Sharaf al-Zaman al-Marwazi

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Sharaf al-Zamān Ṭāhir al-Marwazī or Marvazī (Arabic: شرف الزمان طاهر المروزي‎‎; fl. 1056/57–1124/25 CE) was a physician and author of Nature of Animals (كتاب طبائع الحيوان البحري والبري Kitāb Ṭabāʾiʿ al-Ḥayawān al-Baḥrī wa-al-Barrī).

He was a native of Merv, Khurasan, Persia.

Nature of Animals[edit]

Al-Marwazī drew upon the works of Aristotle, Dioscorides, Galen, Oribasius, Timotheos of Gaza, Paul of Aegina, and the Muslim scholar Al-Jahiz. The work comprises five parts:[1]

  • On human beings
  • On domestic and wild quadrupets.
  • On land and marine birds.
  • On venomous creatures
  • On marine animals.


Al-Marwazi served as physician at the courts of the Seljuk Sultan Malik-Shah I and his successors.[2] As a physician, he recorded observations of parasitic worms.[1]


  1. ^ a b Egerton, Frank N. (2012). Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel. University of California Press. p. 20. ISBN 0520953630. 
  2. ^ Hopkins, J. F. P. (2000). Corpus of early Arabic sources for West African history. Princeton, N.J: Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 24. ISBN 1558762418.