Shashi P. Karna

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Shashi P. Karna (born 1956) is a nanotechnology physicist based at United States Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen, Maryland. He was named a Fellow of the American Physical Society in 2006.

Educational background[edit]

Karna was born in Bihar in 1956.[1] He received his Ph.D. (1983) and an M.Sc. (1976) degree in chemistry from Banaras Hindu University, India and B.Sc.(1973) degree in math, physics, and chemistry from Bhagalpur University in India. He has authored/coauthored over 300 articles including refereed technical papers, conference proceedings, reviews, and book chapters. He has co-edited few books including "DoD Applications of Nano-materials".[2][3][4][5]


Karna is a Senior Research Scientist (ST) of Nano-functional Materials at the Army Research Laboratory, Weapons & Materials Research Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. He led the ARL Nanoscience Strategic Technical Initiative (2006–2008). He has served as the Chair of the Nanotechnology area at the Army Science Conference (2006, 2008), American Physical Society Symposium on Molecular Electronics (2003, 2005), American Chemical Society Symposium on Nonlinear Optical Materials (1994, 2001), Materials Research Society Symposium on Optical Materials (1999, 2003), Nanomaterials – (2004, 2007) and as Technical Program Committee Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) NANO (2001 – present). He serves as the Chair of NATO Sensors and Electronics Technology Research Technical Group on "Smart Textiles". He also serves as a Member of the External Advisory Board of Michigan Technological University, Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics Department and as a Member of the Department of Energy, Office of Energy Basic Research, Energy Frontiers Research Centers (FERC) Review Panel. He holds adjunct professor positions at the State University of New York, Buffalo, Michigan Technological University, and Morgan State University.

Research interests[edit]

Karna conducts basic and applied research in nanomaterials, mentors young scientists and engineers, identifies critical science and technology areas in nanoscience relevant to Army technologies and work with Army S&E and senior leadership to develop relevant program, identify and recommend to management chain R&D leveraging opportunities within and outside of the U.S. Department of Defense. The main focus of his research is a fundamental understanding of the structure and quantum-size properties of nano-materials and their applications in Army technologies.

Books authored and co-authored[edit]

  • Nonlinear Optical Materials[2]
  • Defense Applications of Nanomaterials[3]
  • Nonlinear Optical Materials: Theory and Modeling[4]
  • Organic and Nanocomposite Optical Materials: 2004 MRS Fall Meeting Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 846[5]

Professional memberships and affiliations[edit]

Recent publications[edit]

  • Karrea PSK, Bergstrom PL, Mallick G, et al. Room temperature operational single electron transistor fabricated by focused ion beam deposition Journal of Applied Physics 102 (2): Art. No. 024316 July 15, 2007
  • Gowtham S, Scheicher RH, Ahuja R, et al. Physisorption of nucleobases on graphene: Density-functional calculations Physical Review B 76 (3): Art. No. 033401 July 2007
  • He HY, Pandey R, Karna SP Electronic structure mechanism of spin-polarized electron transport in a Ni-C-60-Ni system Chemical Physics Letters 439 (1–3): 110–114 May 4, 2007
  • Dunlap BI, Karna SP, Zope RR Dipole moments from atomic-number-dependent potentials in analytic density-functional theory Journal of Chemical Physics 125 (21): Art. No. 214104 December 7, 2006
  • Pineda AC, Karna SP (Hyper)polarizabilities of isolated GaN nanoclusters Chemical Physics Letters 429 (1–3): 169–173 September 29, 2006
  • He HY, Pandey R, Karna SP Theoretical study of molecule mediated spin-polarized electron tunneling between magnetic materials Chemical Physics Letters 428 (4–6): 411–415 September 20, 2006
  • He HY, Pandey R, Pati R, et al. Spin-polarized electron transport of a self-assembled organic monolayer on a Ni(111) substrate: An organic spin switch Physical Review B 73 (19): Art. No. 195311 May 2006
  • Lau KC, Pandey R, Pati R, et al. Theoretical study of electron transport in boron nanotubes Applied Physics Letters 88 (21): Art. No. 212111 May 22, 2006
  • Lastella S, Mallick G, Woo R, et al. Parallel arrays of individually addressable single-walled carbon nanotube field-effect transistors Journal of Applied Physics 99 (2): Art. No. 024302 January 15, 2006
  • Pati R, Pineda AC, Pandey R, et al. Ab initio quantum chemical study of electron transfer in carboranes Chemical Physics Letters 406 (4–6): 483–488 May 2, 2005


  1. ^ a b "Fellows of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory 2012" (PDF). United States Army Research Laboratory. pp. 26–27. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Nonlinear Optical Materials
  3. ^ a b Defense Applications of Nanomaterials
  4. ^ a b Nonlinear Optical Materials: Theory and Modeling
  5. ^ a b Organic and Nanocomposite Optical Materials: 2004 MRS Fall Meeting Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 846 [1]
  6. ^ "APS Fellow Archive". American Physical Society. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  7. ^ "2004 OSA Fellows". The Optical Society. Retrieved November 3, 2015.