Location of Shaw Island in the San Juans
|Archipelago||San Juan Islands|
|Area||7.7037 sq mi (19.952 km2)|
|County||San Juan County|
Shaw Island is the smallest of the four San Juan Islands served by the Washington State Ferries. The island has a land area of 19.952 square kilometres (7.704 square miles) and a small year-round population of 240 (2010 census). During the summer time, weekends swell with other residents and the occasional tourist.
The island is within the historical territory of the Lummi Nation. The United States obtained Shaw Island and the rest of the San Juan archipelago by treaty in 1855, but Lummi retained certain cultural and resource rights, including fishing.
The Wilkes Expedition, in 1841, named the island after John Shaw, a United States Naval Officer. According to Bill Tsilixw James, hereditary chief of the Lummi Nation, the Lummi know the island as Sq'emenen. A San Juan Island resident proposed to the state Board of Geographic Names in 2015 that Squaw Bay be renamed Sq'emenen Bay; that proposal generated a compromise proposal from the Shaw Island Historical Society to rename the bay Reef Net Bay, in recognition of the reef net fishing historically and currently done there. The name "Reef Net Bay" was adopted.
Amenities, roads and public facilities
Shaw Island has a county park, a historic general store open for one-half the year, and a post office at the ferry landing. A member-supported library and historical museum are located near the middle of the island.
The University of Washington also owns property throughout the island, notably the Cedar Rock Preserve on the south side of the island, a gift from Robert H. Ellis, Jr. The stated vision for these properties is "to maintain and restore native biodiversity and ecosystem function and to facilitate education and research that is consistent with these goals" and "to maintain important parts of the cultural landscape."
Shoreline access is best at the Shaw Island County Park, due to its vast beachline. There are 11.5 miles (18.5 km) of asphalt and 2.37 miles (3.81 km) of gravel public roads on Shaw. The primary roads are three loops in the interior of the island, with branches to the ferry dock, Shaw Island County Park, Neck Point, and part-way to the private property of Broken Point.
Businesses pertaining to tourism are required to maintain the character of the island as a small-scale, rural, and agricultural community through the Shaw Subarea Plan of Washington State's Growth Management Act. These include commercial recreational facilities; transient accommodations by themselves or in combination with any commercial use, food service facilities, and transient moorage and dry storage facilities.
There have been three Catholic religious institutes of nuns on Shaw Island. Benedictine nuns established a monastery on 150 acres (61 hectares) in the 1970s; while the Sisters of Mercy have owned an unofficial retreat on the island since the 1980s. Nuns of the Franciscan Sisters of the Eucharist ran the island's only store and the ferry terminal for almost 3 decades, until 2004, relocating elsewhere .
Shaw Island School District #10, has an operational historic one-room school (although a second room was later added), with classes for kindergarten through eighth grade students. Known as the Little Red Schoolhouse, it has been in continuous use since it was built in 1891 and is the longest- running school in the State of Washington. The building is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
Shaw Island was featured during the fifth-season episode "Access" of the political drama The West Wing as the site of a standoff between terrorist suspects and the US government, similar to the Waco, Texas Branch Davidian standoff.
- Oldham, Kit (12 October 2005). "Franciscan nuns depart Shaw Island after operating as WSF agents for the island ferry terminal and their store for 27 years on June 2, 2004". Seattle, Washington: HistoryLink. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "San Juan Islands Travel Region - Shaw Island". GoNorthwest.com. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "University of Washington San Juan Archipelago Biological Preserves". University of Washington. 21 November 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Turner, Wallace (12 August 1987). "Sisters' Island Neighbors Uneasy". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "Shaw Island School - History". Shaw Island School District. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Pitcher, Don (2012). San Juan Islands. Avalon Travel. p. 242. ISBN 9781612380575.
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