Shasta/Hanchett Park, San Jose, California
Shasta/Hanchett Park is an upper-middle-class neighborhood located in San Jose, California. The larger neighborhood comprises the Hanchett Residence Park and the adjacent Hester Park, the St. Leo's and Cahill Park neighborhoods to the east, and the Alameda Gardens neighborhood on the other side of the Alameda.
Hanchett Residence Park was developed beginning in 1907 by Lewis E. Hanchett on the site of the Agricultural Park amusement and exhibition grounds west of the Alameda. Hanchett provided electric streetlights, streetcar service, and a modern sewer system. The streets were laid out by John McLaren, supervisor and designer of Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, who located the utility poles in backyards to keep the sidewalks open and specified the trees to be planted 20 feet apart on each street. Most of the houses were built between 1915 and 1930 in Craftsman, Mission Revival, and Spanish eclectic styles; there are a few Prairie style houses and some Queen Anne style Victorian houses dating to before the development. Hanchett Park contains San Jose's greatest concentration of 1910–20 Craftsman houses.
Many of the neighborhood street have Yosemite National Park themed names: Sequoia Avenue, Mariposa Avenue, Yosemite Avenue, Sierra Avenue.
Together with the adjacent Hester Park, developed in 1893 and also laid out by McLaren, Hanchett Park has been designated a Historic Conservation Area by the City of San Jose: the Hanchett and Hester Park Conservation Area is bounded by the Alameda and Mariposa, Park, and Magnolia Avenues. Some of Hester Park was annexed by the city in 1911; Hanchett Park and most of Hester Park were annexed at the same time as College Park in 1925.
Alameda Gardens was first developed in the mid-19th century by Commodore Robert F. Stockton, who ordered pre-fabricated two-story houses to be made in Philadelphia and Massachusetts and shipped to San Francisco; all were identical except for one larger house at the end of Spring Street. The subdivision attracted few buyers until the streetcar line made it more accessible.
St. Leo's and Cahill Park, which extend to the railroad tracks and what is now Diridon Station on Cahill Street, were formerly dominated by industry. New residential developments have occurred near the station in recent years, both new construction and adaptation of warehouse structures.
- History of the Shasta-Hanchett Park Neighborhood, Neighborhoods of San José, History San José.
- Shannon E. Clark, The Alameda: The Beautiful Way, San Jose: Alameda Business Association, 2006, ISBN 978-1-4243-1868-1, p. 42.
- Cassandra Ravenscroft, "Hanchett Residence Park: Walking History Tour," repr. in Clark, pp. 100–10, p. 101.
- Ravenscroft, p. 102.
- Susan Dinkelspiel Cerny, An Architectural Guidebook to San Francisco and the Bay Area, Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2007, ISBN 978-1-58685-432-4, p. 213.
- Hanchett and Hester Park, Preservation Action Council of San Jose.
- Hanchett and Hester Park Conservation Area, Historic Preservation, Department of Planning, Building & Code Enforcement, City of San Jose, May 31, 2011, retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Clark, pp. 22–23.
- Shasta/Hanchett Park Neighborhood Association
- The Alameda Business Association
- West San Carlos Street Business Association