Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

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Sarat Chandra Chatterji
শরৎ চন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায়
Sharat Chandra Chatterji.jpg
Born (1876-09-15)15 September 1876
Debanandapur, Hooghly, Bengal Presidency, British Raj
(now in West Bengal, India)
Died 16 January 1938(1938-01-16) (aged 61)
Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British Raj
(now Kolkata, West Bengal, India)
Pen name Anila Devi
Occupation Writer
Nationality British India
Ethnicity Bengali
Citizenship British Indian
Period 19th century-Early 20th century
Genre Novelist
Literary movement Bengal Renaissance

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, alternatively spelt as Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938) was a Bengali novelist and short story writer of early 20th century.

Biography[edit]

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay was born on September 15, 1876,[1] at Debanandpur in Hooghly, West Bengal. He had his early schooling in a Pathshala in his village.[2]

In 1893, he moved to his maternal uncle’s home at Bhagalpur, where he lived for about 20 years. He gave up studies after obtaining his F.A. degree due to the demise of his parents.[3]

House of Chattopadhyay[edit]

Main article: Sarat Chandra Kuthi
Sarat Chandra's house at Samta.

After returning from Burma, Chattopadhyay stayed for 11 years in Baje Shibpur, Howrah. Then he made a house in the village of Samtabere. He spent the later years of his life as a novelist in Samtabere and in another house in Kolkata. His house in Samtaber is often called as Sarat Chandra Kuthi in the map of Samtaber or Samta, in the Howrah district of West Bengal.

The two storied Burmese style house was also home to Sarat Chandra's brother, Swami Vedananda, who was a disciple of Belur Math. His and his brother's samadhi can still be seen there. The trees like that of bamboo, galoncho and the guava trees planted by the renowned author are still tourist attractions.[4]

Publications[edit]

Films[edit]

His works have been made into some fifty films in many Indian languages,[5] particularly his novel Devdas made into sixteen versions, from Bengali, Hindi to Telugu. Parineeta also been made twice. Majhli Didi (1967) by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and Swami (1977) for which he was awarded Filmfare Award for Best Story are other adaptations. Another famous film Chhoti Bahu (1971) is based on his novel Bindur Chhele. His Novel 'Datta' was adapted into a Bengali film (1976) starring Suchitra Sen and Soumitra Chatterjee in the lead roles.

The other movies based on his novel were Nishkriti, and Apne Paraye (1980) by Basu Chatterjee, starring Amol Palekar.[6] The Telugu film Thodi Kodallu (1957) is also based on this novel. Gulzar's 1975 film, Khushboo is majorly inspired by his work Pandit Mashay. The 1961 Telugu film Vagdanam by Acharya Atreya is loosely based on his novel Datta. Also the 2011 film Aalo Chhaya is based on his short story, Aalo O Chhaya.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bhattacharya, translation by Amitava (2006). Selected novels of Sarat Chandra Chatterjee. Philadelphia: Xlibris. p. 5. ISBN 1425721893. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Suresh, edited by Sushama (1999). Who's who on Indian stamps (1st ed.). Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Angel Guimera, 11): Mohan B. Daryanani. p. 73. ISBN 8493110108. 
  3. ^ Sinha, BY J. N. "The mortals of Devdas". Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  4. ^ House of Sarat Chandra
  5. ^ Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay at the Internet Movie Database
  6. ^ Gulzar; Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 337. ISBN 81-7991-066-0. 

Notes[edit]

  • Ganguly, Swagato. "Introduction." In Parineeta by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2005. (English translation)
  • Guha, Sreejata. "Introduction." In Devdas by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2002. (English translation)
  • Roy, Gopalchandra. Saratchandra, Ananda Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata
  • Sarat Rachanabali, Ananda Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata
  • Prithwindra Mukherjee. "Introduction" in Mahesh et autres nouvelles by Saratchandra Chatterji. Paris: Unesco/Gallimard, 1978. (French translation of Mahesh, Bindur chhele and Mejdidi by Prithwindra Mukherjee. Foreword by Jean Filliozat)
  • Dutt, A. K. and Dhussa, R. "Novelist Sarat Chandra's perception of his Bengali home region: a literary geographic study." Springer Link
  • Sil, Narasingha Prasad. "The life of Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay : drifter and dreamer" Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2012

External links[edit]