- See Shashi for namesakes
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Shashi (Chinese: 沙市; pinyin: Shāshì) is a district within the main urban area of Jingzhou, Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It is located on the left (northern) bank of the Yangtze River, between Yichang and Wuhan, and has a population of around 520,000.
Shashi was founded as an extension of the Chu capital Ying during the warring states period as a port on the Yangtze. In modern history it is notable as one of the four ports specified to be opened in the Treaty of Shimonoseki . It grew rapidly into because of this, gaining the moniker of "Little Hankow". Nonetheless, the opening of other coastal ports led to trade moving elsewhere and it gradually declined.
In 1994 it lost its status as a city and was combined with Jingzhou to form Jingsha city.
The Roman Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Shashi 沙市 (中文) or Shasi / Shasien(sis) (Latin adjective) was established on 7 July 1936, on territory split off from the then Apostolic Vicariate of Yichang 宜昌 (now a diocese), bordering on that, on the dioceses Hanyang 漢陽 and Puqi 蒲圻 and on the Apostolic prefecture of Lixian 澧縣.
It is a (dormant?) pre-diocesan Latin jurisdiction, which is exempt, i.e. directly subject to the Holy See and it missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, not part of any ecclesiastical province. No statistics available.
It is indefinitely vacant, without Apostolic administrator, since the death of its sole incumbent as Apostolic Prefect of Shashi :
- Father Julian Edward Dillon (狄隆), Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (born USA) (1936.07.11 – death 1961.06.25).
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