Shavers Fork

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Shavers Fork
Shavers Fork Monongahela National Forest.jpg
Shavers Fork at Stuart Recreation Area in the Monongahela National Forest
Monon ShaversFork.png
Map of the Monongahela River basin, with Shavers Fork highlighted.
Location
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountiesTucker, Randolph, Pocahontas
Physical characteristics
SourceThorny Flat, Cheat Mountain
 • locationPocahontas County, West Virginia
 • coordinates38°23′44″N 79°59′02″W / 38.39556°N 79.98389°W / 38.39556; -79.98389[1]
 • elevation4,553 ft (1,388 m)[2]
MouthCheat River[1]
 • location
Parsons, West Virginia
 • coordinates
39°06′39″N 79°40′43″W / 39.11083°N 79.67861°W / 39.11083; -79.67861Coordinates: 39°06′39″N 79°40′43″W / 39.11083°N 79.67861°W / 39.11083; -79.67861
 • elevation
1,621 ft (494 m)
Length89 mi (143 km)[3]
Basin size214 sq mi (550 km2)[3]
Discharge 
 • locationBowden, West Virginia[4]
 • average445 cu ft/s (12.6 m3/s)
 • minimum99 cu ft/s (2.8 m3/s)(1976)
 • maximum27,600 cu ft/s (780 m3/s)(2010)
Discharge 
 • locationCheat Bridge, WV[5]
 • average188 cu ft/s (5.3 m3/s)

Shavers Fork of the Cheat River is situated in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, USA. It is 88.5 mi (142.5 km) long[3] and forms the Cheat at its confluence with Black Fork at Parsons.[6] It was traditionally considered one of the five Forks of Cheat and its upper reaches constitute the highest river in the eastern United States.[7]

Geography[edit]

Shavers Fork, via the Cheat, Monongahela and Ohio Rivers, is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 214 mi² (554 km²).[3] It flows for much of its length through the Monongahela National Forest, and drains mostly rural and forested areas. 97% of the river's basin is forested, and two-thirds of it is public land.[3]

Shavers Fork rises in north-central Pocahontas County at Thorny Flat, highest peak of Cheat Mountain (4,848 ft/1,478 m) and the site of Snowshoe Mountain ski resort. Its headwaters flow through the ghost town of Spruce. The river then flows generally north-northeastwardly through Randolph and Tucker Counties, where its valley is the trough between Cheat Mountain (to the west) and Shavers Mountain (to the east). Settlements along its course include Cheat Bridge, Bemis, Bowden, and Porterwood. The "High Falls of Cheat" (15 feet [4.6 m] high) is a few miles upstream of Bemis. Shavers Fork ultimately joins the Black Fork at Parsons to form the Cheat at an elevation of 1621 ft (494 m).[3][1][6]

Names[edit]

Shavers Fork in downtown Parsons

The creek was named after the local Shaver family.[8] According to the Geographic Names Information System, Shavers Fork has also been known historically as:[1]

  • Chavers Fork
  • Main Cheat River
  • Shafers Fork
  • Shaffers Fork of Cheat River
  • Shaver's Fork
  • Shavers Fork River
  • Shavers Fork of Cheat River

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Shavers Fork". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2004-04-24.
  2. ^ "Shavers Fork Source". Elevation Query. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-24.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f Godfrey, Tanya. 2006. "Shavers Fork." The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Ken Sullivan, editor. Charleston, WV: West Virginia Humanities Council. ISBN 0-9778498-0-5.
  4. ^ "USGS 03068800 SHAVERS FORK BELOW BOWDEN, WV". National Water Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-24.
  5. ^ "USGS 03067510 SHAVERS FORK NR CHEAT BRIDGE, WV". National Water Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-24.
  6. ^ a b DeLorme (1997). West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-246-3.
  7. ^ Bender, Steve (2002) “Cheat River: West Virginia” Southern Living, Southern Progress Corporation, Spring 2002.
  8. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 567.

External links[edit]