Kirovakan, Armenian SSR, Soviet Union
Karapetyan was born in 1953 in Armenia's third largest city of Kirovakan (now called Vanadzor), then part of the Soviet Union. His family moved to Yerevan in 1964, where Shavarsh finished eight years of school and then attended a technical school of auto-mechanics. By the advice of family friends, he started to learn swimming at a young age. He later switched to finswimming. In 1975-1976, Karapetyan served in a Soviet Air Defence Forces base in the Baku military district.
1976 trolleybus incident
Karapetyan, Honored Master of Sports of the USSR, ten-time finswimming World Record-breaker, is better known in the former USSR for an incident which occurred on September 16, 1976. On that day, training with his brother Kamo, also a finswimmer, by running alongside the Yerevan Lake, Karapetyan had just completed his usual distance of 20 km (12 mi) when he heard the sound of a crash and saw a sinking trolleybus which had become out of control and fallen from a dam wall.
The trolleybus lay at the bottom of the reservoir some 25 metres (80 ft) offshore at a depth of 10 metres (33 ft). Karapetyan swam to it and, despite conditions of almost zero visibility, due to the silt rising from the bottom, broke the back window with his legs. The trolleybus was crowded, it carried 92 passengers and Karapetyan knew he had little time, spending some 30 to 35 seconds for each person he saved.
Karapetyan managed to rescue 20 people (he picked up more, but 20 of them survived), but this ended his sports career: the combined effect of cold water and the multiple wounds he received (scratched by glass), left him unconscious for 45 days. Subsequent sepsis, due to the presence of raw sewage in the lake water, and lung complications prevented him from continuing his sports career.
Karapetyan's achievement was not immediately recognized. All related photos were kept at the district attorney’s office and were only published two years later. He was awarded the Medal "For the Salvation of the Drowning" and the Order of the Badge of Honor. His name became a household name in the USSR on October 12, 1982, when Komsomolskaya Pravda published an article on his feat, entitled "The Underwater Battle of the Champion". This publication revealed that he was the rescuer; and he received about 60,000 letters.
On February 19, 1985, Shavarsh just happened to be near a burning building that had people trapped inside. He rushed in and started pulling people out without a second thought. Once again, he was badly hurt (severe burns) and spent a long time in the hospital.
Karapetyan took part in the 2014 Winter Olympics torch relay for the second stage of the run. He was passed the torch in Moscow and carried it towards Krasnogorsk. The next day, Karapetyan carried the torch for a second time. He also stated in an interview, "I was carrying the torch for Russia and for Armenia."
- Биография Шаварша Карапетяна (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Chase's Calendar of Events, 2011 Edition: The Ultimate Go-To Guide for Special Days, Weeks, and Months, Editors of Chase's Calendar of Events. McGraw-Hill. 2010
- Soviet Champion Saves 20 Lives, 1976. Yahoo Voices. Retrieved 19 July 2013
- International Fair Play Committee: FAIR PLAY AWARD WINNERS — Shafarsh V.KARAPETIAN
- Schmadel, Lutz D. Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. — Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition. — B., Heidelberg, N. Y.: Springer, 2003. — P. 249. — ISBN 3-540-00238-3
- Շավարշ Կարապետյան. «Հայկական ֆուտբոլը» նոր տերմին է (in Armenian). NEWS.am Sport. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- Олимпийский огонь потух во время пробега по Кремлю (in Russian). Forbes. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Շավարշ Կարապետյանը երկրորդ անգամ մասնակցել է Սոչիի Օլիմպիական խաղերի փոխանցումավազքին (in Armenian). NEWS.am Sport. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.