Shattuckite

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Shattuckite
Shattuckite-rosa20d.jpg
General
CategoryInosilicate
Formula
(repeating unit)
Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2
Strunz classification9.DB.40
Crystal systemOrthorhombic
Crystal classDipyramidal (mmm)
H-M symbol: (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Space groupPcab
Identification
ColorDark and light blue, turquoise
Crystal habitCommonly spherulitic aggregates of acicular crystals
Cleavageperfect along [010] and [100]
Fractureuneven
Mohs scale hardness3.5
LusterDull to silky
StreakBlue
DiaphaneityTranslucent to opaque
Specific gravity4.1 (rather heavy for a non-metallic mineral)
Optical propertiesBiaxial (+)
Refractive indexnα = 1.753, nβ = 1.782, nγ = 1.815
PleochroismX = very pale blue; Y = pale blue; Z = deep blue
References[1][2][3]

Shattuckite is a copper silicate hydroxide mineral with formula Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic – dipyramidal crystal system and usually occurs in a granular massive form and also as fibrous acicular crystals. It is closely allied to plancheite in structure and appearance.

Shattuckite is a relatively rare copper silicate mineral. It was first discovered in 1915 in the copper mines of Bisbee, Arizona, specifically the Shattuck Mine (hence the name). It is a secondary mineral that forms from the alteration of other secondary minerals. At the Shattuck Mine, it forms pseudomorphs after malachite. A pseudomorph is an atom by atom replacement of a crystal structure by another crystal structure, but with little alteration of the outward shape of the original crystal. It is sometimes used as a gemstone.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shattuckite. Webmineral.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-10.
  2. ^ Shattuckite. Mindat.org (2011-09-08). Retrieved on 2011-10-10.
  3. ^ Shattuckite. Handbook of Mineralogy. (PDF) . Retrieved on 2011-10-10.
  4. ^ http://www.minerals.net/mineral/shattuckite.aspx