Shaunavon Formation

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Shaunavon Formation
Stratigraphic range: Bathonian
Type Geological formation
Sub-units Upper Shaunavon
Lower Shaunavon
Underlies Sawtooth Formation
Overlies Gravelbourg Formation
Thickness up to 48 metres (160 ft)[1]
Primary Limestone
Other Sandstone, shale
Coordinates 49°27′50″N 107°30′50″W / 49.464°N 107.514°W / 49.464; -107.514 (Shaunavon Formation)Coordinates: 49°27′50″N 107°30′50″W / 49.464°N 107.514°W / 49.464; -107.514 (Shaunavon Formation)
Region WCSB
Country  Canada
Type section
Named for Shaunavon, Saskatchewan
Named by R.L. Milner and G.E. Thomas, 1954

The Shaunavon Formation is a stratigraphical unit of Bathonian age in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.

It takes the name from the town of Shaunavon, and was first described in the Tidewater A.O. Eastend Crown No. 1 well, drilled south-west of the settlement, by R.L. Milner and G.E. Thomas in 1954.[2]


The Shaunavon Formation is composed of two members. The lower member consists of buff microcrystalline massive limestone in the lower part with an oolitic bed at the top. The upper member consists of calcareous sandstone and oolitic limestone, shell coquina and argillaceous limestone with interbeds of gray and green shale. [1] Dolomitisation can occur in both members. Lenticular beds separated by sedimentation breaks are common in the upper member. Channels also occur in the upper Shaunavon.

Hydrocarbon production[edit]

Oil is produced from the Shaunavon Formation in south-western Saskatchewan.


The Shaunavon Formation reaches a maximum thickness of 48 metres (160 ft).[1] It occurs in the sub-surface in south-western Saskatchewan. In the Williston Basin it appears present in Montana and North Dakota as the lower part of the Sawtooth Formation and Piper Formation. East of Weyburn, it grades into the shaley facies of the Melita Formation of Manitoba.

Relationship to other units[edit]

The Shaunavon Formation is conformably overlain by the Sawtooth Formation and conformably overlays the Gravelbourg Formation.[1]

It is equivalent to the Sawtooth Formation in southern Alberta, as well as to the Bowes member and Firemoon Member of the Piper Formation in Montana.


  1. ^ a b c d Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Shaunavon Formation". Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  2. ^ Milner, R.L. and Thomas, G E., 1954. Jurassic System in Saskatchewan. In: Western Canada Sedimentary Basin American Association of Petroleum Geologists, p. 250-267