasty; Congress Party Is Scrambling to Deal With Its Dependence on One Family". New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2009.
- "To keep the peace, I misled people on '93 blasts: Pawar". The Indian Express. India. 12 August 2006. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
- "G R Khairnar". Times of India. 10 December 2002. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- Mhasawade, Shashank. "HC reinstates Khairnar with full benefits". Indian Express. Indian Expr5, 2011. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014.
- "Dani exonerates Pawar; Govt rejects report". The Indian Express. Express News Service. 31 December 1998. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- Damle, J. S. (2001). Beyond Economic Development: A Case Study of Marathwada, Mittal Publications, pp. 140–146
- Sanghvi, Vijay (2006). The Congress, Indira to Sonia Gandhi. Gyan Publishing House. p. 210. ISBN 978-81-7835-340-1.
- Palshikar, S., Birmal, N. and Ghotale, V., Centre for Advanced Studies, Dept. of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune, 2010 CAS Occasional Paper Series: No. 4. page 14 
-  NCP chief Sharad Pawar to make way for GenNext in 2014
- "Pawar quits as chairman of telecom EGoM". 3 July 2012.
- "Presidential Election 2017: Sharad Pawar rules himself out, says don't want to retire from politics". Financial Express. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
- PTI. "Sharad Pawar resigns as MCA president". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- International Cricket Council – ICC Events, ICC Cricket Rankings, Live Cricket Scores, ODI Fantasy League, Test Predictor Archived 7 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Icc-cricket.yahoo.com (3 July 1951). Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
- "Pawar takes over as ICC president". BBC News. 1 July 2010.
- Amol C. Goje; Shivanand S. Gornale; Pravin L. Yannawar (September 2011). Proceedings of the 2nd National Conference on Emerging Trends in Information Technology (eIT-2007). I. K. International Pvt Ltd. pp. 3–. ISBN 978-81-89866-63-1.
- "About Us". Hon. Sharad Pawar Public School. 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Gouri Shah (11 October 2004). "The F-factor: Kalani certain of clean sweep". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 25 October 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
- PTI (18 November 1998). "Thackeray blames Pawar for rise in crime". The Indian Express. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- Prafulla Marpakwar (7 May 1997). "Pawar men rattled by Naik's outburst". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- Pawar's Time Of Reckoning. www.outlookindia.com. 14 February 1996. Retrieved on 6 December 2011.
- Will Maharashtra forgive Sharad Pawar? – Blogs – DNA. Dnaindia.com. 5 April 2011. Retrieved on 6 December 2011.
- "Telgi names Sharad Pawar in scam". CNN-IBN Live. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
Politicians are the backbone of this business
- BJP seeks Pawar's resignation Archived 11 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine The Pioneer – 13 July 2007.
- Wheat import scandalous: BJP. The Hindu. 13 July 2007.
- "Clarification on wheat imports sought". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Wheat scam notice to Pawar". The Telegraph. 29 November 2007. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Joshi, Sandeep (7 August 2009). "Sugar scam brewing, says Brinda Karat". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "BJP demands Sharad Pawar's resignation, CBI probe into 'scams'". Dnaindia.com. Daily News and Analysis. 24 January 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Every 12 hours, one farmer commits suicide in India. Indiatribune.com (2010-11-06). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.[dead link]
- Farmer suicide is a normal thing: Pawar - IBNLive. Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-21. Archived 21 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Tamil Nadu News: India should join consensus on Endosulfan ban: Vandana Shiva". The Hindu. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
- "Indian Agrarian Crisis – Ban Endosulfan". Agrariancrisis.in. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
- "Kerala: Ban endosulfan, says Vandana Shiva". The New Indian Express. 17 April 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
- Shiv Kumar (27 October 2007). "Pawar in trouble over land allotment". Tribune India. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- Shloka Nath (27 October 2007). "HC notices to Sharad Pawar, family". NDTV. Archived from the original on 30 December 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- Judge Bilal Nazki and Judge S. A. Bobde (12 March 2008). "CIVIL APPLICATION NO.101/2007 in PIL NO.148/2006" (PDF). Bombay High Court. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Times of India (1 May 2008). "Notice to Sharad Pawar for contempt". Times of India. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Tax exemptions for rich costs govt Rs 4.6L cr
- No proof to show Pawar influenced IPL exemption from tax: HC
- India's Most Hated Politicians: Sharad Pawar, Rediff.com, 7 December 2011.
- Abhay Vaidya & Partha Sarathi Biswas. Sharad Pawar fooled all with Rs12 crore assets disclosure. DNA, 14 September 2011.
- IPL bidder's January 31 board resolution contradicts Pawar & Sule's claims. The Times of India, 2010.
- Pawar & family get entangled in IPL mess, IBNLive 25 June 2010.
- IPL scam most serious blow to Sharad Pawar’s power, credibility, DNA, 7 June 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Sharad Pawar controlls [sic] DB Realty: Niira Radia to CBI, Hindustan Times 14 April 2011.
- Vaidya, Abhay (26 December 2010). "Lavasa trail reinforces the Sharad Pawar connection & IPL link". Pune: DNA. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- Byatnal, Amruta (31 October 2010). "Symbolic of luxury, Lavasa is built on irregularities". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- Sharad Pawar's, Ajit Pawar's and Supriya Sule's names also prominently figure in the multi-crore Lavasa land scam. Downtoearth.org.in (15 April 2011). Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
- "Medha Patkar slams Pawar over alleged involvement in Lavasa project". Indian Express. Aurangabad. 22 December 2010.
- "Not alright to say entire Pune targeted, says Pawar". India Today, Headlines Today Bureau. 13 February 2010.
- BBC News – India agriculture minister Sharad Pawar slapped. Bbc.co.uk (24 November 2011). Retrieved on 6 December 2011.
- HT Correspondent (17 June 2018). "Pawar clarifies stand on controversial rejection of 'Puneri pagdi', says it was not rejection of any section of society". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
- "Amid controversy, NCP chief Sharad Pawar raises 'pagadi' issue again". The Indian Express. Express News Service. 17 June 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
- "शाहू फुलेंचा अभिमान म्हणून फुले पगडीचा आग्रह धरला; शरद पवार यांचे स्पष्टीकरण" [Turban is Meant to Honour Mahatma Phule]. Dainik Divya Marathi (in Marathi). 17 June 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
- Anandan, Sujata (2017). "More to Pawar's Padma award than meets the eye?" (Feb 02, 2017). Hindustan Times. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- Manoj, C.J. (26 January 2017). "Padma award to Sharad Pawar: Political observers question timing". The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- P. K. Ravindranath (1 February 1992) Sharad Pawar- the making of a modern maratha South Asia Books. ISBN 81-85674-46-9
- Page 23 of the Times of India, New Delhi, India, Tuesday, 12 December 2006
- Profile at BBC News
- Profile at Govt. of India website
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sharad Pawar.|
Article based on personal experience with Sharad Pawar
|Minister of Agriculture||Succeeded by|
Radha Mohan Singh
|Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution||Succeeded by|
K. V. Thomas
| Chief Minister of Maharashtra
18 July 1978 – 17 February 1980
A R Antule
| Chief Minister of Maharashtra
26 June 1988 – 25 June 1991
| Chief Minister of Maharashtra
6 March 1993 – 14 March 1995
| Presidents of the Bharat Scouts and Guides
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Nationalist Congress Party in the 15th Lok Sabha