Sharon Glotzer

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Sharon C. Glotzer
Sharon Glotzer at ENIAC.jpg
Born New York City, New York
Residence USA
Citizenship USA
Fields Physics
Chemistry
Materials Science
Chemical Engineering
Institutions University of Michigan
Doctoral advisor H. Eugene Stanley
Known for Dynamical Heterogeneity
Directional Entropic Force
Self-assembly
Patchy Particles
Packing
Notable awards Simons Investigator, 2012-2017
Member, National Academy Sciences, 2014
Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2011
Fellow, American Physical Society
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Fellow, Materials Research Society
National Security Science & Engineering Faculty Fellow, 2009-2014
MRS Medal, Materials Research Society
Alpha Chi Sigma Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Charles M.E. Stine Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers

Sharon C. Glotzer is an American physicist, the John Werner Cahn Distinguished University Professor of Engineering and the Stuart W. Churchill Collegiate Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Michigan, where she is also Professor of Materials Science & Engineering, Professor of Physics, Professor of Macromolecular Science & Engineering, and Professor of Applied Physics. She is recognized for her contributions to the fields of soft matter and computational science, most notably on problems in assembly science and engineering, nanoscience, and the glass transition, for which the elucidation of the nature of dynamical heterogeneity in glassy liquids is of particular significance. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Education[edit]

Glotzer obtained her B.S in physics at the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1987, and her PhD in 1993 in theoretical soft condensed matter physics research under the guidance of H. Eugene Stanley at Boston University.[1]

Academic career[edit]

Sharon Glotzer joined the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST in Gaithersburg, Maryland, in 1993 as a National Research Council postdoctoral fellow in the Polymers Division of the Materials Science & Engineering Laboratory. She became a permanent member of the Polymers Division, and was the co-founder, deputy director, and then director of the NIST Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science from 1994-2000. In January 2001 she moved to the University of Michigan as a tenured associate professor in Chemical Engineering and in Materials Science & Engineering. She is now the Stuart W. Churchill Collegiate Professor of Chemical Engineering, and holds additional appointments in Materials Science and Engineering, Physics, Applied Physics, and Macromolecular Science and Engineering.

Research and achievements[edit]

Glotzer made fundamental contributions to the field of the glass transition, for which the Molecular Dynamics simulation of Lennard–Jones spheres exhibiting heterogeneity in a 3D-liquid[2] is of particular significance.[3] In addition, her paper together with Michael J. Solomon on anisotropy dimensions of patchy particles[4] has become a classic work, inspiring research directions of groups around the world. Glotzer and collaborators also hold the record for the densest tetrahedron packing and discovered that hard tetrahedrons can self-assemble into a dodecagonal quasicrystal.[5]

Glotzer and collaborators coined the term ‘Directional Entropic Forces’[6] in 2011 to denote the effective interaction that drives anisotropic hard particles to align their facets prior to assembly and/or crystallization . This idea, based on Onsager's work on spherocylinders,[7] allows for predictions of expected assembled crystal and crystal-like structures from attributes of the particles' shape.[8]

To date, her publications have received over 14,000 citations and her h-index is 61.[9]

Honors and awards[edit]

Glotzer was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2014, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2011. She is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and the Materials Research Society. She is a member of the second inaugural class of Department of Defense National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellows , and was named a Simons' Investigator in 2012, part of the inaugural class of Investigators. Like the MacArthur "Genius" Awardees, both NSSEFF Fellows and Simons Investigators receive significant funding to pursue unrestricted basic research. Glotzer is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Alpha Chi Sigma Award and the Charles M.A. Stine Award, both from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE); the MRS Medal from the Materials Research Society; the Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award from the American Physical Society; a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE); and a Department of Commerce Bronze Medal Award for Superior Federal Service. In 2014, she became an associate editor of ACS Nano.[10]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sharon C. Glotzer - Chemical Engineering". College of Engineering, University of Michigan. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Dynamical Heterogeneities in a Supercooled Lennard-Jones Liquid". APS. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Sillescu, Hans (1999). "Heterogeneity at the glass transition: a review" (PDF). Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Elsevier. 243 (2–3): 81–108. Bibcode:1999JNCS..243...81S. doi:10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00831-X. Archived from the original on 2008-02-08. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Glotzer SC; Solomon MJ (2007). "Anisotropy of building blocks and their assembly into complex structures". Nature Materials. 6 (8): 557–562. PMID 17667968. doi:10.1038/nmat1949. 
  5. ^ Haji-Akbari, Amir; Engel, Michael; Keys, Aaron S.; Zheng, Xiaoyu; Petschek, Rolfe G.; Palffy-Muhoray, Peter; Glotzer, Sharon C. (2009). "Disordered, quasicrystalline and crystalline phases of densely packed tetrahedra". Nature. 462 (7274): 773–777. Bibcode:2009Natur.462..773H. PMID 20010683. arXiv:1012.5138Freely accessible. doi:10.1038/nature08641. 
  6. ^ Damasceno, Pablo F.; Engel, Michael; Glotzer, Sharon C. (2012). "Crystalline Assemblies and Densest Packings of a Family of Truncated Tetrahedra and the Role of Directional Entropic Forces". ACS Nano. 6 (1): 609–14. PMID 22098586. arXiv:1109.1323Freely accessible. doi:10.1021/nn204012y. 
  7. ^ Onsager, Lars (1949). "The Effects of Shape on the Interaction of Colloidal Particles". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 51 (4): 627. Bibcode:1949NYASA..51..627O. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1949.tb27296.x. 
  8. ^ Damasceno, Pablo F.; Engel, Michael; Glotzer, Sharon C. (2012). "Structural Diversity and the Role of Particle Shape and Dense Fluid Behavior in Assemblies of Hard Polyhedra". arXiv:1202.2177Freely accessible [cond-mat.soft]. 
  9. ^ "Google Scholar: Sharon Glotzer". Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  10. ^ Mulvaney, Paul (2015). "Nanoscience vs Nanotechnology—Defining the Field". ACS Nano. 9 (3): 2215–7. PMID 25802086. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b01418. 

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