Sharm El Sheikh International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sharm El Sheikh
International Airport

مطار شرم الشيخ الدولي
Terminal 2 Sharm el-Sheikh Airport.JPG
Airport typePublic (former military)
ServesSharm El Sheikh, Egypt
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL143 ft / 44 m
Coordinates27°58′38″N 34°23′41″E / 27.97722°N 34.39472°E / 27.97722; 34.39472Coordinates: 27°58′38″N 34°23′41″E / 27.97722°N 34.39472°E / 27.97722; 34.39472
SSH is located in Sinai
Location of airport in Sinai
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,081 10,108 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,081 10,108 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Passenger throughput8,693,990[1]
Source: DAFIF[2][3]

Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (Arabic: مطار شرم الشيخ الدوليMaṭār Sharm El Sheikh El Dawli) (IATA: SSH, ICAO: HESH) is an international airport located in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. It is the third-busiest airport in Egypt after Cairo International Airport and Hurghada International Airport.


The airport was opened on May 14, 1968 as an Israeli Air Force base. After the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1979 and subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, it was reopened as a civilian airport.

The largest regular aircraft using the airport was a Transaero Airlines-operated Boeing 747-400. These flights transiting from Moscow ended when Transaero ceased operations in October 2015. British Airways operated the only regular scheduled Boeing 777-200ER service (from Gatwick Airport). However, this service (and others) has ceased due to concerns over the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015.

In 2008, the Egyptian Airports Holding Company (EAHC) announced plans to build a third new terminal at the airport. In July 2009 the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN) signed a contract with Spanish construction designers Pointec for the third terminal. The terminal was planned to double the airport's capacity from 7.5 to 15 million passengers per year. The project's primary costs were estimated at $350 million. The design phase was due to be completed by early 2010. International contractors then were invited for an open tender to construct the terminal, which was scheduled to be completely constructed by 2015.[4] However, as of September 2016 construction has not commenced yet.

In November 2015, passenger numbers significantly decreased due to the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015. This led to airlines cancelling flights from the airport and operating rescue flights for stranded passengers. Governments from Russia and European countries such as the United Kingdom banned airlines from operating to the airport, citing safety concerns that were highlighted following the crash.

In January 2018, it was announced that EgyptAir Express would open a base at the airport for its incoming fleet of Airbus A220s. This would increase the amount of destinations served by the airline at the airport with the possibility of operating to cities in Italy, Germany, Morocco and India non-stop.[5]


Terminal 1[edit]

On 23 May 2007, the airport's second terminal was inaugurated with a capacity for 5 million passengers per year. The two-level, 43,000-square-metre (460,000 sq ft) terminal features 40 check-in counters and is designed to cater to a large number of international and chartered flights. It has two domestic and six international gates, all of which exit to remote stands. The terminal comprises three building components: two circular-shaped halls fused together by a wedge-shaped intermediate space dubbed 'the boat'. This serves as a passenger transit hub housing passport control, duty-free, and VIP areas as well as cafes/restaurants. The halls, in stark textural contrast to the solid mass of 'the boat', feature airy, billowing tent-like roofs inspired by the indigenous Bedouin culture.

Terminal 2[edit]

Although known as Terminal 2, this is actually the airport's original terminal building. The building underwent a complete modernisation programme in 2004 and has a passenger handling capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year. Since the inauguration of Terminal 1 in 2007 most airlines have shifted operations to the new building.

In December 2016 Egyptian Airports Company announced plans to extend Terminal 2. EAC plans to expand the terminal and increase its capacity by two million passengers per year, thus taking the total capacity of the airport to 9.5 million. This also includes the construction of a new runway and 40 new airsides.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Departure hall at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
Control tower at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
Air Arabia Egypt Seasonal: Alexandria–Borg el Arab,[7] Beirut,[8] Bergamo (begins 18 December 2018),[9] Hurghada
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Bucharest,[10] Cluj-Napoca (begins 3 April 2019)[10]
Air Cairo Bari, Bologna,[11] Cairo, Copenhagen, Katowice, Milan–Malpensa, Naples,[12] Rome-Fiumicino, Tbilisi, Venice,[11] Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Prague
Air Italy Milan–Malpensa
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău[13]
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Bergamo (begins 15 December 2018)[14]
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal: Cairo
Seasonal charter: Bari,[15] Beirut,[16] Bergamo,[17] Bologna,[18] Cluj-Napoca (begins 14 June 2019),[19] Katowice,[20] Milan–Malpensa,[21] Naples,[15] Rimini,[22] Rome-Fiumicino,[23] Verona[24]
ALK Airlines Seasonal charter: Sofia[25]
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil[26]
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku[27]
Azur Air Ukraine Charter: Kharkiv,[28] Kiev–Boryspil,[28] Lviv,[28] Odessa,[28] Zaporizhia[28]
Belavia Seasonal charter: Brest,[29] Gomel,[29] Grodno,[29] Minsk[30][29] Mogilev,[29] Vitebsk[29]
Blue Panorama Airlines Seasonal charter: Bologna,[31] Verona[24]
Bravo Airways Charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[26]
Seasonal charter: Kherson,[26] Kryvyi Rih,[26] Odessa[26] Vinnytsia[26]
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Sofia[32]
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Billund,[33] Copenhagen[33]
EgyptAir Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo
Seasonal charter: Bergamo,[17] Yerevan[34]
EgyptAir Express Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo, Hurghada, Kuwait
Seasonal: Jeddah, Riyadh
Enter Air Charter: Katowice,[35] Warsaw–Chopin[35]
Flynas Jeddah, Riyadh[36]
FlyOne Seasonal charter: Chișinău[13]
Germania Düsseldorf, Munich[37]
Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Berlin-Tegel (begins 2 May 2019),[37] Dresden, Hamburg[37]
Germania Flug Zürich[37]
Gulf Air Bahrain[38]
Iraqi Airways Seasonal charter: Baghdad[39]
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait[40]
Jordan Aviation Amman–Queen Alia
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait
Middle East Airlines Seasonal charter: Beirut[16]
Nile Air Cairo[41]
Neos Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino,[42] Verona
Seasonal: Naples (begins 27 December 2018)[42]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[43]
Royal Jordanian Seasonal charter: Amman–Queen Alia[16]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh[44]
SkyUp Charter: Kharkiv,[26] Kiev–Zhuliany,[26] Odessa,[26] Zaporizhia[26]
Seasonal charter: Lviv[26]
Smartlynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[45]
Smartlynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[46]
Sunday Airlines Seasonal charter: Aktobe,[47] Almaty,[48] Astana,[49] Karaganda[50]
Travel Service Hungary Seasonal charter: Budapest[51]
Travel Service Polska Charter: Katowice,[52] Warsaw–Chopin[52]
Travel Service Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava[53]
TUI fly Belgium Brussels, Charleroi, Ostend-Bruges[54]
TUI fly Netherlands Eindhoven
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 31 December 2018),[55] Istanbul–Havalimanı (begins 1 January 2019)[55]
Ukraine International Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[56] Lviv,[56] Odessa[56]
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[56] Zaporizhia[56]
Windrose Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil[57]
Seasonal charter: Dnipropetrovsk,[58] Kharkiv,[59] Lviv,[60][61] Odessa[62]
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut[63]
Yanair Charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[26] Lviv[26]
Seasonal charter: Kryvyi Rih,[26] Vinnytsia,[26] Zaporizhia[26]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On January 3, 2004, Flash Airlines Flight 604, en route to Cairo and then Paris as its final destination, crashed in the Red Sea shortly after taking off from Sharm El Sheikh, killing all 148 people on board. Causes for the accident include pilot error and instrument failure, but investigators have been unable to reach a consensus.
  • On August 23, 2015, Thomson Airways Flight 476, approaching Sharm El Sheikh at the end of a flight from London Stansted Airport with 189 passengers aboard, took evasive action to avoid a missile traveling toward it; the missile missed the airliner by about 1,000 feet (300 meters), and the plane landed safely. An investigation concluded that the missile was an Egyptian armed forces missile that had strayed from a military exercise.[64]
  • On October 31, 2015, Metrojet Flight 9268, en route from Sharm El Sheikh to St. Petersburg, Russia, crashed in the Sinai Peninsula between Nekhel and Housna, killing all 224 people on board, most of them Russian tourists. The jihadist group ISIL, at war with Russian forces in nearby Syria, quickly claimed responsibility for the crash, which was believed by western governments to be the result of a terrorist bombing. Russian investigators confirmed in mid-November that the flight was bombed; the investigation is still ongoing.[65] Following these events, many countries ordered all flights to Sharm El Sheikh suspended until further notice. The security at Sharm El Sheikh is currently considered dangerously lax. Airport staff have been seen taking cash from passengers to let weapons and drugs through or to let passengers skip queues despite the bomb threat.[65][66]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A-Z World Airports Online - Egypt airports - Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (SSH/HESH)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  2. ^ Airport information for HESH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for SSH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  4. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh International Airport". Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Egyptair Express eyes Sharm el-Sheikh base with CS300s". ch-aviation. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  6. ^ Dey, Paromita. "Egypt: Tender for Sharm El-Sheikh airport works -". Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Air Arabia Egypt launches maiden domestic ops".
  8. ^ "Air Arabia launches Beirut – Sharm El Sheikh flights". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Flight".
  10. ^ a b "Charter programme".
  11. ^ a b "Air Cairo W18 network additions".
  12. ^ "Air Cairo adds Sharm el Sheikh – Naples route in 1Q18". 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Timetable".
  14. ^ "Flight".
  15. ^ a b "Flight Only". 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  16. ^ a b c "Sharm el-Sheikh (SSH) flight index". 2 April 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  17. ^ a b "TOUR OPERATOR TIMETABLE". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  18. ^ "Almasria flight UJ 7396". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Shuttle".
  20. ^ "Charter flights".
  21. ^ "Almasria flight UJ 6392". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Almasria flight UJ 7398". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Almasria flight UJ 5395". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Flights schedule". Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  25. ^ "Timetable".
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "freight monitor".
  27. ^ "Charter flights to open from Baku to Sharm El-Sheikh". Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  28. ^ a b c d e "Flights".
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Timetable".
  30. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  31. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt". 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  32. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  33. ^ a b "Sharm El Sheikh". 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  34. ^ "EGYPTAIR plans Armenia charters in S18". 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  35. ^ a b "Charter flights".
  36. ^ "Route map". 30 January 2018.
  37. ^ a b c d "Book cheap flights".
  38. ^ "Gulf Air expands S18 network". Routesonline. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  39. ^ "Iraqi Airways IA194". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  40. ^ "Flight Schedule".
  41. ^ "Route map". 30 January 2018.
  42. ^ a b "Flight Times".
  43. ^ "Pegasus Adds New Egyptian Service from late-Oct 2014". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  44. ^ "Flight Schedule".
  45. ^ "Timetable".
  46. ^ "Timetable".
  47. ^ "Timetable".
  48. ^ "Timetable".
  49. ^ "Timetable".
  50. ^ "Timetable".
  51. ^ "Travel Service Hungary flight 7O 5217". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  52. ^ a b "air and charter tickets".
  53. ^ "Travel Service Slovensko 6D 6049". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  54. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh". 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  55. ^ a b "Turkish Airlines to fully move to Istanbul New in late 4Q18". 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  56. ^ a b c d e "Charter flights timetable". 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  57. ^ "Timetable".
  58. ^ "Timetable".
  59. ^ "Timetable".
  60. ^ Liu, Jim (20 November 2017). "WindRose adds Lviv – Sharm el Sheikh service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  61. ^ "Timetable".
  62. ^ "Timetable".
  63. ^ "Welcome to Nakhal Online Booking System".
  64. ^ "Rocket 'attack' on UK tour jet above Sharm El Sheikh". Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  65. ^ a b News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World -- People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  66. ^ "Security staff 'played Candy Crush, smoked and SLEPT on duty'". Retrieved 30 May 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Sharm El Sheikh International Airport at Wikimedia Commons