Location of Shariatpur District in Bangladesh
|• Total||1,181.53 km2 (456.19 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
Shariatpur (Bengali: শরিয়তপুর জেলা, Shariatpur Jela also Shariatpur Zila) is a district in the Dhaka Division of central Bangladesh. It is bounded by Munshiganj district on the north, Barisal district on the south, Chandpur district on the east, Madaripur district on the west. Water bodies Main rivers: Padma, Meghna, Palong, and Jayanti. Of the six upazilas of the district Bhedarganj Upazila is the largest (311.24 sq km) and Damudya Upazila is the smallest (91.76 sq km).
Shariatpur was named after Haji Shariatullah (1781–1840), who was the founder of Faraizi Movement and an eminent Islamic reformer during British Raj. It was established as a district on 1 March 1984. History of the War of Liberation In 1971 the Pak army in collaboration with their local agents conducted mass killing and plundering; they also set many houses of the district on fire. During Bangladesh Liberation War a number of encounters were held in Shariatpur Sadar Upazila between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in which about 313 Pak soldiers were killed. A number of freedom fighters were killed in two encounters and one frontal battle with the Pak army in Bhedarganj Upazila. Nine freedom fighters including Ahsanul Hoque and Abdul Wahab were killed in an encounter with the Pak army at a place on the southern side of Damudya College. Muktijoddha and Mujib Bahini jointly conducted attack on the Pak army by guerrilla technique in the upazila. Five freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army in Gosairhat Upazila. The freedom fighters of Naria raided the Naria Police Station and captured all the arms and ammunitions of the thana. In retaliation, the Pak army sacked the nearby villages. During Bangladesh Liberation War a number of encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in Zanjira Upazila in which a number of freedom fighters were killed.
Geography and demography
Shariatpur District is bounded on the north by Munshiganj District, Barisal District on the south, Chandpur District on the east, Madaripur District on the west. Main rivers are Padma, Meghna, Palong, Jayanti, Kirtinasha, and Dharmaganj.
According to the census of 2001, Shariatpur district had a population of 1,082,300 distributed to 213,677 households (average household size 5), including 543,838 men and 538,462 women, or a gender ratio of 101:100.
There are six upazilas (sub-districts) under this district, namely:
- Shariatpur Sadar Upazila
- Damudya Upazila
- Naria Upazila
- Zanjira Upazila
- Bhedarganj Upazila
- Gosairhat Upazila
Places of interest
The Shariatpur District has a long rich history. The 'Mansha Bari' in Dhanuka is one of the oldest historical temple in Shariatpur Sadar. There is also a Monastery in Rudrokor. 'The Burirhat Mosque' is quit renowned for its beautiful mosaic work. 'Sikder Bari' in lakarta also well-known for its quit beautiful architectural work.
There are 772 primary schools,19 lower secondary schools,83 secondary schools and 42 Madrasas in Shariatpur. There are also 3 Public and 13 Private Colleges, 1 polytechnic Institute, 1 Vocational School and College, 1 Private University and one private medical college. The literacy rate (7+ year) 38% (Male 41%, Female 35%) and literacy rate (15+ year) 41% (Male 47%, Female 36%).
- Khuda Buksh (born February 1, 1912 – May 13, 1974) regarded as father of Insurance in Bangladesh
- Shawkat Ali (Politician)
- Abdur Razzaq (Former Minister of Water Resources)
- Abu Ishaque (Writer)
- Jogesh Chandra Ghosh (Scholar, Ayurveda Physician, Entrepreneur and Philanthropist)
- Siraj Sikder (Politician)
- Pulin Behari Das (Revolutionary)
- AKM Shahidul Haque (Inspector General of Police, Bangladesh)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shariatpur District.|
- Shahidul Haque (2012). "Shariatpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Khan, Muin-ud-Din Ahmad (2012). "Shariatullah, Haji". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Official Website". 12 March 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Household and Population of Statistical Metropolitan Areas in Bangladesh – 2001 (PDF), Population Census Wing, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, retrieved 2007-09-03
- District Statistics 2011: Shariatpur (PDF), retrieved 23 February 2016