Sharif Kabungsuwan

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Muhammad Kabungsuwan
1st Sultan of Maguindanao
Reign1520–1543
SuccessorSultan Maka-alang Saripada
Bornunknown
Johore
Died1543
Maguindanao
Burial
SpouseAngintabo (Iranun princess)
Wife
  • Daughter of Macaapun Rajah Simbaan of Malabang
  • Masawang (Angintabo's niece)
IssueSultan Maka-alang Saripada
Dayang Daragat
Layagun
Aloyodan
nine other children
Full name
Muhammad Shariff Kabungsuwan
HouseSultan of Maguindanao
MotherDaughter of Sultan Iskandar Zhulkarnain of Malacca
ReligionSunni Islam

Shariff Muhammed Kabungsuwan[1] (Malay: Muhammad Kebungsuwan, Jawi: شريف کبوڠسووان) was the first Sultan of Maguindanao in the Philippines. A native of Johore in Maritime Southeast Asia, Kabungsuwan re-settled in Mindanao in the Philippines where he preached Islam to the native tribes around the region.[2][3]

Origin[edit]

Maguindanao genealogy records state that Kabungsuwan's father was an Arab and a sharif or a descendant of the Islamic Prophet Mohammed while his mother was Malay. His recorded name "Kabungsuwan" in Maguindanao tradition means "youngest" and is said to the be the youngest among three children. His eldest brother, Ahmad is said to have established the Bruneian Sultanate while his other brother Alawi is said to have set up the Sulu Sultanate.[4]

Mission work in Mindanao[edit]

Kabungsuwan is generally regarded as the one who introduced Islam in the Lanao and Maguindanao areas in Mindanao arriving in the area in the early 16th century. There are several tarsilas or written genealogy on Kabungsuwan though most of these state that he brought in men when he landed in Mindanao, his group are composed of seafarers, there was initial force with his group's interaction with the locals and that there were already Muslims in Mindanao when his Kangungsuwan and his men landed near the mouth of the Pulangi River. Kabungsuwan formed alliances with influential royal families of Sulu, Borneo, and Ternate. This led to Islam becoming the dominant religion around Lake Lanao by the 19th century.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Kabungsuwan traded in T'buk (old name of Malabang) Malabang, Lanao, married to the native princess of Iranun.[6]

Kabungsuwan was of Arab-Malay ethnicity. He married a local princess and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao in the 16th century.[2] The sultanate was usually centered in the valley of Cotabato.

Legacy[edit]

The former province of Shariff Kabunsuan in the Philippines was named after him.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ang Bayan Sa Labas Ng Maynila (2008), pg 195
  2. ^ a b "History/The%20Maguindanao%20Sultanate". mnlf.net. Retrieved 2015-08-23.[better source needed]
  3. ^ "WebCite query result". webcitation.org. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
  4. ^ Gonda, John, ed. (1975). "The Muslims of the Philippines". Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 3 Southeast Asia, Religions, Religionen. BRILL. p. 93. ISBN 9004043306.
  5. ^ Nathan, K.S.; Kamali, Mohammad Hashim (2005). "Islam in the Phililippines". In Abubakar, Carmen (ed.). Islam in Southeast Asia: Political, Social and Strategic Challenges for the 21st Century (reprint ed.). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 49–50. ISBN 9812302832.
  6. ^ Halili, M. (2004). Philippine History. Rex Book Store. p. 52. ISBN 9789712339349. Retrieved 2015-08-23.

References[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
none
Establishment
Sultan of Maguindanao
1520–1543
Succeeded by
Sultan Maka-alang Saripada