Sharana

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Sharana
ښرنه
U.S. Soldiers with Charlie Company, 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, along with Afghan National Police officers, patrol the Sharana bazaar in western Paktika province 100821-A-OD503-018.jpg
Sharana is located in Afghanistan
Sharana
Sharana
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°7′48″N 68°46′48″E / 33.13000°N 68.78000°E / 33.13000; 68.78000Coordinates: 33°7′48″N 68°46′48″E / 33.13000°N 68.78000°E / 33.13000; 68.78000
Country  Afghanistan
Province Paktika Province
District Sharana District
Elevation 2,200 m (7,200 ft)
Population (2010)
 • City 5,929
 • Urban 15,651[1]
Time zone UTC+4:30

Sharana (Pashto: ښرنه‎, Persian: شرنه‎), also Sharan or Kharana, is the capital of Paktika Province, Afghanistan. It is located at an altitude of 2,200 meters.[2] Its population was estimated to be 2,200 in 2006.[3] The city of Sharana has a population of 15,651 (in 2015). [4] It has 6 districts and a total land area of 5,893 hectares.[5] The total number of dwellings in this city are 1,739.[6]

Climate[edit]

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Sharana features a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen climate classification. The average temperature in Sharana is 10.8 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 265 mm. September is the driest month with 1 mm of rainfall, while March, the wettest month, has an average precipitation of 54 mm.

July is the warmest month of the year with an average temperature of 23.6 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of -4.5 °C, with the average lows at -10.9 °C.

Climate data for Sharana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
4.8
(40.6)
11.4
(52.5)
17.9
(64.2)
23.8
(74.8)
29.6
(85.3)
31.2
(88.2)
30.4
(86.7)
27.3
(81.1)
20.5
(68.9)
13.2
(55.8)
6.7
(44.1)
18.2
(64.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.3
(41.5)
11.0
(51.8)
16.0
(60.8)
21.3
(70.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.6
(72.7)
18.4
(65.1)
11.7
(53.1)
5.4
(41.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.8
(51.4)
Average low °C (°F) −10.9
(12.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.2
(39.6)
8.3
(46.9)
13.1
(55.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.9
(58.8)
9.6
(49.3)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
3.4
(38.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

Land use[edit]

Barren land and agriculture account for 73% of total land. Sharana has the largest share of land classified as institutional (14%) of any Afghan provincial capital.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]