Shashank Manohar

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Shashank Manohar
Advocate Shashank Vyankatesh Manohar.png
President, BCCI
In office
October 4, 2015 – Incumbent
Preceded by Jagmohan Dalmiya
In office
September 25, 2008 – September 19, 2011
Preceded by Sharad Pawar
Succeeded by N. Srinivasan
Chairman of the International Cricket Council
In office
November 9, 2015 – Incumbent
Preceded by N Srinivasan
Personal details
Born (1957-09-29)29 September 1957
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Spouse(s) Varsha Manohar[1]
Children Adwait Manohar
Parents V. R. Manohar[2] & Sandhya Manohar
Residence Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Shashank Vyankatesh Manohar(Marathi: शशांक व्यंकटेश मनोहर ) (Listeni/ʃəˈʃɑːnk məˈnhər/; born 29 September 1957)[3] is a prominent[4] Indian lawyer who is currently serving as the President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India. He was elected as the new president of the BCCI unopposed in the special general meeting called by the board in October 2015 following the demise of Jagmohan Dalmiya.[5] He has also served as the 29th President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India from 2008 to 2011.[6] As a cricket administrator he is known for his impeccable track record & integrity in cricketing circles, justifying the predicate '"Mr.Clean"' attributed to him.[7][8][9] He is often credited as the 'best president BCCI ever had'.[10] He is also the Chairman of the ICC, the highest international governing body of cricket.[11]

Board of Control for Cricket in India Presidency|First term, 2008-11[edit]

During his presidency India became the No 1 Test side & won the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup defeating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final.[12] In June 2010 after giving Lalit Modi who was chairman IPL and vice-president BCCI during IPL season 3, a fair hearing through the BCCI disciplinary committee, he suspended Lalit Modi for his misdemeanors which brought a bad name to the administration of Cricket and the game itself.[13][14] For this he was lauded nationwide for restoring some of the harm done to cricket's image after the Lalit Modi affair.[15] Before being president of BCCI, he was President of Vidarbha Cricket Association.[16]

Response to the 2013 Indian Premier League spot-fixing saga[edit]

Manohar lashed out at the players involved in the 2013 Indian Premier League spot-fixing and betting case and said that every match in the ongoing season of the Indian Premier League (IPL) should be investigated.[17][18] It was widely speculated that he would be given the interim charge of the BCCI in the aftermath of the 2013 Indian Premier League spot-fixing case.[19][20][21][22][23] But he refused to be the caretaker chief of BCCI, if N. Srinivasan continues in his role as the BCCI president.[24][25] He had told BCCI vice-president Arun Jaitley in clear terms before 2 June 2013 working committee meeting that he was "not interested" in taking charge of the Board on an ad-hoc basis because such an adhoc appointment is void as per the BCCI constitution. The BCCI constitution does not have a provision for Dual Presidency.[26][27][28]

Allegations of foreign exchange violations in the IPL tournament held in South Africa in 2009[edit]

In June 2013 the Enforcement Directorate (ED) sent him a notice for adjudication issued against him over allegations of foreign exchange violations in the IPL tournament held in South Africa in 2009, for which he approached the Bombay High Court challenging the notice. His counsel told the Bombay High Court that Lalit Modi who was chairman IPL and vice-president BCCI during IPL in 2009 took all major decisions after approval from the BCCI committee. Lalit Modi could have received his first 'reprimand' from Manohar way back in March 2010, but former India captain Sunil Gavaskar, then a member of the Governing Council, requested that the 'reprimand' not be recorded.[29] Manohar had clearly advised the IPL governing council to first take permission from RBI and only then open an account in South Africa.[30] In response, the Bombay High Court quashed and set aside the notice issued by Enforcement Directorate (ED).[31]

BCCI elections September 2013[edit]

The mood within the BCCI was one of gloom and doom as members fumed and fretted over the murky state of affairs that has made Indian cricket an object of global ridicule. Even though a majority of members wanted Srinivasan out and had the numbers to do so, they were rendered powerless by a technicality. The Tamil Nadu strongman had all but made sure he will be elected unopposed as his rivals didn't have a proposer and seconder from South Zone for their candidate. Under BCCI rules, a contender for the top post must have the endorsement of at least two units from the zone whose turn it is to elect the president.[32]

Manohar, who has always had a clean image as an administrator, tore apart Srinivasan in an interview to the tabloid Mumbai Mirror on 3 October 2013. He said that as N.Srinivasan was responsible for the mess in BCCI, he shouldn't be BCCI president any more. He further said "Srinivasan has no right to continue as president. If you had the slightest of conscience, self-esteem and care for the board, you ought to have put in your papers the moment your son-in-law (Gurunath Meiyappan) was arrested [for betting in IPL. You did nothing and, as a result, the board's reputation has taken a hit to the extent that the people have lost faith in this board." He concluded by saying: "I left the board two years back and I have not entered its premises again. I have no intention to come back. I said if all the members want me, I will not shirk the responsibility. This board has given me a lot and I was willing to give something back." [33][34]

April 2014 BCCI emergent Working committee meeting[edit]

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) called an emergent working committee meeting in Mumbai on Sunday, 20 April 2014, to decide its future course of action following the Supreme Court's order that forced N Srinivasan to step aside as the cricket board's president. The meeting was called after several state associations wrote to the BCCI interim president (administration) Shivlal Yadav, demanding a discussion on the ongoing issues. Many state cricket association members think that only Shashank Manohar can restore cricket board's credibility. They wanted Manohar to lend his voice to their unhappiness at the meeting.

After attending the Working Committee meeting as a representative of Vidarbha Cricket Association, Manohar said "I can't disclose what happened at the meeting. All I can say is I was disillusioned with the happenings. I had gone there with the purpose of cleaning up the image of the Board in public domain, but I was disillusioned."[35]

Manohar was outvoted 14–1 at the meeting for the appointment of three-member inquiry panel. The working committee appointed N.Srinivasan's cronies to investigate his own wrongdoings in the board.[35][35][36]

Manohar had said [in the April 2014 Working committee meeting] that Justice Mudgal who is completely unbiased & can effectively probe the scam with the help of CBI instead of the 3 members elected by Srinivasan's cronies.[37]

On 22 April 2014 the Supreme Court of India endorsed Shashank Manohar's view & rejected BCCI's proposed panel to probe IPL scam, asked Mudgal committee if it can help probe the scam with the help of CBI.[35]

Justice Mudgal Committee report in the IPL corruption scandal[edit]

In April 2014 the Supreme Court of India appointed probe commission headed by (Retd) Justice Mukul Mudgal to investigate the betting and match fixing scandal in the IPL. The committee also included Additional Solicitor General L Nageswara Rao, advocate Nilay Datta, Deputy DG (Narcotics Control Bureau) BB Mishra, Vidushpat Singhania (Secretary) and the police departments in Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai to assist the investigation.

N.Srinivasan named in the Mudgal Committee Report[edit]

In November 2014 in response to the final submission of the Mudgal Committee Report, a special bench of the Supreme Court of India comprising justice TS Thakur and FM Kalifullah has named & issued notices to four key individuals including N Srinivasan and Gurunath Meiyappan in connection with the Mudgal report into the 2013 IPL spot-fixing case, which, the court observed, had suggested several "misdemeanours" by the duo.

In view of the court's observation, Manohar urged the BCCI member associations to take a stance. "The image of the Board is tarnished by the actions and the attitude of Mr Srinivasan. The gentlemen's game, as the game of cricket has long been known, and the reputation of the Board is at its lowest due to the egoistic and autocratic behaviour of one individual. The Board and the game of Cricket is bigger than any individual and it is the responsibility and duty of every individual connected with the game to preserve the dignity and integrity of the Game and the Board, and through this press note, I appeal to all members of the Board to rise to the occasion and prevent the Board and the Game from being further destroyed."

Manohar said on 14 November that the BCCI was flouting its own constitution by repeatedly putting off its Annual General Meeting that should have been held before 30 September. "It appears that during today's hearing, as soon as the names of Srinivasan and Meiyappan were disclosed, the counsel for the BCCI made a request for the postponement of the AGM and elections scheduled on November 20," Manohar said. "It is thus evident that the instructions given to the Board counsel are only with an intent to suit Srinivasan as that would ensure that he still remains a back-seat driver," said Manohar. The AGM has been postponed by four weeks, the second time it has been deferred, a first in BCCI's history!

The then former BCCI president argued that since the Supreme Court has named Srinivasan and his son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan, it means there are allegations of corruption against them in the report. Yet Srinivasan remote controls the BCCI, complained Manohar.

It had been widely said that Manohar may once again reform a new axis that could challenge Srinivasan's juggernaut in BCCI in the upcoming AGM.[38][39][40]

Board of Control for Cricket in India Presidency|Second term, 2015-17[edit]

Second innings as BCCI chief[edit]

Less than 24 hours after refusing to be part of any alliance involving N Srinivasan, Shashank Manohar emerged as the clear favourite to succeed the late Jagmohan Dalmiya as the president of the most powerful cricket body in the world.

According to sources, Manohar's candidature has been endorsed by Sharad Pawar as well as Arun Jaitley and his protege Anurag Thakur, the BCCI secretary. Manohar, who has a squeaky clean image and a no-nonsense approach to administration, soon emerged as the favourite. However, he has repeatedly refused to enter the poll fray after completing his term as BCCI president in 2011, given the mess in the board. Manohar changed his mind only after Arun Jaitley and Sharad Pawar both endorsed his candidature. With Rajiv Shukla too throwing his weight behind Manohar, the forthcoming SGM may not even see a contest.[41]

Maharashtra Cricket Association (MCA) president Ajay Shirke has said "Our priority was to find a replacement for Mr Dalmiya. We've found one. Like Mr Dalmiya, Shashank Manohar is a man of integrity. So, the leadership question has been addressed." He also said that In times like these, the board needs a strong president like him to reinstate the trust of the people.[42] It took a lot of persuasion from Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Anurag Thakur to convince a reluctant Manohar to take up the top job all over again. The deal was clinched when Pawar, the leader of Manohar's group, also gave his go-ahead in the matter along with former treasurer Ajay Shirke, a senior BCCI official told PTI.[43]

On 4 October 2015 he was elected as the new president of the BCCI unopposed in the special general meeting called by the board on Sunday. The decision was a mere formality as all six state associations from the East Zone, led by Cricket Association of Bengal's new chief Sourav Ganguly had nominated him to the chair.[5]

Promises made at the post-election press conference[edit]

“In last few days the confidence of cricket loving fans has shaken due to certain unpleasant things that have happened,” Manohar said at a press conference after his election.“But leaving them behind, it’s now duty of all board members to build the reputation of this board.” “We want to restore the faith of fans that cricket is clean,” Manohar said.[44]

Manohar has made six promises which would be implemented in the immediate near future:[45]

1.) Regulating conflict of interest issues: Appointment of an ombudsman or an ethics officer who would be independent of this board and who would look into the complaints as with regards to conflict of interest of the administrators, players or the staff. 2.) Preventing on-field corruption: He said, “We would like to meet the government officials to work out if we can get certain investigative agencies to work on this. Because the board doesn’t have any investigative powers… our hands are tied.” 3) Getting member associations' accounts in order: The board will appoint auditors to make sure that the huge money paid by the BCCI it is spent on cricketing activities or not otherwise. 4.) Making the BCCI's financial records public: The balance sheet of the board will be put on the website, with the result it will be available to the entire public at large so that there is transparency in the activities of the board. 5.) Developing the bench strength of the Indian team: Starting of National Cricket Academy (NCA) again. 6.) Reinvigorate Women's cricket

International Cricket Council Chairmanship[edit]

Dethroning of N Srinivasan[edit]

N Srinivasan was dethroned on 9 November 2015 as the ICC Chairman after the BCCI decided to recall him and nominate its recently elected President Shashank Manohar as the chief of the world body. The decision to remove Srinivasan was taken at the BCCI's 86th Annual General Meeting here today, virtually signalling the end of his hold on Indian cricket.[46]

Personal life[edit]

Advocate VR Manohar

Shashank Manohar comes from a family of Lawyers. He is the eldest son of Sandhya & VR Manohar. A legal luminary of his time, Advocate VR Manohar was the Advocate General of Maharashtra during the Chief ministership of Sharad Pawar & also served as the President of Vidarbha Cricket Association in the past. VR Manohar, not only served as the Advocate General during Pawar's stint as Maharashtra chief minister, he has also appeared for the NCP leader in his personal court cases in the 1990's. [47] [2] Shashank's paternal grandfather RK Manohar was also a lawyer & was associated with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and he contested an election on its ticket.[48] His younger brother Sunil Manohar has also served as the Advocate General of Maharashtra.[49] His sister Vasanti Naik is a Judge at the Bombay High Court.[50] Shashank Manohar married Varsha Oka in 1979.[1] Their son Adwait Manohar is a lawyer in Nagpur & currently a Vice-President of Vidarbha Cricket Association.[51][52][53][54][55][56]

Shashank Manohar is a Chitpavan Brahman & his mother tongue is Marathi. He is equally fluent in Hindi & English. He is said to be an introvert bordering on the recluse. And while he may not carry a cell phone or wear a watch, a love for good cars runs in his family. Shashank Manohar drives a Mercedes-Benz E-Class. He has two of them parked in his porch. His father owned the first Chevrolet Impala 4-Door Sedan in town and now, at age 75, he drives an imported Toyota himself.[47] He didn't have a passport until 2007, and his first foreign trip was to Dubai to attend the ICC meeting in 2008. He has been known to be a hardliner: he suggested performance-related remunerations and contracts for the players after the World Cup debacle in 2007.[57]

Manohar rarely loses his cool, and when he does, he grows quieter, according to a person who has known the Manohar family for years.[47]

References[edit]

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  57. ^ Mishra, Ruchir (13 August 2011). "Shashank Manohar". Times of India. Retrieved 2 June 2013. Adwait (Shashank Manohar's son and now vice-president)