Shatabdi Express

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Shatabdi Express
Bhopal Shatabdi Express (fastest train in India)
Main Operation(s): India 1988 -
Fleet size: 22
Parent company: Indian Railways
Route map of Shatabdi trains

Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast (called superfast in India) passenger trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. Shatabdi Express are day-trains and they return to the station of origin the same day.

The Shatabdis are among the fastest trains in India and the Indian Railways considers them as prestigious. The Shatabdi Express trains run over short to medium distances while the Rajdhani Expresses are long-distance trains connecting the nation's capital New Delhi to capitals of states. Both series of trains have a maximum speed of about 130 km/h (81 mph). The 12001 Bhopal Shatabdi express, however, runs at a peak speed of 150 km/h (93 mph), which makes it the fastest train in India.


The word "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit, Hindi and several Indian languages. The first Shatabdi train was started in 1988 to commemorate the centenary of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru's Birthday (the First Prime Minister of India) by Madhav Rao Scindia, minister for railways. It operated from New Delhi Railway Station to Jhansi Junction, later extended to Bhopal. It is now known as the Bhopal Shatabdi Express.

Vehicle and rolling stock[edit]

The Bhopal Shatabdi is the fastest train in India and it runs at an average speed of around 84 km/h (52 mph) (Please see : Fastest trains in India) between the origin and the destination though it runs at speeds at 150 km/h (93 mph) on some stretches between Agra and New Delhi stations. These trains are now using latest LHB Coaches to provide extra comfort in the train.

The New Jalpaiguri-Howrah Shatabdi is the fastest diesel hauled Shatabdi. It uses a WDP 4/WDP4B loco of Siliguri Diesel Loco Shed.


Shatabdi Express trains offer fast connectivity with only a few intermediate stops. They are fully air-conditioned and of a much higher standard than most Indian trains. Shatabdi travelers are provided with bottled water, juice, coffee or tea, and meals relevant to time of day of the journey.

Shatabdi trains are also further distinguished from other trains, in terms of convenience in boarding and disembarking. Most stations give them priority berthing at the better platforms, such as ones located close to the station building or waiting halls (generally platform number 1 at most of the stations).

Berths and seats in Shatabdi Express and Rajdhani Express trains have to be reserved in advance before boarding the train. There is no unreserved accommodation in these trains, unlike most of the other trains in India. A few Shatabdis have a current booking system where tickets can be booked within a couple of hours before departure.

As Shatabdi Express are day-trains and return to the station of origin the same day, coaches (called AC Chair Car or CC) on the train have only seats and not berths. All the Shatabdi Express trains have, however, one or two coaches of first class airconditioned seating. These coaches have wider leg room and offer better food compared to the normal Air conditioned seating (CC).

New on board entertainment systems have also been installed on some of these trains where the passengers can view movies and television serials directly via satellite. One of the first services to have this system is the Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express.

List of Shatabdi trains[edit]

Indian Railways operates 25 pairs of Shatabdi Express as of December 2015. These trains are listed here.

List of Trains[1]
Pair Train No. Sector Stops Distance
1 12001 Habibganj - New Delhi Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Morena, Dholpur, Agra, Mathura 705 km
12002 New Delhi–Habibganj
2 12003 Lucknow - New Delhi Kanpur, Etawah, Tundla, Aligarh, Ghaziabad 513 km
12004 New Delhi - Lucknow
3 12005 New Delhi - Kalka Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km
12006 Kalka- New Delhi
4 12007 Chennai Central - Mysore Bangalore 495 km
12008 Mysore - Chennai
5 12009 Mumbai Central - Ahmedabad Borivali, Vapi, Surat, Bharuch, Vadodara, Anand, Nadiad 491 km
12010 Ahmedabad - Mumbai Central
6 12011 New Delhi - Kalka Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km
12012 Kalka - New Delhi
7 12013 New Delhi - Amritsar Ambala Cantt, Sirhind, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 449 km
12014 Amritsar - New Delhi
8 12015 New Delhi - Ajmer Delhi Cantt, Gurgaon, Rewari, Alwar, Jaipur 444 km
12016 Ajmer - New Delhi
9 12017 New Delhi - Dehradun Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Roorkee, Haridwar 315 km
12018 Dehradun - New Delhi
10 12019 Howrah - Ranchi Durgapur, Raniganj, Asansol, Dhanbad, Chandrapura, Bokaro Steel City, Muri 421 km
12020 Ranchi - Howrah
11 12025 Pune - Secunderabad Daund, Solapur, Gulbarga, Wadi, Tandur, Vikarabad, Begumpet 597 km
12026 Secunderabad - Pune
12 12027 Chennai - Bangalore Katpadi, Bangalore Cantt. 358 km
12028 Bangalore - Chennai
13 12029 New Delhi - Amritsar Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 448 km
12030 Amritsar - New Delhi
14 12031 New Delhi - Amritsar Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 448 km
12032 Amritsar - New Delhi
15 12033 Kanpur - New Delhi Etawah, Ghaziabad 440 km
12034 New Delhi - Kanpur
16 12035 Jaipur - Agra Fort Bharatpur Junction 241 km
12036 Agra fort - Jaipur
17 12037 New Delhi - Ludhiana Rohtak, Tohana, Sangrur 329 km
12038 Ludhiana - New Delhi
18 12039 Kathgodam - Delhi (Anand Vihar) Haldwani, Lalkuan, Rudrapur, Rampur, Moradabad, Ghaziabad 270 km
12040 Delhi (Anand Vihar)- Kathgodam
19 12041 Howrah - New Jalpaiguri Bolpur Shantiniketan, Malda Town, Kishanganj 566 km
12042 New Jalpaiguri- Howrah
20 12043 New Delhi - Moga Rohtak, Jind, Tohana, Sangrur, Jagraon, Ludhiana 398 km
12044 Moga - New Delhi
21 12045 New Delhi - Chandigarh Ambala Cantt, Karnal 244 km
12046 Chandigarh - New Delhi
22 12047 New Delhi - Bathinda Rohtak, Jind, Jakhal, Mansa 300 km
12048 Bathinda - New Delhi
23 12243 Chennai - Coimbatore Salem, Erode, Tiruppur 496 km
12244 Coimbatore - Chennai
24 12277 Howrah - Puri Kharagpur, Balasore, Bhadrak, Jajpur Keonjhar Road, Cuttack, Bhubaneswar 500 km
12278 Puri - Howrah
25 11085 Mumbai - Goa Thane, Panvel, Khed, Chiplun, Ratnagiri, Kankavali, Sawantwadi Road,Thivim,Karmali 750 km
11086 Goa - Mumbai

Related trains[edit]

A variant of the Shatabdi Express, Swarna Shatabdi Express, is considered more luxurious by Indian Railway. Indian Railways later introduced a lower-priced version Jan Shatabdi Expresses, which are nearly all without air-conditioning and much more affordable.

The former railway minister Laloo Prasad Yadav had also introduced Garib Rath (chariot of the poor). These are fast trains (like the Rajdhani and Shatabdi), are fully Air-Conditioned and with lower fares. These trains are quite successful and compete with low cost airlines on some long-distance routes.

Trivia Information[edit]

All Shatabdi trains cover the whole journey up and down on the same day with average distance between 300 to 700 km and average time anywhere between 4 to 8 hours. Bhopal Shatabdi is the first and longest route covered by a Shatabdi with reaching the highest speed while Agra - Jaipur Shatabdi is the shortest route. Agra, Ambala, Amritsar, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Etawah, Ghaziabad, Jaipur, Kalka, Kanpur Central, Ludhiana, Bathinda, Howrah and New Delhi are served by more than one Shatabdi Express.

Ambala Cant Junction station is served by maximum shatabdi connections with 6 shatabdi trains 12013/14, 12031/32,12029/30,12005/06,12011/12 and 12045/46.

Amritsar & Kalka are the only two destinations which are served by two dedicated Shatabdi's on a daily basis.


See also[edit]

External links[edit]