Sharhorod

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Sharhorod
Immaculate Conception Church in Sharhorod
Immaculate Conception Church in Sharhorod
Coat of arms of Sharhorod
Coat of arms
Sharhorod is located in Vinnytsia Oblast
Sharhorod
Sharhorod
Location of Pohrebyshche
Sharhorod is located in Ukraine
Sharhorod
Sharhorod
Sharhorod (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°45′N 28°5′E / 48.750°N 28.083°E / 48.750; 28.083Coordinates: 48°45′N 28°5′E / 48.750°N 28.083°E / 48.750; 28.083
Country
Oblast
Raion
 Ukraine
Vinnytsia Oblast
Sharhorod Raion
Founded1579
Population
(2015)[1]
 • Total6,987

Sharhorod (Ukrainian: Шаргород; Russian: Шаргород, Polish: Szarogród), also known as Shargorod, is a town in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Sharhorod Raion, one of 33 regions of Vinnytsia Oblast. Population: 6,987 (2015 est.)[1]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Sharhorod was founded in 1579 by Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth chancellor and hetman, Jan Zamoyski. It was located very close to the border with the Ottoman Empire.

Sharhorod was established as a city under Magdeburg law in 1588.[2]

In the seventeenth century, because of its location along wine and cattle trading routes, Sharhorod emerged as one of the largest towns in Podolia. The Turks occupied Sharhorod between 1672 and 1699, when the town was called "Little Istanbul". During that time the synagogue was converted into a mosque. In the nineteenth century, the town became a center of Jewish Hasidism.[3]

Rabbi Jacob Joseph of Polonne fled to Raşcov as a result of being exiled from Sharhorod. Having been the rabbi of Sharhorod for several years, Rabbi Jacob Joseph was expelled from his position on a Friday afternoon in 1748. In several of his responsa, which he wrote in Raşcov, he reveals the suffering which he had undergone.[4] He would later leave Raşcov after being appointed rabbi in Nemirov, a center of Hasidism, where he practiced daily fasting for five years, until the Besht came upon him.

Sharhorod was briefly described in a book titled: "Geographic Dictionary of Polish Kingdom and other Slavic places," published in Warsaw in Poland.[5]

World War II period[edit]

Shargorod was occupied by the German fascist army and by the Romanian fascist army during World War II in 1941–1945.[6]

Around seven thousand Jewish people were kept and killed in a ghetto, created by the German fascist army and by the Romanian fascist army in Shargorod.[6]

Religious Buildings[edit]

Orthodox[edit]

There is the St. Nicolas Orthodox Monastery, which was founded in Shargorod in 1719, initially constructed in 1782, and finally built in 1806–1818.[7][8][9]

Catholic[edit]

There is the St. Florian Catholic Cathedral, which was opened in Shargorod on November 3, 1525.[8][9]

Jewish[edit]

There is the Synagogue, which was built in Shargorod in 1589.[8][10][9]

Culture[edit]

The international modern arts festival "Art-City: Shargorod" is conducted in Shargorod.[11][12]

Professional painters, amateur painters, art collectors and tourists from various countries like to attend the international modern arts festival "Art-City: Shargorod".[13]

Transportation[edit]

Railway transportation[edit]

The name of nearest railway station is the Yaroshenka railway station. The distance to the nearest railway station is 28 km.[14]

Automobile transportation[edit]

There is a bus station downtown. The distance to Zmerynka is 37 km. The distance to Bar, Ukraine is around 60 km. The distance to Vinnytsia is 80,8 km. The distance to Kiev is 330 km.

Notable people[edit]

Jacob Joseph of Polonne, a Ukrainian rabbi and one of the first and most dedicated of the disciples of the founder of Chassidut, the Holy Baal Shem Tov.

Gallery[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Tombstones Define Dying Shtetl in Ukraine, Los Angeles Times, 1997

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ http://imsu-vinnycja.com/mista-i-sela-vinnyckoi-oblasti/shargorodskyj-rajon/shargorod.html
  3. ^ Veidlinger, Jeffrey, "In the Shadow of the Shtetl: Small Town Jewish Life in Soviet Ukraine", Indiana University Press, 2013 p.28
  4. ^ Dresner Zaddik; p. 57
  5. ^ http://dir.icm.edu.pl/pl/Slownik_geograficzny/Tom_XI/800
  6. ^ a b http://www.shargorod.sharrayrada.org.ua/istoriya-mista-shargorod/
  7. ^ http://shargorod-mon.church.ua
  8. ^ a b c http://www.castles.com.ua/shargorod.html
  9. ^ a b c http://ukrainaincognita.com/ru/kostely/shargorod
  10. ^ http://eleven.co.il/article/14748
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-05-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ http://www.graffitizone.kiev.ua/articles/73/
  13. ^ http://www.karasgallery.com/ru/gallery/40/painter
  14. ^ http://www.uz.gov.ua/