The Sharon plain (Hebrew: השרון HaSharon) is the central section of the Coastal Plain of Israel. The Plain lies between the Mediterranean Sea to the west and the Samarian Hills, 15 km (9.3 mi) to the east. It stretches from Nahal Taninim, a stream marking the southern end of Mount Carmel in the north, to the Yarkon River in the south, at the northern limit of Tel Aviv, over a total of about 90 km (56 mi). Parts of the Plain are included in the Central, and Tel Aviv Districts of Israel.
Historically, while some parts of the Sharon plain were very fertile, much of it was swampy and malarial, a condition exacerbated by massive Ottoman deforestation. Zionist immigrants arrived in the early 20th century, drained much of the swampy land, and populated the region with many settlements.
By 1945, Jaffa Subdistrict had a population of 373,800, consisting of 71% Jewish and 29% Palestinian Muslim and Christian. Tulkarm Subdistrict had a population 86,120, consisting of 17% Jewish and 83% Palestinian Muslim and Christian. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the Arab population of the region left or was expelled almost entirely.
In 2008, it was the most densely populated region of Israel.
Early history – excavations ending 2019
Excavations were performed before road construction in the north part of Sharon plain. Near En Esur an early Bronze Age planned metropolis – including a temple – stretching over 65 ha for 6,000 inhabitants was discovered. Underneath this 5000-year-old city, an even older settlement from 7000 YBP has been found, according to a report from the antiquities office of Israel from 6 October 2019.
Cities and regional councils
- Sarona, a Templar settlement in the Plain of Sharon.
- "Sharon Plain". Bartleby.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
- "Sharon Plain of Israel". Encarta. Archived from the original on 2007-09-16. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
- "Archäologen finden in Israel 5.000 Jahre alte Großstadt". ORF (in German). 2019-10-06. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- Media related to Sharon at Wikimedia Commons